Abuse and NeglectAll Data Collected is from 2009 Unless Stated Otherwise ITC
OverviewCHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT RESULTS OF ABUSE ABUSE IN ARIZONA THE CHILD VICTIMSTYPES OF MALTREATMENT CHILD FATALITIES PERPETRATORS REPORTING ABUSE OR NEGLECT
CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECTPhysical abuse includes non-accidental physical injuriessuch as bruises, broken bones, burns, cuts or otherinjuries.Sexual abuse occurs when sex acts are performed withchildren. Using children in pornography, prostitution orother types of sexual activity is also sexual abuse.Neglect occurs when children are not given necessary care forillness or injury. Neglect also includes leaving young childrenunsupervised or alone, locked in or out of the house, or withoutadequate clothing, food, or shelter. Allowing children to live in avery dirty house which could be a health hazard may also beconsidered neglect.
CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECTEmotional abuse of a child is evidenced by severeanxiety, depression, withdrawal or improper aggressivebehavior as diagnosed by a medical doctor orpsychologist, and caused by the acts or omissions of theparent or caretaker.Exploitation means use of a child by a parent, guardianor custodian for material gain.Abandonment means the failure of the parent to providereasonable support and to maintain regular contact withthe child, including providing normal supervision, whensuch failure is intentional and continues for an indefiniteperiod.
RESULTS OF ABUSE• Abused children have an increased risk for adverse health effects and behaviors as adults – including smoking, alcoholism, drug abuse, suicide, sexual promiscuity, and certain chronic diseases.• Child abuse can also lead to improper brain development.• Acts of sexual assault can lead to the spread of sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, effect reproductive health, and cause severe emotional distress and withdraw.
THE CHILD VICTIMSFor 2009, more than 3.6 million (duplicate)children were the subjects of at least onereport and received one or more dispositions.The duplicate count of child victims counts achild each time he or she was found to be avictim. The unique count of child victimscounts a child only once.The duplicate victim rate was 10.1 victimsper 1,000 children in the population, while theunique victim rate was 9.3 victims per 1,000children in the population. The number ofnationally estimated duplicate victims was763,000; the number of nationally estimatedunique victims was 702,000.
THE CHILD VICTIMS Victims in the age group of birth to 1 year had the highest rate of victimization at 20.6 per 1,000 children of the same age group in the national population. Victimization was split between the sexes with boys accounting for 48.2 percent and girls accounting for 51.1 percent. Eighty-seven percent of victims were comprised of three races or ethnicities— African-American (22.3%), Hispanic (20.7%), and White (44.0%).
REPORTS BYDISPOSITION Arizona •Child Population -1,732,019 •Screened in Reports -32,136 •Screened out reports -7,466 •Total reports 33,050
TYPES OF MALTREATMENT• As in prior years, the greatest proportion of children suffered from neglect. A child may have suffered from multiple forms of maltreatment and was counted once for each maltreatment type. CPS investigations or assessments determined that for unique victims:
CHILD FATALITIES FROM ABUSE OR NEGLECT Child fatalities are the most tragic consequence of maltreatment. Yet, each year children die from abuse and neglect. Forty-nine States reported a total of 1,676 fatalities. Based on these data, a nationallyestimated 1,770 children died from abuse and neglect. Fatality analysesare performed for the unique count of children. Of the reported fatalities: Boys had a slightly higher child fatality rate than girls at 2.36 One-third One-thirdThe overall rate Four-fifths boys per (36.7%) of child (35.8%) of childof child fatalities (80.8%) of all 100,000 boys in fatalities were fatalities werewas 2.34 deaths child fatalities the population caused by attributed to per 100,000 were younger and girls died of multiple neglect children; than 4 years old; abuse and maltreatment exclusively; and neglect at a rate types. of 2.12 per 100,000 girls in the population;
CHILD FATALITIES BY AGE Arizona •Child Population -1,732,019 •Child Fatalities -30 •Child fatalities per 100,000 Children -1.73
PERPETRATORSFor the analyses included in this report, a perpetrator is the person who is responsible for the abuse or neglect of a child. Forty-nine Statesreported case-level data about perpetrators using unique identifiers. Inthese States, the total duplicate count of perpetrators was 894,951 and the total unique count of perpetrators was 512,790. For 2009: Four-fifths (80.9%) of Women Of the duplicate duplicate comprised a Four-fifths perpetrators who perpetrators of larger percentage (83.2%) of all were child of all unique unique parents, four- maltreatment perpetrators than perpetrators were fifths (84.7%)were parents, and men, 53.8 between the ages were the another 6.3 percent of 20 and 49 biological parents percent were compared to 44.4 years. of the victim;other relatives of percent; and the victim;
REPORTING ABUSE OR NEGLECT• Arizona law requires certain persons who suspect that a child has received non-accidental injury or has been neglected to report their concerns to CPS or local law enforcement.• YOU may be a child’s only advocate at the time you report the possibility of abuse or neglect. Children often tell a person with whom they feel safe about abuse or neglect. If a child tells you of such experiences, act to protect that child by calling the toll free (1-888-767-2445). Arizona Child Abuse Hotline 1-888-SOS-CHILD
WHO MUST REPORT?• Any person who reasonably believes that a minor is or has been the victim of physical injury, abuse, child abuse, a reportable offense or neglect that appears to have been inflicted on the minor by other than accidental means or that is not explained by the available medical history as being accidental in nature, or who reasonably believes that there has been a denial or deprivation of necessary medical treatment or surgical care or nourishment with the intent to cause or allow the death of an infant who is protected under A.R.S. 36- 2281, shall immediately report or cause reports to be made of this information to a peace office or to Child Protective Services in the Department of Economic Security, except if the report concerns a person who does not have care, custody or control of the minor, the report shall be made to a peace office only.
WHO MUST REPORT?The following persons are required by law to report:•Any physician, physicians assistant, optometrist, dentist, osteopath, chiropractor, podiatrist, behavioral health professional, nurse, psychologist, counselor or social worker who develops the reasonable belief in the course of treating a patient.•Any peace officer, member of the clergy, priest or Christian Science practitioner.•The parent, stepparent or guardian of the minor.•School personnel or domestic violence victim advocates who develop the reasonable belief in the course of their employment.•Any other person who has responsibility for the care or treatment of the minor.
WHO MUST REPORT? A person making a report or providing information about a child is immune from civil or criminal liability unless such person has been charged with, or is suspected of, the abuse or neglect in question. A person acting with malice who either knowingly and intentionally makes a false report of child abuse and neglect or who coerces another person to make a false report is guilty of a crime. A person who knowingly and intentionally falsely accuses another of maliciously making a false report of child abuse and neglect is also guilty of a crime.
WHEN TO REPORT?• A report should be made when any person, who reasonably believes that a child under 18 has been abused, neglected, exploited or abandoned. A report of suspected abuse, neglect, exploitation or abandonment is only a request for an investigation. The person making the report does not need to prove the abuse. Investigation and validation of child abuse reports are the responsibilities of child protective service workers. If additional incidents of abuse occur after the initial report has been made, make another report.
WHEN TO REPORT?When reporting, the followinginformation if known will be requested:• name, age, and gender of child and other family members• address, phone numbers, and/or directions to childs home• parents place of employment• description of suspected abuse or neglect• current condition of the child
WHAT HAPPENS TO THE REPORT?• A CPS Specialist will investigate the report through interviews with all children in the home, parents, friends, relatives, and any other person who may have information about the child and family. After investigation, if CPS has reason to believe that a parent guardian or custodian abused or neglected a child and intends to confirm this, a letter will be sent to the person accused explaining how an appeal of this decision may be requested and how to get a copy of the CPS report.
REMEMBER!Arizona Child Abuse Hotline 1-888-SOS-CHILD (1-888-767-2445) A report of suspected childabuse, neglect, exploitation orabandonment is a responsible attempt to protect a child.