“We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up tofourteen years of schooling beforeuniversity. Thus, their children are getting into the best universitiesand the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for ourpublic school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.” -President Benigno S. Aquino III-
RATIONALE The Enhance K+12 Basic Education Program1.Enhancing the quality of basic education in the Philippines is urgent and critical. We have to come up with a proposal to enhance our basic education program in a manner that is least disruptive to the current curriculum, most affordable to government and families and aligned with international practice.
2. The poor quality of basic education is reflected in the low achievement scores of Filipino students.. Many students who finish basic education do not possess sufficient mastery of basic competencies. One reason is that students do not get adequate instructional time or time on task. e.g. NAT High School 2008-2009 47.40 % NAT High School 2009-2010 46.38 %
3. International test results like 2003 TIMSS ( Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) scores International Rank Participating average Countries 2003 resultsGrade IVScience 332 489 23 25Math 358 495 23 25HS IIScience 377 473 43 46Math 378 466 34 38 2008 resultsMath 355 500 10 10
4. The congested curriculum partly explain the present state of education. The current basic education is designated to teach a 12 –year curriculum, yet it is delivered in just 10 years.
The Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year pre- university program
5. The quality of education is reflected in the inadequate preparation of high school graduates for the world of work. High school graduates do not possess the basic competencies or emotional maturity essential for the world of work. It is also a mismatch in the labor and education market. Unemployment Statistics in the Philippines 2010 description Proportion total unemployment 15-24 yrs old 51.5 % 80.6 % 25-34 yrs old 29.1 % High School 33.1 % Graduate 70.9 % College 19.3 % Undergraduate College Graduates 18.5 %
6. Most graduates are too young to enter the labor force. This implies that those who do not pursue higher education would be unproductive or vulnerable to exploitative labor practices. While those who may be interested to set up business cannot legally enter into contracts.
7. The current system also reinforces the misperception that basic education is just for higher education For most parents, basic education is a preparation for college education
8. The short duration of our basic education also puts the millions of OFWs, especially professionals and those who intend to study abroad is at disadvantage. Our graduates are not automatically recognized as professional abroad because other countries view our 10-year education program is insufficient. The Washington Accord prescribe 12-year basic education. The bologna Accord requires 12 years of education for university admission and practice of profession in European countries.
9. The short basic education program affects the human development of the Filipino children. A Filipino is legally a child before he or she turns 18 years old. Psychologists and educators say that children under 18 are generally not emotionally prepared for entrepreneurship or employment or higher education disciplines.
K +12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of Elementary and Secondary Education
The model that is currently being proposed by DepED is the K-6-4-2 Model This model involvesk KINDERGARTEN 5 YEAR OLD cohort who undergoes a standardized kinder curriculum.6 ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 6 – 11 YEARS OLD GRADE 1 TO 6 PRIMARY SCHOOLING4 JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 12 – 15 YEARS OLD GRADE 7 TO 10 FOUR YEARS2 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 16 -17 YEARS OLD GRADE 11 TO 12 2 YEARS the two years of senior high school intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies .
IMPLEMENTATION PLAN OF K-6-4-2• The implementation of the K+12 program will be phased. • Universal kindergarten will be offered starting SY 2011-2012.• SY 2012-2013, The new curriculum will be offered to incoming Grade 1 as well as to incoming Junior High School. • The target of DepED is to put in place the necessary infrastructure and other necessary arrangements needed to provide Senior High School Education by SY 2016-2017.
IMPLEMENTATION PLAN OF K-6-4-2The Senior High School Curriculum will offer areasof specialization or electives such as science andtechnology, music and arts, agriculture andfisheries, sports, business and entrepreneurshipand subject for advance placement.
Through the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education VISION Program, it is envisioned that our graduates will: Possess sufficient Mastery of basic competencies S Emotionally developed and T competent UEnhance Socially aware, proactive, involvedK+12 D in public and civic affairs E Adequately prepared for world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education N T Legally employable, globally competitive
Through the Enhanced K+12 BasicVISION Education Program, it is envisioned that our graduates will: Allow one to take advantage of the opportunities for gainful Opportunity to received employment quality education which is internationally recognized and comparable Change public perception that HS is just preparation for college
A. TO INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES An enhanced curriculum will decongest academic workload, giving students more time to master competencies and time for extra curricular activities, thus allowing for a more holistic development.
Graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market. Graduates will be better prepared for higher education. Graduates will be able to earn higher wages and /or better prepared to start their own business. Graduates could now be recognized abroad.
B. FOR THE SOCIET Y AND ECONOMY K +12 will contribute to economic growth. Improvement in the quality of education growth as much as 2%. K+12 will facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries.
A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio-economic development.
Generalization: Since the enhanced curriculum will develop the essential competencies and skills of graduates for productive work or entrepreneurship, K +12 is not a plus 2 before graduation but a minus 2 before work.
1. Creation of Task Force to jumpstart the program, a Task Force will be formed to refine and detail the K+12 implementation Model. Task Force will be chaired by DepED.
2. Stakeholder Consultations Regional Consultation leading to National Summit will be conducted to solicit inputs and feedback on the proposed model. Consultations will cover all stakeholders (PTA, public and private Elem and HS, legislators, government & business sectors and others.)
3. Financial Study A study will be undertaken to determine the financial implications and the options for financing the enhanced K+12.
4. Curriculum Review and Enhancement. This will start with the development, validation and nationwide implementation of the Enhanced Basic Education Curriculum for Grade 1 and Hs 1 by SY 2011-2012. Senior HS curriculum shall be develop and validated along with the development of appropriate learning resources.
5. Teacher Training The training of Grade 1 and HS 1teachers will start in SY 2011-2012.the training of grade 2 to 12 will beimplemented in subsequent years.
6. Legislation DepED will work for thepassage of all necessar y andrelated legislations on the K+12Basic Education program.
7. K+12 Information, Education and Communication Campaign. A massive public information campaign based on the 12-year design model and implementation scheme will be implemented.