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  1. 1. GEFGEF InternationalInternational Waters IndicatorsWaters Indicators JEOPARDYJEOPARDY
  2. 2. Type 1 (Foundational) project –Type 1 (Foundational) project – Generic OutcomesGeneric Outcomes  Multi-country agreement on transboundary priority concerns,Multi-country agreement on transboundary priority concerns, impacts and causes (P)impacts and causes (P)  Multi-country Agreement on governance reforms and investments toMulti-country Agreement on governance reforms and investments to address priority transboundary concerns (P)address priority transboundary concerns (P)  Effective national Inter-ministry Coordination (P)Effective national Inter-ministry Coordination (P)  Stakeholder involvement in transboundary waterbody priority settingStakeholder involvement in transboundary waterbody priority setting and strategic planning (P)and strategic planning (P)  Multi-country waterbody legal framework adopted and/orMulti-country waterbody legal framework adopted and/or strengthened (P)strengthened (P)  Newly established and/or strengthened (existing) transboundaryNewly established and/or strengthened (existing) transboundary waters institutions (P)waters institutions (P)  Financial sustainability of joint transboundary waters institutions (P)Financial sustainability of joint transboundary waters institutions (P)  Pilot/demo projects demonstrate stress reduction measures on initialPilot/demo projects demonstrate stress reduction measures on initial priority concerns (SR)priority concerns (SR)
  3. 3. Type 2 (SAP Implementation) –Type 2 (SAP Implementation) – Generic OutcomesGeneric Outcomes  Effective national Inter-ministry Coordination (P)Effective national Inter-ministry Coordination (P)  Stakeholder involvement in SAP implementation (P)Stakeholder involvement in SAP implementation (P)  Adoption of national and regional legal, policy andAdoption of national and regional legal, policy and institutional reforms that address priorityinstitutional reforms that address priority transboundary concerns (P)transboundary concerns (P)  Newly established and/or strengthened (existing)Newly established and/or strengthened (existing) transboundary waters institutions (P)transboundary waters institutions (P)  Financial sustainability of joint transboundaryFinancial sustainability of joint transboundary waters institutions (P)waters institutions (P)  Pilot/demo projects demonstrate stress reductionPilot/demo projects demonstrate stress reduction measures on priority concerns (SR)measures on priority concerns (SR)
  4. 4. Type 3 and 4 (SAP Implem –Type 3 and 4 (SAP Implem – Investment Fund; Demo projects) –Investment Fund; Demo projects) – Generic OutcomesGeneric Outcomes  Stakeholder involvement in preparation andStakeholder involvement in preparation and implementation of investments or demos (P)implementation of investments or demos (P)  Adoption of national and regional legal, policy andAdoption of national and regional legal, policy and institutional reforms that address priorityinstitutional reforms that address priority transboundary concerns (P)transboundary concerns (P)  Stress on waterbody reduced through completionStress on waterbody reduced through completion of investment or demo (SR)of investment or demo (SR)  Stress reduction investments or demos beingStress reduction investments or demos being replicated (SR)replicated (SR)
  5. 5. Process IndicatorsProcess Indicators  Indicators which establish frameworksIndicators which establish frameworks for improving transboundaryfor improving transboundary environmental/water resources qualityenvironmental/water resources quality or quantity but do not in and ofor quantity but do not in and of themselves deliver improvedthemselves deliver improved transboundary environmental/watertransboundary environmental/water resources qualityresources quality
  6. 6. Stress Reduction IndicatorsStress Reduction Indicators  Indicators which characterize specificIndicators which characterize specific reductions in environmental stress onreductions in environmental stress on shared water bodies, e.g. reduction inshared water bodies, e.g. reduction in pollutant releases, more sustainable fishingpollutant releases, more sustainable fishing levels and/or practices, improvedlevels and/or practices, improved freshwater flows, reduced introduction offreshwater flows, reduced introduction of invasive species, increased habitatinvasive species, increased habitat restoration or protection, etc.restoration or protection, etc. Best reportedBest reported against baseline year/levelagainst baseline year/level
  7. 7. Environmental/Water Resources &Environmental/Water Resources & Socioeconomic Status IndicatorsSocioeconomic Status Indicators  Indicators which provide evidence for theIndicators which provide evidence for the environmental or water resources status ofenvironmental or water resources status of shared waterbodies. These indicators areshared waterbodies. These indicators are usually ‘static’ snapshots of environmental,usually ‘static’ snapshots of environmental, water resources or socioeconomicwater resources or socioeconomic conditions at a given point in time so, likeconditions at a given point in time so, like Stress Reduction, are usually reportedStress Reduction, are usually reported against a baseline year and level to showagainst a baseline year and level to show change/improvement.change/improvement.
  9. 9. Mt/year of nitrogen reducedMt/year of nitrogen reduced by a Bucharest, Romaniaby a Bucharest, Romania wastewater treatment plantwastewater treatment plant co-funded by GEF and theco-funded by GEF and the World BankWorld Bank
  10. 10. Adoption of a SAP byAdoption of a SAP by the FrePlata countriesthe FrePlata countries
  11. 11. Level of Chlorophyll-ALevel of Chlorophyll-A in surface waters of thein surface waters of the Black Sea in 2005Black Sea in 2005
  12. 12. Number of fish speciesNumber of fish species identified in the Kuraidentified in the Kura river basin in 2007river basin in 2007
  13. 13. Adoption of FisheriesAdoption of Fisheries protocol to the Bucharestprotocol to the Bucharest Convention (Black Sea)Convention (Black Sea)
  14. 14. Completion of TDA forCompletion of TDA for the Yellow Sea LMEthe Yellow Sea LME
  15. 15. 500 kg of mercury500 kg of mercury emission to Mekong riveremission to Mekong river reduced (2002-2006)reduced (2002-2006) through improved artisanalthrough improved artisanal mining practicesmining practices
  16. 16. With PEMSEA help,With PEMSEA help, Danang, VietnamDanang, Vietnam prepares and adopts itsprepares and adopts its Integrated CoastalIntegrated Coastal Management PlanManagement Plan
  17. 17. Buy-out of 20 percent ofBuy-out of 20 percent of Yellow Sea LME fishingYellow Sea LME fishing fleet capacityfleet capacity
  18. 18. Western Pacific Island statesWestern Pacific Island states adopts Convention foradopts Convention for Management of HighlyManagement of Highly Migratory Tuna Stocks; GEFMigratory Tuna Stocks; GEF helps SIDS participatehelps SIDS participate
  19. 19. Suspended particulate matterSuspended particulate matter concentration in surfaceconcentration in surface waters of Lake Tanganyika inwaters of Lake Tanganyika in 20052005
  20. 20. 500 ha wetland500 ha wetland protected in the Tiszaprotected in the Tisza river and under effectiveriver and under effective managementmanagement
  21. 21. Caspian Sea environmentalCaspian Sea environmental convention adopted atconvention adopted at ministerial levelministerial level
  22. 22. Trophic index forTrophic index for Humboldt Current LargeHumboldt Current Large Marine Ecosystem in 2006Marine Ecosystem in 2006
  23. 23. $ value of Tanzania and$ value of Tanzania and Mozambique fish exports in 2007Mozambique fish exports in 2007 through sustainable harvesting ofthrough sustainable harvesting of previously unexploited fisheriespreviously unexploited fisheries resources in the Agulhas Currentresources in the Agulhas Current LME (against baseline of $20LME (against baseline of $20 million in 2003)million in 2003)
  24. 24. Benguela CurrentBenguela Current Commission established viaCommission established via ministerial signature ofministerial signature of agreement at high levelagreement at high level meetingmeeting
  25. 25. Number of jobs inNumber of jobs in Romania’s sustainableRomania’s sustainable agriculture industry inagriculture industry in 2007 (vs. Baseline of2007 (vs. Baseline of 2003)2003)
  26. 26. EU-financed investment inEU-financed investment in Constanta, RomaniaConstanta, Romania wastewater treatment planwastewater treatment plan reduces nitrogen emissions toreduces nitrogen emissions to Black Sea by 30 mt/yrBlack Sea by 30 mt/yr
  27. 27. 15% increase in Niger River15% increase in Niger River water flows to the Niger Deltawater flows to the Niger Delta (vs. baseline) through(vs. baseline) through improved upstream waterimproved upstream water resources management andresources management and water use efficiencywater use efficiency
  28. 28. 2,500 hectares of Niger2,500 hectares of Niger Delta mangrove restoredDelta mangrove restored
  29. 29. 77 Pacific Islands statesPacific Islands states adopt national tunaadopt national tuna management plansmanagement plans
  30. 30. Albatross death rate loweredAlbatross death rate lowered by 37% (2005-2007) throughby 37% (2005-2007) through use of improved long-lininguse of improved long-lining technologies on Patagoniatechnologies on Patagonia Shelf LMEShelf LME
  31. 31. Demonstrated establishmentDemonstrated establishment and operation of Kura Riverand operation of Kura River basin interministerialbasin interministerial committees in each countrycommittees in each country
  32. 32. Aral Sea salinity inAral Sea salinity in 20052005
  33. 33. Average concentrationAverage concentration (ug/g) of PCBs in Volga(ug/g) of PCBs in Volga delta (Caspian Sea)delta (Caspian Sea) sediments in 2002sediments in 2002
  34. 34. 15% increase in agricultural15% increase in agricultural water use efficiency in Lakewater use efficiency in Lake Chad basin (2001-2006)Chad basin (2001-2006)
  35. 35. Niger Basin Authority adds 3Niger Basin Authority adds 3 new technical posts based onnew technical posts based on recommendation of GEF-recommendation of GEF- funded NBA institutionalfunded NBA institutional reviewreview
  36. 36. Global community adoptsGlobal community adopts Ballast Water/ship invasivesBallast Water/ship invasives convention through IMO-convention through IMO- mediated process over 5 yearsmediated process over 5 years (no direct GEF support)(no direct GEF support)
  37. 37. Areal extent of Aral SeaAreal extent of Aral Sea (km(km22 ) in 2007) in 2007
  38. 38. Independent adoption of aIndependent adoption of a lake basin convention in alake basin convention in a GEF project siteGEF project site (no GEF $ support)(no GEF $ support)
  39. 39. 50% increase in50% increase in consumers using non-consumers using non- phosphate detergent inphosphate detergent in the Danube basin, 1999-the Danube basin, 1999- 20052005
  40. 40. % of Dnipro River% of Dnipro River industries practicingindustries practicing cleaner production incleaner production in chemicalschemicals manufacturing in 2007manufacturing in 2007 (vs. base year of 2004)(vs. base year of 2004)
  41. 41. Average concentrationsAverage concentrations of Polycyclic Aromaticof Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) inHydrocarbons (PAH) in Dnipro river water andDnipro river water and sediments in 2005sediments in 2005
  42. 42. International CommissionInternational Commission for the Protection of thefor the Protection of the Danube River fullyDanube River fully financially sustainablefinancially sustainable following 15 years of GEFfollowing 15 years of GEF support in the Danubesupport in the Danube
  43. 43. Average biomass ofAverage biomass of western Pacificwestern Pacific yellowfin tuna stocks inyellowfin tuna stocks in 20062006
  44. 44. % reduction (2003-2006)% reduction (2003-2006) in Xiamen, Chinain Xiamen, China aquaculture facilitiesaquaculture facilities applying antibiotics toapplying antibiotics to cultured stockscultured stocks
  45. 45. Increase (2004-2007) in %Increase (2004-2007) in % of large container shipsof large container ships applying open oceanapplying open ocean exchange of ballast waterexchange of ballast water
  46. 46. 20% increase (2005-2008) in20% increase (2005-2008) in annual renewableannual renewable groundwater supplies in Egyptgroundwater supplies in Egypt through application ofthrough application of managed aquifer rechargemanaged aquifer recharge (MAR)(MAR)
  47. 47. Nubian Aquifer countriesNubian Aquifer countries agree on suite of capacityagree on suite of capacity building measures tobuilding measures to strengthen the Nubianstrengthen the Nubian Joint AuthorityJoint Authority
  48. 48. Average concentration ofAverage concentration of methyl-mercury (ug/g) inmethyl-mercury (ug/g) in sampled Amazon Riversampled Amazon River basin fish in 2006basin fish in 2006
  49. 49. Fiji government fully financesFiji government fully finances and constructs new wastewaterand constructs new wastewater treatment plant in Suva, reducingtreatment plant in Suva, reducing BOD emissions by 1,000 mt/yrBOD emissions by 1,000 mt/yr and N emissions by 170 mt/yrand N emissions by 170 mt/yr