This African-American cultural movement originated in Harlem, a neighborhood in New York’s Manhattan area.<br />Harlem was predominantly Jewish until 1910—the beginning of the Great Migration. <br />During the Great Migration (1910 – 1930), almost 750, 000 African Americans migrated to Northern cities. Of these, nearly 175,000 moved to Harlem, making it the largest black community in the country.<br />These African Americans brought the music of the south and their ambitions along with them to Harlem. <br />
Events prior to the movement such as slavery, the Civil War, and WWI paved the way for the Harlem Renaissance era.<br />With the 13th Amendment and the end of slavery in 1965, Blacks were given opportunities to succeed.<br />African Americans took advantage of their new freedom and opportunities and strove for political equality, self-expression, and economical self-determination.<br />These African Americans managed to develop the “New Negro” and have an impact on the American society through their intellectual and artistic talents.<br />
Harlem Renaissance was more than a explosion of black migration: it included racial consciousness, racial integration, the explosion of music (particularly jazz, spirituals and blues), painting, dramatic revues, "the back to Africa" movement led by Marcus Garvey, and much more.<br />There was an outpouring of confidence, expression, creativity and talent. This collective outpouring established a path for artistic cultural expression leading to social reforms for African-Americans. As a result, Harlem became the “capital of the African-American world<br />The rebirth of African-American culture was composed of ingenious works of art, uplifting and eloquent poets, masterful musicians, inspirational political activists, creative painters, inventive sculptors, prolific thinking novelists, dramatic playwrights, visionary choreographers, natural actors, excellent journalists, and imaginative actors<br />
Major Poets<br />The Harlem Renaissance was a transitional moment in time when poetry transformed a nation of African-Americans to unprecedented heights. Great names such as Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, James Weldon Johnson, Countee Cullen, and others have blazed the path for the future generations to follow.<br />
Major Musicians<br />Music was a vibrant part of the Harlem Renaissance; it soothed and excited the soul, and it was closely linked with poetic verses and remains so today. Great Names like Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, Charlie Richard, Dizzy Gillespie, Bird” Parker, Bessie Smith, and Billie Holiday gave a special touch to the renaissance.<br />
Major Literature<br />Common themes: alienation, marginality, the use of folk material, the use of the blues tradition, and the problems of writing for an elite audience.<br />Richard Wright’s “Native Son” launched a renaissance of writing during the Harlem Renaissance. <br />The National Urban League, founded in 1910, publishes the first issue of Opportunity, A Journal of Negro Life magazine,and a literary forum for artists and authors of the Harlem Renaissance, edited by Charles S. Johnson<br />Langston Hughes, Wallace Thurman, Zora Neale Hurston, Aaron Douglas and Richard Bruce Nugent launch the short-lived literary and artistic magazine Fire!!. It is illustrated by Aaron Douglas and Richard Bruce Nugent<br />Harlem became a crossroads where Blacks interacted with and expanded their contacts internationally. African Americans changed their image from rural to urban, from peasant to sophisticate. Harlem remained for a time the “Race Capital”. Harlem Renaissance cultivated the “black culture”<br />
Political<br />Ever since the end of the Harlem Renaissance in 1935, the significance has crossed into the political spectrum. <br />Due to the effects of the Harlem Renaissance, African Americans used the sense of “semi-equality” to finally achieve racial equality in the 1960s. <br />The Harlem Renaissance allowed for the African Americans to before a force in America. In many northern cities such as Philadelphia, Chicago and New York, African Americans gained power.<br />
Cultural<br />The Harlem Renaissance caused a significant impact in the culture of the African Americans by allowing them to produce the cultural arts (music, art and acting).<br />The Harlem Renaissance allowed Richard Wright’s novel, “Native Son” to be famous. <br />The Harlem Renaissance opened up a new doorway to African American writers, and each generation of writers gives more to the next generation.<br />
Social<br /><ul><li>It redefined the Negro race as whole, and after the Harlem Renaissance, and idea of “New Negro” was used more as the Negro people, as a whole was changing.
The Harlem Renaissance, gave a new sense of “black nationalism” to African Americans.
The Harlem Renaissance allowed for blacks to express their ideas and concerns in ways they have never done so before. This would lead to the civil rights movement.</li></li></ul><li>The End<br />