Major Inventors


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Nikola Tesla, Kraftwerk, and Ralph Baer are all great inventors of our time. They have changed the world as we know it.

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Major Inventors

  1. 1. Three Major Inventions Jessica C NortheyFriday, July 29, 2011 1
  2. 2. Successful Inventions Electromagnetic power (AC) Synthesizer pop music Video game consolesFriday, July 29, 2011 2
  3. 3. (“Herskovits,” 2011) Nikola TeslaFriday, July 29, 2011 3
  4. 4. Electromagnetic power (AC) “Tesla’s discovery of the rotating magnetic field produced by the interactions of two and three phase alternating currents in a motor winding was one of his most significant achievements, and formed the basis of his induction motor and polyphase system for the generation and distribution of electricity. Large amounts of electrical power could be generated and transmitted efficiently over long distances.” (Herskovits)Friday, July 29, 2011 4
  5. 5. How did Tesla invent the technology? “He invented his rotating Tesla also developed the magnetic field principle precursors of modern neon while in Budapest and florescent lights. He constructed these lights, His experiments with high elongated glass tubes filled frequency and high with gas and coated with potential alternating phosphor, excited in his currents resulted in the high voltage experiments. development of the "Tesla coil." This device is a He also discovered that transformer with an air high voltage current could core that has both its be made harmless by primary and secondary using alternating current tuned in resonance. scheme at very large frequencies.” (Herskovits)Friday, July 29, 2011 5
  6. 6. The Original Inventor “In 1943, the Supreme Court granted full rights to Tesla for the invention of radio, nullifying the claims of Marchese Gugliemo Marconi who had patented a two-tuned-circuit design and a more practical four-tuned-circuit modeled after Teslas. Marconis patent on the invention of radio was overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court because Teslas work predated it (Case #369, 6/21/43).” (Herskovits)Friday, July 29, 2011 6
  7. 7. (“Kraftwerk | bilder,” 2011) KraftwerkFriday, July 29, 2011 7
  8. 8. Synthesizer pop music “Without them you wouldnt have nightclub dance music. You wouldnt have Moby or Fatboy Slim or Bjork (former Kraftwerk member Karl Bartos has worked with her). You wouldnt have hip-hop (when Old School was new, Afrika Bambaataa & the Soulsonic Force combined two Kraftwerk riffs on "Planet Rock"). You wouldnt have the 80s-90s bands like New Order and Depeche Mode, or the Detroit industrial bands that gave rise to the electronica of today that includes Balkanized genres like drum-and-bass and trance.” ("Kraftwerk | bilder," 2011)Friday, July 29, 2011 8
  9. 9. How did Kraftwerk invent the technology? During the 1970s, they invented the rock-format synthesizer pop song In 1968, founders Ralf Hutter and Florian Schneider met while studying classical music in Dusseldorf Experimenting with tape recorder manipulation and echo machines, running traditional instruments like flutes and organ through them to create their music They perfected the synthesizer pop song, abandoning tightly composed shorter pieces closer to radio format rock ("Kraftwerk | bilder," 2011)Friday, July 29, 2011 9
  10. 10. The Original Inventor Kraftwerk was before their time. They had to wait for technology to catch up with their ideal sounds. “By 1974, the acoustic instruments were giving way to synthesizers, and Kraftwerk found brief commercial success with the album ‘Autobahn,’ which reached No. 5 on the pop charts. A shortened version of the 22-minute title track was released in the U.S. as a single and was a novelty hit.” (Dirks, 2004)Friday, July 29, 2011 10
  11. 11. (“RHB,” ) Ralph BaerFriday, July 29, 2011 11
  12. 12. Video Game Consoles “A young Nolan Bushnell played Odyssey at a trade show. Bushnell went on to found Atari and create the arcade version of Baer’s Ping-Pong game, the now infamous Pong. Baers groundbreaking work has shaped the leisure-time activities of a large segment of the worlds population and spawned numerous businesses.” (“Ralph,” 2008)Friday, July 29, 2011 12
  13. 13. How did Ralph invent the technology? 1972: The Odyssey Putting the game by Magnavox cartridge in the console turn the The console was game on, likewise already programmed taking it out turns with the games the console off The cartridges used First home video a programming system (2009) language that communicated with the gameFriday, July 29, 2011 13
  14. 14. The Original Inventor “I am an independent engineering consultant and internationally known inventor generally credited with creating the video game console industry in the 1960’s. Having been an active engineer for the past seventy years, I have accumulated over 150 U.S. and foreign patents, many of which are in the Consumer Electronics area and have resulted in a variety of products, including many successful electronic toys and games. Typical of these is the SIMON game, an early single-chip microprocessor-controlled game that has been popular for over 30 years.” (“RHB,” )Friday, July 29, 2011 14
  15. 15. References • Herskovits, Z. (n.d.). To the smithsonian or bust: the scientific legacy of nikola tesla. Yale Scientific Magazine, Retrieved from http:// Vol71/Tesla.html • Kraftwerk | Bilder. (2011). [Web]. Retrieved from http:// • Dirks, R. (2004, November 18). Kraftwerk invented synth-pop music. Retrieved from 1119kraftwerk.html?&wired • RHB. [Web]. Retrieved from • Ralph Baer: recovering the history of the video game . (2008, December). Retrieved from online_articles_detail.aspx?id=531 • (2009). History of Video Games Pt 2 - Ralph Baer & Magnavox Odyssey [Web]. Available from v=MgAbLUTb0Lg • Style 16, “african tree” . [Web]. Retrieved from http://, July 29, 2011 15