Islamic way of worship week 1&2


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Islamic Way Of Worship
Basics of Islam & Fiqh
Jamia Masjid Al Madina
Waterloo Road
Imam Umar Manzoor

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Islamic way of worship week 1&2

  1. 1. Islamic Way Of Worship Basics of Islam & Fiqh Foundation Course Jamia Masjid Al Madina Middlesbrough Presentation Compiled by: Mansoor Hussain
  2. 2. Principles Of Islam <ul><li>Allah's Apostle said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles): </li></ul><ul><li>To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's final Messenger </li></ul><ul><li>To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly. </li></ul><ul><li>To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) . </li></ul><ul><li>To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca) </li></ul><ul><li>To observe fast during the month of Ramadan. </li></ul><ul><li>Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 2 :: Hadith 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Narrated by Ibn 'Umar: </li></ul>
  3. 3. Taharrah (Cleanliness) <ul><li>Almighty Allah says: </li></ul><ul><li>اللّٰهَ يُحِبُّ التَّوَّابِيۡنَ وَيُحِبُّ الۡمُتَطَهِّرِي </li></ul><ul><li>  Surely Allah loves those who repent and keep themselves clean. (Quran2:222) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Holy Prophet said: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cleanliness is half of imaan (faith). (Hadith-Darimi) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Be careful about urine since it will be the first think that a person will be asked about in the grave (Hadith-Tabranni) </li></ul>Taharrah (Cleanliness)
  5. 5. <ul><li>Tahaarah literally means cleanliness and in Shari'ah (Islamic Law) It refers to removal of ritual impurity and filth. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Cleanliness is of two kinds: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Minor Cleanliness and that is Wudu (Ablution) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Major cleanliness and that is Ghusl (Bathing) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>There is need of Wudu for minor Impurities and Ghusl for major impurities. </li></ul>Taharrah (Cleanliness)
  6. 6. <ul><li>There are three ways of achieving cleanliness : </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Washing with Water and that is the original source to achieve cleanliness. </li></ul><ul><li>Using the earth-dust (ie.Tayam-mum) when Water is not available or harmful for health. </li></ul><ul><li>Tanning and that is only for the skin of a corpse. </li></ul>Taharrah (Cleanliness)
  7. 7. <ul><li>Istinjaa is the cleaning of filth from private parts and surrounding areas with Water , Soft paper or Stones . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>It is major offence/disliked (Makrooh Tahreemi) to do istanjaa with something which is food or respectable according to Shari'ah like the right hand or anything that can harm the skin like glass or anything that is of benefit to man, jinn or animals like cotton, bones or grass. </li></ul>Istinjaa (Removing the filth)
  8. 8. <ul><li>It is recommended that you should enter the toilet with your Left foot first and opposite ( Right foot )when exiting(leaving) the toilet and should say the following: </li></ul><ul><li>اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْخُبُْثِ وَالْخَبَائِثِ </li></ul><ul><li>When Entering The Toilet </li></ul><ul><li>(I Seek Allah's protection from filth and evil spirits) </li></ul><ul><li>(Praise be to Allah who has removed harmful things from me and given me comfort) </li></ul><ul><li>When Leaving The Toilet </li></ul><ul><li>if someone wants to relieve themselves in the open/outdoor place you should try to find an isolated place out of the people's sight. You should not raise your garment until you are close to the ground (I.e to keep nakedness covered as much as possible) and red the Du'a I.e seeking protection from Shaitaan before being naked. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also very important that you should not recite the Quran, give response to a sallam or a sneeze when in this state. But only when essential (I.e warning a blind person of the danger of falling etc.) </li></ul>Some Rules Of Going To The Toilet
  9. 9. <ul><li>Almighty Allah (swt) says: </li></ul><ul><li>  ـاَيُّهَا الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اِذَا قُمۡتُمۡ اِلَى الصَّلٰوةِ فَاغۡسِلُوۡا وُجُوۡهَكُمۡ وَاَيۡدِيَكُمۡ اِلَى الۡمَرَافِقِ وَامۡسَحُوۡا بِرُءُوۡسِكُمۡ وَاَرۡجُلَكُمۡ اِلَى الۡـكَعۡبَيۡنِ‌ </li></ul><ul><li>“ O believers! When you stand for prayer wash you faces and hands to the elbows, wipe your head and wash your feet to the ankle.” (Qur'an 5:6) </li></ul>Wudu (Ablution)
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Holy Prophet said: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Almighty Allah does not accept the prayer of anyone of you if he is impure until he makes the Wudu” </li></ul><ul><li>(Hadith-Bukhari) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Wudu Literally means cleanliness and in Shari'ah it is washing of the three specified parts of the body and wiping the head </li></ul>Wudu (Ablution)
  11. 11. <ul><ul><li>There are three types of Wudu : </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FARD (Obligatory): Wudu is obligatory for performing of Sallah and touching the Quran </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Waajib ( Necessary ) Wudu is necessary for the circulation (round trip) of the Ka'bah. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Mustahabb ( Desirable ) : Wudu is recommended before going to sleep and before having an obligatory bath and fresh Wudu without necessity. </li></ul>Wudu (Ablution)
  12. 12. <ul><li>Method of Wudu </li></ul><ul><li>Declare the intention that the act is for the purpose of worship and purity, start by saying Bismillah. (Sunnah) </li></ul><ul><li>Wash the hands up to the wrists, three times. (Fard) </li></ul><ul><li>Rinse out the mouth with water, three times, preferably with a miswak as it is Sunnah </li></ul><ul><li>Cleanse the nostrils of the nose by sniffing water into them, three times. (clean with the left hand) </li></ul>Wudu (Ablution)
  13. 13. <ul><li>Method of Wudu </li></ul><ul><li>5. Wash the whole face three times with both hands, if possible, from the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin and from ear to ear. (Fard) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Wash the right arm three times up to the far end of the elbow, and then do the same with the left arm. (once is Fard thrice is Sunnah) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Wipe the whole head or any part of it with a wet hand, once. (quarter is Fard washing whole is Sunnah) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>8. Wipe the inner sides of the ears with the forefingers and their outer sides with the thumbs. This should be done with wet fingers. (Sunnah) </li></ul>Wudu (Ablution)
  14. 14. <ul><li>9 . Wash the two feet up to the ankles, three times, beginning with the right foot. (once is obligatory thrice is Sunnah) </li></ul><ul><li>It is desirable to recite the following upon completion of the Wudu: </li></ul><ul><li>(I Testify there is no God but Allah the only One Which is without any partner and I testify that Muhammad is his servant and Messenger. O Allah ! Make me amongst the repentant and make me amongst the clean) </li></ul>Wudu (Ablution)
  15. 15. <ul><li>At this stage the ablution is completed, and the person who has performed it is ready to start his prayer. When the ablution is valid a person may keep it as long as he can, and may use it for as many prayers as he wishes. But it is preferable to renew it as often as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also preferable to do it in the said order, although it will be accepted from those who fail to keep this order. Ablution in the said way is sufficient for prayer unless it is any reason. </li></ul>Wudu (Ablution)
  16. 16. <ul><li>The ablution becomes nullified by any of the following; </li></ul><ul><li>Natural discharges, i.e., urine, stools, gas, etc.  </li></ul><ul><li>The flow of blood or pus and the like from any part of the body;  </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting;  </li></ul><ul><li>Falling asleep;  </li></ul><ul><li>Losing one's reason by taking drugs or any intoxicating stuff. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>After the occurrence of any of these things the ablution must be renewed for prayer. Also, after natural discharges, water should be applied because the use of toilet tissues may not be sufficient for the purpose of purity and worship. </li></ul>Nullification of the Ablution
  17. 17. <ul><li>Almighty Allah Says: </li></ul><ul><li>If you are in the state of major impurity then bathe yourself </li></ul><ul><li>(Qu’ran 5-6) </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl (Bathing) Literally means to pour water on the body. According to Shari’ah it is the washing of the whole body with purifying water as specified by Shari’ah. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three types of Ghusl: </li></ul><ul><li>Obligatory, Sunnah and Recommendatory </li></ul>Ghusl
  18. 18. <ul><li>Obligatory: </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl becomes obligatory in the following events; </li></ul><ul><li>Ejaculation of Semen from both man and woman in a state of lust whether in sleep or a awaking </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Intercourse </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of menstrual and postnatal bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Sunnah </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl for Jummah Prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl for two Eid Prayers </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl before wearing the Ihraam for Hajj and Umrah </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl for staying at Arafaat. </li></ul>Ghusl
  19. 19. <ul><li>3. Recommendatory </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Ghusl are numerous like; </li></ul><ul><li>After one has recovered from unconciousness. </li></ul><ul><li>For entering Makkah Mukarramah </li></ul><ul><li>For entering Madina Munawwarah </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl after cupping. </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl for him who has washed a dead body. </li></ul><ul><li>When a Kaffir (unbeliever) becomes a Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl on the night of Al-Qadr (27 th Ramadaan) and Al-Baraa’ah (15 th Sha’baan) </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl for the prayer for Solar and Lunar eclipse and seeking rain. </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl for wearing new clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Ghusl after doing repentance. </li></ul>Ghusl
  20. 20. <ul><li>Obligatory Aspects Of Ghusl </li></ul><ul><li>The Following three things must be done in Ghusl (i.e for major ritual impurity, mensuration and post-natal bleeding) </li></ul><ul><li>Rinsing vigorously and gargling </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning the nostrils with water and taking water up to the soft part. </li></ul><ul><li>Washing the whole body such that not a single hair or any part of body remains dry. Otherwise the Ghusl will be invalid </li></ul>Ghusl
  21. 21. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>If the woman’s hair are braided she need not open the hair as long as the roots of the hair becomes wet and if her hair is not braided it is obligatory that her hair becomes wet totally. </li></ul><ul><li>As Far as the man is concerned all his hair must be washed totally and if his hair are braided he has to open them. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunnah’s of Ghusl are the same as the Sunnah’s of Wudu </li></ul><ul><li>Important that you should not face the Qibla in the naked state (if wearing some clothes then it does not matter) and not utter specified Du’as because the water which after use has become impure </li></ul>Ghusl
  22. 22. <ul><li>How To Perform Ghusl </li></ul><ul><li>First of all one should urinate and remove any physical filth that may be on the body </li></ul><ul><li>Then make the intention to perform Ghusl for achieving purity. </li></ul><ul><li>Then Wash Hands thrice to wrists and do Istinjaa </li></ul><ul><li>Then Make Wudu as for prayer except for the feet until the end if you are standing in the water. </li></ul><ul><li>Then wash the body starting from the top and then the right shoulder and then the left. </li></ul><ul><li>And one should be scrubbing simultaneously to ensure that all the body is thoroughly washed </li></ul>Ghusl