未来的美国图书馆

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未来的美国图书馆

  1. 1. 未来的美国图书馆<br />ALA信息政策办公室报告<br />
  2. 2. Claude Levi-Strauss (1908-2009)<br />
  3. 3. hot societies<br />
  4. 4. About the report<br />ALA’s Office for Information Technology Policy在2008年成立了Program on America’s Libraries for the 21st Century。目的是探索美国图书馆未来发展的所有方面,并且为图书馆社区及利益相关者提供指南。<br />2010.2公布报告:《查看未来:图书馆社区对于信息技术和21世纪的图书馆的观点》(Checking Out the Future: Perspectives from the Library Community on Information Technology and 21st-Century Libraries)<br />
  5. 5. 方法和范围<br />方法:文献研究<br />范围:大学图书馆、中小学图书馆以及公共图书馆<br />
  6. 6. 核心主题<br />技术改变了传统的信息形式。<br />数字化改变了信息的检索和使用。<br />新的信息过程正在改变图书馆、图书馆服务和图书馆员。<br />图书馆的未来在于协作。<br />
  7. 7. Technologies<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Books<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Digitalization and …<br />
  15. 15. Literacy<br />Literacy@Wikipedia: “Literacyis typically described as the ability to read and write.”<br />Internet literacy, technology literacy, multimedia literacy…<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Game as a media<br />Video games are a media unto themselves.<br />“The library profession needs experts in this media, just as we have experts in other media (like books and films).” – 8bitlibrary.com: Game-as-Media & the need for professional reviews<br />
  18. 18. “Digital learners will “read” multimedia information as text and image. Literacy will include the ability to multitask, to navigate through different streams of information in addition to processing text… If libraries are to remain central to education processes, their literacy services and programs must evolve to meet the needs of the new digital learners.”– Report: pp. 6-7.<br />
  19. 19. Mobile Computing<br />移动设备会取代个人电脑么?<br />电话、媒体播放器和运算设备的趋合。<br />“digital nomads”@Wikipedia: A digital nomad is someone who leverages technology and the internet to work remotely—from home, the coffee shop, internet cafe, or even to collaborate remotely with teams anywhere in the world. <br />
  20. 20. Seeing the Picture: Mobile Library Catalogs<br />
  21. 21. New Information Processes<br />
  22. 22. 数字资源的挑战<br />资源的出版、发行模式的改变。<br />对于图书馆的挑战:<br />图书馆的职责得到加强而非削弱?<br />元数据的问题:<br />
  23. 23. Espresso<br />
  24. 24. Library Spaces<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. Lib as community centers<br />“This notion is a more evolved version of what is seen today: libraries increasingly emphasizing their role as community centers with creative spaces suitable for a number of activities, only one of which is seeking and accessing information.” – Report: pp. 11.<br />
  27. 27. Library as…<br />传统的图书、期刊阅览<br />免费互联网的接入点<br />网络咖啡厅<br />游戏站<br />社区学习中心<br />游戏站<br />艺术工作室(美术、戏剧、录音、电视……)<br />健身房<br />活动室<br />……<br />
  28. 28. Example of Library of Syracuse University<br />“This freed up our beautiful library space to be used in a new way, and allowed us to rethink how a library for a 21st-century secondary school might be constituted. Some have mistakenly supposed that Cushing’s decision was intended to cut costs, but, quite the contrary, this was an investment of expanded resources to provide a new model of a learning commons at the center of an educational community.”– James Tracy<br />
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  30. 30. “In its mutating role as urban hangout, meeting place and arbiter of information, the public library seems far from spent. This has less to do with the digital world—or the digital word—than with the age-old need for human contact.”– WitoldRybczynski.<br />
  31. 31. We need COLLABORATION!<br />
  32. 32. “As libraries struggle to stay up to par in the 21st century, our minds stray to technology. But, collaboration...that’s the 21st-century skill that’s needed most.”– Mary Chute, Deputy Director, Library Services, Institute of Museum and Library Services.<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. content creation<br />
  35. 35. 图书馆和其他机构的合作<br />图书馆和读者的合作<br />图书馆之间的合作<br />……<br />
  36. 36. Conclusions of the report<br />As technology goes on, libraries must evolve their philosophies, missions, and processes.<br />The implementation of technological advances is accomplished most effectively by determining user needs.<br />By embracing the possibilities of the 21st century, librarians can ensure the relevance and value of the services they and their institutions provide.<br />
  37. 37. One personal thought<br />Death of the library?<br />
  38. 38. Discussions<br />

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