-Dates to Iron Age Northern Europe,ancient Egypt, and Zhou DynastyChina-Developed out of the sewingtechniques used to to reinforce andmend clothing- Became a mark of wealth and statusin many cultures including ancientPersia,India, China, Japan, Byzantium,and medieval and Baroque Europe.-Traditional techniques passed downthrough generations and are still usedtoday embroidered silk gauze ritual garment, 4 th century BC, Hubei province, China
Opus Anglicanum (English Work) -fine needlework of Medieval Englanddone for ecclesiastical or secular useon clothing, hangings or other textiles, late 12th to mid 14th centuries.-viewed as an art form on a par withstained glass, sculpture and architecture-most professionals embroiderers during this period were men-incorporated gold and silver thread,Glass beads, pearls on velvet.-motifs include saints, angels, animals,Flowers.
Bayeux Tapestry, 1070-an embroidered cloth nearly 230 ftlong depicting the events that led upto the Norman conquest of England.-consists of some fifty scenes with Latin captions, embroidered on linenwith coloured woollen yarns.-an early example of narrative art,not unique at the time it was createdbut is the sole surviving exampleof Middle Ages narrative needlework.
Embroidery was a very important artin the Medieval Islamic World. Embroidery was visible onhandkerchiefs, uniforms, flags, calligraphy,shoes, robes,tunics, horse trappings,slippers, sheaths, pouches, coversand even on leather belts. Many craftsmen embroidered withgold and silver. Embroidery cottageindustries employed over 800 people.
Samplers A method of classifying stitches by their structure, and oftenDisplay a wide range of colors and techniques.
Elizabeth Parkers Sample, 1830-a confessional embroiderythat recounts the tragicstory of her early life
“Thinking about the idea of consumer responsibility led me to begin collecting plastic bags fromkitchen cupboards and city streets six years ago. What began as an exercise in environmentalconservation evolved into a studio practice combining aspects of painting, sculpture, and installation.Plastic bags are the second most common form of litter in the world after cigarette butts. Theirdegraded status and ubiquitous presence are fascinating to me, attempting to balance betweenconvenience and excess. Quickly used and then discarded, their textured surfaces wear the remainsof physical activity like dirty laundry left on the floor. The bags attempt to redress their impoverishedstatus with the addition of colorful embroidery in geometric patterns.”
Erin EndicottHe a ling Sutra #1 0Hand Embroidery on Antique Fabricstained with Walnut Ink
Sourcebook 1A:List 10 alternative materials that you could possibly embroider with.List 10 alternative materials that you could embroider on.Due : A us t 2 9 th ugSourcebook 1B: Artist ResearchArtist Bio: where he/she was born/educated, is he/she still alive,and any otherPersonal information.Photocopies or prints (color) of at least 2 works of the artist with a list ofMaterials used and the dimentions of the work.Written information about the artists intent. This may come from an artistsStatement, and interview of the artist, a review of their work, etc.A. What do you find interesting about the way this artist is using embroidery?B. Why did you choose this artist/what do you like or dislike about his or her work?Due : A us t 3 1 s t ug
For class on Friday:-muslin to embroider on-needles (including a #12 chenille)-embroidery hoop-scissors-water soluble fabric pen-sharpie-ruler