Regional dances

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Regional dances

  1. 1. Regional Dances in Turkey
  2. 2. Bar (dance)With their structure and formation, they are thedances performed by groups in the open. They arespread, in general, over the eastern part of Anatolia(Erzurum, Bayburt, Agri, Kars, Artvin and Erzincanprovinces). The characteristic of their formation is thatthey are performed side-by-side, hand, shoulder andarm-in-arm. Woman and man bars are different from oneanother. The principal instruments of our bar dances aredavul and zurna (shrill pipe).
  3. 3. HalayThe rhythmic elementsof halay dances are very richand are mostly performed withdrum-zurna combination aswell as with kaval (shepherdspipe), sipsi (reed), cigirtma(fife) or baglama (aninstrument with three doublestrings played with a plectrum)or performed when folk songsare sung.This folk-dance, is a part of Turkish dance and isperformed to a large extent in the Eastern, South-Eastern and Central Anatolia and it is one of the moststriking dance. It has a rich figure structure of simplicityis the symbol of creation and originality of the folk.
  4. 4. HoronThe horon (Greek:Horos [masculine noun,singular form, nominative]),which derives from the Greekword choros (Greek: (ο)Χορός) meaning dance inboth ancient and modernGreek, Turkish: Horon, is adance style found in theBlack Sea region, nowmodern Turkey.The dances called Horon derived from the Greekculture of the area and are circular in nature, eachcharacterized by distinct short steps. HORON or theround dance is a typical folk dance of the Black Seacoastal area and its interior parts.
  5. 5. HoronHorons appear very different fromthe folk dances in other parts of thecountry with their formation of tempo,rhythm and measure. Horons areperformed, in general, by groups andtheir characteristic measure is 7/16 Fortheir melodies are rendered very fast, it isvery difficult to render them with everyinstrument.For this reason,rendering with a drum andzurna becomes practical.Melodies of horon areperformed with the smalltype of zurna which is calledcura.
  6. 6. ZeybekZeybeks are, in general, the widespread folkdances of the Western Anatolia. It is rendered byone person or two or by a group of people and itsname changes for example as seymen in thecentral parts of Anatolia. Zeybek dances areformed, in general, of 9/8 measures and have avariety of tempos such as very slow, slow, fast andvery fast. Very slow zeybek dances have themeasure of 9/2, slow ones 9/4 and some others9/8.
  7. 7. ZeybekVery fast dances, forinstance, teke (goat) dance seen inBurdur - Fethiye region can beregarded as dances of zeybekcharacter, they have the traditionalmeasure of 9/16 There is anotherfolk dance named as BENGI in thezeybek region. It is performedmore differently than zeybek andhas got a different musical featureand the most characteristicmeasure of bengi dance is 9/8.Particularly in slow zeybeks, thetraditional instruments is drum-zurna combination.
  8. 8. Other formsKarsilamas:(a kind of wedding music) and hora type folkdances with melodic and rhythmic structure andwith a fast performance facing one another anddifferent cultural structure of the region and thedominant measure is 9/8 but some othermeasures are used as well. Their traditionalinstrument are 2 drum - 2 zurna combination,the most characteristic use of this combination isseen in this region.
  9. 9. Kaşık Oyunları (Wooden-spoon dances):these dances, in general, are mostly spread over theMediterranean region and have a very differentstructure with their arrangement performance,rhythmic and melodic characteristics. They arealways rendered with wooden- spoons and thecharacteristic measure is 2/4 or 4/4. The instrumentsused are beast bow (later violin), baglama andclarinet, in general, they are accompanied by folksongs.
  10. 10. Samah:Samah melodies have the measures of 5/8, 7/8 and9/8. Their traditional instruments are baglama, bowetc. There is no rhythmic instrument. Performance bysinging (without any instrument) is also widespread.The most developed samahs are of 3 parts, namely:a) agirlama (entertainment b) yeldirme (cloakwearing) c) kogdurma (dismissing).
  11. 11. Kolbastı:Kolbastı is among teens in common andwidespread.

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