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Prevention Education

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  1. 1. KEY POINTS • • • • HIV is the virus that causes AIDS AIDS is a result of HIV infection HIV infection can be prevented HIV is not spread through everyday casual contact • People cannot get HIV when they give blood
  2. 2. HIV INFECTION • People infected with HIV – May look and feel healthy for a long time – Can infect others even if they don’t look or feel sick – May have symptoms that are like those of many other illnesses
  3. 3. HIV INFECTION • When people develop AIDS they may get illnesses that healthy people usually don’t get. • Only a test can show if someone is infected with HIV • Only a doctor can diagnose AIDS
  4. 4. HOW HIV IS NOT SPREAD HIV is not spread through every day casual contact
  5. 5. HOW HIV IS SPREAD • HIV is spread – By having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected person – By sharing needles or syringes with an infected person – During pregnancy, birth, or breast feeding from an infected mother to her baby
  6. 6. HOW IS HIV SPREAD • Body fluids of an infected person that spread HIV – – – – Semen Blood Vaginal Fluid Breast Milk
  7. 7. STOPPING THE SPREAD OF HIV People can choose not to have sex!
  8. 8. STOPPING THE SPREAD OF HIV • People can choose other ways to be affectionate that do not spread HIV infection and other STDs
  9. 9. STOPPING THE SPREAD OF HIV • If people have sex, using the latex condoms the right way every time greatly reduces the risk of HIV infection and other STDs
  10. 10. ALCOHOL, DRUGS AND HIV • Drinking alcohol or taking drugs my make people take the following risks related to HIV: – Having sex without using a latex condom – Sharing needles and syringes
  11. 11. STOPPING THE SPREAD OF HIV • If people inject non prescribed drugs (like heroin, cocaine, or amphetamines) they can prevent HIV infection by – Using new, sterile equipment every time – Never sharing needles or syringes
  12. 12. STOPPING THE SPREAD OF HIV • The most effective way to prevent HIV infection through injection drug use is to get into treatment to stop injecting drugs • When more effective prevention is not possible, clean drug equipment with bleach • Dispose of needles safely • Remember, drugs or alcohol can impair judgment.
  13. 13. HIV TESTING • People who think they are at risk of HIV infection are encouraged to seek individual counseling and testing. • Do not donate blood to get tested for HIV.
  14. 14. BLOOD SUPPLY • The risk of getting HIV from a blood transfusion in the US is extremely low. – All blood donors are screened for their risk of HIV – All donated blood is tested – All blood that tests positive for signs of HIV is destroyed.