An Explanation of the Last Tenth of the Noble Qur'an Also with Crucial Matters in Life of a Muslim
1 A KEY TO THE ARABIC LETTERS Symbol Used The shape of the letters if they are Arabic Letter Name in English connected with other letters or Mark Text In the beginning In the beginning In the beginning NA NA / / / NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA ž / / / NA NA (as vowel) (as vowel) This appears in three forms : 1) on a line, 2) by itself, 3) on an alif A kasrah I U shaddah doubled letter sukoon absence of vowel
2 The Virtues of Reciting Qur’an The Qur’an is the word of Allah. The superiority of the Qur’an over the wordsof His creation is like the superiority of Allah Himself over His creation. Themovement of the tongue in reciting the Qur’an is the best action that the tonguemay ever perform. There are many virtues in teaching and reciting the Qur’an, some ofwhich are the following : The reward of teaching : The Prophet () said: “The best of you arethose who learn the Quran and teach it” (al-Bukhari). The reward of reciting : The Prophet () said: “Whoever reads oneletter of the book of Allah will be rewarded for it with a good reward, and thisgood reward will be increased tenfold.” (at-Tirmidhi). The reward of learning the Qur’an, memorizing it and being skillful inits recitation : The Prophet () said: “The one who reads the Qur’an whilehaving previously memorized it is with the noble dutiful angels, and the one whorecites the Quran while it is difficult for him will receive two rewards. ” (al-Bukhari and Muslim) He also said: “It will be said (in Paradise) to the recitor ofthe Qur’an who acted upon its teachings: read, ascend, and beautify as you didin your worldly life, for indeed your level is that equal to your last verse.” (at-Tirmidhi). Al-Khattaabi said : It has been mentioned in a narration that the number oflevels in Paradise is equal to the number of verses of the Qur’an, so it will be saidto the recitor : ascend as many levels as the number of verses you used to recite ofthe Quran. Those who recited the entire Qur’an will rise to the highest level inParadise in the Hereafter, and those who recited part of it will ascend accordingly,until their reward is equal to the last verse of their recitation. The reward for teaching the Qur’an to one’s children : The Prophet() said: “One who reads the Qur’an, learns it, and acts upon it will place uponhis parents a crown of light as brilliant as the sun. He will clothe them withcloaks that are more valuable than this whole world. They will ask: ‘Why are wemade to wear this garment [of honor]? It will be said to them: ‘Due to theimportance your child paid to the Quran’ ” (al-Haakim). Intercession of the Qur’an for its recitor in the Hereafter : The Prophet() said: “Recite the Qur’an, for it will intercede for its companions on the Dayof Resurrection.” (Muslim). He () also said: “A slave’s fasting and recitationof the Qur’an will intercede for him on the Day of Resurrection.” (Ahmad). The reward of those who congregate for the recitation and study of theQur’an : The Prophet () said: “No people gather in a house of the houses ofAllah [mosques], reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves,except that tranquility descends upon them, mercy covers them, the angelssurround them, and Allah mentions them to those in His company.” (Abu Dawud).
3 The Etiquette of Reciting the Qur’an : Ibn Katheer mentioned some ofthese etiquettes, and among them are the following : One should neither recite nor touch the Qur’an except in a state of purification. One should use Siwak to clean his teeth before recitation. One should wear his best clothes. One should face the direction of prayer (Qiblah). One should pause his recitation when yawning. One should not interrupt his recitation and speak, except if necessary. One should be attentive to what he is reciting. One should pause at a verse mentioning reward and ask Allah for that reward. One should pause at a verse mentioning punishment and seek refuge in Allah from that punishment. One should not leave the Qur’an opened, nor place anything on it. One should not raise his voice when reciting to the extent that he confuses other adjacent recitors. One should not recite in marketplaces and places of distracting noise. The Manner of Recitation : When Anas () was asked about the recitationof the Prophet (), he said: “He would elongate it, so when he read ‘Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem’, he would elongate Allah, ar-Rahman, and ar-Raheem.” (al-Bukhari). Multiplication of Reward : Every person who recites the Qur’an purely forAllah’s sake will receive reward, but this reward is multiplied if the recitation isaccompanied with attentiveness, contemplation and understanding of what is beingrecited. If it is done in this manner, each recited letter will be multiplied from tento seven hundred times. Daily Recitation : The companions of the Prophet () would recite theQur’an daily, and none of them would make a habit of reciting the whole Qur’an inless than a week. Rather, they were prohibited from reciting it in less than threedays. Thus my dear brothers and sisters, spend your time in reciting the Qur’an. Setyourself a fixed amount to recite daily, and do not leave it no matter what happens,since a small amount recited regularly is better than a large amount recitedoccasionally. If you forget or fall asleep, make up that recitation on the next day, asthe Prophet () said: “Whoever falls asleep and fails to recite his portion of theQur’an, or part of it, and then recites it between the Fajr and Žuhr prayer of thefollowing day, it will be written for him as if he read it at night” (Muslim). Do not be of those who neglect the Qur’an or forget it in any way, such asfailing to read it, recite it, not contemplating its meanings, not putting its teachingsinto action or not seeking the cure of illnesses by it.