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IUKWC Workshop Nov16: Developing Hydro-climatic Services for Water Security – Session 2 – Item 1 R_Kolli


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IUKWC Workshop November 2016: Developing Hydro-climatic Services for Water Security
Session 2.1 R Kolli

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IUKWC Workshop Nov16: Developing Hydro-climatic Services for Water Security – Session 2 – Item 1 R_Kolli

  1. 1. Global Framework for Climate Services : Water Exemplar R. Kolli Chief World Climate Applications & Services Division
  2. 2. 2 Global Framework for Climate Services Goal: • Enable better management of the risks of climate variability and change and adaptation to climate change at all levels, through development and incorporation of science- based climate information and prediction into planning, policy and practice.
  3. 3. Components of GFCS 3 • User Interface Platform - to provide a means for users, user representatives, climate researchers and climate service providers to interact • Climate Services Information System - to collect, process and distribute climate data and information according to the needs of users and according to the procedures agreed by governments and other data providers • Observations and Monitoring - to ensure that the climate observations necessary to meet the needs of climate services are generated. • Research, Modelling and Prediction - to assess and promote the needs of climate services within research agendas • Capacity Development - to support systematic development of the necessary institutions, infrastructure and human resources to provide effective climate services.
  4. 4. 4 GFCS Sectoral Priorities All sectors to be tackled but the GFCS is giving initial priority to: • Agriculture and Food Security • Disaster risk reduction • Water • Human Health • Energy 4
  5. 5. GFCS Governance • Intergovernmental Board on Climate Services (IBCS) – Established by Extraordinary Session of World Meteorological Congress in 2012 • IBCS-1: 1-5 July 2013, Geneva – Adopted the GFCS Implementation Plan • IBCS-2: 10-14 November 2014, Geneva • IBCS Management Committee (Re-established in IBCS-2) – Chair: Dr Jens Sunde (Norway) – Co-Vice-Chairs: Dr L.S. Rathore (India) and Dr L. Makuleni (South Africa) – 28-Member Management Committee • Partnership Advisory Committee • GFCS Trust Fund • GFCS Office (as part of WMO Secretariat/Climate and Water Department)
  6. 6. GFCS Implementation Objectives
  7. 7. Role of CSIS within the GFCS • The CSIS is the means of delivery of climate data and products. • It comprises global, regional and national centres and entities that generate/process climate information (observations and predictions), and the exchange of data and products to agreed standards and protocols. • It must be supported by observation and research programmes (e.g. GCOS, WCRP). With ‘pull through’ facilitated by strong links. • Capacity building initiatives will increase ‘conductivity’ of data flow • Part of the CSIS is in place, but new infrastructure is needed to fullfil the GFCS vision. 7
  8. 8. 8 User Interface Platform National/Sectoral users Specialized data centres National data centresGlobal data centres Climate Data Centres National climate centresGlobal Producing Centres Climate Analysis, Monitoring and Prediction Centres Regional Climate Centres National Climate Forums Regional usersGlobal users Regional systems National systemsGlobal systems Climate Observing Systems Regional Climate Outlook Forums
  9. 9. CSIS Implementation Strategy • Developing and implementing CSIS architecture – Functional descriptions and product development (Data/Monitoring/Predicti on/Projection) – Operational infrastructure: GPCs, RCCs, RCOFs, NMHSs, NCOFs/NCFs – Climate Services Toolkit – Capacity Development 9
  10. 10. Potential National Mechanisms • Framework for Climate Services at the national level – Similar to GFCS structure but involves practicalities and specifics for delivery of climate services at the national level. – Some countries may establish coordination mechanisms appropriate to their national context, largely as integral components of the NMHSs, to support/facilitate GFCS implementation at the national level • National Climate Outlook Forums (NCOFs) – Adapting the Large and Regional scale forecasts to the national context – Tailoring products and translating key messages for users and promoting common understanding (Multidisciplinary Working Groups) – Evaluating the impact of expected conditions (with existing vulnerabilities) • Coordination mechanisms at National level – Tailored to specific National context – Positioning of NMHS within the Framework at the national level – Strong and sustained users liaison – Research focus on national needs – Wide access to climate data and knowledge base 10
  11. 11. The Priority Area on Water • Goal – Establish and enhance core technical and institutional capacities at regional and national level to develop and deliver climate services for improved water management. • Proposed main vehicles – Associated Program on Flood Management (APFM) – Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) • Their networks of over 20 partners each – Regional/national forums • Target audience – Government, Civil Society, Private Sector – Through NMHSs – Through existing multi-stakeholder platforms, e.g. GWP Country Water Partnerships, National Climate Outlook Forums (NCOFs)
  12. 12. The User Interface Platform on Water • IFM and IDM HelpDesk considered the User Interface Platform (UIP) on water. • Broaden the utility of the HelpDesks: – For the climate and water communities – To address climate service needs in the implementation IWRM in the context of climate variability and climate change – Strengthen the existing capacities on flood management and climate services – Increase funding • Part of Operational and Resource Plan of GFCS – Proposal to AC/MC: Development of project proposal
  13. 13. The User Interface Platform on Water • Guide the implementation of GFCS water activities by: – Informing relevant policies – Provide a platform for cooperation with partners – Supporting the development of existing and new national and regional projects and programmes – Developing technical guidance, such as guidelines and tools on water-climate services – Sustaining a dialogue between the water and climate community on climate services
  14. 14. Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) • More holistic approach for water management • In implementing IWRM, water resource management institutions and professionals deal with climate variability and change. • Appropriate use of climate services can influence each of the key stages of IWRM implementation.
  15. 15. User Interface Platform for Water Sector • Identify the optimal methods for obtaining FEEDBACK on the usefulness and performance of climate services from the water community in support of IWRM. • Build DIALOGUE between users of climate services and information in the water sector and those responsible for the observation, research and information system components of the Framework. • Develop MONITORING AND EVALUATION measures for the Framework that may be agreed to between users and providers. • Improve CLIMATE LITERACY in the user community through a range of public education initiatives and on-line training programmes. In many instances there are opportunities for the better use of climate services, which are not taken up because of lack of awareness of their availability or capability. • Improve WATER LITERACY of climate service providers: strongly related to the dialogue aspects above, climate service providers need to better understand the decision-making context of water managers from different fields of application.
  16. 16. Water management aspects dependent on climate and weather information • Hydrological characterization. Catchment/Watershed planning; general water balance • Flood management and control. Structures (dams, river training); flood forecasting and warning; flood plain zoning/flood frequency estimation; coastal inundation; erosion • Drought Management. Structures (dams, weirs, etc.), demand, • Irrigation and drainage. Supply; demand scheduling; drainage management; salinity • Groundwater. Recharge; groundwater flooding • Navigation. Canal systems; dredging • Power generation. Hydropower; cooling water • Water supply. Potable water; industrial processing • Water quality. Effluent disposal; pollution control; dilution; salinity and sedimentation • Fisheries and conservation. Hydro-ecology; hydromorphology; amenity; public access; recreation Tourism
  17. 17. Overall Approach IWRM
  18. 18. Principal Areas of Activity • National and regional tools (river basin level) to enable water resources managers to identify those aspects of water resources management in their domains most likely to be impacted by climate variability and change; • National and regional (river basin level) pilot projects to develop sustainable water resources management plans (including dealing with floods and droughts), with full engagement of the climate and water communities; • Collection of methodologies to account for climate-related uncertainties, and publication in the form of a “climate-tools-for-water-managers series”; • Strengthening collaboration between WMO, GWP, UNDP/Cap-Net and UNESCO to enhance the ability to deliver education and training programmes at regional and national levels; • Helpdesk functions in support of water user interaction at national level (e.g. national multistakeholder workshops); • Improved climate services for managing the freshwater-ocean interface, including storm surges and waves and coastal inundation forecasting.
  19. 19. Initial Implementation Activities (1/2) • User Needs – Foster the gathering, analysis and dissemination of user needs for climate information and its application. – Stimulate the development and dissemination of user- oriented applications methodologies, lessons learnt, good practices and relevant standards of performance. • Feedback and Support – Coordinate the formation of user perspectives and feedback on the functioning of the Framework, and provide necessary user-oriented support to the other components of the Framework. – Support other actors, particularly in developing countries, to undertake these tasks at regional and national levels.
  20. 20. Initial Implementation Activities (2/2) • Advocacy and Outreach – Advocate the benefits of using climate information and the utility of the Global Framework for Climate Services to potential beneficiaries, users and user organizations. – Promote the active and systematic consideration of climate information use and the Global Framework for Climate Services in the work of key policy institutions, such as intergovernmental forums, sector technical bodies and professional organizations. – Stimulate the development of user-focused networks, collaborations, partnerships, forums, centres and learning exchanges. • Pilot Projects – Climate Driven Water Resources Management Issues – Tool Development/Workshops. – Water Scarce Regions. – Basins dependent of snow and glacier melt for water. – Freshwater-Ocean Interface.
  21. 21. Service Development for Water Applications • Data integration. Integration of space-based and ground-based observational systems that accurately capture key climate variables, and are sustained over decades for a robust determination of trends and variations at the regional and global level; (i.e. linking research with operations, services and delivery); • Significantly enhanced computing and telecommunication capabilities. Significant enhancements in computing and telecommunications systems are required to ensure high quality information products derived from observational data and a seamless flow of information in a timely manner; • Enhanced access to internationally available forecast products. As well as internationally available weather satellite data, there are now numerous global and regional scale model forecast outputs available. Although many of these are freely accessible over the Internet, there is a need for NMSs to incorporate these data into their forecast process, and the aim should be to obtain model output as data feeds and move towards the regular operation of Local Area Models (LAM); • Capacity Development. Especially in the developing regions of the world capacity- building is essential for the development, use and interpretation of models, the generation of relevant information products the operation and maintenance of demand-driven end-to-end observation networks and forecasting and prediction services. Important mechanisms and partners are national knowledge hubs such as universities and regional as well as global partners.
  22. 22. GFCS Water Exemplar calls for: • A development-centric approach based on IWRM and meeting user needs; • Implementation through existing programmes and mechanisms that can be adapted according to requirements and that are flexible; • Application of a mix of top-down (such as climate prediction based on global models and downscaling) and bottom-up (such as community-based local interventions) approaches to increase resilience to climate-related water issues; • A focus on the climate services required to support IWRM, including the management of extremes (floods and droughts), as well as the day-to-day water resources operational management needs which are influenced by climate, including those of coastal regions; • Enhancement of partnerships at all levels (local, national, regional and global). The functionality of the UIP Water will critically depend on the availability of coordination structures for the development of climate services at all levels and the inclusion of these mechanisms in the development of related IWRM plans; • Well-defined linkages between the five pillars of the GFCS. User-driven services will require robust observation and monitoring systems, sound science, flexible service delivery mechanisms and targeted and deliverable capacity development support.
  23. 23. Programme of Implementing GFCS at Regional and National Scales • Focus Regions – Small Island Developing States • Southwest Pacific • Caribbean • Southwest Indian Ocean – South Asia • Including Third Pole Region – Polar Region (Arctic) • Also supporting – Global Action on Integrated Drought Management – Capacity Development for Climate Sciences • Total budget - 6.2m USD
  24. 24. South Asian Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) Climate Services User Forum (CSUF) for Water Sector • Purpose: To bring better synergy between the water community and the climate community within the South Asian countries with the long-term objective of making best use of the climate services and information provided through SASCOF efforts, and otherwise available in the region. • Three sessions held so far (2014- Pune, India; 2015-Dhaka, Bangladesh and 2016-Colombo, Sri Lanka). • CSUF facilitated exposing water managers to the climate outlooks issued SASCOF along with indications of the associated uncertainties, and give them the opportunity to consider how the seasonal climate outlook could be effectively used in water management operations, particularly during extreme events such as floods and droughts. • The objective of the CSUF are: – To introduce the seasonal climate information and seasonal hydrological prediction available in the South Asian Region; – To strengthen long range flood forecasting by way of extended weather predictions; and – To explain how to make use of the climate information in managing irrigation water.
  25. 25. Concluding Remarks • In many regions, there is limited use of climate information. It is important to find ways for all countries to cope with climate variability and change through improved access to climate information and prediction/projection products. • Climate adaptation and Climate-related risk management require multi- disciplinary/international collaborations and cross- disciplinary/international exchange of information. • WMO is looking forward to GFCS as a major step forward in systematically providing climate information for decision making at various levels of climate-sensitive sectors. • Greater focus required on enhancing national capacities to efficiently incorporate global and regional inputs into their operational provision of tailored climate information products for local communities. • WMO will be pleased to work with the India-UK Water Centre in support of regional/national activities for GFCS implementation for the water sector in South Asia.
  26. 26. Thank you