EXECUTIVE SUMMARY• Pyrolysis, gasification, and liquefaction (PGL) represent a viable alternative for the disposal of scrap tires (also referred to as “waste tires” ). These technologies are currently used for the conversion of carbonaceous materials more extensively.
PGL are thermochemical processes whereby carbonaceousfeedstocks are transformed at elevated temperatures.Pyrolysis is thermal degradation or volatilization of the tireswithout the addition of air or oxygen.Gasification is a process that utilizes a reactive agent such asair, oxygen, hydrogen, or steam. Gasification tends to have a slightly higher temperature rangethan pyrolysis, with the resulting products being primarilygaseous in nature. Liquefaction operates in a lower temperature range thaneither pyrolysis or gasification and produces a predominantly
USES OF THESE PRODUCTS1. OIL –• CAN BE USED AS A SUPPLIMENT OF DIESEL.• CAN BE USED IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION.• CAN BE USED TO DRIVE THERMAL ENERGY IN DECOMPOSITION PROCESS.
2. IRON WIRE: Can resell back in the form of scrap iron @ 15 RS/-3. CHAR sold as a carbon-rich material for the manufactureofactivated carbon for other similar industrial purposes.use of pyrolytic char as a fuel source in the pyrolysis process4. GAS Energy production fuel production Chemical production
TARGET MARKETOIL• CAN BE SOLD IN THE ROAD CONSTRUCTION• IN THE PROCESS ITSELF• ENERGY PRODUCTION UNIT• IT SERVE AS A DIESEL ALTERNATIVE SO HAS A HUGE DEMAND IN INTERNATIONAL MARKETWIRE• TO SCRAP MERCHANT• STEEL INDUSTRIESCHAR• CARBON INDUSTRY
FINANCIAL ASPECT• FIXED COST MACHINE COST 40 LAKH BUILDING COST 30 LAKH CHIMNY & AIR FILTER 5 LAKH OTHER MISCELLANIOUS 15 LAKH TOTAL 90 LAKH.
VARIABLE COST(/month)• COST OF SCRAP TYRE- FREE OF COST or lets put 2000/truck load(2tonnes )• So in 1 month cost of raw material =2000*5*30 =Rs.300,000• TRANSPORTATION COST Rs.300,000• Labour cost Rs.30,000• Electricity cost Rs.20,000• Total Rs.6,50,000
outputsWith combustion of 10 tonnes of scrap tyre/day 1.oil recovered 4000 ltCost of oil Rs 28Return from oil 4000*28 = 1,12,0002.Wire recovered 1500 kgCost of scrap wire Rs 15/kg return from wire 1500*15 = 22,5003. Char .50/kg*2000 = 1,0004 gas = 1,000Total = 1,36,500
Conti…• Rs.1,36,500is the profit for 1 day• So for one month =1,36,500*30 =40,95,000So we can achieve the break even piont in 5-6 month