This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Who are we? ROMANIA is represented in the intangible cultural heritage of humanity UNESCO by two creations that are specific to our culture: the RITUAL OF CALUSUL, since 2005, and since September 2009 , DOINA.
CĂLUȘARII CĂLUȘUL is a complex and dramatic custom, deriving from an ancient rite practiced only by young men on Pentecost Celebration Day. At the beginning, it had a magical and ritual significance (the role of healing diseases, of initiation and fertility). Nowadays this ritual connotation has been lost. It only remained a dance of high virtuosity and impressive to the eyes of the viewers.
DOINA DOINA is a syncretic creation of lyrical nature and of a great peculiarity being defined as an „inner cry of the Romanian peasant” as it is sung in a very individual and personal tone, only for oneself’s heart. It is an intimate confession of one’s soul.
The Romanian Folk Culture <ul><li>Our traditional costumes, song, dance, culture and customs and folk objects that made up the entire world of the Romanian village in the past are emblematic for our people. </li></ul>Although a nation becomes known to the whole world through its personalities that have distinguished themselves in different areas of interest such as politics, sports, music, we consider the Romanian authentic folk creation as representative for the Romanian people.
<ul><li>TRADITIONAL FOLK COSTUME </li></ul><ul><li>from the NE of Moldavia region - our region: IAȘI </li></ul><ul><li>Woman costume: </li></ul><ul><li>a raw silk headdress </li></ul><ul><li>a peasant woman's embroidered blouse </li></ul><ul><li>one, wrapped around apron, called "fota“ </li></ul><ul><li>Man costume: </li></ul><ul><li>a long shirt; </li></ul><ul><li>long trousers; </li></ul><ul><li>a waist or a money belt. </li></ul>
Romanian folk costume from Neamt region / neighbor g with Ia ș i
TRADITIONAL OBJECTS FROM THE MOLDAVIAN HOUSE : carpets/rugs, round table and chair, distaff for spinning, pitcher, bowl, pipe and sweet basil, there are always present in the Romanian peasant home/house.
PICTURE OF A TRADITIONAL PEISANT HOUSE WITH TIPICAL OBJECTS FROM KITCHEN AND CLOTHES
The three fundamental moments of life : birth, marriage, death are celebrated by the Romanian people – a Christian nation – with bread and wine as symbols for the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ. In our folk traditions, the Christian celebrations during the year are celebrated through distinct and particular songs, rituals and objects usually crafted by hand. Cradle for babies and other object used on the baptized ceremony: icon, cross, knot-shaped bread, pitcher with vine etc.
Traditional Romanian wedding costumes s ewing by hand with traditional ornament s
Object used on the funerary ceremony: traditional carpets and towels, knot-shaped bread, old cross, wake mask.
Rug with traditional ornament “ The tree of life” This is an old rug – from 1861
Handsewing towels Painted pitchers Traditional romanian objects: Carved gate Painted eggs