Ecosystem resilience to
climate change at
the land-ocean interface
Climate change
Sea level rise, bleaching, storm frequency and intensity,
acidification, habitat shift, etc
The Global Programme of Action
The challenge …
 To help governments build the resilience
of coastal systems by developing,
mainstreaming and implementin...
What have we learned?
Comprehensive …
 Set SMART targets for:
Nutrients – agriculture, sewage, atmospheric
POPs, Heavy metals and hydrocarbon...
Continuing …
 Appropriately financed
Domestic revenue
Tariffs and taxes
Subsidies and MBIs
Bonds
Multilateral financ...
Adaptive …
 Science-based
 Management monitoring
 Bio-physical monitoring
 Programmed reviews
 Structured and empower...
Ecosystem-based management
 Decentralize or coordinate?
 Involve municipal authorities
 Involve communities, non-govern...
Thank you
Pollution Reduction through Improved  Municipal Wastewater Management in Coastal Cities with a Focus on SIDS (IWC5 Present...
Pollution Reduction through Improved  Municipal Wastewater Management in Coastal Cities with a Focus on SIDS (IWC5 Present...
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Pollution Reduction through Improved Municipal Wastewater Management in Coastal Cities with a Focus on SIDS (IWC5 Presentation)

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Robert Bechtloff, UNEP/GPA

Presentation given during the 5th GEF Biennial International Waters Conference in Cairns, Australia (during the pre-conference workshop marine ecosystems, Global Change and Marine Resources).

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Pollution Reduction through Improved Municipal Wastewater Management in Coastal Cities with a Focus on SIDS (IWC5 Presentation)

  1. 1. Ecosystem resilience to climate change at the land-ocean interface
  2. 2. Climate change Sea level rise, bleaching, storm frequency and intensity, acidification, habitat shift, etc
  3. 3. The Global Programme of Action
  4. 4. The challenge …  To help governments build the resilience of coastal systems by developing, mainstreaming and implementing comprehensive, continuous and adaptive programmes of action
  5. 5. What have we learned?
  6. 6. Comprehensive …  Set SMART targets for: Nutrients – agriculture, sewage, atmospheric POPs, Heavy metals and hydrocarbons Litter Radioactive waste Sediment Physical alteration and destruction of habitat
  7. 7. Continuing …  Appropriately financed Domestic revenue Tariffs and taxes Subsidies and MBIs Bonds Multilateral finance  Reporting and accountability framework
  8. 8. Adaptive …  Science-based  Management monitoring  Bio-physical monitoring  Programmed reviews  Structured and empowered governance mechanism
  9. 9. Ecosystem-based management  Decentralize or coordinate?  Involve municipal authorities  Involve communities, non-governmental stakeholders  Inter-agency responses
  10. 10. Thank you

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