Jerker Tamelander - Mainstreaming CC in IW Projects Presentation

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  • Vulnerability of [something] is determined by exposure and sensitivity to a stress, e.g. climate change, and the capacity to adapt
    exposure is the extent to which changes in climate are experienced. It is characterised by the magnitude, frequency, duration and/or spatial extent of a weather event or pattern.
    Sensitivity is the degree to which the [something] is affected by, or responsive to, climate changes. The sensitivity of ecological systems to climate change is normally described in terms of physiological tolerances to change and/or variability in physical and chemical conditions
    While exposure and sensitivity determine the potential impact of a climate-induced change, adaptive capacity can be a major influence on what impact actually eventuates.
  • The vulnerability of people or sectors that depend on an area for subsistence or income is strongly dependent on the climate vulnerability of that area and its systems
    Understanding ecological vulnerability is a pre-requisite to understanding social and economic vulnerability for resource-dependent systems.
    The way people and industries interact with natural resources and systems (through extractive use or pollution, for example) also significantly affects system vulnerability to other stresses, like climate change.
    Interventions to reduce vulnerability of an ecosystem mostly focus on exposure and sensitivity
    Adaptive capacity is the component of social vulnerability most amenable to influence through intervention.
  • Jerker Tamelander - Mainstreaming CC in IW Projects Presentation

    1. 1. Mainstreaming climate change in International Waters projects 1st Asia Pacific Regional Targeted Workshop for GEF IW Projects Bangkok, Thailand 27 – 28 September 2012 Jerker Tamelander, UNEP
    2. 2. Why this session? • Commitment to improve standardization and harmonization of GEF methodological approaches • Recognized need to mainstream climate impacts in GEF IW projects • GEF IW projects have unique requirements; how can existing resources and guidance as well as ongoing project activities and approaches be leveraged? • IW Learn output: Methodology/guidance to address climatic vulnerability & change impacts in shared water bodies
    3. 3. Vulnerability
    4. 4. Social-ecological vulnerability
    5. 5. What is climate change mainstreaming? Mainstreaming climate change is the iterative process of integrating considerations of climate change (impacts, vulnerability, adaptation) into existing processes and decision cycles. It requires a continuous effort and entails working with a range of actors.
    6. 6. Sector programming Sector level development plans and budgets Project Level Sectoral budget envelope Additional resources for adaptation (from fund) National budget Fund for adaptation Sectoral plan Multi-year development plan Sectoral strategies and policies National long-term visions National short- to medium-term policies Sectoral LevelAdaptation Actions and Mainstreaming ComponentsNational Level Monitor and evaluate implementation of adaptation measures within projec ts New projects: Implement selected adaptation options Ongoing projects: carry out interventions of previous stages then implement adaptation options Programming Implementation Resource Allocation Planning Policy Formulation Policy Cycle Stage 1. Awareness raising 2. Pre-screening of climate risks and vulnerabilities 3. Detailed climate risk assessment 6. Implementation of adaptation options, incl. budget allocations 7. M&E Relocate funding to mor e vulnerable sectors/regions Allocate funding f or adaptation- speci c activities Make room for cross- sectoral activities Claim resources from the adaptation fund Add climate considerations to criteria f or assessing project proposals Incorporate top-down adaptation activities identi ed during the sectoral planning stage Include recognition of climate risks Apply a climate lens Include recognition of climate risk s Apply a climate lens Apply a climate lens Apply a climate lens 4. Identi cation of adaptation options 5. Prioritization and selection Include adaptation-speci c programmes/projec ts Include cross- sectoral and sector top-down adaptation activities Undertake in-depth climate risk assessments Identify adaptation options Prioritize and selec t adaptation options Assess potential climate risk s and e ects on vulnerability 4 5 6 3 7 1 2 Detailed design Implement- ation Monitoring & Evaluation Project appraisal Project identi cation Figure1: Illustration of keymainstreaming entrypointsand componentsin thepolicyandproject cycles. Note: The figure draws on information from figures 7.2, 8.2, and 9.2 in OECD (2009).
    7. 7. 1. Awareness raising 2. Pre-screening of climate risks and vulnerabilities 3. Detailed climate risk assessment 4. Identification of adaptation options 5. Prioritization and selection 6. Implementation of adaptation options 7. Monitoring and Evaluation
    8. 8. Requirements • Climate information: - existing and new monitoring and assessment data; - modeling; - attention to coverage, resolution, quality; understanding uncertainties • Socio-economic analyses of linkages between climate change, vulnerability, adaptation and development; • Assessments of costs and benefits of climate change adaptation activities; • Engagement of a broad range of stakeholders at all levels; • A combination of top-down and bottom-up approaches; • Capacity building and institutional strengthening; • Existence and provision of technical support; • Availability of resources.
    9. 9. Existing guidance • Stocktaking report 2010 • Climate change risk screening tools, risk analysis and assessment • Guidance documents, manuals climate proofing and climate risk management, DRR • Systematic portfolio screenings
    10. 10. Climate Proof A Reference Tool to Coastal Climate Change in the Context of Mangroves for the Future A pre-publication version approved by the MFF Secretariat,October 2010
    11. 11. WB: Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources Management Project http://climatechange.worldbank.org/
    12. 12. IW CC Mainstreaming Workshop • “... to come up with concrete ways to incorporate CC considerations into SAP and/or IWRM planning processes…” • “… to develop indicators that help measuring the adaptation benefits to be realised through project implementation.” ⇒ A set of indicators agreed that track progress of CC mainstreaming into strategic planning at the project/basin level and the portfolio/regional level; ⇒ A compendium of useful resource material. MainstreamingClimate Change in International Water Projects Implementation Workshop Workshop Proceedings 03 05 March 2009 Kievits Kroon Country Estate Pretoria, South Africa
    13. 13. Topics for discussion • Is there a common understanding of what climate change mainstreaming is about; is there sufficient common terminology ? • Is there common understanding of linked issues to consider, e.g. DRR? • What experiences are there among IW projects, what has been done, at what stage, and using what methods (existing tool, ad hoc approaches…)? • What are the unique needs of IW projects? Is IW-specific guidance needed; general principles and broad concepts or detailed guidelines? • What issues requires particular attention in guidance to IW projects? E.g. stages of project cycle, defining common indicators, quality standards… • What process is needed to develop and roll out CC mainstreaming guidance in the IW portfolio? Challenges for new and existing projects. • Piloting, building capacity, collaboration across projects, twinning.

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