παρουσίαση Greece (from comenius in bulgary)

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παρουσίαση Greece (from comenius in bulgary)

  1. 1. Eco-Researchers October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  2. 2. Solutions..to the environmental problemscarried out by local authorities October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  3. 3. Air Pollution October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  4. 4. Air Pollution - Actions The Agency Zoning and Environmental Protection of Thessaloniki in cooperation with the Department of Environment - Planning the Region of Central Macedonia and the Applied Information Systems Group of the Department of Mechanical Engineering of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki implemented the early public information system on air quality in Thessaloniki «AIRTHESS». October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  5. 5. Air Pollution - Actions The municipality of Thessaloniki has installed 5 Air Pollution Control Stations equipped with automatic analyzers that operate 24/7 October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  6. 6. Air Pollution - Actions•The Municipality of Thessaloniki has installed batch andfree weather balloons system, to the height measurementof temperature, relative humidity, speed and winddirection and ozone concentrations. The correlation ofthese measurements with those of the Municipal Network(air pollution and meteorological data) give a moreimmediate picture of the distribution of the overall load ofair pollution in the region, and the influence of localmeteorological phenomena in the formation of theselevels above the urban area of ​Thessaloniki. Free Weather balloons can provide important information on the stratospheric ozone layer over the region of October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki. Thessaloniki GREECE
  7. 7. Air Pollution - Actions Checks are carried out in industry. The withdrawning of cars and the replacement of them with new clean technology cars is a solution. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  8. 8. Air Pollution - Actions Mostof the terminal urban bus stations have been moved outside the city center. Bus lanes were introduced to facilitate the movement of public transport. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  9. 9. Air Pollution - Actions TheMunicipality of Thessaloniki created a network of cycle paths of total length 12 km. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  10. 10. Noisepollution October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  11. 11. Noise Pollution - Actions Development of anti-noise technology, supply and installation of noise barriers, soundproofing systems from the Region of Central Macedonia. Sound barriers along the ring road at locations adjacent to residences. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  12. 12. Noise Pollution - Actions The Department of Forestry & Natural Environment of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki has made a significant research on the fight against noise pollution by using plants. Combination of vegetation and sound barriers produce the excellent results possible (reduction from 10 - 15 dB). Βut for this purpose the vegetation should be planted in front of the sound barriers. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  13. 13. Noise Pollution - Actions According to a research by the Mayoralty Environment of the Municipality of Thessaloniki 18 of the 24 schools in the areas surveyed said they have a noise problem that comes from the noise of passing cars and motorcycles and constructions on their surroundings. Proposed measures: the change of frames, the installation of double glazed windows and appropriate anti-noise materials in classrooms. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  14. 14. Noise Pollution - Actions In the specifications of supply of new garbage trucks, it would be taken special care to anti-noise protection of the evacuation systems of bins. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  15. 15. Marine PollutionThe seaWasalwaysthe easysolutionfor thestorageof everykindrubbish October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  16. 16. Treatment of MarineThe pollutionMunicipality ofThessalonikiprovides aspecialvehicle “Poseidon”forcleaning thesurface of thesea. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  17. 17. Marine Pollution - Actions1. The Water and Sewage Company of Thessaloniki announced that undertakes the cleaning of Thermaikos gulf from now with floating craft from floating objects and spots from now, every Sunday, at its own expense.2. Checks are carried out on the Wastewater Treatment Plant of Thessaloniki, the establishment of tourist areas of Thessaloniki (Aineia "), the Waste Treatment Plant, in natural receivers, underground leaks and the liquid industrial wastes disposed in its networks.3. The industries with the current legislation is required to construct andOctober 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou operate treatment facilities of the liquid waste. Thessaloniki GREECE
  18. 18. Marine Pollution - ActionsBIOLOGICAL CLEANING OF THESSALONIKI October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  19. 19. Marine Pollution - ActionsA group of artists of the 2nd Festival of Performing Arts and Students of Institute for Vocational Training participating in the voluntary clean bottom, created a large sculpture, consisting of garbage (shopping trolleys, bicycles, agricultural machinery, tires, sheet metal, hardware and pipes, ropes and nets, all of them covered with moss, coral, shells and even crabs), which the crews of 40 fishing vessels and men of the Navy pulled from the seabed of the Thermaikos Gulf. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  20. 20. Marine Pollution - Actions October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  21. 21. Marine Pollution - Actions The Mayoralty of Environment, Quality of Life and open spaces of Thessaloniki, during the World Day for Voluntary Cleanup, in which has participated with literature and the Hellenic Marine Environment Protection Association HELMEPA, made repetitive cleaning of the beach at the bay Sofouli on Saturday, 17 September, 2011, with the assistance of volunteers and city crews of the Municipality of Thessaloniki. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  22. 22. • Radiation Pollution PROBLEM AND SOLUTIONS October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  23. 23. SIMULATIONElectromagnetic wave October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  24. 24. SIMULATIONOctober 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  25. 25. Introduction• The Problem:• Electromagnetic pollution is one kind of environmental pollution.• You can imagine it like a smog composed of many kinds of electromagnetic waves. For this reason is used the term “electromagnetic smog” (αιθαλομίχλη) or “electrosmog”.• Is the result of electromagnetic excess of the environmental electromagnetic background that the electromagnetic waves radiated from many different technological products. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  26. 26. sources Non-ionizing radiation is produced by different kind of sources which exist at home, at work or outside i.e.  power transmission lines,  home electric devices,  any kind or wireless network,  any kind of radar etc. including:  cell phones,  cell telephony,  base station antennas,  PCs,  routers and so many other. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  27. 27. Cell Phones Radiation you see a "classic" FDTD simulation of electromagnetic absorption inside a model “human head” made by a composite material for a mobile phone working at 915 MHz with power 1 W (SAR is the Specific Absorption Rate to electromagnetic radiation). The most important of non-ionizing radiation is the increase of temperature to the application area it acts i.e. human body or even the environment itself.
  28. 28. sources  High power transmission lines – MVThere is a lot of questioning worldwide about what are the biological effects ofelectrosmog produced by the high power transmission lines and what theminimum safety distance of pylons from houses is.In some countries, i.e. in Greece, the safety distance is limited to 300 m. Themagnetic field found at 300 m is 4420 A/m. This values is much larger thanthe safety limit of 500 A/m. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  29. 29. sources A common microwave oven is made basically by a magnetron source (2.45 GHz), a stirrer, a cooking cavity, and a control system. In the picture on the left, the structure of a microwave furnace is presented. Microwaves are produced from the magnetron source and propagate with waveguides inside the cooking cavity. These microwaves are absorbed from the water, which exists inside the food and they heat it. The metallic parts of the cavity act as reflectors of the microwaves. The stirrer is used to homogenize spatially the power distribution of microwaves inside the furnace. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  30. 30. sources Low Power Lamps This kind of lamps has in real higher light efficacy than the older ones which useheating coil, but they have other problems. They behave like plasma antennas and radiate except visible light an extraelectromagnetic radiation at frequency 10 - 20 kHz. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  31. 31. Solutions..by the government Thehigh power transmission lines are placed outside big cities , in extended areas of farmland . October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  32. 32. measurements Radiation In Thermi (Thessaloniki)Address : Technological Museum NOESISMunicipality : ThermiDate : 21-11-2006 RESULTS October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  33. 33. measurements Radiation In Thessaloniki Centre Monitoring station: Al. Michailidi 24 Monitoring station photos Monitoring site locationElectric field strength (six minute average values) Minimum Percentage of Percentage of Μean Maximum limit in band limit limit Frequency Band value recorded (V/m) (Times below (Times below (V/m) value (V/m) limit) limit) 100kHz - 3GHz 21.69 0.47 2.17 % (46) 0.61 2.81 % (36) 100kHz - 900MHz < 0.92 % (> < 0.92 % (> 21.69 < 0.2 < 0.2 (Radio, TV) 108) 108) 900MHz - 3GHz October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou (Mobile 31.76 0.47 1.48 % (68) 0.61 1.92 % (52) Thessaloniki GREECE telephony)
  34. 34. MeasurementsDESTRUCTION OF DISHES MOBILE IN THESSALONIKI October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  35. 35. Solutions..by municipalities Some municipalities in Greece, like municipality of Panorama, have their power transmission lines underground, so their citizens would not be harmed. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  36. 36. Solutions.. by organizations Some ecological organizations, inform the citizens about what can be done to stop radiation pollution. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  37. 37. Solutions..by citizens The citizens of Greece, try to buy cell phones and other gadgets, which are not producing a lot of radiation pollution. For that, they need to ask for the ‘SAR index’ of their mobile phone. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  38. 38. Solutions..Wired - wireless0.04 V/m 0.00 V/m October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  39. 39. Conclusions The activism about electromagnetic pollution should not be seen as a war between environmentalists and companies or health organizations but as a chance to improve the quality of life by using new better designed and more sophisticated technological products. It is a good chance to rebuild the existing market on a healthier basis with realistic prospects for everyone. AT THE END.. KNOWLEDGE IS POWER! October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  40. 40. operators of public awarenessIN GREECE:National Telecommunications and Post Commission (EETT), www.eett.grGreek Atomic Energy Commission (GAEC), www.eeae.grMinistry of Transport and Communications, www.yme.grMinistry of Health and social solidarity, http://www.yyka.gov.gr/Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, http://www.ypeka.gr/INTERNATIONAL:The International Commission of Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), www.icnirp.deNational Radiological Protection Board (NRPB), www.nrpb.org.ukWorld Health Organization International EMF Project, www.who.int/peh-emfIndependent Expert Group on Mobile Phones (Stewart Enquiry), www.iegmp.org.ukInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, www.ieee.orgMobile Manufacturers Forum, www.mmfai.orgEuropean Radiological Data Exchange Platform, http://eurdep.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  41. 41. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECEpictures
  42. 42. picturesOctober 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  43. 43. Wastemanagement October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  44. 44. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  45. 45. Introduction Most of what we throw away is either burnt in incinerators, or dumped into landfill sites (67%). But both these methods create environmental damage. Land filling not only takes up more and more valuable land space, it also causes air, water and soil pollution, discharging carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) into the atmosphere and chemicals and pesticides into the earth and groundwater. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  46. 46. Introduction Large household Items (refrigerators, washing machines etc), small appliances that make our lives more comfortable (airconditioners, lighting equipment, telecommunication devices, etc.), audio and video products, computer equipment, electrical and electronic tools and toys, medical devices, monitoring and control vending devices, and fluorescent lamps. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  47. 47. The problem in Thessaloniki The problem of recycling is a vital problem for the city of Thessaloniki The environment has borne so much that in a few years will be very difficult to reverse the situation. Our goal should be to go to Landfill (landfill) very small percentage of waste, after recycling and incineration. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  48. 48. Waste Management - Actions  In Thessaloniki operates Waste Transfer Station to the terminus of all waste in the city. Its capacity is 900 tons of waste a day with three compactors, which can be increased to 1,200 tons a day if constructed and the fourth pressing for which no infrastructure. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  49. 49. Waste Management - Actions The municipality of Thessaloniki placed 10,000 bins and 600 bins for recycling. The management of bins is a hard task and thus in European cities the bins don’t belong to the municipalities, but to the citizens,who are responsible for them. It is time to institute spaces of placing the bins in every newly-built building. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  50. 50. Waste Management - Actions Paper and other packing materials are being collected from ​from 5,680 fixed points. The Municipality of Thessaloniki has set a high priority program for recycling paper, aluminum and plastic in bins placed in many locations. With one call the municipality comes and gets large electrical appliances for recycling October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  51. 51. Waste Management - ActionsRecycling at our School October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  52. 52. Waste Management - ActionsAccording to the newspaper “Agelioforos",in the areaof Tagarades, which stopped accepting waste,after 26years, a total area of ​174 acres will be restored. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  53. 53. Waste Management - Actions A former landfill area of ​60 acres transformed into an oasis in Oreokastro in Thessaloniki, according to the newspaper "Ethnos". A few years ago, in this area were tons of garbage and unbearable stench. Now grow more than 3.000 trees and there is a small lake that is the habitat of ducks and birds October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  54. 54. Waste Management - ActionsThe Thessalonistas, a voluntaryorganization, cleaned city beaches October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  55. 55. Waste prevention This is a key factor in any waste management strategy:If we can reduce the amount of generated wastein the first place and reduce its hazardousness byreducing the presence of dangerous substances inproducts, then disposing of it will automaticallybecome simpler.Waste prevention is closely linked with improvingmanufacturing methods and influencingconsumers to demand greener products and lesspackaging. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  56. 56. Waste prevention  As for students, young people and the wider public, must be aware of the environmental problems and convert this awareness into actions October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  57. 57. IntroductionWhat DO The Authorities Do? October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  58. 58. IntroductionFor Every Person Corresponds2.7 m2 October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  59. 59. Lack Of Green October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  60. 60. Lack of Green - ActionsIn Thessaloniki There are 50.000Trees.From The Beginning Of The Year, 2.850 Trees HaveBeen Planted And For October they are going to bePlanted 1.400 More October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  61. 61. Lack of Green - ActionsEight New Parks Over 2.5 Km LongIt Is Planned To Be Constructed October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  62. 62. Lack of Green - Actions October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  63. 63. Lack of Green - ActionsOn the Seaside also Over than 30 Acres OfGreen And A Garden Full Of Pines In An Area Of1.1 Km2 will Be Created And 870 New Trees WillBe Planted. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  64. 64. Lack of Green - Actions The nurseries of the Municipality of Thessaloniki fully cover the needs in plant material (shrubs, trees and seasonal plants, perennial grasses, etc.) throughout the year. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  65. 65. Lack of Green - Actions The Last May The Mayoralty Environment Quality of Life and Open Spaces of Thessaloniki Organized A Green Party That Gave The Opportunity To The residents of Thessaloniki To Plant Gardens In Their Balconies And Take Part To A Competition Till The 5th Of June. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  66. 66. Lack of Green - ActionsThese are Some Actions That Were Taken By TheAuthorities Against To The Lack Of Green.Now These Are Some Actions We Can Take, Tohelp. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  67. 67. Lack of Green - Actions About 100 volunteers of the Christian Brotherhood of Youth of Thessaloniki walking the streets looking for empty Tree spaces, thus facilitating the work of the Mayoralty of Urban Environment and Free Spaces of ​Thessaloniki and assisting in the process of forestation. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  68. 68. Lack of Green - ActionsPreventive measures in the forest of Sheikh Sou  Prevention is the best treatment in the case of the forest of Sheikh Sou. Civil Protection, Fire Brigade and 30 voluntary organizations ,have initiated contacts for the first plans before the summer arrives. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  69. 69. Lack of Green - Actions Actions of the "green volunteer": Mild maintenance of green areas as planting, irrigation, clearing of weeds and carvings. Removal of the green spaces of plant residues, branches, etc., and trimming of the above spaces.. Participation in leading events of the Mayoralty of Environment and Green (Flower exhibition, tree planting, World Day of Forestry and Environment, etc.). Protection of plant material and urban parks equipment (bins, benches, lighting, fountains, etc.) from any damage, vandalism, violation or arbitrariness. October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  70. 70. Environmental / voluntary organizations in Thessaloniki Arcturus Greek Ornithological Society Citizens Association of Thessaloniki for the environment and culture Callisto, environmental organization for wildlife and nature Ecological Movement of Thessaloniki - Ecology Solidarity Ecotopia Movement citizens Chortiati Eco-Municipality movement Chortiati National Union of Teachers for Environmental Education City residents Pines Association - "Economic Vision“ Greek Society for the Protection of the Environment and Heritage October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  71. 71. Lack of Green - Actions Voluntary and action is the adoption of park. This possibility is given to Clubs, Associations, Institutions, Private Companies or individuals wishing to undertake the maintenance of green space. Everyone can help by adopting a tree may be located in front of the house, shop or a park. This alternative voluntary action includes : Supply, Planting Maintenanceof the tree or trees to undertake all those tasks required fortheir development (irrigation, fertilization, clearing of weeds). October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  72. 72. Lack of Green - ActionsMake Our Terraces and our Balconies Small Forests.Inform The Authorities About Eco Crimes In Our Cities.Make our School More Green. Thats It! October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE
  73. 73. Lack of Green authorsBy  Athanasiou Fani  Eleftheriadhs Marios  Kalialh Georgia  Mandoras Nikos  Mourouzidou Maria  Petaloti Eva  Pomakidis Babis  Sioutis Spiros  Solengos Sotiris  Stavrianopoulou Iro  Tatsi Anna  Trikouki Kalipso  Tsadila Danai  Fakiola Katerina 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki, Greece October 2011, 3rd Gymnasium Charilaou Thessaloniki GREECE

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