Indonesia and Islam (part1)

1,057 views

Published on

These slides are part of the teacher training course about Indonesia, Islam, and Islam in Indonesia

Published in: Education
1 Comment
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,057
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
17
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
1
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

  • Welcome to what I hope to be a very meaningful, reflective, and fun weekend for us all. For the next two days, we will be exploring about Indonesia and Islam. Here is our agenda. First, we will revisit our own goals. Using movie clips, sounds, visuals, & discussion we will explore our focus question in the first day is the question “What is Indonesia?”
  • Welcome to what I hope to be a very meaningful, reflective, and fun weekend for us all. For the next two days, we will be exploring about Indonesia and Islam. Here is our agenda. First, we will revisit our own goals. Using movie clips, sounds, visuals, & discussion we will explore our focus question in the first day is the question “What is Indonesia?”
  • Welcome to what I hope to be a very meaningful, reflective, and fun weekend for us all. For the next two days, we will be exploring about Indonesia and Islam. Here is our agenda. First, we will revisit our own goals. Using movie clips, sounds, visuals, & discussion we will explore our focus question in the first day is the question “What is Indonesia?”
  • On the 2nd day we will talk talk about Islam and discuss the current issues and challenges for the Islamic world. Focus will be given to women’s issues, education and modernity, and violence and terrorism. After that, we will go back to Indonesia, and learn the role of Islam in Indonesian politics.
  • On the 2nd day we will talk talk about Islam and discuss the current issues and challenges for the Islamic world. Focus will be given to women’s issues, education and modernity, and violence and terrorism. After that, we will go back to Indonesia, and learn the role of Islam in Indonesian politics.
  • On the 2nd day we will talk talk about Islam and discuss the current issues and challenges for the Islamic world. Focus will be given to women’s issues, education and modernity, and violence and terrorism. After that, we will go back to Indonesia, and learn the role of Islam in Indonesian politics.
  • Each of us has a different goal to be here. I would like you to make it explicit by jotting down what those goals are. You will revisit this note at the end of the course to see how well we meet the goals.
  • Ok. Now, let’s sit in groups of three or four. Take out a paper and a pen to write with. What I want you to do is in 2 minutes list down as many things as possible about Indonesia that you know. The group with the longest list wins. Make sure not to be too loud, so the other groups can’t hear you. Are you ready? Let’s get started....Now, let’s compare. Discuss. Share.
  • We are going to watch an award-winning Indonesian movie, one of the best that I know. Despite a teenage film, this movie touches a lot of social issues, such as political reform, gender’s role, domestic household issues, and love of poetry. If you were the director now, and given what you know about Indonesia so far, how would you like to approach the movie-making? What elements/artifacts should be included?
  • Let’s watch the movie. Time it! Max 1 hour.
  • This is our essential question of the day. What is Indonesia? Let’s combine your previous understanding and what you see from the movie, what is Indonesia to you so far? Discuss.
  • This is our essential question of the day. What is Indonesia? Let’s combine your previous understanding and what you see from the movie, what is Indonesia to you so far? Discuss.
  • This is our essential question of the day. What is Indonesia? Let’s combine your previous understanding and what you see from the movie, what is Indonesia to you so far? Discuss.
  • This is our essential question of the day. What is Indonesia? Let’s combine your previous understanding and what you see from the movie, what is Indonesia to you so far? Discuss.
  • This is our essential question of the day. What is Indonesia? Let’s combine your previous understanding and what you see from the movie, what is Indonesia to you so far? Discuss.
  • This is our essential question of the day. What is Indonesia? Let’s combine your previous understanding and what you see from the movie, what is Indonesia to you so far? Discuss.
  • This is our essential question of the day. What is Indonesia? Let’s combine your previous understanding and what you see from the movie, what is Indonesia to you so far? Discuss.
  • Now, please take some time to record your understanding about Indonesia so far. What has been added to what you know before?
  • Let’s take a break for about 15 minutes. I bring some Indonesian finger food for all of us to share. I wish it looked like the ones on the picture. But you can only have those if you go directly to Indonesia. Indonesia is a food haven! Please try.
  • Let’s take a break for about 15 minutes. I bring some Indonesian finger food for all of us to share. I wish it looked like the ones on the picture. But you can only have those if you go directly to Indonesia. Indonesia is a food haven! Please try.
  • Let’s take a break for about 15 minutes. I bring some Indonesian finger food for all of us to share. I wish it looked like the ones on the picture. But you can only have those if you go directly to Indonesia. Indonesia is a food haven! Please try.
  • Welcome back. In the next section we are going to learn some history of Indonesia. It is by far a very condensed version, but I hope you can learn something from it.
  • Welcome back. In the next section we are going to learn some history of Indonesia. It is by far a very condensed version, but I hope you can learn something from it.
  • Welcome back. In the next section we are going to learn some history of Indonesia. It is by far a very condensed version, but I hope you can learn something from it.


  • This is Indonesia, the country which has thousands of islands. Show where I was born, where I lived, the capital city. Point out to the five major islands, and mention Starbucks have coffees from Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, and Sulawesi. Also point out Bali, Komodo dragon islands, and orangutan.
  • This is the breakdown of this presentation. First we will learn some basic facts about Indonesia. Then we will learn about the ancient history of the nation, the coming of Islam, how the spice race led to colonization by different foreign powers, and the independence movement.
  • This is the breakdown of this presentation. First we will learn some basic facts about Indonesia. Then we will learn about the ancient history of the nation, the coming of Islam, how the spice race led to colonization by different foreign powers, and the independence movement.
  • This is the breakdown of this presentation. First we will learn some basic facts about Indonesia. Then we will learn about the ancient history of the nation, the coming of Islam, how the spice race led to colonization by different foreign powers, and the independence movement.
  • This is the breakdown of this presentation. First we will learn some basic facts about Indonesia. Then we will learn about the ancient history of the nation, the coming of Islam, how the spice race led to colonization by different foreign powers, and the independence movement.
  • This is the breakdown of this presentation. First we will learn some basic facts about Indonesia. Then we will learn about the ancient history of the nation, the coming of Islam, how the spice race led to colonization by different foreign powers, and the independence movement.
  • This is the breakdown of this presentation. First we will learn some basic facts about Indonesia. Then we will learn about the ancient history of the nation, the coming of Islam, how the spice race led to colonization by different foreign powers, and the independence movement.
  • This is the breakdown of this presentation. First we will learn some basic facts about Indonesia. Then we will learn about the ancient history of the nation, the coming of Islam, how the spice race led to colonization by different foreign powers, and the independence movement.
  • This is the breakdown of this presentation. First we will learn some basic facts about Indonesia. Then we will learn about the ancient history of the nation, the coming of Islam, how the spice race led to colonization by different foreign powers, and the independence movement.
  • First, let’s take a look at these facts. Is there anything new or interesting to you?
  • Let’s learn some more. Anything new or interesting here?
  • Ok, let’s talk about how Indonesia was like in the ancient time.
  • The theory says that the ancestors of Indonesian people now come from Southern China.
  • drakely, p 14-15. overlapping ideas, eg. supernatural was common. writing: southern indian pallawa --> kawi. mahabharata and ramayana modified into a blend with local context, javanese setting. the clowns in wayang -> semar, protector of java. syncretic tendencies. Singhasari --> shiva-buddha. caste system never took place.

  • Mongols restricted caravan trade through central asia, leading to Indian Ocean as the major trade route. Sufism echoes Indic and indigenous beliefs, tolerant approach, accepted magic, similar ideas of kingship.
  • Mongols restricted caravan trade through central asia, leading to Indian Ocean as the major trade route. Sufism echoes Indic and indigenous beliefs, tolerant approach, accepted magic, similar ideas of kingship.
  • Mongols restricted caravan trade through central asia, leading to Indian Ocean as the major trade route. Sufism echoes Indic and indigenous beliefs, tolerant approach, accepted magic, similar ideas of kingship.
  • Mongols restricted caravan trade through central asia, leading to Indian Ocean as the major trade route. Sufism echoes Indic and indigenous beliefs, tolerant approach, accepted magic, similar ideas of kingship.
  • Mongols restricted caravan trade through central asia, leading to Indian Ocean as the major trade route. Sufism echoes Indic and indigenous beliefs, tolerant approach, accepted magic, similar ideas of kingship.
  • Mongols restricted caravan trade through central asia, leading to Indian Ocean as the major trade route. Sufism echoes Indic and indigenous beliefs, tolerant approach, accepted magic, similar ideas of kingship.















  • Indonesia and Islam (part1)

    1. 1. By: Iwan Syahril & Gwen INDONESIA & ISLAM Johnson. STI, Scarsdale, May 8-9, 2009
    2. 2. Agenda - Day 1 • Our goals and objectives • Ada Apa Dengan Cinta? Movie viewing and discussion. Focus on social and cultural artifacts. • What is Indonesia? • Indonesian history in brief. • End-of-day reflection
    3. 3. Agenda - Day 2 • What is Islam? • Today’s Islam: Issues and challenges. Jigsaw. Discussion. • Struggle for the soul of Islam: Inside Indonesia. A PBS documentary • Islam in Indonesian politics. • Blog and class discussion • End-of-day reflection
    4. 4. What are your personal goals for this course? -Journal entry 1
    5. 5. What do you know about Indonesia? List as many things as possible in about 2 minutes.
    6. 6. Movie: ADA APA DENGAN CINTA?
    7. 7. ADA APA DENGAN CINTA? (What’s up with Cinta/Love?) watch the movie. choose what social/cultural elements you want to focus. observe the film elements as well. take notes. discuss.
    8. 8. What is Indonesia?
    9. 9. What is Indonesia? What aspects from the movie that helped you learn about Indonesia?
    10. 10. What is Indonesia? What aspects from the movie that helped you learn about Indonesia?
    11. 11. What is Indonesia? What aspects from the movie that helped you learn about Indonesia? What did you not expect?
    12. 12. What is Indonesia? What aspects from the movie that helped you learn about Indonesia? What did you not expect?
    13. 13. What is Indonesia? What aspects from the movie that helped you learn about Indonesia? What did you not expect? What is represented? What is not represented?
    14. 14. So, what is Indonesia to you now? How does the movie contribute to your understanding about Indonesia? -Journal entry 2
    15. 15. BREAK...Why not try some Indonesian food?
    16. 16. Welcome back. Now, let’s go to Indonesia. Are you ready?
    17. 17. 12
    18. 18. 12
    19. 19. 12
    20. 20. THE HISTORY OF THE UNLIKELY NATION • INDONESIA BASIC FACTS • ANCIENT KINGDOMS • THE COMING OF ISLAM • THE SPICE RACE • DUTCH COLONIZATION • INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT
    21. 21. BASIC FACTS ABOUT INDONESIA (1) • It is the forth largest country in the • It has 3 time zones. world - about 240 million people. • More than 2/3 of the territory is • It is the world’s largest archipelago water. The total land is about 3 - 17,508 islands - 6,000 inhabited. times the size of Texas. Total territory is almost as big as the US. The coastline is about 33,900 miles. • It has more than 300 ethnic groups. • It is the most volcanic country - • There are at least 700 languages more than 100 active, 300 dormant. and dialects spoken in the country. Krakatoa eruption in 1883! • It is the largest Muslim nation - • Lies on the equator, average almost 90% of its population. temperature between 70-90 F.
    22. 22. BASIC FACTS ABOUT INDONESIA (2) • A republic with a presidential • Member of G-20. system. • GDP PPP US$ 3,900 • World’s 3rd largest democracy. • Almost half of the population live on • General election every 5 years - less than US$ 2/day. direct voting system. • Natural resources: crude oil, natural • It has 30 provinces, 2 special gas, tin, copper, gold, agriculture. regions, and 1 capital city district. • Main products: petroleum, natural • Founder of ASEAN (Association of gas, textiles, apparel, mining, palm Southeast Asian Nation) and Non- oil, rice, tea, coffee, spices, rubber, Aligned Movement. plywood, electrical appliances.
    23. 23. Ancient kingdoms
    24. 24. The Java man Famous fossil discoveries in 1891 in Central Java. “Java man” is thought to be part of Homo erectus extinct species, who believed to live more than a million year ago.
    25. 25. Indic Influences on State and Society • Hinduism and Buddhism were widely accepted and interactively transformed (Adoption and adaptation). • Kingship and statecraft conceptions were adopted. Pragmatic -spiritual and secular motives. • Kingship as the embodiment of the link between heaven and earth. This serves as religious legitimation. The state is a religious ritual.
    26. 26. Two great kingdoms • The Buddhist Srivijaya (7th-14th century) • A maritime kingdom, controlling Strait of Malacca, both coasts of Malay Peninsula, the east coast of Sumatra, and western Java. • The Hindu Majapahit empire (13th-15th century) - the greatest pre-Islamic kingdom. • An archipelagic kingdom ranging from Sumatra to Papua.
    27. 27. The coming of ISLAM • Growing popularity in the 13th century by increased interaction with Middle Eastern traders. • Sufism was dominant. • Rulers adoption due to trade and politics. • Foreign traders settled and married locals. • A syncretic approach.
    28. 28. The Spice Race • “He who controls the spice, controls the universe.” • “No man should die who can aord cinnamon.” • “A pound of nutmeg = 7 fat oxen.”
    29. 29. “Indonesia, the greatest prize in Asia” “For God and Spices!” • The Portuguese and the Spanish, the 16th century. • The Dutch, the 17th-20th century. • The British, 1811-1816. “A few nutmeg nuts could be • The Japanese, 1942-45. sold for enough money to enable financial independence for life.” 05/07/2009 23
    30. 30. Why so important? • Flavoring food. • Preserving food. • Perfumes and cosmetics. • Medicine. • Magical spells and rites. • Embalming.
    31. 31. The arrival of Europeans in the Spices Islands • Portuguese arrived in 1512 and became the major player in the clove market. They could not monopolize the spice trade. • Dutch arrived in 1599, better organized than the Portuguese and tried to monopolize. – Run island exchanged for Manhattan. – The Banda massacre. – Uprooting all clove trees in Ternate and Tidore.
    32. 32. VOC monopoly • Focused on trades, not conquering territories. • Controlled the influence of other European players. • Controlled the dominance of the local rulers (devide et impera) • The spice islands and Java 26
    33. 33. The original ideas of the “Cultivation System” • 66 days/year labor requirement. • 1/5 of the land for government crops. • Replaced the land rent. • Honest and efficient local officials. • Crop failure is government’s responsibility. 27
    34. 34. Max Havelaar, the book that killed colonialism. The movie (1976) • Denounced the abuses of colonialism in Dutch East Indies; free labor, cultivation system, tax collection. (1860) By: Multatuli, pen name for Eduard • Raised awareness Douwes Dekker; among Europeans living proclaimed as the best in Europe about the Dutch writer of all time. realities of the colonies 05/07/2009 28
    35. 35. 05/07/2009 29
    36. 36. How does Indonesian colonization experience contribute to your understanding about Indonesia? -Turn and talk
    37. 37. The INDEPENDENCE Movement
    38. 38. Resistance in the 20th century • Nationalist movement ➡Educated elites ➡Political parties ➡Inter-group dialogues • Publications • Physical struggle 32
    39. 39. Publications • Access to Education • ‘Alks ik eens Nederlander was’ (If I were for once to be a Dutchman) • Literacy: bilingualism means access. • A famous Dutch-language newspaper article written ➡Understanding the by Suwardi Surjaninngrat (Ki Hadjar Dewantoro) in colonialism. 1913. ➡Spreading the movement. ➡Gaining sympathy and support. 33
    40. 40. Accommodation in the 20th century • By feeling powerless; no hope, no confidence, no dreams. • By ignorance. ➡Uneducated, illiterate, limited world views. • By collusion (the local rulers). ➡Selfishness, manipulation, greediness. 34
    41. 41. Youth Pledge 1928 •One country. •One nation. •One language. INDONESIA!
    42. 42. The Independence Day, August 17, 1945 • A modern nation state. • First President, SUKARNO. First V-President, M. HATTA. • The dropping of citing sharia’ in the constitution draft. • The Allies came back with the Dutch, and they did not acknowledge Indonesian independence. Indonesian had a bloody war against the Dutch until 1949.
    43. 43. I N D O N E S I A Unity in diversity!
    44. 44. Next: Islam Islam in Indonesian politics
    45. 45. Journal entry 4 •What I found surprising was ________________________. •What I found interesting was _______________________. •I am still curious about ____________________________.
    46. 46. 40
    47. 47. 40

    ×