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Vlad ţepeş or dracula between legend and thuth


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Vlad ţepeş or dracula between legend and thuth

  1. 1. <ul><li>PROJECT: </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION, CULTURE, HISTORY </li></ul>Comenius Multilateral Partnership This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
  2. 2. Vlad Ţepeş or Dracula voivod – between legend and truth by Roxana Budacă “ Ion Creangă” School , Iaşi
  3. 3. <ul><li>The m ap o f south eastern Europe in 1 5 th century w hen V lad T epeș rule d over W allahia </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>His father was Vlad II Dracul (1390 - 1447), one of Mircea E lder’s son s; he was the ruler of W al l achia between 1436-1442 and 1443-1447 . </li></ul><ul><li>His mother , Lady Chiajna, h as a Musatin origin, the royal family in Moldavia . </li></ul><ul><li>He had two brothers : Mircea and Radu named “the Handsome ”. </li></ul><ul><li>By his mother, Vlad wa s cousin with Stephen the Great. </li></ul><ul><li>He was married twice: the first time, with a Transylvanian noble and the second time with a cousin of Matei Corvin, the king of Hungary. </li></ul><ul><li>He had three sons : Mihail, Vlad and Mihnea. </li></ul>Vlad’s father Vlad’s brother Vlad’s son
  5. 7. <ul><li>He was called Țepeș , which could be translated as “The Impaler”, due to the punishment that he applied to the traitors, to the thieves and all the bad people. He managed to bring justice and honor to his country. </li></ul><ul><li>German merchants from Transylvania created his bad renown for leading a harsh policy towards them – he took their privileges. They have written a story book in which the Romanian ruler is seen as a bloodthirsty monster. </li></ul><ul><li>They said that he used to eat surrounded by impaled people. </li></ul><ul><li>Of course, this is an exaggeration, Prince Vlad Ţepeş is seen by Romanians as a symbol of justice. </li></ul>
  6. 8. The symbol of the Dragon Order <ul><li>He was named also Drăculea, in Romanian, meaning “the son of the Drac”; his father was named Vlad Dracul. The meaning of the word Dracul is Devil, but it is also the name of a medieval monastic order, the Order of the Dragon (in Latin Societas Draconistrarum , in Romanian Ordinul Dragonului) . His father was a member of this Order, which was founded in 1408 by Sigismund, King of Hungary. The Order required its initiates to defend the Cross and fight the enemies of Christianity. </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>At the end of 19 th century, Bram Stoker, an Irish author, has published a horror novel, “Dracula”. From this moment, the confusion started between the cruel Wallachian ruler and a vampire who drank the blood of people. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Another mistake made by the persons who don’t know many things about the Romanian history is about the location of his castle. Bran castle is thought to be his residence, but it isn’t. The capital city of the country was Târgoviște and another castle where Tepes lived was Poenari. </li></ul>Bran castle Târgoviște ’s vestiges Poienari fortress
  9. 11. Vlad’s earlier life <ul><li>Vlad and his brother, Radu, were kept as hostage s by the Sultan Murad , in Adri a nople . </li></ul><ul><li>After his father and his other brother, Mircea, had been killed, Vlad was promoted as the Turkish candidate for the throne of Wallachia . </li></ul><ul><li>His brother Radu remained in Turkey and he was converted to Islam . </li></ul>
  10. 12. Vlad’s politics <ul><li>As a ruler, Vlad Țepeș was harsh, he wanted to increase his power in spite of his boyar’s (noblemen’s) wish. At the time of his coming to the throne, the country was overwhelmed by feudal anarchy. For this reason, he had to punish a lot of boyars who were against him. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Impaling penalty was commonly practiced in that era and it was not specific only to Vlad Ț epe ș
  12. 14. Vlad Ț epe ș was concerned with promoting an economic development policy. He imposed taxes to merchants from Brasov and Sibiu . <ul><li>Bran Castle was an important customs point between Wallachia and Transylvania . </li></ul>
  13. 15. He took care of his country <ul><li>He founded many buildings like those from Târgoviște, the capital city at that time. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the “Tower of Sunset”, which was built in Vlad’s times . </li></ul><ul><li>The Chindia’s Tower </li></ul>
  14. 16. This is Târgoviște, the capital of Wallachia in the time of Vlad Țepeș
  15. 17. <ul><li>The vestiges of Poienari fortress </li></ul><ul><li>The legend says that this fortress , Poenari, was built by the noblemen who killed the father and brother of Vlad Tepes: that was their punishment. </li></ul>
  16. 18. Vlad Ț epe ș battles <ul><li>Vlad Tepes had a short reign and he had few battles. </li></ul><ul><li>He fought with great Sultan Mehmed II in 1462. </li></ul><ul><li>After this battle, Matthias Corvinus caught and locked him for 12 years at Vishegrad because of the german merchants who have forged a letter from Ț epe ș to the Turks. </li></ul>The battle near Târgoviște, between the Romanian army and the Turkish army – June, 1462
  17. 19. <ul><li>He was killed by the noblemen who hated him for this politics. He died in December r 1476 near Bucharest , but this tomb is unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>Some persons said that he was buried at Snagov Monastery, near Bucharest . </li></ul><ul><li>This is the tomb wherein Vlad Tepes is said to have been buried. </li></ul>