This presentation slides were used to explain and to critically analyze the educational goals during the Dutch colonization in Indonesia in the beginning 20th century using a chosen artifact (a short video).
Education During the Colonial Experience in Indonesia By: Iwan Syahril Michigan State University, Fall 2011
The purpose❖ Toexplain and critically analyze educational goals during the Dutch colonization in East Indies/Indonesia (1920-1930) using a video artifact “Onderwijs in Indie”.
The Video❖ Title: Onderwijs in Indie (Education in the Indies)❖ Length: 3 minutes 41 seconds.❖ About: Mixed scenes of diﬀerent schools in Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) in late 1920s. • Dutch Chinese School, National/Village School, Dutch Indonesian School, Dutch Chinese/Indonesian Normal School, Vocational School, European High School.❖ Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fweO3Sfsj1M❖ Original Source: Tropenmuseum, Amsterdam.
The Social Economic PowerThe Colonial Power The Masses, The Majority
Labaree’s Educational Goals❖ Democratic Equality - Education for the masses, through Ethical Policy, 1907. Separate but Equal?❖ Social Efficiency - Education to ﬁll the administrative positions, & keeping up with demand of growing industries.❖ Social Mobility - Equal access to all provided language & money; credentials?
Separate but Equal? orSeparate and Unequal? ❖ By 1930, Dutch East Indies’ national primary enrollment only reached 12.2% (Benavot & Riddle, 1988), 87.7% ??? ❖ Diﬀerent support: ﬁnancing, administration, ethnicity. Video shows the quality of furniture and school supplies.
Language Policy to MaintainPower/Credentials❖ Similar cases in French West Africa, French Indochina (Kelly, 1984); in Taiwan during Japanese occupation (Tsurumi, 1984).
Conclusion: Educational Goals are problematic!❖ (Low/High Quality) Education for All?❖ Language and Power.