This presentation was created to fulfill the task in the Islamic Faith.
By; itmamul akwan
(20130430046) & ismail
International Program for Islamic Economics & Finance
Faculty of Economics
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
the word aqeedah is derived
from the triconsonantal root
Aqeedah means belief, the
belief that strongly tied in
Aqeedah are things that
must be believed by
heart, things that bringing
peace of soul, a belief that
is not mixed with the
‘Aql (Intellect) can not be
said as a source of
aqeedah, it can’t reach
‘Aql can be used to
understand quran and
sunnah and prove the
science inside quraan and
The Qur'an is the word of God is true , was revealed to the
Prophet with the revelation , reading including worship
, communicated to us by way mutawaatir ( number of people
and many may not agree to lie ) , and awake from deviations
, changes , additions and reduction . In this case God said in
the holy Qur’an:
" Verily, We have sent down the Qur'an, and the fact we
really keep " . ( Q.S. Al - Hijr : 9 )
Like the Qur'an, the Sunnah is the kind of revelation that
comes from Allah subhanahu wata'ala although wording is
not of God but the meaning comes from Him . It can be
seen from the word of God
" And he ( Muhammad ) did not say based on the passions
, he is nothing but revelation that is revealed " ( Surat anNajm : 3-4 )
Ibn Qoyyim also once said " God told us to obey Him and
obey His Messenger of Allaah alaihi wassalam by repeating
verb ( obey ) which indicates that the obligation to obey the
Apostle independently without the need to match prior to
the Qur'an , if he ordered something . This is because there
would be no contradiction between the Qur'an and Sunnah
3. The Classification of
and its relation with their Aqeedah
The Predominance of Conjecture
They tend to reinforce something
than other because they know the
arguments of truth.
4. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
AQEEDAH AND AMAL
According to Mahmud Syaltut , no doubt that for
using and running the Aqeedah and worship
should also hold strong and diligent in creating
another section called the moral part . Historical
treatise of divinity in the entire process has been
proven that happiness in the whole field is only
obtained by taking the character
Amal is not useful without
the parable of those who disbelieve In their Lord is that their works are as
ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day, they shall not be Able
to get aught of what they have earned. that is the straying, far away (from the
Right Path). (Ibrahim : 18)
Belief in Allah
Belief in Al-Malaa’ika (The Angels).
Belief in Al Kitab (the books of Allah).
Belief in the prophets, prayers and salutations
of Allah be upon them (the Messengers of
Belief in Yawmil Qiyaamah (Day Of Rising/The
Belief in Qada and Qadar (Divine will and
Belief in Allah
The first Pillar of Iman is the belief in
the All-Powerful, Most Beneficent.
Believing in Allah, above all else is the
first and most important pillar. It is not
only belief in Allah alone but in the way
He is described through the Qu’ran and
the sayings of Prophet Muhammad
(Hadits). This includes all 99 names
that describe Allah.
2. Belief in Al-Malaa’ika (The
The second Pillar of Iman is the
belief in Allah’s angels. The angels
are messengers of Allah. They were
created from light and were
created, before humans, for the
purpose of worshipping Allah. Almalaikah the angel, the names and
The third Pillar of Iman is the belief in the books of Allah.
Here it is the belief that at the time when these books
were sent down they truly were a message from Allah.
The only book left is the Qur’an in its entirety, because it
is the last revelation Allah will send to us. There are four
books known to man: The Taurah sent with the Prophet
Musa (Moses), the Zabur sent with the Prophet Dawud
(David), the Injil sent with Prophet Isa (Jesus), and the
Qur’an sent with Prophet Muhammad. We as Muslims
are to believe in all of these books and not just the
4. Belief in the prophets, prayers and
salutations of Allah be upon them (the
Messengers of Allah).
The fourth Pillar of Iman is the belief in Allah’s
Messengers. There are twenty five (25) prophets
mentioned in the Qur’an Prophet Muhammad
SAW is the last and final Prophet. Prayers and
salutations of Allah be upon him and upon all the
messengers of Allah.
5. Belief in Yawmil
Qiyaamah (Day Of
Rising/The Last Day).
The fifth Pillar of Iman is the belief in the Last
Day. This is the Day of accounting for all
deeds; evil or good, big or small. In our lives
we need to believe that all we do will have
bearing on the Last Day. No one but Allah
knows when this day will come, so it is up to
us to live each day as if it was our last.
6. Belief in Qada and Qadar
(Divine will and Decree).
The sixth Pillar of Iman is the belief in Qada and Qadar.
1. Belief in al-qada’ (the Divine will) is certain belief that everything
that happens in this universe happens by the will and decree of Allah.
2. Belief in al-qadar (the Divine decree). That al-qadar is Allaah’s
plan for His creation. What He has shown us of it, we know and believe
in, and what He has hidden from us, we accept and believe in. We do not
dispute with Allaah concerning His actions and rulings with our limited minds
and comprehension, rather we believe in Allaah’s complete justice and
wisdom, and that He is not to be asked about what He does, may He be
glorified and praised.
Aqeedah are things that must be believed by heart, things that
bringing peace of soul, a belief that is not mixed with the hesitation.
It is a truth that can be accepted by humans, based on
intellect, revelation and nature. It has another term:
Iman, Tauheed, Ushuluddin, Kalaam and Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar.
The aqeedah has two fundamental sources, Quraan and Sunnah.
‘Aql can be used to understand quran and sunnah.
aqidah is a foundation of amal. Amal will not be accepted if it is not
based on the correct Aqeedah.
human beings can be classified into three levels based on their
aqeedah: Shak, Zan, and Ghalabathu Zan.
The six pillars of iman are: Belief in Allah, Believe in
Malaaika, Believe in Al Kutub, Believe in Ar Rasul, Believe in
Yawmil Qiyamah, believe in Qadar.