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Industrial design primer by Ian Hooper


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A presentation to the Interaction Design Association (IxDA) local Toronto group by Ian Hooper. Ian gave the group a primer on the history of Industrial Design.

Video of the presentation:

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Industrial design primer by Ian Hooper

  1. 1. Industrial Design Primer<br />An introduction to the production of everyday things<br />
  2. 2. Why do I need to know this stuff?<br />Lessons from history<br />Insight into well tested processes<br />Inspiration<br />Physical and virtual gap is closing<br />Photo credit:<br />
  3. 3. A Brief History<br />A history of people, not things (mostly)<br />An arbitrary selection of practioners<br />No contemporary designers<br />Photo credit: James Vaughan<br />
  4. 4. William Morris (1834 –1896)<br />“Have nothing in your house that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful”<br />Independently wealthy, romantic and idealistic. Studied architecture, designed furniture. Best know for his textile patterns.<br />Socialist political agitator. Believed that mass production and the industrial revolution were the reason for the problems in Victorian England.<br />Photo credit: Rob Pongsajapan<br />
  5. 5. Norman Bel-Geddes (1893 - 1958)<br />1939 New York Worlds Fair - General Motors Pavilion “Futurama”<br />“Horizons” (1932) - depression and positivism<br />Introduced streamlining & Art Deco style <br />Photo credits: Michael John Gorman<br />
  6. 6. Henry Dreyfuss (1904 –1972)<br />“Designing for People” & “The Measure of Man”<br />Phones! Model 302, Model 500, Princess Phone<br />Streamlined trains (20th Century Ltd.)<br />5 point formula for good design:<br />Utility and safety<br />Maintenance<br />Cost<br />Sales appeal<br />Appearance<br />Photo credit:<br />Photo credit:<br />
  7. 7. George Nelson (1908-1986)<br />A designer “must first make a radical and conscious break with all the values he considers inhuman.”<br />Designers must be conscious of the effects their work has on humans and society. <br />Design is “nothing more or less than a process of relating everything to everything.”<br />Photo credit: NarisaSpauldingwork<br />Photo credit Photo credit: J. Rex Brown (Oklahoma Modern)<br />
  8. 8. VICTOR PAPANEK (1927-1999)<br />“Design for the Real World: Human Ecology and Social Change” & “The Green Imperative: Natural Design for the Real World”<br />Anthropology and human needs as foundation for design<br /><ul><li>“Design is the conscious and intuitive effort to impose meaningful order”
  9. 9. Form follows function, but…that is no excuse for austerity
  10. 10. Advocated appropriate, sustainable design that is ethically grounded</li></ul>Photo credit: 2007/06/papaneks-3rd-werld-bike-cart.html<br />
  11. 11. Appropriate Design<br />Photo Credit: premasagar (Flickr)<br />
  12. 12. DIETER RAMS (1932-)<br />Braun designer for 30+ years<br />Good design…… is innovative… makes a product useful… is aesthetic… helps us to understand a product… is unobtrusive… is honest… is long-lasting… is intentional and thorough to the last detail… is environmentally friendly… is as little design as possible<br />Photo credit: Jonas Forth<br />Photo credit: Ged Carroll<br />
  13. 13. Others<br />Walter Gropius (Founder of Bauhaus)<br />Raymond Loewy (Streamlining, founder of Society of Industrial Designers)<br />Charles and Ray Eames (Hermann Miller furniture)<br />Walter Dorwin Teague (Kodak cameras, Boeing interiors, “Design this Day”)<br />Buckminster Fuller (Dymaxion car, pre-fab house, geodesic domes)<br />Sociologists, Anthropologists, Economists, Educators, Architects …<br />
  14. 14. Standard Practice <br />Stage 1: Concept or schematic phase<br />Stage 2: Problem-solving phase<br />Stage 3: Finalizing and implementation phase<br />
  15. 15. The Future of Industrial Design<br />
  16. 16. Desktop Manufacturing<br />
  17. 17. Conclusion<br />Is the Information Age simply an extension of the Industrial Age?<br /><ul><li>It’s time to grab some responsibility, to be an active profession with mature design ethics.
  18. 18. It’s time to design the kind of products we all need.</li></ul>Photo credit:<br />