Color harmony


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Color harmony

  1. 1. Color Harmonies Leila Lee Mitchell Color Schemes• Scheme / Palette = selection of specific base hues• Vary these hues through value, intensity, proportion• Goal = Harmony Leila Lee Mitchell 1
  2. 2. Color Schemes• Simple Harmonies• Opposing / Contrasting Harmonies• Balanced Color Harmonies Leila Lee Mitchell Simple HarmoniesAchromatic• Use of Black, white, or very low saturated hue. Leila Lee Mitchell 2
  3. 3. Simple HarmoniesMonochromatic• Use of a single hue with varying values and saturation. Leila Lee Mitchell Simple HarmoniesAnalogous• Color Family• Beside each other on a color wheel• Includes same hue. Leila Lee Mitchell 3
  4. 4. Simple HarmoniesAnalogous Leila Lee Mitchell Contrasting HarmoniesComplementary• Perfectly balanced• Opposite in the color wheel.• Distinctive Strengths: – V+Y = wide value range – R+G = extreme agitation – O+B = wide temperature Leila Lee Mitchell 4
  5. 5. Contrasting HarmoniesWarm / Cool• 4 hues = neighboring pair of warm and cool• Cool = V ⇒ G• Warm = R ⇒ Y• Either way = RV & YG depending on what it is paired with Leila Lee Mitchell Contrasting HarmoniesDouble Complementary• More structured than Warm/Cool• 2 adjacent complementary pairs = 4 hue contrasting scheme Leila Lee Mitchell 5
  6. 6. Contrasting HarmoniesSplit Complementary• 3 hues• 2 = surrounding colors of a complement• Can also be considered as a Balanced Color Harmony Leila Lee Mitchell Balanced HarmoniesTriad• Color Chords• Equilateral Triangle in color circle• High Hue variety and balanced. Leila Lee Mitchell 6
  7. 7. Balanced HarmoniesTriad Leila Lee Mitchell Balanced HarmoniesTetrad• Balanced 4 Hue Scheme• Square or rectangle within color wheel• High Hue Variety and Flexibility. Leila Lee Mitchell 7
  8. 8. Balanced HarmoniesTetrad Leila Lee Mitchell Keyed Color HarmonyColor Keys• describe a range of value and saturation• A palette can be created with all the same value or saturation keys. Leila Lee Mitchell 8
  9. 9. Additional Color Harmonies• Simple: Variation of 2-4 hues• High and Low Saturation: all high or low saturation hues• Neutral with accents: Achromatic with 1 or 2 accent strong hue• Light and Dark Value: hues keyed to same value• Limited Hue Saturation: 1-3 hues + greys (tones)• Chromatic Gradation: pure hues + gradation between• Value Gradation: 2-4 hues + light to dark value variations Leila Lee Mitchell Color Harmony in Art & Design Leila Lee Mitchell 9
  10. 10. Analogous Scheme withPhenomena Shield and Green touches of ComplementaryPaul Jenkins, 1969 color Leila Lee Mitchell Tetrad SchemeEmile Nolde, 1969 Leila Lee Mitchell 10
  11. 11. Complementary SchemeAIGA Atlanta Big Night PosterTed Fabella, 1969 Leila Lee Mitchell Monochromatice SchemeTwo Little Circus Girls with touches of achromatic forAuguste Renoir, 1879 emphasis Leila Lee Mitchell 11
  12. 12. Chromatic Gradation,Kansas City Events Posters Analogous, Triad SchemesJon Muller Leila Lee Mitchell Monochromatic SchemeThoughts of SummerRobert Lazuka, 1999 Leila Lee Mitchell 12
  13. 13. Analogous SchemeKa-ching.comWebsite Leila Lee Mitchell Complementary SchemeTitler.comWebsite Leila Lee Mitchell 13
  14. 14. Split-ComplementarySpring in the Chateau du Repas SchemeNoriyoshi Ishigooka, 1987 Leila Lee Mitchell Varying SchemesHafele America Company AdsCharlie Elberson Leila Lee Mitchell 14
  15. 15. Varying SchemesBriarwood Mall BillboardsPerich & Partners Leila Lee Mitchell Resources Color Workbook Becky Koenig Minimal Graphics Catherine Fishel Art Fundamentals Ocvirk, Stinson, Wigg, Bone Launching the Imagination Mary Stewart Fresh Styles for Web Designers Curt Cloninger Leila Lee Mitchell 15