Endometrial scratching performed in the
non-transfer cycle and outcome of assisted
reproduction: a randomized controlled t...
• 7–15% women of reproductive age encounter
fertility problems
• Live birth rate in those using assisted reproductive
tech...
• Endometrial scratching (ES) induces decidualization,
improving the chances of embryonic implantation
• ES induces the se...
Reproductive outcomes of ART compared inReproductive outcomes of ART compared in
women with and without endometrial scratc...
Endometrial scratching performed in the non-transfer cycle and
outcome of assisted reproduction: a randomized controlled t...
Eligibility criteria:
•Age < 38 years
•Submitted for ART with controlled
ovarian stimulation, oocyte retrieval and
embryo ...
• Randomization 7–14 days prior to planned COS
• Manipulation according to randomization for 30
seconds
• Evaluation of pa...
Methodology
• Tranvaginal ultrasound examination at day 2–3 of
menstrual cycle
• COS proceeded if no follicle ≥10mm in dia...
Ultrasound variables at 3D-PD examination:
• Endometrial thickness
• Endometrial volume
• Vascularization index (VI)
• Flo...
*at least one fetus with heart beat
Outcomes
Primary outcome: Clinical pregnancy per woman*
Secondary outcomes:
• Live bir...
Flow chart of patients
The study was stopped after fourth interim analysis because a
signficant difference in clinical pre...
OutcomeOutcome
Live birth
Endometrial scratching P-value*
Clinical
pregnancy
Miscarriage
0.01
Results on reproductive outc...
Results
• Endometrial scratching was associated with increased
live birth and clinical pregnancy rates (P=0.01 for both)
•...
Limitations
• Selected population - majority of women had at least 2
unsuccessful embryo transfers prior to this trial
• T...
1. Endometrial scratching is a reasonable procedure to
improve reproductive outcome for women undergoing
ART, particularly...
• What are reproductive outcomes and how can we improve
them?
• Does endometrial scratching affect outcome of ART?
• What ...
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UOG Journal Club: Endometrial scratching performed in the non-transfer cycle and outcome of assisted reproduction: a randomized controlled trial

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UOG Journal Club: October 2013

Endometrial scratching performed in the non-transfer cycle and outcome of assisted reproduction: a randomized controlled trial

CO Nastri, RA Ferriani, N Raine-Fenning, WP Martins

Volume 42, Issue 4, Date: October 2013, pages 375–382

Link to free access article:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/uog.12539/abstract

Published in: Health & Medicine
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  • UOG Journal Club: Endometrial scratching performed in the non-transfer cycle and outcome of assisted reproduction: a randomized controlled trial

    1. 1. Endometrial scratching performed in the non-transfer cycle and outcome of assisted reproduction: a randomized controlled trial CO Nastri, RA Ferriani, N Raine-Fenning, WP Martins Volume 42, Issue 4, Date: October 2013, pages 375–382 Journal Club slides prepared by Dr Ligita Jokubkiene (UOG Editor for Trainees) UOG Journal Club: October 2013
    2. 2. • 7–15% women of reproductive age encounter fertility problems • Live birth rate in those using assisted reproductive techniques (ART) are 20–30% • ART outcome can be improved by: • Controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) • Multiple embryo transfer • Cryopreservation of oocytes/embryos Thoma et al., Fertil Steril 2013; Sunkara et al., 2011; Gunby et al., Fertil Steril 2011
    3. 3. • Endometrial scratching (ES) induces decidualization, improving the chances of embryonic implantation • ES induces the secretion of cytokines, interleukins, growth factors, macrophages and dendritic cells, all potentially beneficial to embryonic implantation • ES may lead to better synchronicity between endometrium and the transferred embryo Barash et al., Fertil Steril 2003; Li R and Hao G, Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2009; Garris DR and Garris BL, Tissue Cell 2003; Gnainsky Y et al., Fertil Steril 2010 Hypotheses
    4. 4. Reproductive outcomes of ART compared inReproductive outcomes of ART compared in women with and without endometrial scratchingwomen with and without endometrial scratching Karimzadeh et al., Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2009; Nastri et al., Gynecol Endocrinol 2013 • Miscarriage • Clinical pregnancy • Live birth The main reproductive outcomes that were shown to be improved by ES were:
    5. 5. Endometrial scratching performed in the non-transfer cycle and outcome of assisted reproduction: a randomized controlled trial Nastri et al, UOG, 2013 Objective: To investigate the effect of endometrial scratching on reproductive outcome, pain and three-dimensional power Doppler (3D-PD) vascular indices in women undergoing ART with combined oral contraceptive pre-treatment
    6. 6. Eligibility criteria: •Age < 38 years •Submitted for ART with controlled ovarian stimulation, oocyte retrieval and embryo transfer Randomized controlled trial Pre-treatment: Combined oral contraceptives with: •30mcg ethinyl estradiol •150mcg levonorgestrel (for at least 10 days prior to randomization) Inclusion criteria: •Agreement to participate •Written informed consent
    7. 7. • Randomization 7–14 days prior to planned COS • Manipulation according to randomization for 30 seconds • Evaluation of pain on visual analog scale (VAS) within 5 minutes after procedure Randomized controlled trial Endometrial biopsy with Pipelle de Cornier A sham procedure (drying cervix with a gauze ) OR
    8. 8. Methodology • Tranvaginal ultrasound examination at day 2–3 of menstrual cycle • COS proceeded if no follicle ≥10mm in diameter was observed or if estradiol levels were <50pg/ml in the presence of a follicle ≥10mm • Transvaginal ultrasound monitoring of follicle development started 5 days after COS, and was repeated every other day • 3D-PD ultrasound examination was performed when at least one follicle ≥17mm was observed
    9. 9. Ultrasound variables at 3D-PD examination: • Endometrial thickness • Endometrial volume • Vascularization index (VI) • Flow index (FI) • Vascularization flow index (VFI) VOCAL™ software analyzed the results, 15° rotation steps helped define the endometrium and a histogram facility for the calculation of PD vascular indices was used Methodology
    10. 10. *at least one fetus with heart beat Outcomes Primary outcome: Clinical pregnancy per woman* Secondary outcomes: • Live birth per woman • Multiple pregnancy per woman • Spontaneous miscarriage per clinical pregnancy • Pain during procedure • Ultrasound variables
    11. 11. Flow chart of patients The study was stopped after fourth interim analysis because a signficant difference in clinical pregnancy was observed The study stopped after 158 patients had been included IVF = in-vitro fertilization, ICSI = intracytoplasmic sperm injection
    12. 12. OutcomeOutcome Live birth Endometrial scratching P-value* Clinical pregnancy Miscarriage 0.01 Results on reproductive outcomes Multiple pregnancy Sham procedure 33/79 (42%) 39/79 (49%) 9/39 (23%) 6/39 (15%) 18/79 (23%) 23/79 (29%) 6/23 (26%) 5/23 (22%) 0.01 0.79 0.53 *Mantel-Haenszel test, †unpaired t-test Pain VAS, cm (mean (SD)) 6.4 (2.35) 1.8 (1.52) <0.001†
    13. 13. Results • Endometrial scratching was associated with increased live birth and clinical pregnancy rates (P=0.01 for both) • Endometrial scratching was associated with considerable pain (P<0.001) • No difference was observed in endometrial thickness or volume (P=0.59 and P=0.51, respectively) • VI and VFI were increased in endometrial scratch group but no difference in FI observed (P<0.01, P<0.01 & P=0.65, respectively)
    14. 14. Limitations • Selected population - majority of women had at least 2 unsuccessful embryo transfers prior to this trial • The COS regimen was not standardized – choice of 3 regimens may introduce bias • Intervention pain - might have affected blind randomization • 3D-PD quantification lacked standardization - dependent on machine settings and attenuation The study was stopped after interim analysis – risk of overestimating treatment effect
    15. 15. 1. Endometrial scratching is a reasonable procedure to improve reproductive outcome for women undergoing ART, particularly those with previous unsuccessful transfers 2. Further research is needed to elucidate the mechanisms of the benefit of endometrial scratching on reproductive outcome Conclusions Endometrial scratching performed in the non-transfer cycle and outcome of assisted reproduction: a randomized controlled trial Nastri et al, UOG, 2013
    16. 16. • What are reproductive outcomes and how can we improve them? • Does endometrial scratching affect outcome of ART? • What are the underlying mechanisms between endometrial scratching and improved ART outcomes? • Can these results be applied to clinical practice? • What happens if a study is interrupted when a significant difference in study results is observed? • What are the limitations of this study? Discussion Points Endometrial scratching performed in the non-transfer cycle and outcome of assisted reproduction: a randomized controlled trial Nastri et al, UOG, 2013

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