The Use of Arabic Script in the Internet Addressing System


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Mohamed El Bashir, Technical Affairs Manager, Regulatory Authority, ictQATAR presentation at INET Qatar on November 27 2012

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  • These are benefits for individuals
  • These are benefits for individuals
  • These are benefits for individuals
  • internet users are increasingly rely on search engines and portals rather than domain names as their primary navigation tools. Search engines support of Arabic domain names is improving and progressing.
  • These are benefits for individuals
  • The Use of Arabic Script in the Internet Addressing System

    1. 1. The Use of Arabic Script in the Internet Addressing System‫استخدام الحرف العربي في عناوين النترنت‬ Mohamed El Bashir Technical Affairs Manager, Regulatory Authority ictQATARQatar INET27 November 2012
    2. 2.  Internet Demography is Changing Internet users 2.2 billion Chinese Internet users reached 440 million ( about 22% of total internet users) Growing Arabic Internet users ( + 65 million ) The Majority of Internet next billion users will be non –English Speaking
    3. 3. Domain Names System “DNS”Current InternetDomain Names System ASCII “English” Generic Top Level Domains ASCII “English” Generic name.QA Top Level Country Codes InternationalizedDomain Names System ‫موقعي.قطر‬ Domain Names in ‫موقعي.امارات‬ Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic ‫موقعي.السعودية‬ ‫موقعي.مصر‬ мой сайт.рф  Qatar is 4th Country in the World to get an IDN (Arabic ) Domain
    4. 4. What Are Qatar Domain Names .QA .‫قطر‬
    5. 5. Arabic Domain Names• More than 10 Delegated Arabic IDN ccTLD strings in the root ( Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Emirates, Qatar, Jordan, Tunis, Morocco, Algeria, Syria, Palestine )• IDN registrations service launched ( Saudi Arabia, Emirates, Qatar, Jordan, Tunis )• High expectations for the launch of Arabic domain names• Arabic IDN ccTLD Implementation Challenges : – Linguistic – Technical – Research and Development
    6. 6. Linguistic Challenges- The Arabic language and Arabic script are rich and complex, written right to left- One Script, Different Languages ( Arabic, Farsi, Urdu,…etc )- Arabic language comprises 28 letter - ( ‫) ن م ل ك ق ف غ ع ظ ط ض ص ش س ز ر ذ د ر ح ج ث ت ب أ ب ت ث ج ح ر د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق ك ل م ن و ي‬- Many of the letters have various shapes- Use of abstractions and abbreviations for example like UK, UN is not common in Arabic- Characters may have more than one shape in accordance to its position in word, in the beginning, middle and end of the word- 2 groups of digits format used, both written from the left to right with the same reference yet they have different codes in the Unicode Arabic characters sets:Eastern numerals (currently called Arabic-Indic numerals). They are the most widely used in the Arabic countries ( ٩, ٨, ٧, ٦, ٥, ٤, ٣, ٠,١,٢ )Moroccan numerals (currently called Arabic numerals). They are widely used in the northwest of Africa ( especially in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia ) ( 0 , 1, 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 )
    7. 7. Technical Challenges- Registry Systems support of Arabic IDN- Language tables ( Common Arabic Script table Vs Different Arabic Script Language tables )- Variants Issue : Unicode Code Point Unicode Name Character Domain U+0629 Arabic Letter TEH MARBUTA ‫ة‬ ‫جامعة.قطر‬ U+0647 Arabic Letter HEH ‫ه‬ ‫جامعه.قطر‬ - Bundling Vs Non-Bundling
    8. 8. Browsers Support
    9. 9. Search Engines & Applications - IDN Email ( RFC under development in IETF ) - Social Media networks ( e.g Twitter and Facebook ) - Browsers in Mobile Devices or Tablets
    10. 10. Source: Qatar Domains Registry SystemData until Last week of December 2011
    11. 11. Try a .‫ قطر‬Domain NOW- + 200 Registered Arabic Domain Names
    12. 12. Making .‫ قطر‬more visible
    13. 13. QATAR ARABIC DOMAIN NAMES CHALLENGES Population, Demography and Market Size Highly Educated Internet users, comfortable using English language Applications and Software Support ( Usability of the Arabic domains )
    14. 14. Solutions- Joint Research Projects ( Academia and Technical ) e.g Global Acceptance of new Top Level Domains in collaboration with ICANN ( Focusing on Arabic Script )- Proactive in resolving issues of Usability/Application Support of Arabic Domains- Marketing and Awareness- Innovations and Entrepreneurship
    15. 15. ً ‫شكرا جزي‬ ‫ال‬ ًThank YouQatar Domains Registry ‫نطاقات.قطر‬