Social and Ethical Implication of Intelligent Machine


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Social and Ethical Implication of Intelligent Machine

  1. 1. <ul><li>SOCIAL AND EHICAL IMPLICATIONS OF INTELLIGENT MACHINES </li></ul>Ismaila B.T. & Wahyudi M. Intelligent Mechatronics Research Group(IMRG),Mechatronics Engineering Department,IIUM
  2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Developments in IM </li></ul><ul><li>Social Implications </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical Implications </li></ul><ul><li>Precautionary Measures and Recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>Presentation Overview
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent machines/robots are referred to as mechanical systems/devices capable of mimic the unique characteristics of human reasoning , and as a result able to assist human being independently/dependently in performing basic tasks of life. </li></ul><ul><li>How intelligent is intelligent machine remains unresolved among the researchers, Weak AI vs Strong AI as reported in the literatures. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact and History: </li></ul><ul><li>The fact is that scientists have been able to envisioned the possibility of human-like machine capable of not only mimic human been but also replacing man in the execution of basic life activities. </li></ul>
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION :Cont. <ul><li>Historically, this dream is actively dated back to 1200 and 1800 AD with the Ismail Al-Jazari and Leonardo Da Vinci been the leading pioneers of what is now being referred to as humanoid robots. </li></ul><ul><li>The Concerns: Why? </li></ul><ul><li>1.The rate of development and achievements in the fields of AI (artificial intelligent) and Mechatronics/Robotics Engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Huge resources both human and materials been expended on the actualization of the dream </li></ul><ul><li>3.The general interest of the people,(films, games and entertainment) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>To take an overview of the present and envisioned future state of intelligent- human like-machines </li></ul><ul><li>To identify the major ethical and social implications. </li></ul><ul><li>To identify the challenges and possible precautionary ways that could be engineered to maximize its benefits and minimize its harms. </li></ul>OBJECTIVES:
  6. 6. <ul><li>Consultants and Personal assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Expert systems: Medical, Legal,educational,etc </li></ul><ul><li>Unmanned Vehicles: </li></ul><ul><li>- e.g. UACV,Standford Roadrunner </li></ul><ul><li>Shown at Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency </li></ul><ul><li>(DARPA) 2005 Grand Challenge robot race </li></ul><ul><li>“… Able to weave through congested city traffic without human </li></ul><ul><li>help.” </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic Robots: for household jobs, </li></ul><ul><li>Hotel Services etc </li></ul>DEVELOPMENTS AND APPLICATIONS
  7. 7. DEVELOPMENTS AND APPLICATIONS CONT <ul><li>Entertainment: dancing and games </li></ul><ul><li>From Sexdoll to Sexbot (humanoid) </li></ul><ul><li>(intelligent robot prostitutes) </li></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><li>IM for production and manufacturing processes: car production, painting, welding etc </li></ul><ul><li>Driverless Train e.t.c </li></ul>
  8. 8. SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS <ul><ul><li>At Home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Negative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brings comfort and relief Lost of basic home-based skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide time for family affairs Dependency on machine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weakened family interactions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At Social and Political Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase productivity at minimum cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement in quality of services: at market, transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better and safe sexual enjoyment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security and Defense </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Social Implications Cont . <ul><ul><li>Negative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment: especially at middle and lower skills level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dehumanizing effects of Machine dependency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social isolation and Fragmentation - self-dependency – egoism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Displacement of human sex workers by sexbot, to do what? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military Misuse </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS <ul><ul><li>Machine Responsibility and Machine Right : Punishment and awards; should man hand over control over their affairs to an AI machines? And by implication, should the AI machines also posses the right and duties of all citizen? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical- decision making: case of incomplete information!; the differences in ethical concepts- the ethical believe of the programmer! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scenario: a runaway trolley/train amidst two opposing options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical and moral implication of sexbot: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.“will the robot prostitutes become subject to legal restriction that apply to human sex workers”? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Religiously, is it to be view as fornication or adultery? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. PREACAUTIONARY MEASURES AND RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Identification and preservation of essential skills at family level- challenges to the parents!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanism to address the possible mass displacement of Labors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>--Challenges to the Government (especially of developing Nations) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>E.g .: Redefinition of concept of works and labor categorization to cater for those at middle and lower skills level </li></ul><ul><li>Re-evaluation of Educational curriculum at all level to prepare future generations ahead of time. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g . Mental Preparedness, Creation of personality with Robust characters vis the velocity of change </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of ethical values into programming and Teaching of Software Engineering </li></ul>
  12. 12. PREACAUTIONARY MEASURES AND RECOMMENDATIONS Cont.’ <ul><li>Expansion of the fields of ethics to cater fully for Machine ethics and Man-Machine relationships </li></ul><ul><li>The Religious Scholars should rise up to provide adequate pro-active responses to some of the aforementioned ethical issues, and the information be made available for public consumption </li></ul><ul><li>There should be continuous re-evaluation of the state of development and necessary implications </li></ul>
  13. 13. CONCLUSION <ul><ul><li>Unlike other emerging technologies like nanotechnology, the road-path towards the emergence of strong AI is full of numerous obstacles and challenges. But the present achievements and ongoing interest in the fields call for a proactive steps in addressing it eventual consequences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is clear from the foregoing presentation and the past experiences that we may not be able to prevent a new technology-just like the upcoming age of intelligent machines- from being invented, but as human being we do have control over whether to adopt it or not. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are in the best position to make an informed decision on how to make, and use the technology to maximize its benefits and minimize its harms. </li></ul></ul>