islamic faith ( aqidah islam )


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islamic faith ( aqidah islam )

  1. 1. This presentation was created to fulfill the task in the Islamic Faith. By; itmamul akwan (20130430046) & ismail raazi al-faruqi International Program for Islamic Economics & Finance Faculty of Economics Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta 2013
  2. 2. BY; Itmamul akwan and Ismail razi al- faruqi
  3. 3. The Definition of Aqeedah
  4. 4. AQIDAH LITERALLY the word aqeedah is derived from the triconsonantal root (ʿaqada which ), means "to tie", "knot". Aqeedah means belief, the belief that strongly tied in the heart. TERMONOLOGY According to Hasan Al-Bana: Aqeedah are things that must be believed by heart, things that bringing peace of soul, a belief that is not mixed with the slightest hesitation.
  6. 6. Source of Aqeedah ‘Aql (Intellect) can not be said as a source of aqeedah, it can’t reach masail ghaibiyyah ‘Aql can be used to understand quran and sunnah and prove the science inside quraan and sunnah
  7. 7. The Qur'an is the word of God is true , was revealed to the Prophet with the revelation , reading including worship , communicated to us by way mutawaatir ( number of people and many may not agree to lie ) , and awake from deviations , changes , additions and reduction . In this case God said in the holy Qur’an: " Verily, We have sent down the Qur'an, and the fact we really keep " . ( Q.S. Al - Hijr : 9 )
  8. 8. B. Sunnah Like the Qur'an, the Sunnah is the kind of revelation that comes from Allah subhanahu wata'ala although wording is not of God but the meaning comes from Him . It can be seen from the word of God " And he ( Muhammad ) did not say based on the passions , he is nothing but revelation that is revealed " ( Surat anNajm : 3-4 ) Ibn Qoyyim also once said " God told us to obey Him and obey His Messenger of Allaah alaihi wassalam by repeating verb ( obey ) which indicates that the obligation to obey the Apostle independently without the need to match prior to the Qur'an , if he ordered something . This is because there would be no contradiction between the Qur'an and Sunnah .
  9. 9. 3. The Classification of human beings and its relation with their Aqeedah
  10. 10. Shak Zan Ghalabathu zan The Predominance of Conjecture (Ghalabatu Zan) They tend to reinforce something than other because they know the arguments of truth. Aqeedah
  11. 11. 4. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AQEEDAH AND AMAL According to Mahmud Syaltut , no doubt that for using and running the Aqeedah and worship should also hold strong and diligent in creating another section called the moral part . Historical treatise of divinity in the entire process has been proven that happiness in the whole field is only obtained by taking the character
  12. 12. Syariah Aqeedah Amal
  13. 13. Amal Aqeedah
  14. 14. Amal is not useful without aqeedah the parable of those who disbelieve In their Lord is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day, they shall not be Able to get aught of what they have earned. that is the straying, far away (from the Right Path). (Ibrahim : 18)
  15. 15. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Belief in Allah Belief in Al-Malaa’ika (The Angels). Belief in Al Kitab (the books of Allah). Belief in the prophets, prayers and salutations of Allah be upon them (the Messengers of Allah). Belief in Yawmil Qiyaamah (Day Of Rising/The Last Day). Belief in Qada and Qadar (Divine will and Decree).
  16. 16. Belief to Allah Belief to Al Qadar Belief to Malaaika The Pillars of Iman Belief to Yawmul Qiyamah Belief to Al Kutub Belief to Ar Rasul
  17. 17. 1. Belief in Allah . The first Pillar of Iman is the belief in the All-Powerful, Most Beneficent. Believing in Allah, above all else is the first and most important pillar. It is not only belief in Allah alone but in the way He is described through the Qu’ran and the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (Hadits). This includes all 99 names that describe Allah.
  18. 18. 2. Belief in Al-Malaa’ika (The Angels). The second Pillar of Iman is the belief in Allah’s angels. The angels are messengers of Allah. They were created from light and were created, before humans, for the purpose of worshipping Allah. Almalaikah the angel, the names and the-responsibilities
  19. 19. The third Pillar of Iman is the belief in the books of Allah. Here it is the belief that at the time when these books were sent down they truly were a message from Allah. The only book left is the Qur’an in its entirety, because it is the last revelation Allah will send to us. There are four books known to man: The Taurah sent with the Prophet Musa (Moses), the Zabur sent with the Prophet Dawud (David), the Injil sent with Prophet Isa (Jesus), and the Qur’an sent with Prophet Muhammad. We as Muslims are to believe in all of these books and not just the Qur’an.
  20. 20. 4. Belief in the prophets, prayers and salutations of Allah be upon them (the Messengers of Allah). The fourth Pillar of Iman is the belief in Allah’s Messengers. There are twenty five (25) prophets mentioned in the Qur’an Prophet Muhammad SAW is the last and final Prophet. Prayers and salutations of Allah be upon him and upon all the messengers of Allah.
  21. 21. 5. Belief in Yawmil Qiyaamah (Day Of Rising/The Last Day). The fifth Pillar of Iman is the belief in the Last Day. This is the Day of accounting for all deeds; evil or good, big or small. In our lives we need to believe that all we do will have bearing on the Last Day. No one but Allah knows when this day will come, so it is up to us to live each day as if it was our last.
  22. 22. 6. Belief in Qada and Qadar (Divine will and Decree). The sixth Pillar of Iman is the belief in Qada and Qadar. 1. Belief in al-qada’ (the Divine will) is certain belief that everything that happens in this universe happens by the will and decree of Allah. 2. Belief in al-qadar (the Divine decree). That al-qadar is Allaah’s plan for His creation. What He has shown us of it, we know and believe in, and what He has hidden from us, we accept and believe in. We do not dispute with Allaah concerning His actions and rulings with our limited minds and comprehension, rather we believe in Allaah’s complete justice and wisdom, and that He is not to be asked about what He does, may He be glorified and praised.
  23. 23. Conclusion Aqeedah are things that must be believed by heart, things that bringing peace of soul, a belief that is not mixed with the hesitation. It is a truth that can be accepted by humans, based on intellect, revelation and nature. It has another term: Iman, Tauheed, Ushuluddin, Kalaam and Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar. The aqeedah has two fundamental sources, Quraan and Sunnah. ‘Aql can be used to understand quran and sunnah. aqidah is a foundation of amal. Amal will not be accepted if it is not based on the correct Aqeedah. human beings can be classified into three levels based on their aqeedah: Shak, Zan, and Ghalabathu Zan. The six pillars of iman are: Belief in Allah, Believe in Malaaika, Believe in Al Kutub, Believe in Ar Rasul, Believe in Yawmil Qiyamah, believe in Qadar.