ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR S T E P H E N  P.  R O B B I N S W W W . P R E N H A L L . C O M / R O B B I N S T  E  N  T  H  E ...
AFTER STUDYING THIS CHAPTER, YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO: <ul><li>Contrast leadership and management. </li></ul><ul><li>Summariz...
AFTER STUDYING THIS CHAPTER, YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO: <ul><li>Describe the path-goal theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the ...
What Is Leadership?
Trait Theories <ul><li>Leadership Traits : </li></ul><ul><li>Ambition and energy </li></ul><ul><li>The desire to lead </li...
Trait Theories <ul><li>Limitations : </li></ul><ul><li>No universal traits that predict leadership in all situations. </li...
Behavioral Theories <ul><li>Trait theory: Leaders are born, not made. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral theory: Leadership trai...
Ohio State Studies
University of Michigan Studies
The Managerial Grid E X H I B I T 11-1
Scandinavian Studies
Contingency Theories: Fiedler’s Model
Fiedler’s Model: Defining the Situation
Findings from Fiedler Model E X H I B I T 11-2
Cognitive Resource Theory <ul><li>Research Support : </li></ul><ul><li>Less intelligent individuals perform better in lead...
Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Theory Follower readiness: ability and willingness Leader: decreasing need f...
Leader –Member Exchange Theory
Leader-Member Exchange Theory E X H I B I T 11-3
Path-Goal Theory
The Path-Goal Theory E X H I B I T 11-4
Leader-Participation Model
Contingency Variables in the Revised  Leader-Participation Model E X H I B I T 11-5
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Ch11 Leadership

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Ch11 Leadership

  1. 1. ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR S T E P H E N P. R O B B I N S W W W . P R E N H A L L . C O M / R O B B I N S T E N T H E D I T I O N © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook
  2. 2. AFTER STUDYING THIS CHAPTER, YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO: <ul><li>Contrast leadership and management. </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize the conclusions of trait theories. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the limitations of behavioral theories. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe Fiedler’s contingency model. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain Hersey and Blanchard’s situational theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize leader-member exchange theory. </li></ul>L E A R N I N G O B J E C T I V E S
  3. 3. AFTER STUDYING THIS CHAPTER, YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO: <ul><li>Describe the path-goal theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the situational variables in the leader-participation model. </li></ul>L E A R N I N G O B J E C T I V E S (cont’d)
  4. 4. What Is Leadership?
  5. 5. Trait Theories <ul><li>Leadership Traits : </li></ul><ul><li>Ambition and energy </li></ul><ul><li>The desire to lead </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty and integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Self-confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Job-relevant knowledge </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trait Theories <ul><li>Limitations : </li></ul><ul><li>No universal traits that predict leadership in all situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Traits predict behavior better in “weak” than “strong” situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Unclear evidence of the cause and effect of relationship of leadership and traits. </li></ul><ul><li>Better predictor of the appearance of leadership than distinguishing effective and ineffective leaders. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Behavioral Theories <ul><li>Trait theory: Leaders are born, not made. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral theory: Leadership traits can be taught. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ohio State Studies
  9. 9. University of Michigan Studies
  10. 10. The Managerial Grid E X H I B I T 11-1
  11. 11. Scandinavian Studies
  12. 12. Contingency Theories: Fiedler’s Model
  13. 13. Fiedler’s Model: Defining the Situation
  14. 14. Findings from Fiedler Model E X H I B I T 11-2
  15. 15. Cognitive Resource Theory <ul><li>Research Support : </li></ul><ul><li>Less intelligent individuals perform better in leadership roles under high stress than do more intelligent individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Less experienced people perform better in leadership roles under low stress than do more experienced people. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Theory Follower readiness: ability and willingness Leader: decreasing need for support and supervision
  17. 17. Leader –Member Exchange Theory
  18. 18. Leader-Member Exchange Theory E X H I B I T 11-3
  19. 19. Path-Goal Theory
  20. 20. The Path-Goal Theory E X H I B I T 11-4
  21. 21. Leader-Participation Model
  22. 22. Contingency Variables in the Revised Leader-Participation Model E X H I B I T 11-5

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