Smarter Planet & Smarter Cities


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Project examples. 7th GEF Biennial International Waters Conference. Oct 30, 2013 in Barbados.

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  • Building a smarter planet is IBM's point of view on how interconnected technologies are changing the way the world literally works. It is all about how the world now beckoning us is one of enormous change and promise. Smarter planet is also the foundation for IBM’s vision for smarter cities--a vision that demonstrates how cities can lead the way into a prosperous and sustainable future. We see cities as the brightest opportunity to begin working toward a smarter planet.
    In spite of our optimism, today’s cities face a range of challenges and threats to their sustainability—challenges across their systems and core infrastructures such as transport, water, energy, government services, education and healthcare.
    As a point of interest for the audience, let’s first take a moment to understand the meaning of a smart city from the members of the audience. What is your personal definition and/or perspective? Just what is a smart city?
    (Note: use the input/comments collected from audience as insight and leverage to make points during the presentation.)
    Thank you for your input.
    From IBM’s perspective, we see a smarter city as an urban development that employs instrumentation, interconnection, and intelligence to provide awareness of and coordinated responsiveness to activities and events within the city. These capabilities enable the people and the local industry to benefit from a great place to live, work, and run a business... A city that is adaptive, collaborative, efficient, personalized, secure, supportive, and sustainable.
    As we explore the meaning of a smarter city and how we become one, we must also understand that the aforementioned services and challenges must be addressed holistically… today’s presentation is intended to give you further insight and considerations for becoming a smarter city. Though first, let’s explore cities from an historical perspective.
  • Delivering change across the three dimensions of ‘smart’--instrumented, interconnected and intelligent--enable cities to set the agenda and think and act in new ways. Smarter cities are shifting their focus from ‘within’ to ‘between,’ pursing collaborative networking and technology innovation to protect and connect citizens, increase shared information awareness, and speed communications -- ultimately, elevating smart decision-making. Cities and their key stakeholders must work together to act in new ways through innovative approaches to solve their top priorities. You, as a city leader, may have the need to identify new approaches and solutions for your city’s driving motivations. For example, you may be focused on one of the following key areas:
    Improving citizen and business services
    Managing resources effectively and efficiently
    Strengthening national security and public safety
    Ensuring a sustainable environment
    We would like to think that these, although simplistic in ‘vernacular’, can be powerful foundation elements for most successful and sustainable cities.
  • What are the client's needs?
    Improve operational efficiency and customer service by enabling clients to better manage consumption through smart meters
    Transform the relationship between consumers and utilities suppliers, enabling more efficient energy and water consumption
    IBM involvement and partners
    Enemalta Corporation, Water Services Corporation
    How will IBM making the city smarter?
    Replacing all 250,000 analog electricity meters with smart meters
    Integrating water meters and advanced IT applications to enable remote monitoring, management, and meter readings
    Enabling residents to track energy use online and change consumption habits
    Value Capture
    Providing citizens better information to make energy usage decisions
    Customers pay only for the power they actually use
    Customers may to switch to a pre-pay service
    Can manage pricing to sustain new energy consumption policies
    More efficient monitoring of electricity and water grids
    Remote activation and management to reduce connection time
    The Maltese network is providing valuable information about how an entire community or city responds to these new tools
  • Smarter Planet & Smarter Cities

    1. 1. “Smarter Planet & Smarter Cities” Project examples IWC 7, 30th Oct 2013 © 2012 IBM Corporation
    2. 2. We work at three “scales” Natural scale  Water resource mapping and availability  Water quality monitoring and management (surface and subsurface)  Land use analysis  Extraction monitoring (surface and subsurface)  Flood control Utility scale  Water quality and usage  Discharge, combined sewer overflow  Asset management  “Smart levees” and levee monitoring systems  Weather event assimilation  Energy management Enterprise Scale  Water usage tracking  Water quality control (into and within plants, discharges)  Supply chain optimization  Energy management  Business process improvements  Metrics and management © 2012 IBM Corporation
    3. 3. Example: the accumulation of real world data about traffic contains valuable information about patterns of behavior Operational/ Transactional Insights System wide control Road Usage Optimization, GHG emission models Operational/ • Toll collection only Transactional disconnected operational data • Transaction data from the management of payments • Little automated use is made of real-time traffic data • More granular charging, • Dynamic and congestion by location based pricing • Analysis of traffic patterns• Route planning and to manage city advice, shippers, congestion. concrete haulers, limo companies, theatres, • Modeling traffic to predict taxis etc and manage entire • City-wide, dynamic traffic system optimization © 2012 IBM Corporation
    4. 4. + + = An opportunity to think and act in new ways. 4 © 2012 IBM Corporation
    5. 5. SPRINT + IFM + DT  On-going work: a comprehensive realtime forecasting framework DeepThunder as the precipitation forecasting tool IFMv2 as the runoff model SPRINT as the river model  Need special care at IFM and SPRINT water balance exchange  Using Tutong River in Brunei as the test bed  Can be deployed as a real-time forecasting tool in advance of major weather events © 2012 IBM Corporation
    6. 6. Smart Bay: Galway Bay, Ireland  Sensor network monitors 30+ dimensions of water quality in Galway Bay, in real time  Integration with other data (weather, shipping etc)  Innovative user interface and advanced visualization supporting multidisciplinary users  Benefits: – Collaboration platform for multiple stakeholders (coastguard, shipping, fish-farming, tourism, agriculture, etc) – Scientific, as well as operational platform – Enables rapid response to water quality events – Enables system-wide response to climate change, economic development etc – Helping to identify sustainable business models © 2012 IBM Corporation
    7. 7. Creek Watch: Smarter Water through Citizen Science  Exploration of mobile devices (camerasmartphones) to capture data: – Participatory data gathering with many users – Data provides new opportunities for analysis  Proof of Concept  Collect simple environmental data about waterways  Capture “citizen science” data / photos – Location (GPS) and time - stamped – Water level, water flow, trash – IBM Research developing app in consultation with the California Water Board and volunteer watershed groups © 2012 IBM Corporation
    8. 8. Washington DC Water Authority: asset analytics  Asset management and data analytics  “Our assets were talking and we weren’t listening” – Crew routing and deployment – Failure analysis and prediction – drives maintenance scheduling, procurement – Usage anomaly detection – enables action on non revenue water (leaks, meter drift, theft etc)  Association mining (like super-markets!) – Uses data that DC Water is collecting anyway © 2012 IBM Corporation
    9. 9. Malta – A Smart Grid Island  Mediterranean island – Energy imported via undersea cable from Italy – expensive!! – Water desalination a major driver of energy usage  Solution: – Focus on consumer behavior to maximize efficiency of energy (and water) use – 250,000 smart electricity and water meters – Residents track energy use online and change consumption habits © 2012 IBM Corporation
    10. 10. Malta – A Smart Grid Island  Mediterranean island – Energy imported via undersea cable from Italy – expensive!! – Water desalination a major driver of energy usage  Solution: – Focus on consumer behavior to maximize efficiency of energy (and water) use – 250,000 smart electricity and water meters – Residents track energy use online and change consumption habits © 2012 IBM Corporation