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Shah waliullah’s

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Shah waliullah’s

  1. 1. SHAH WALIULLAH’S
  2. 2. BIOGRAPHY  Shah Waliullah was born in 1703 at the time of Aurangzeb rule in India  His real name was Qutu-bud-din  But he was named Shah Waliullah because of his pity  His father name was Shah Abdus Rahim who was the founder of Madressa-e-Rahimiya  His father wrote a Fatwa-e-Alamgiri a book of shariat. This book became the law book at the time of Aurangzeb’s rule
  3. 3. EDUCATION: Shah Waliullah had learned the Holy Quran by heart Shah Waliullah had studied Fiqah Hadith and Tafseer When he was 17 year old he started teaching at Madressa-e- Rahimiya after which he went to Saudi Arabia for higher education. Where he was inspired by a scholar Sheikh Abu Tahir Bin Ibrahimnd While in Saudi Arabia he saw a vision of the Holy Prophet and he was told that he would be instrumental in organizing the Muslim of India at this point the Mugal rule was declining, and the Muslims were not united as the leader were weak and the people needed Islamic guidance
  4. 4. SOCIAL CONDITION IN MUSLIM OF INDIA The Muslim of India did not understand the Quran because it was written in Arabic Shia‘s and Sunni were posing threat to each other In capable ruler in empire with Non Muslim gaining power Shah Waliullah wanted the people to understand that Islam not only restrict for namaz and roza but it’s a complete code of life. As it deal with politics, economic, social.
  5. 5. CONTRIBUTION OF SHAH WALIULLAH Religious contribution Shah Waliullah came back from Saudi Arabia to Delhi in 1733 He started preparing students so they could teach other He asked people to give up luxuries and lead a simple life His approach was very balanced One of the biggest achievements was the translation of Holy Quran from Arabic to Persian Few Muslim spoke Arabic in India but did not understand their meaning after his translation they understood better Many ullimas criticized shah Waliullah but his work became very popular in Muslim He wrote 51 books, two of his famous books are Hajjatul- Baligha (Islamic law) and Izzalatul akfa (To solve problem ) He said that traders should use fair mean in trading He explained the importance of jihad He wanted all men to be treated equal and not treated by his occupation
  6. 6. POLITICAL CONTRIBUTION  Shah Waliullah had great wisdom and foresight and the Muslim, ruler were weak as the Mugal empire was weak  He wrote many letters to many nobles and to Unite and help the Muslim of India  He was able to convince Ahmed Shah Abdali. Ahmed shah joined hands with the local Muslims and able to defeat Marathas in the battle of participant in 1761  Shah wanted Ahmed shah to stay but Ahmed shah went away
  7. 7. IMPACT( INFLUENCE)  He was the first thinker who could see that Mugal Empire would decline but due to his effort the Mugal empire survived another century  Madrassa –Rahimia continued to train student and was at very active in research work of Islam  The translation of the Holy Quran inspired the Muslim to follow the right path  The shie sunni problem were fixed to an extend  The Muslim realized that jihad cannot be declared on an other Muslim because jihad mean to fight the enemies of Islam  His sons continued to teach after his death  His Madrassa continued to inspire people  He is know as the father of modern Muslim, because of a balanced approached  He died in 1762

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