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  1. 1. Pertti Kansanen Professor of Education University of Helsinki Department of Applied Sciences of Education
  2. 2. Teacher Education at Universities <ul><li>Master’s degree </li></ul><ul><li>Master’s thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Every student has a main subject and minor subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Every student belongs to some department </li></ul><ul><li>Professors, university lecturers, assistants </li></ul>
  3. 3. FACULTY OF BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES (teacher education) <ul><li>Department of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Applied Sciences of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Home Economics and Craft Science </li></ul>
  4. 4. Department of Teacher Education <ul><li>Four Sections </li></ul><ul><li>Kindergarten Teacher and Early Childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Education Section </li></ul><ul><li>Class Teacher Section </li></ul><ul><li>Special Teacher Education Section </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Teacher Section </li></ul><ul><li>10 centres for research </li></ul>
  5. 5. Finnish Teacher Education <ul><li>Class Teacher Model </li></ul><ul><li>To teacher education </li></ul><ul><li>Education as major </li></ul><ul><li>Studies at the D epartment of Teacher E ducation </li></ul><ul><li>How to get competence to a subject teacher? </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Teacher Model </li></ul><ul><li>To subject studies </li></ul><ul><li>A subject as major </li></ul><ul><li>Studies at the S ubject D epartment </li></ul><ul><li>How to get competence to a class teacher? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Research-based Approach <ul><li>Every unit connected with research </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous courses of research methods </li></ul><ul><li>Overall competence of research methods </li></ul><ul><li>Master’s thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Direct access to doctoral studies </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers as practitioner researchers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Class Teacher Education <ul><li>Master’s degree </li></ul><ul><li>General studies </li></ul><ul><li>Education as main subject </li></ul><ul><li>(Master’s thesis in education) </li></ul><ul><li>(Teacher’s pedagogical studies ) </li></ul><ul><li>Minor subject studies </li></ul><ul><li>Basic and optional studies </li></ul>
  8. 8. Subject Teacher Education <ul><li>Master’s degree </li></ul><ul><li>Some school subject as main subject </li></ul><ul><li>(Master’s thesis in the main subject) </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher’s pedagogical studies </li></ul><ul><li>Minor subject studies </li></ul><ul><li>Basic and optional studies </li></ul>
  9. 9. Teachers’ Pedagogical Studies <ul><li>At the Department of Applied Sciences of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to didactics </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical and psychological bases of teaching, studying, and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Subject didactics in theory and practice </li></ul><ul><li>Research methods in subject didactics </li></ul><ul><li>Societal bases of education </li></ul>
  10. 10. Principles of Student Teaching <ul><li>Starting as early as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction between practice and theory </li></ul><ul><li>Every study period has aims of its own </li></ul><ul><li>From small units to larger combinations </li></ul><ul><li>University practice schools </li></ul><ul><li>Field schools </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>TEACHER EDUCATION / HELSINKI </li></ul><ul><li>The Basic Ideas of the Teacher Education Program </li></ul><ul><li>Main organizing theme: Research-based approach </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective teaching - Practitioner researcher </li></ul><ul><li>Overall competence of research methods </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing courses from the very beginning of the studies </li></ul><ul><li>Combining practice with research competencies = Practicum </li></ul><ul><li>The totality of educational theory, pedagogical content knowledge and practice => Autonomous teacher personality </li></ul><ul><li>Pedago g ical thinking - Justifying with research-based arguments PJK/98 </li></ul>