bia,dï ms<sn|jflá wjfndaOhlgrEms; uÕfmkaùula
17   fuu .%ka:fha��bx.%Sis��mßj¾:kh wka;¾cd,fhka lshùu i|yd;a"   bia,duh ms<sn|j jeä úia;r i|yd;a" tys��uqøs; msgm;a i|yd;...
mru ohdnr" wiuiu lreKjka; foúhkajykafiaaf.a kdufhkA wdrïN lrñ           bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg                  rEm...
m%ldYk whs;shm%ldYk whs;sh © 1997, 1996 I. A. Abu-Harb.       m%ldYlf.a ,sÅ; wjirh ksis mßÈ fkd,nd fuu m%ldYkfha lsisÿfldg...
mgqk      1                               mgqkud;Dldj                                                           msgqjfmrjo...
2 mgqk                             3 mßÉfþohbia,duh ms<sn| idudkH f;dr;=re                                      45bia,duh ...
3                                     fmrjok         fuu .%ka:h bia,dï oyu i|yd flá uÕfmkaùuls fuh mßÉfPo;=klska iukaú; fj...
44 w,a l=¾wdkfhys wkd.; isÿùï ms<sn|j i|yka lr we;s jdlHhka miqld,Skj  ieneùu  w,a l=¾wdkfhys" wkd.;fha§ isÿjk isÿùï f,i i...
^1& w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|yka úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka   5                            1 mßÉfþoh      bia,dufhys i;H;djh i|yd idol ...
6 A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka       ñka Tíng is;d ne¨jfyd;a wo Èk úoHd;aulj fidhd.;a we;eïlreKq .fõYKh lr.ka...
A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka             701 rEmhñksia l<, úlikfha w,la wjia:dj yd l+ve,af,l= w;r we;s iudkd;...
8    A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka       w,ldya ys ;=kajk w¾:h zzreêr leáhZZ hkakhs fuys§ l<,fha ndysrfmkqu yd...
A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 905 rEmh(uqoa.dya wjêfha we;s l<,hlPdhdrEmh ^Èk 28la jhie;s& fuuwjêfha§ l<,h imk...
10 A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkayeï iy ,shqjekafydla (Hamm & Leeuwenhoek) ñksia Y=l%dKq ffi, ms<snouq,skau ksÍ...
B l÷ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka             11fhdackd lrk ,o l%uh ir,h tfiau mq¿,ah tmuKla fkdj th j¾;udkl<, úoHd;aul oekqu ;y...
12 B l÷ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka9 rEmh.eUqre uq,a mej;Sufya;=fjka   l÷j,gl+x{ yevhla ,eîwe;af;a flfia oehsfmkajk ;j;a rEmigy...
B l÷ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka     13fmdf<dfjka1 Wvg u;= ù wmg fmfkk l÷j, Wi m%udKh fuka lsysm .=KhlaúYd,h tneúka fuu f;dr;=r...
14 C. úYajfha iïNjh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkaC. úYajfha iïNjh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka       kùk wcgdldYúoHdfjys ksÍËKj,g yd kH...
C. úYajfha iïNjh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 1510 rEmhjdhq yd ¥ú,s j,djla uÕska kj;dreldjla ^fkìHq,djla& iïNjhjk wdldrh fuys oe...
16 D. uia;sIalh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkatfiau Tyq fufiao mejiSh —oekg jir tlaoyia ydrishhlg fmr isá kHIaálfN!;sl úµdj ms<sn|...
E. id.r yd .x.d ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 1712 rEmh ( uia;sIal ndyslfhys jï uia;sIal w¾Of.da,fhys l%shdldÍ fmfoihs fïuia;sIal...
18 E. id.r yd .x.d ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkafuu .eUqf¾§ uOHOrŒ c,h iu;=,s;;djhg m;afõ 1 ^ 13 rEmh n,kak&13 rEmhuqyqÿ tlsfklg ...
E. id.r yd .x.d ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 19w,a l=¾wdkfhys ñßÈh yd lrÈh fjka lsÍu .ek l;d lrk úg" fnÿïl,dmhla .ek l;d l<;a uq...
20 F. .eUqre uqyqo yd wNHka;r ;rx. ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkaF. .eUqre uqyqo yd wNHka;r ;rx. ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkafoúhkajykaf...
F. .eUqre uqyqo yd wNHka;r ;rx. ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 21iíueÍk fyda úfYaIs; WmlrKj, iydh fkdue;sj ñksidg óg¾ 40lg jvdjeä ...
22 G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka.eUqre c,fhys >k;ajh" thg by<ska we;s c,fhys >k;ajhg jvd jeä neúkauqyqÿ yd id.rj, we;s ...
G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka       2318 rEmhËs;sch wdikak-fha msysá j,dl=¿talrdYSjkm%foaYhla      lrdmdùhk          l=...
24 G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka3&tlu; tl f.dv.eiSul=vd j,dl=¿ tlsfkl tl;=ù iEfok tu úYd, j,dl=< ;=< by<g we;s flfrkf;r...
G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka       2521 rEmhleá jeys j,dl=<ls fï (A Colour Guide to Clouds, Scorer and Wexler, msgqj 2...
26 G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkaby; mßÉfþoh uÕska wm ;=< m%YaKhla u;= lrhs ysu leg jeis i,ld n,kúg tys —úÿ<s flàu˜ f,i ...
H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia   27H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾h...
28 H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyiauydpd¾h m¾fidaâ Tyqf.a .%ka: iuyrl w,a l=¾wdka...
H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia   29—fuu yÈia ^ jla;D uqyïuoa      ;=ud úiska mj...
30 H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia4&     wdpd¾h ú,shï jhs fya (Dr. William W. Ha...
H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia   31tkï" ÿf¾Ëhka fhdodf.k wm yg ksÍËKh l, yelafl...
32 ^2& Y=oaOjQ w,a l=¾wdkfhys wvx.= mßÉfþohkag iudk jk tla mßÉfþohla ks¾udKh    lsÍu i|yd mj;sk úYd, wNsfhda.h            ...
^3& bia,dufhys jla;DjrhdKka jk uqyïuoa ;=udf.a my< úu ms<sn|j nhsn,fha                                                    ...
34 ^3& bia,dufhys jla;DjrhdKka jk uqyïuoa ;=udf.a my< úu ms<sn|j nhsn,fha    i|yka wkdjels(1 fudaiia jeks jla;Djrfhla úh h...
^4& w,a l=¾wdkfhys wkd.; isÿùï ms<sn|j i|yka lr we;s jdlHka miq                                                         ld...
36    ^5& uqyïuoa ;=ud úiska fmkajk ,o m%d;syd¾hhka±ka wm b;sydifhys fuu hqoaOhka ms<sn|j mejfikafka fudkjd±hs n,uqHistory...
^6& uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ir< Èú fmfj;   37             ^6& uqyïuoa             ;=udKkaf.a ir< Èú fmfj;         uqyïuoa    ;=...
38 ^6& uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ir< Èú fmfj;t;=udf.a ¥; fufyjr wrUd jir oy wglg miqj uqia,sïjreka ch.%dylhkanjg m;a jQ kuq;a jla...
^6& uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ir< Èú fmfj; 39fï ish,a, fjkqfjka Tjqka t;=udKkaf.ka tla fldkafoaishla muKlan,dfmdfrd;a;= jqy tkï" ...
40 ^7& bia,dufha wdYap¾hu;a j¾Okh                        ^7& bia,dufha wdYap¾hu;a j¾Okhfuu mßÉfþoh wjidkfha§ bia,dufhys i;...
^1& iodld,sl jQ iaj¾.h lrd we;s fodrgqjhs 41                                    2 mßÉfþoh              bia,dufhka ,efnk m%...
42 ^2& ksrfhys .skafkka ñ§fï ud¾.hhs™—wdoïf.a mq;Kqjks" Tn flÈkl fyda lsishï mSvdjla w;aú| ;sfío@ TnflÈkl fyda lsishï ÿ#Å;...
^3& ksrfhys .skafkka ñ§fï ud¾.hhs 43        jla;D uqyïuoa    ;=udKka mejiQ wdldrhg¦ ™ úksYaph Èkfha§ .skakg^ksrhg& kshu lr...
44 ^4& fmr isÿ lrk ,o ish¿ mõ j,g iudjbia,duh je<|.;a mqoa.,hkaf.a ;;= ú;a;s ms<sn|j wOHkh lsÍu i|ydwww.islam-guide.com/st...
bia,dï hkq l=ulao@ bia,dufhys uQ,sl úYajdihka lsysmhla 45                              3 mßÉfþoh            bia,duh ms<n|j...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga ...
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A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga Penvemak

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A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga Penvemak
Sinhala (Sinhalese)

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A brief illustrated guide to understanding Islam ( Sinhala language ) Islam pilibandhava Keti Avabodhayakata Rupitha Maga Penvemak

  1. 1. bia,dï ms<sn|jflá wjfndaOhlgrEms; uÕfmkaùula
  2. 2. 17 fuu .%ka:fha��bx.%Sis��mßj¾:kh wka;¾cd,fhka lshùu i|yd;a" bia,duh ms<sn|j jeä úia;r i|yd;a" tys��uqøs; msgm;a i|yd;a msúfikak www.islam-guide.com isxy,� mßj¾:kh ms<sn|j úuiSu i|yd�ezahidh@yahoo.com iïnkao��lr .kakbÈßmi msg ljrhuq¿ f,dalfha isák ñ,shklg;a wêl uqia,sï ck;dj tlg tla ù ulalumsysá uiaðÿ,a yrï ys foaj keuÿfuys ksr; ùumsgqmi msg ljrhuoSkdfõ msysá jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a foajia:dkh
  3. 3. mru ohdnr" wiuiu lreKjka; foúhkajykafiaaf.a kdufhkA wdrïN lrñ bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula fojk ixialrKh I A bnrdySï m%Odk ixialrKh úoHd ixialrKh Dr. William (Daoud) Peachy Professor Harold Stewart KuofiMichael (Abdul-Hakim) Thomas Professor F. A. State Tony (Abu-Khaliyl) Sylvester Professor Mahjoub O. Taha Professor Ahmad Allam Idris Palmer Professor Salman Sultan Jamaal Zarabozo Associate Professor H. O. Sindi Ali AlTimimi bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  4. 4. m%ldYk whs;shm%ldYk whs;sh © 1997, 1996 I. A. Abu-Harb. m%ldYlf.a ,sÅ; wjirh ksis mßÈ fkd,nd fuu m%ldYkfha lsisÿfldgila l=uk wdldrhlska fyda l=uk l%uhlska bf,lafg%dkslj"hdka;%kslj" Pdhdmsgm;a u.ska iïfma%IKh iy Ndú;h ms‚i lsishïmoaO;shl igyka lsÍu yd .nvdlr ;eîu imqrd ;ykïh kej; uqøKh i|yd fuu .%ka:h kej; uqøKh yd kej; m%;sksIamdokh i|yd lsisÿfjkila yd ixl,kh lsÍula fkdfldg l< yel ;;;Ajfhka WiiauqøKh i|yd fkdñf,a mß.Kl msgm; ,nd.ekSug ezahidh@yahoo.comiïnkao lr .kak fuu .%ka:fha fjí wvúh fuu .%ka:fha �bx.%Sis� mßj¾:kh yd bia,duh ms<sn| jeä úia;r i|yd msúfikak www.islam-guide.comfojk ixialrKhLibrary of Congress Catalog Card Number: 97-67654ISBN: 9960-34-011-2 isxy, mßj¾:kh tï tï t*a uqiañrd B.Sc Special (Hons) wu;r mßj¾:k iy�� msgq� ieliqu t*a zilshd fmf¾rdPublished by Darussalam, Publishers and Distributors, Houston, Texas, USA Conveying Islamic Message Society P.O.Box 834-Alex-Egypt www.islamic-message.net info_en@islamic-message.net bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  5. 5. mgqk 1 mgqkud;Dldj msgqjfmrjok 03 1 mßÉfþohbia,dufhys i;H;djh i|yd idol lsysmhla 0501 w,a l=¾wdkfha i|yka úoHd;aul m%d;sydrhka 05 A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 06 B. l÷ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 11 C. úYajfha iïnjh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 14 D. uia;sIalh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 16 E. id.r yd .x.d ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 17 F. .eUqre uqyqo yd wNHka;r ;rx. ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 20 G. j<dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 20 H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|yka úoHd;aul m%d;sydrhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia 2703 bia,dufhys jla;Djrhd jk uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a my<ùu ms<sn|j nhsn,fha i|yka wkdjels 3304 w,a l=¾wdkfhys wkd.; isÿùï ms<sn|j i|yka lr we;s jdlHhkaa miqld,Skj ieneúka isÿùu 3505 uqyïuoa ;=udKka úiska fmkajk ,o m%d;sydrhka 3606 uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ir, osúfmj; 3607 bia,dufhys wdYap¾hu;a j¾Okh 40 2 mßÉfþohbia,dufhka ,efnk m%;s,dN iuyrla 4101 iodld,sl jQ iaj¾.h lrd we;s fodrgqjhs 4102 ksrfha .skafkka ñ§fï ud¾.hhs 4203 ienE ika;DIaáh yd wOHd;añl iduh 4304 fmr isÿlrk ,o ish¿ mõ j,g iudj 44 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  6. 6. 2 mgqk 3 mßÉfþohbia,duh ms<sn| idudkH f;dr;=re 45bia,duh hkq l=ulao@ 45bia,dóh uQ,sl úYajdihka lsysmhla 45 01 foúhkajykafia ms<sn|j úYajdi lsÍu 45 02 foaj ¥;hska ms<sn|j úYajdi lsÍu 45 03 foúhkajykafia úiska fy<s orjq lrk ,o mqia;lhka ms<sn|j úYajdi lsÍu 47 04 foúhkajykafiaf.a m‚úvlrejka yd jla;Djreka ms<sn|j úYajdi lsÍu 48 05 úksYaph Èkh ms<sn|j úYajdi lsÍu 48 06 w,A loa¾ ms<sn|j úYajdi lsÍu 49w,a l=¾wdkh yer fjk;a Y=oaO jQ m%Njhka lsisjla ;sfío@ 49uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a m%ldYhka i|yd WodyrKhkA 49úksIaph Èkh ms<sn|j bia,duh mjikafka l=ulao@ 50hï mqoa.,fhl= uqia,ïjrfhl= jkafka flfiao@ 52l=¾wdkh l=ula ms<sn|jo@ 53uqyïuoa kï jQ jlA;Djrhd ljqrekao@ 54bia,dufha jHdma;sh úoHdfõ ÈhqKqjg n,mdk ,oafoa flfiao@ 55uqia,sïjreka l%sia;=iA jykafia ms<sn|j is;kqfha l=ulao@ 56;%ia;jdoh ms<sn|j bia,duh l=ula mjihso@ 58bia,dufhys udkj ysñlï yd idOrK;ajh 60bia,dufhys ldka;djkaf.a ;;ajh l=ulao@ 62bia,duh ;=< mjq, 62uqia,sïjreka jeäysáhkag i,lkafka flfiao@ 63bia,dufhys l=¿Kq my fudkjdo@ 63 01 foaj úYajdih ms<sn|j idËsh 63 02 keu§u 64 03 ild;a §u ^È<skaokag Wmldr lsÍu& 64 04 rdu<dka udifha Wmjdifha fh§u 65 05 ulaldjg jkaokd .ukl ksr; ùu 65tlai;a ckmofhys bia,duh 66bia,duh ms<sn|j jeä úia;r i|yd 67yÈiaj,�wxlkh 67 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  7. 7. 3 fmrjok fuu .%ka:h bia,dï oyu i|yd flá uÕfmkaùuls fuh mßÉfPo;=klska iukaú; fjhs fuys m<uq mßÉfPoh jk —bia,dufha i;H;djh i|ydidOl lsysmhla˜ uÕska iuyr mqoa.,hka wikq ,nk jeo.;a m%YaK lsysmhlgms<s;=re imhhs∗ l=¾wdkh hkq we;a; jYfhkau foúhkajykafia úiska my< lrk ,o foúhkajykafiaf.au jokao@∗ uqyïuoa 1 ;=ud we;af;kau foúhkajykafia úiska tjk ,o jla;Djrfhlao@∗ bia,duh hkq we;a; jYfhkau foúhkajykafia úiska my< l< oyulao@fuu mßÉfPofhys yh wdldrhl idËs bÈßm;afldg we;1 Y=oaO jQ w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|yka úoHd;aul m%d;sydrhhka( fuys§ ^rEm igyka iys;j& idlÉPd flfrkqfha uE; ld,fha§ fidhd.kakd ,o úoHd;aul f;dr;=re lsysmhla ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|yka fldg we;s oEh fuu úoHd;aul f;dr;=re oekg Y;j¾I oyy;rlg fmr§u w,a l=¾wdkh uÕska wkdjrKh fldg ;snq‚2 Y=oaO jQ w,a l=¾wdkfhys wvx.= mßÉfþohkag iudk jk tla mßÉfþohla ks¾udKh lsÍu i|yd mj;sk úYd, wNsfhda.h w,a l=¾wdkfha mj;sk mßÉfþohka jeks jQ ;j;a tla mßÉfþohla ks¾udKh lrk f,i ñksiaj¾.hdg w,a l=¾wdkh ;=,ska foúhkajykafia wNsfhda. lr we; w,a l=¾wdkh my<ù oekg Y;j¾I oyy;rla .;ù ;snqK;a w,a l=¾wdkfha mj;sk jpk oyhlska muKla iukaú; jQ fláu mßÉfþohj;a ^108 jk mßÉfþoh& ks¾udKh lsÍfï fuu wNsfhda.h ch .ekSug fï olajdu lsisfjl=;a iu;a ù ke;3 bia,dufhys jla;Djrhd jk uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a my<ùu ms<sn|j nhsn,fha i|yka wkdjels fuu fldgi uÕska uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a my<ùu ms<sn|j nhsn,fha i|yka wkdjels iuyrla idlÉPd flfrhs1. kï fuu wrdì jpk j, w¾:h jkafka foúhkajykafia t;=udf.a i|yka lsÍu m%ixYd lr;ajd" tfiau t;=udj wiïmQ¾K;d j,ska wdrËd lr;ajd hkakhs bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  8. 8. 44 w,a l=¾wdkfhys wkd.; isÿùï ms<sn|j i|yka lr we;s jdlHhka miqld,Skj ieneùu w,a l=¾wdkfhys" wkd.;fha§ isÿjk isÿùï f,i i|yka fldg ;snQ iuyr isÿùï miqld,Skj ienEúh WodyrKhla f,i frdaukajreka úiska m¾ishdkqjka mrojd ch ,eîu oelaúh yel5 uqyïuoa ;=ud úiska fmkajk ,o m%d;sydrhhka uqyïuoa ;=ud úiska fndfyda m%d;sydrhhka isÿfldg we; fuu m%d;sydrhhka fndfyda mqoa.,hska úiska oel ,eno we;6 uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ir, Èúfmj; fï uÕska uqyïuoa ;=ud hkq fN!;sl ,dN m%fhdack" Wiia Ndjh fyda n,h ,nd.ekSu ms‚i jla;D;ajh ,nd .;a jlA;Djrfhl= fkdjk njg meyeÈ<sj fmkajhsby; i|yka jk yh wdldrfhau idËs uÕska wjidkfha§ .; yels ks.ukhjkafka∗ l=¾wdkh hkq foúhkajykafia úiskau my< lrk ,o" foúhkajykafiaf.au joka njhs∗ uqyïuoa ;=ud hkq foúhkajykafia úiska tjk ,o ienE jla;Djrfhla njhs∗ bia,duh hkq we;a; jYfhkau foúhkajykafia úiska ,ndÿka oyula njhs wmg hï lsis O¾uhla i;Ho" wi;Ho hkak oek .ekSug wjYH kï wmúiska wmf.a yeÕSïj,g fyda iïm%odhkag jy,a fkdúh hq;=h ta fjkqjg wm l<hq;af;a wmf.a nqoaêh uÕska úuid ne,Suhs foúhkajykafia úisska jla;Djrekamy< lrk úg" Tjqkg m%d;sydrhhka lsÍfï yelshdj o ,nd § tuÕska Tjqkai;HjYfhkau foúhkajykafia úisska tjkq ,enQ jla;Djreka njg yd TjqkafoaYkd lrk ,o O¾uh i;H njg;a Tmamq lrk ,§fojk mßÉfPaoh jk —bia,dufhka ,efnk m%;s,dN iuyrla˜ hkak uÕskañksidg bia,dufhka ,ndfok my; wkaofï m%fhdack ms<sn|j okajd we; 1. th uÕska iodld,sl jQ iaj¾.h lrd we;s fodrgqj újr lrhs 2. ksrfha .skafkka wdrËdj ,ndfohs 3. ienE ika;DIaáh yd wOHd;añl iduh ,Õd lrhs 4. fmr isÿlrk ,o ish¿ mõ j,g iudj ,ndfohs;=kajk mßÉfPaoh jk —bia,duh ms<sn| idudkH f;dr;=re˜ hk uefhkabia,duh ms<sn|j idudkH f;dr;=re ,nd fok w;ru th ms<sn|j we;s iuyrjerÈ u;hka ksjerÈ lrñka ks;ru wikq ,nk my; wdldrfha m%YaK lsysmhlgms<s;=reo ,nd fohs ∗ bia,duh ;%ia;jdoh ms<sn|j mjikafka l=ulao@ ∗ bia,dufhys ldka;djkag ,efnk whs;sjdislï fudkjdo@ bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  9. 9. ^1& w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|yka úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka 5 1 mßÉfþoh bia,dufhys i;H;djh i|yd idol lsysmhla foúhkajykafia úiska" wjidk jla;Djrhd jQ uqyïuoa ;=udg" fndfydam%d;sydrhhka lsÍfï yelshdj iy fndfyda idËs ,nd foñka t;=ud ienúkaufoúhkajykafia úiska tjkq ,enQ jla;Djrfhl= nj ;yjqre fldg we; tfiaufoúhkajykafia ;ud úiska wkdjrKh lrk ,o wjidk;u .%ka:h jk Y=oaO jQl=¾wdkfhys fndfyda m%d;sydrhhka wvx.= lrñka th foúhkajykafiaf.au jokanjg idOl imhhs l=¾wdkfhys l;Djrhd ukqIHfhl= fkdjk njgo idËsimhhs fuu mßÉfPaoh uÕska fujeks idOl lsysmhla ms<sn|j idlÉPdflfrhs ^1& w,a l=¾wdkfha i|yka úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhkaw,a l=¾wdkh hkq foúhkajykafiaf.a i;Hjokah ðnrdhS,a foaj¥;hd uÕska fuu jokajla;D uqyïuoa ;=ud yg wkdjrKh lrk,§ th uqyïuoa ;=ud úiska jkfmd;alrf.k" Tyqf.a wkq.dñlhskag th ,shd .ekSumsKsi lshjk ,§ Tjqka th ms<sfj<ska u;l;nd f.k úúO wkaoñka igyka lr f.k" tajduqyïuoa ;=ud iuÕ iudf,dapkh lr we;tmuKla fkdj fuu l=¾wdkh uqyïuoa ;=udoðnrdhS,a foaj¥;hd bÈßfha iEu jirla mdidumdrdhkh lr we;s w;r t;=udf.a Ôú;fhawjidk jif¾§ th foj;djla mdrdhkh lrksjerÈ;djh ;yjqre lrf.k we; w,a l=¾wdkh l=¾wdkh f,djg my< jQ od isg fï jk ;=re tys wl=rla kEr wl=rlamdidu lg mdvï lr.;a uqia,sïjreka úYd, ixLHdjla fuf,dj ;=< isà taw;f¾ jhi wjqreÿ oyhla ;rï l=vd orejka mjd isà tf,i i;j¾I.Kkdjla miq l,;a w,a l=¾wdkh tlu wl=rlaj;a fkdjer§" fkdfjkiaj tawhqßkau mj;S oekg ishjia oy y;rlg fmr wkdjrKh l< l=¾wdkfha i|ykaiuyr f;dr;=re úoHd{hka úiska fidhdf.k we;af;a b;du;a uE;lÈh fïfidhd.ekSï uÕska úoHdudk jkafka l=¾wdkh hkq i;HjYfhkaufoúhkajykafiaf.a joka nj;a" th jla;D uqyïuoa ;=ud fj;g wkdjrKhjQ nj;a tjeks .%ka:hla rpkh lsÍug ;rï {dKhla t;=udg fkd;snqK fyhskaTyq tys l;D fkdjk njg o Tyq i;HjYfhkau foúhkajykafiaf.a mKsúvlre-jdh hkakg fyd|u idËshhs bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  10. 10. 6 A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka ñka Tíng is;d ne¨jfyd;a wo Èk úoHd;aulj fidhd.;a we;eïlreKq .fõYKh lr.kakd ,oafoa b;du;a iQËu yd ÈhqKq hka;% WmlrKuÕsks kuq;a fkdÈhqKq ld,jljdkqjla jQ oyy;r jk i;j¾Ifha isá lsisuflfkl=g fujeksfoa fidhd .ekSug lsisfia;a fkdyels nj meyeÈ<s fõ bka WodyrK lsysmhla muKla my; i|yka lr we; A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkaY=oaO jQ w,a l=¾wdkh uÕska ñksia l<, úlikfha úúO wjëka ms<sn|j foúh-kajykafia fufia i|yka lrhs wm ñksidj ujk ,oafoa ueá ksiaidrKhlsks miqj wm th hï ia:dkhl ;Èka iú jQ ì÷jla lf,uq miqj fuh w,ldya ^l=ve,a,d" wj,ïnkh jQ øjH" reêr leáh& ;;ajhg m;a lf<uq bkamiq tu l<,h uqoa.dya wjia:djla ^imk ,o øjHla& njg m;a lf<uq1 ^w,a l=¾wdkh 23( 12-14&wrdì NdIdfjka w,ldya hkakg w¾:hka ;=kla we; 01 l+ve,a,d 02 wj,ïnkh jQ øjH 03 reêr leáh hkakhs ñksia l<, úlikfha w,ldya wjêh l=ve,af,l=g ixikaokh l< úgta fol w;r idudk;ajhla my; 01 rEmfha wdldrhg olakg yel2 tfiau fuuwjia:dfõ l<,h ujf.a reêrfhka fmdaIKh jk w;r th l+ve,af,l="flfkl=f.a reêrfhka fmdaIKh ùu yd iudkh3 w,ldyays fojeks w¾:h jk —wj,ïnkh jQ øjHh˜ .;a l< th my; 2yd 3 rEm j,ska fmfkk wdldrhg ujf.a .¾NdYfha wj,ïnkh jQ øjHhla f,imj;S^1& fuu úfYaIs; jQ jryka ;=< we;af;a w,a l=¾wdka w¾:fhys mßj¾:khla muKla nj i,lkak th i;H w,a l=¾wdkh fkdjk w;r th we;af;a wrdì NdIdfjks^2& The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5 jk ixialrKh" msgqj 8^3& Human Development as Described in the Qur’an and Sunnah, Moore and others, msgqj 36 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  11. 11. A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 701 rEmhñksia l<, úlikfha w,la wjia:dj yd l+ve,af,l= w;r we;s iudkd;ajh fmkakqïlsÍug w¢k ,o rEmh (Leech drawing from Human Development as Described in theQur’an and Sunnah, Moore and others,msgqj. 37, modified from Integrated Principles ofZoology, Hickman and others. Embryo drawing from The Developing Human, Moore andPersaud, 5jk ixialrKh" msgqj 73.)02 rEmhujf.a .¾NdYfhawj,ïnkh jQ øjHhlaf,i mj;sk l<,h(The Developing Human,Moore and Persaud, 5jkixialrKh" msgqj 66.)03 rEmhfuu Ëqø PdhdrEmh u.ska w,la wjia:dfõwe;s l<,h ^B& ujf.a .¾NdYh ;=,wj,ïnkh ù we;s wdldrh fmkajd we; fïwjia:dfõ l<,fha i;H m%udKh ñ,sóg¾06la ;rï l=vd fõ (The DevelopingHuman, Moore, 3jk ixialrKh" msgqj 66,from Histology, Leeson and Leeson.) bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  12. 12. 8 A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka w,ldya ys ;=kajk w¾:h zzreêr leáhZZ hkakhs fuys§ l<,fha ndysrfmkqu yd tys wdjrKh" reêr leáhlg iudkh fuhg fya;=j fuu wjia:dfõÈidfmaËj w;s úYd, reêr m%udKhla tys wka;¾.;j ;sîuhs1 ^4 rEmh& ;jofuu mshjf¾È l<,h tys ;=kajk i;sh wjidk jk f;la lsis÷ reêrixirKhla isÿ fkdlrhs2 tneúska l<,fha w,ldya wjia:dj reêr leáhlgiudkh04 rEmh(w,la wjia:dfõoS l<,fhawe;s m%d:ñl reêr ixirKmoaO;sh rEmfhka oelafõl<,fha msg; fmkqu;a" tyswe;s wdjrKh;a" l<,fhaidfmaËj wêl m%udKhlareêrh wvx.= neúka reêrleáhlg iudk fjhs (TheDeveloping Human, Moore,5jk ixialrKh" msgqj 65.)tneúka w,ldya hk jpkfha w¾: ;=ku l<, wjia:djg ukdj .e,fma bkamiqj we;s mshjr f,i l=¾wdkfha i|yka jkafka uqoa.dya wjêhf,ihs fuu wrdì jpkfha w¾:h jkafka zzimk,o øjHhlaZZ 3 hkakhs hfulapqúka.ï tlla lfÜ oud imd th msg;g f.k l<, wjia:dj iuÕ ixikaokhl<úg" uqoa.dya mshjf¾ we;s l<,h imk,o øjHhfha yevhg iudk njfmkShhs fuhg fya;=j l<,fha msgqmi we;s lfYareld" imk ,o øjHhfha o;ai,l=Kq j, yevhg iudk ùuhs ^5 iy 6 rEm igyk& tfiakï" oekg jir oy y;rodylg fmr uqyïuoa ;=ud fuh oekisáfha flfiao@ oË úoH{hska mjd uE;lÈ fïjd fidhd .kakd ,oafoa jirjir oy y;rodylg fmr fkd;snqKq ÈhqKq ;dËKsl WmlrK yd ishqïwkaùË Ndú;d lrñks^1& Human Development as Described in the Qur’an and Sunnah, Moore and others, msgqj. 37 38.^2&The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5jk ixialrKh"msgqj 65^3& The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5jk ixialrKh" msgqj 08 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  13. 13. A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 905 rEmh(uqoa.dya wjêfha we;s l<,hlPdhdrEmh ^Èk 28la jhie;s& fuuwjêfha§ l<,h imk ,o øjHhliajrEmh .kshs fya;=j fï wjêfha§l<,fha lfYareld mDIaGh imk ,oøjHhl we;s o;a i<l=Kq j,g;rula iudk yevhla .ekSuhs fïwjêfha l<,fha m%udKh 4mm fõ(The Developing Human, Mooreand Persaud 5 jk ixialrKh"msgqj 82, from Professor HideoNishimura, Kyoto University,Kyoto, Japan.)06 rEmh(uqoa.dya wjêfha we;s l<,h" iemqpqúx.ï lene,a,la yd ixikaokh l<úg tu iajrEm foflys iudk;d wmgy÷kd.; yelA uqoa.dya wjêfha we;s l<,hl rEmigyk fuys lfIareld mDIaGfhysyevh o;a i<l=Kq j,g iudkh (TheDeveloping Human, Moore andPersaud, 5jk ixialrKh" msgqj 79.)B iemQ pqúx.ï lene,a,l PdhdrEmh bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  14. 14. 10 A. ñksia l<, úlikh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkayeï iy ,shqjekafydla (Hamm & Leeuwenhoek) ñksia Y=l%dKq ffi, ms<snouq,skau ksÍËKh l< úoHd{hska fofokd jk w;r fï i|yd jeäÈhqKq l<wkaùË fhdod .kakd ,§ fufia lrk ,oafoa ls%j 1677 §h tkï uqyïuoa;=udf.a ld,fha isg jir 1000lg muK miqjh kuq;a Tjqka mejiqfõ" Y=l%dKqjhkq ñksia l<,fha b;d l=vd wjêh nj;a" th ia;s% m%ckk moaO;shg we;=¿ miqj¾Okh jk nj;a hkqfjks Tjqka th jrojd jgyd .kakd ,È 1uydpd¾h tußgia lS;a t,a uqj¾" l<, úoHdj yd ldhjHjÉfþoh ms<sn| uq¿f,dfõu m%isoaêhla ordisák úoHd{hls Tyq The Developing Human kï.%ka:fha l;=jrhd jk w;r th oekg NdId wglg mßj¾:kh lr we; fuhúoHd;aul ks¾foaYkhla jk w;r wefußldfõ úfYaI ksfhdað; uKav,hla úiskafuh ;ks mqoa.,fhl= úiska rpkd lrk ,o W;alDIag .%ka:hla njg f;dard.kakd ,È fudyq ldhjHjÉfþoh yd ffi, úoHdj ms<sno lekvdfõ fgdrkafgdaúYaj úoHd,fha uydpd¾hjrfhls Tyq ffjoH mSGfha iyldr mSGdêm;s f,ioldhjHjÉfþo wxYfha iNdm;s f,i jir 8 la fiajh lr we; 1984 § lekvdfõldhjHjÉfþo ix.uh úiska msßkuk ldhjHjÉfþo wxYh ms<sn|j úYsIag;uiïudkh jk J.C.B Grant Award kï iïudkh Tyq úiska Èkd .kakd ,§ Tyqlekvd iy weußld ldhjHjÉfþoh ix.uh" Ôj úoHd ljqkais,h jeks ix.ï/il iNdm;s OQrh fydnjd we;1981" iõÈ wrdìfha oudï ys mej;s y;ajk iuq¿fõÈ uydpd¾h uqj¾ fufia mjidwe; —udkj úlikh iïnkaOj w,a l=¾wdkfha i|yka oE ms<sn|j meyeÈ<sm%ldYhla lsÍug ,eîu buy;a Nd.Hhla f,i i,lñ fuys wvx.= m%ldYkhkawe;a;jYfhkau uqyïuoa yg foúhkajykafia úiska mjid we; hkak ug b;dmeyeÈ<sh ulaksido fuu m%ldYkhka jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a ld,fha isgishjia .Kklau hk;=re fidhdf.k fkd;sîuhs fuhska Tmamq jkafka uqyïuoa"foúhkajykafiaf.a mKsúvlrefjl= njhs˜ 2—ta lshkafka Tn" w,a l=¾wdkh foúhkajykafiaf.a jpk nj úYajdilrkjdhkako@˜ hkak fuysÈ Tyqf.ka wik ,o m%Yakhlg —ta .ek ug lsiu ielhlake;˜ 3 hkafkka ms<s;=re § we; ;j;a iïuka;%Khl§ uydpd¾h uqj¾ fufia m%ldY lr we; —tlsfklg wkqhqla; úlikfha§ isÿjk úúO fjkialï ksid ñksia l<, úlikhfndfyda ixlSrKh tneúka fï i|yd w,a l=¾wdkfha yd iqkakdya ^uqyïuoa ;=udlshmq" lrmq yd wkqu; lrmq foa& j, we;s mo fhdodf.k kj j¾.SlrK l%uhlaisÿl< hq;=hs˜^1& The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5jk ixialrKh"msgqj 9^2& fuu m%ldYh i|yd f;dr;=re ,nd .kakd ,oafoa This is the Truth u.sks ^ùäfhda mghls& tuùäfhda mgfhys msgm;la ,nd .ekSu i|yd msgq wxl 66 ys i|yka ixúOdkhkaf.ka tlla iuÕiïnkao jkak^3& This is the Truth ^ùäfhda mgh& bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  15. 15. B l÷ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 11fhdackd lrk ,o l%uh ir,h tfiau mq¿,ah tmuKla fkdj th j¾;udkl<, úoHd;aul oekqu ;yjqre lrhs wjidk isõjir ;=< my< jQ l=¾wdka jelsyd yÈia ^uqyïuoa ;=ud lshmq" lrmq yd wkqu; lrmq foa ms<sn|j t;=udf.aawkq.dñlhska úiska jd¾:d lrk ,o úYajdi l< yels iïfma%Is; jd¾:d& ishqïjwOHhkh lsÍfuka ñksia l<, úlikfha úúO wjia:d j¾.SlrKh lsÍugl%uhla fy<s orjq lrf.k we;s w;r" mqÿuhg lreK kï fï f;dr;=re igykalr ;nd ;snqfKa ls%j y;ajk ishjfia§ úuhsl<, úoHdj fidhd.;a —weßiafgdag,a˜" lssls<s ì;a;r wOHhkh lsÍu uÕska l=l=¿l<,h úúO wjÈ iys;j jefvk nj l%smQ y;rjk ishjfia§ ksÍËKh lr;snqK;a" fuu úúO wjê ms<sn|j lsis÷ úia;rhla i|yka lr fkd;snq‚ fufiaw;S;fha isg úisjk ishji jk�f;la" l<, úlikfha úúO wjia:djkams<sn|j;a" tys j¾.SlrKh ms<sn|j;a oek isá lreKla fõ kï ta b;d w,amhfï ksid w,a l=¾wdkfha we;s ñksia l<, ms<sn|j úia;r l%sj y;ajk ishjfia§;snqK úoHd;aul oekqu u; mokï jQjla úh fkdyel tneúka fï i|yd Èhyels idOdrK ks.ukh jkafka( wl=re ,sùug fyda lshùug fkdo;a lsis÷úoHd;aul mqyqKqjla fkd,o uqyïuoa ;=udg fy<s orõ lrk ,oafoa foúh-kajykafia uÕskah hkakhs1B. l÷ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkaEarth keue;s .%ka:hla f,dj mqrd we;s úYaj úoHd,j, uQ,sl fmd;la f,iNdú;d fjhs uydpd¾h tußgia *%Ekala fm%ia (Frank Press) hkq tu .%ka:fhal;=jrekaf.ka flfkls Tyq ysgmq weußldkq ckdêm;s ðó ldg¾ (Jimmy Carter)uy;df.a úoHd WmfoaYl f,io lghq;= lf<ah tfiau Tyq jir fod<yla fjdIs-xgkfha cd;Hka;r úoHd welvñfha iNdm;s OQrh o fynùh Tyqf.a .%ka:fhai|yka jk wdldrhg l÷ j,g háka fmd<j ;=< .s,qk uq,a 2 mj;k f,i;afïjd b;d ;Èka fmd<j ;=<g ldje§ we;s neúka lkaolg l+x{hl yevhlA ,eîwe;s njo i|yka fõ wms fmdf<dj w;=rKhla fkdlf,uqo@ l÷ l+x{ fuka fkdlf,uqo@ ^w,a l=¾wdkh 78(6-7&^1& This is the Truth ^ùäfhda mgh& msgm;la ,nd .ekSu i|yd msgq wxl 10 ys i|yka wxl 2 wfOda,smsh n,kak^2& Earth, Press and Siever, msgqj 435 tfiau n,kak Earth Science, Tarbuck and Lutgens, msgqj 157. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  16. 16. 12 B l÷ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka9 rEmh.eUqre uq,a mej;Sufya;=fjka l÷j,gl+x{ yevhla ,eîwe;af;a flfia oehsfmkajk ;j;a rEmigykla (Earth,Press and Siever,msgqj 413.)7 rEmhl÷j,g fmdf<dfõ u;= msg mDIaGfhka hgg úysÿqk .eUqre uq,a we; (Anatomy of theEarth, Cailleux, msgqj 220.)8 rEmhÈlalvla l+x{ yevh .;a l÷j,g fmdf<dj ;=<g ld jeÿKq .eUqre u,a mj;shs(EarthScience, Tarbuck and Lutgens, msgqj 158.)kùk úoHdj uÕska l÷ j,g fmdf<dj u;=msg mDIaGfhka hg" fmdf<dj ;=<g.eUqßka ld jeÿKq uq,a mj;sk njg ikd; lr we;s w;r ^9 rEmh& fuu uq,aj,.eUqr" bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  17. 17. B l÷ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 13fmdf<dfjka1 Wvg u;= ù wmg fmfkk l÷j, Wi m%udKh fuka lsysm .=KhlaúYd,h tneúka fuu f;dr;=re ie,lSug .kakd úg l÷ ye¢kaùu i|ydzzl+x{hZZ hk jpkh b;du WÑ;h ulaksido h;a fndyda úg fmdf<dj u;ukdj .ik ,o l+x{hl úYd,u fldgi fmdf<dj ;=< ieÕù mj;S úoHdfõ b;sydih wmg mjikafka" l÷j,g háka we;s .eUqre uq,ams<sn|j isoaOdka;h yÿkajdÿkafka 1865 § ;drld úµd{fhl= jQ Y%Su;a fcda¾Êwhsß frdah,a (Royal, Sir George Airy) úiska njhs2 fmdf<dfõ u;=msg isúh iu;=<s; ;djfha ;nd.ekSu3 i|yd l÷uÕskaúYd, fufyhla isÿ flfrhs l÷uÕska fmdf<dj p,kh ùu wvq lrhsfoúhkajykafia Y=oaO jQ w,a l=¾wdkfha fufia mjihs Tn yd fmdf<dj lïmd fkdjkq ms‚i ;Èkaa fmdf<djg iú jQ l÷o" Tng yß uÕ oek.kq ms‚i .x.do uxudj;ao tys msysfgõfõh ^w,a l=¾wdkh 16(15&fuf,i b;d uE; ld,fha§ ÈhqKq;dË‚l l%u (Plate Tectonics) uÕskafidhd .;a wdldrhg l÷ fmdf<djiu;=<kh lsÍug úYd, ld¾HNdrhlabgqlrhs fuu fidhd .ekSï j,uq,drïNh isÿ jQfha 1960§ muK jQ uE;ld,fha§h4 we;a;gu jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a ld,fha isák ,o lsisflfkl=gl÷j, ienE yevh .ek fufia jegySula ;sfnkakg we;ao@ we;af;kau tald,fha isá ñksfila ;ud bÈßfha mj;sk úYd," WiajQ lkaola foi n,d fuysfmdf<dj hg fuu lkaog háka úYd, uq,la mj;shs hehs úoHd;aulj is;kakgwe;ao@ lsisfia;au ke; fya;=j tod ñksidg ta ms<sn|j {dkhla fkd;sîuhsflfia kuq;a kùk N+f.da, úoHdj uÕska l=¾wdka jelsj, ;snQ i;H;djh wo Èkjk úg Tmamq lr wjidkh^1& The Geological Concept of Mountains in the Qur’an, El-Naggar,msgqj. 5.^2& Earth, Press and Siever, msgqj 435. tfiau n,kak Geological Concept of Mountains in theQur’an,, msgqj 5.^3& The Geological Concept of Mountains in the Qur’an, msgqj 44-45. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  18. 18. 14 C. úYajfha iïNjh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkaC. úYajfha iïNjh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka kùk wcgdldYúoHdfjys ksÍËKj,g yd kHdhhkag wkqj tla;rd ld,jljdkqjl§ uq¿ úYajhu tlu —ÿudrhla˜ nj meyeÈ<sju fmkakqï lrhs ^thúksúo fkdfmfkk b;du;a wêl >k;ajfhka hq;a WKqjQ jd;fhka iukaú;h&1fuh kùk wcgdldYúoHdfjys mj;sk u;fNaohg ;=vq fkdÿka uQ,O¾uhkaf.katlls tu ÿudrfhys wjfYaIhka uÕska kj ;dreld we;sùu ksÍËKh lsÍug úµd{hkag j¾:udkfha§ yelsù ;sfnhs ^10 yd 11 rEm igyka n,kak& rd;%swyfia wmg olakg ,efnk §ma;su;a ;dreld ish,a,o úYajfhys mj;sk wfkl=;aish¿u foaj,ao tu —ÿudrhg˜ wh;aj ;snq‚foúhkajykafia Y=oaO jQ w,a l=¾wdkfha i|yka lr we;s wdldrhg tfjf,ys Tyq wyi foi ne,Sh" túg th ÿudrhlaj mej;=‚ ^w,a l=¾wdkh 41(11&fmdf<dj yd wmg by<ska we;s wyia ^iQ¾hhd" pkaøhd" ;dreld" .%yf,dal"ukaodls‚& hk ish,a, fuu tlu —ÿudrfhka˜ ks¾udKh ù we;s neúka wmgwyia yd fmdf<dj tlgu hdjqk jia;=jla f,i ;sî we;s nj ks.ukh l< yelfuu icd;Sh —ÿudrfhka˜ tajd ks¾udKh ù tlsfkl fjkaù we;foúhkajykafia Y=oaO jQ w,a l=¾wdkfha mjik wdldrhg ksh;jYfhkau wyia yd uyfmdf<dj hk folu uq,§ tlg iïnkaO jQ iaÓ;shla úh miqj wms ta fol fjkalf<uq ^w,a l=¾wdkh 21 (30&uydpd¾h we,a*afrâ fl%dak¾ (Dr. Alfred Kroner) hkq f,j iqm;< N= úµd{fhls Tyq N=úµd uydpd¾hjrfhl= jk w;r c¾uksfha fuhskaiays msysáfcdyekaia .=fgkan¾.a úYaj úµd,fha N=úµd wdh;kfha N=úµdfomd¾;=fïka;=fõ iNdm;s OQrho fydnjhs Tyq mejiQ wdldrhg—uqyïuoa fldfya isg meñ‚ flfkla oehs is;d n,k úg ud is;k wdl-drhg kï úYajfha fmdÿ iïnjh ms<sn|j Tyq oek isàfï lsis÷ yelshdjla;sfnkakg neye ulaksido h;a" úµd{fhda mjd fï ms<sn|j fidhd.kakd ,oafoamiq.sh jir oyh ;=<§ b;du;a ixlS¾K yd ÈhqKq ;dË‚l l%u fhdodf.khs˜2^1& The First Three Minutes, a Modern View of the Origin of the Universe, Weinberg msgqj 94-105.^2& fuu m%ldYh i|yd f;dr;=re ,nd.kakd ,oafoa This is the Truth (ùäfhda mgh)uÕsks. fuysmsgm;la ,nd.ekSu i|yd fyda uydpd¾h we,a*afrâ fl%dak¾ uy;df.a w¾: l:kh i|yd lreK-dlr www.islam-guide.com/truth keue;s fjí wvúhg msúfikak bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  19. 19. C. úYajfha iïNjh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 1510 rEmhjdhq yd ¥ú,s j,djla uÕska kj;dreldjla ^fkìHq,djla& iïNjhjk wdldrh fuys oelafõ fuu j,djil< úYajhu iïNjh jQ tu—OQufhys˜ wjfYaIhkaf.katlls(The Space Atlas, Heather andHenbest, msgqj. 50.)11 rEmhwdf,dal j¾I 60l muK úYalïNhlska hqla; —,.+ka˜ kï fkìHq,dj ¥ú,s yd jdhqjd,djls th ;=< uE;l§ iïNjh jQ wêl WIaK;ajfhka hq;a ;drldj, mdrcïnq, lsrKuÕska th l%shdldÍ ù we;(Horizons, Exploring the Universe, Seeds, plate 9, from Asso-ciation of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc.) bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  20. 20. 16 D. uia;sIalh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkatfiau Tyq fufiao mejiSh —oekg jir tlaoyia ydrishhlg fmr isá kHIaálfN!;sl úµdj ms<sn|j lsisjla fkdokakd ñksfil=g Tyqf.au uki ;=<ska fuumDÓúh yd wyia tlu iïNjhlska hqla; nj mjikakg fkdyels njhs" ug kïisf;kafka˜1D. uia;sIalh ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkauqyïuoa ;=udg Y=oaO jQ l(nd foajia:dkfhys foúhka keu§u ;ykï lrk,o" foaj úYajdifhka f;drjQ tla;rd ÿIaG mqoa.,fhl= ms<sn|j foúhkajykafiaY=oaO jQ w,a l=¾wdkfhys my; wdldrhg i|yka fldg we; ke;æ Tyq fkdj<lshs kï wms Tyqj kdishya ^ ysfia bÈßmi fldgfi & fjka weof.k hkafkuq uqidnia lshk" mdmldÍ kdishyajls ^ ysfia bÈßmi fldgi & ^w,a l=¾wdkh 96(15-16&w,a l=¾wdkfhys" ysfia bÈßmi fldgi uqidnia lshk" mdmldÍ fohla f,iy÷kajd § we;af;a wehs @ l=¾wdkh uÕska tu mqoa.,hd fndre lshkafkl= fyda mõldrfhl= nj fkdmjikafka wehs @ uqidnia mejiSu yd mdmldÍ nj ysfiysbÈßmi fldgi iuÕ olajk iïnkaO;djh l=ulao@ñksia ysia ln< ;=< mj;sk ysfia bÈßmi fldgi foig wmf.a wjodkh fhduql<fyd;a wmyg mQfrda,,dg fmfoi (Prefrontal Area) oel.; yel ^12 rEmigyk n,kak& fuu fmfofiys ld¾Hh ms<sn|j ldhsl úµdfjys mjikafkal=ulao @ Essential of Anaomy & Physiology kï .%ka:fhys fuu mQfrda,,dgfmfoi ms<sn|j mjid we;af;a fufiah —p,khla we;s ùu ;SrKh lsÍu iywdrïN lsÍu i|yd fm<Uùï we;s lrkqfha;a ¥ro¾YSNdjh we;s lrkqfha;a,,dg LKaäldfjys mQ¾j fldgi jk mQfrda,,dg fmfofiysh fuh ix.dóndyslfhys fldgils˜2 tfiau fuu .%ka:fha mjik wdldrhg — fm<Uùï we;slsÍu flfrys tu fldgfiys we;s iïnkaO;djh i<ld ne¨ úg mQfrda,,dgfmfoi wdl%uKldÍ yeisÍï i|yd jQ uQ,sl l%shdldÍ uOHia:dkh f,io is;shyel ˜ 3tneúka uia;sIalfha fuu fmfoi hula ;SrKh lsÍu" ta i|yd fm<Uúï we;slsÍu" hym;a fukau mdmldÍ yeisÍï wdrïN lsÍu hkdÈh foa isÿlsÍug uQ,sljk fmfoi jk w;ru" fuu fmfoi fndrelSu fiau" i;H l;d lsÍu hkdÈhgofya;= ldrl fjhs tneúka hful= uqid nia mjik wjia:dfõ§ fyda mdmldÍl%shdjl fhfok wjia:dfõ§ l=¾wdkfhys uqid nia lshk" mdmldÍ kdishyajls ^ysfia bÈßmi fldgi & mjid we;s wdldrhgu ysfiys bÈßmi fldgi uqid nialshk" mdmldÍ fmfoila f,i kï lsÍu b;du;a iqÿiq fjhs^1& This is the Truth ^ùäfhda mgh&^2& Essentials of Anatomy&Physiology, Seeley and others, msgqj. 211 n,kak The Human NervousSystem, Noback and others, msgqj. 410-411..^3& Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Seeley and others, msgqj 211. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  21. 21. E. id.r yd .x.d ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 1712 rEmh ( uia;sIal ndyslfhys jï uia;sIal w¾Of.da,fhys l%shdldÍ fmfoihs fïuia;sIal ndyslfhys mQ¾j fldgfiys mqfrda,,dg fmfoi msysgd we; (Essentials ofAnatomy & Physiology, Seeley and others, msgqj. 210.)uydpd¾h lS;a t,a uqj¾ (Prof. Keith L Moore) mjik wdldrhg úµd{hska úiskafuu mQfrda,,dg fmfofiys ld¾Hh ms<sn|j fidhd.kakd ,oafoa óg wjqreÿ 60lg by;§h 1E. id.r yd .x.d ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkatlsfklg fjkia uqyqÿ folla yuqjk ;ekl" tu uqyqÿ fol w;r ndOlhla njkùk úoHdj uÕska fidhd f.k we; fuu ndOlh uqyqÿ fol fjka lrk neúkatla tla uqyqolu thgu fmdÿ jQ WIaK;ajhka" ,jK;djhka" yd >k;ajhkawe;2 WodyrKhla f,i uOHOrŒ uqyqo .;a úg tys c,h w;a,dka;sla id.rfhac,hg jvd WKqiqï jQo" ,jK;dj wêl jQo" wvq >k;ajhla o we;s c,h fõuOHOrŒ uqyqfoa⁄⁄c,h⁄ .sn%e,agd újrh uÕska lsf,daóg¾ ish .Kkla ÿrg;a"óg¾ oyila muK .eUqrg;a w;a,dka;sla id.rh ;=<g we;=¿ jkafka thguwdfõ‚l WIaK;ajh" ,jK;djh" yd wvq >k;ajh hk ,ËK iuÕh^1& Al-E’jaz al-Elmy fee al-Naseyah (The Scientific Miracles in the Front of the Head), Moore andothers, msgqj. 41.^2& Principles of Oceanography, Davis, msgqj. 92-93. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  22. 22. 18 E. id.r yd .x.d ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkafuu .eUqf¾§ uOHOrŒ c,h iu;=,s;;djhg m;afõ 1 ^ 13 rEmh n,kak&13 rEmhuqyqÿ tlsfklg fjka lrk ndOlh fya;=fldg f.k uOHOrŒ uqyqfoa c,h .sn%e,agdújrh yryd w;a,dka;sla id.rhg .ukalrk úg thgu wdfõ‚l WKqiqu" ,jK;djh"yd wvq >k;ajhlska mj;S WIaK;ajh fi,aishia wxYl^Cº& j,sks(Marine Geology,Kuenen, msgqj 43, with a slight enhancement.)fuu id.rj, w;s úYd, ;rx. ^r<& iev iq<s yd jv yd ndÈh hkdÈh ;snqk;atajd tlsfkl ñY% jkafkj;a" fuu ndOlh leã hkafkj;a ke; uqyqÿ follayuqjk ;ek ndOlhla ;sfnk nj;a" th úkdY ù fkdhk nj;a w,a l=¾wdkfhai|ykaj we; foúhkajykafia fufia mjihs Tyq uqyqÿ folla tlsfklg ixl,kh ùug ie,eiaiqfõh tfy;a tajd w;r ndOlhla we; th tajd wìNjd fkdhhs ^w,a l=¾wdkh 55(19-20&tfy;a l=¾wdkh ñßÈh yd lrÈh w;r we;s˘fn§u .ek l;d lrk úg tyszzwkj;r‚h fnÿuZZ f,i ndOlh y÷kajd we;w,a l=¾wdkfha foúhkajykafia fufia mjihs Tyquh j¾. foll c,h we;s lf<a tlla ñßÈhh" îug yelsh wksl lrÈhh" ¨Kq rie;s yd ;s;a;h Tyq ta fol w;r iïnkaOhla we;s lf<ah th w;jr‚h ^;rKh l< fkdyels& ndOlhls ^w,a l=¾wdkh 25(53&^1& Principles of Oceanography, Davis, msgqj. 93. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  23. 23. E. id.r yd .x.d ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 19w,a l=¾wdkfhys ñßÈh yd lrÈh fjka lsÍu .ek l;d lrk úg" fnÿïl,dmhla .ek l;d l<;a uqyqÿ folla w;r we;s fnÿu .ek l;d lrk úg tfial;d fkdlf<a wehs @ hkqfjka flfkl=g weish yel kùk úoHdj uÕska fidhd.;a wdldrhg l,mqj," tkï lrÈh yd ñßÈh ñY% jk ;ek we;s ;;ajh" uqyqÿfolla ñY% jk ;ek we;s ;;ajhg jvd iaj,amhla fjkiah l<mqj,§ lrÈh ydñßÈh w;r fjkialu zzia:r folla w;r >k;aj fjki meyeÈ,sj fmfkkl,dmhla˜1 (pycnocline zone) f,i fidhdf.k we;fuu fnÿï l,dmfha we;s c,fha" lrÈh yd ñßÈhg jvd fjkia ,jK;djhlaolakg ,efí2 ^ 14 rEmh &14 rEmhl<mqjl ,jK;djh ^odylg fldgia 0$00 la f,i& fmkajk oslalvla lrÈh yd ñßÈhw;r olakg ,efnk fnÿï l,dmh wmg fuys§ oel.; yelsh (Introductory Oceanog-raphy, Thurman, msgqj. 301, with a slight enhancement.)fuu f;dr;=re b;d uE;l§ fidhd.;a w;r ta i|yd b;d kùk WmlrKfhdof.k WIaK;ajh" ,jK;djh" yd >k;ajh" TËscka Èhjk m%udKh jeksfndfyda foa uek .ekSug isÿúh tlsfkl yuqjk uqyqÿ folla w;r we;s fjkimshú weilska oelsh fkdyels w;ru wmg uqyqÿ folu tlu uqyqola f,i muKlaoelsh yel tf,iu l<mqjl§ c,h fldgia ;=klg fn§uo mshú weilska oelshfkdyel fï fldgia ;=k kï ñßÈh" lrÈh" yd fnÿï l,dmhhs^1& Oceanography, Gross, msgqj. 242. n,kak Introductory Oceanography, Thurman, msgqj.. 300-301.(2) Oceanography, Gross msgqj. 244, iy Introductory Oceanography, Thurman, msgqj 300-301. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  24. 24. 20 F. .eUqre uqyqo yd wNHka;r ;rx. ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkaF. .eUqre uqyqo yd wNHka;r ;rx. ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkafoúhkajykafia w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|yka lrk wdldrhg ke;fyd;a ^foaj úYajdih fkdlrkakkaf.a& iajdNdjh .eUqre iuqøfha w÷r n÷h /<la th jihs tau; ;j /<a,ls tau; j,dl=<ls w÷r u; w÷rh hful= Tyqf.a w; úys÷jkafka kï Tyq th fkdolskafkah ^w,a l=¾wdkh 24(40&fuu jdlHfhA i|yka lrk wdldrhg" .eUqre id.rfha yd uqyqfoys mj;sk w÷rms<sn|j úia;r flfrk wdldrhg" tys§ ñksfil= ;u w;a È.=l< úg Tyqg thfkdfmfka .eUqre id.rj, yd uqyqfoys w÷r mj;skafka óg¾ 200la fyda thgjvd jeä .eUqrl§h fuu .eUqf¾§ tys lsisÿ wdf,dalhla fkdue;s ;rïh ^15jk rEmh n,kak& óg¾ 1000lg jvd jeä .eUqrl§ tys lsisÿ wdf,dalhlawe;af;kau ke; 115 rEmhid.rfha u;= msg mDIaGh uÕska iQ¾Hdf,dalfhka 3] ;a 30] ;a w;r m%udKhla mrdj¾:khflfrhs bkamiqj wdf,dal j¾Kdj,sfhys mj;sk j¾K y; w;=ßka ks,amdg yer wfkl=;aish¿u j¾K m<uq ógr 200l .eUqr ;=<§ tllg miqj wfkl f,i iïmq¾KfhkauwjfYdaIKhg ,lafjhs (Oceans, Elder and Pernetta, msgqj. 27.)^1& Oceans, Elder and Pernetta, msgqj 27 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  25. 25. F. .eUqre uqyqo yd wNHka;r ;rx. ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 21iíueÍk fyda úfYaIs; WmlrKj, iydh fkdue;sj ñksidg óg¾ 40lg jvdjeä .eUqrlg lsñ§fï yelshdjla fkdue; óg¾ 200la ;rï .eUqrla we;sid.rfha w÷re fmfofiys" WmlrK lsisjl Wmldrfhka f;drj Ôj;h /l.ekSfï yelshdjla ñksfil=g fkdue;úµd{hska úiska uE;l§ id.r m;af,ys mj;sk fuu w÷r ms<sn|j fidhd.kakd,oafoa" id.rj, .eUqre m%foaY j, .uka lsÍug Tjqkg WmldÍ jQ úfYaIWmlrK iy iíueÍk j, Wmldrfhksby; jdlHfhys my; oelafjk —.eUqre iuqøfha w÷r n÷h /<la th jihs tau;;j /<a,ls tau; j,dl=<ls w÷r u; w÷rh˜ hk jelsh ;=<ska wmg ;jÿrg;af;areï .; yels jkafka uqyqÿ yd id.rj, we;s .eUqre c, l|ka" ;rx. j,skawdjrKh ù we;s nj;a fuu ;rx. j,g by<ska ;j;a ;rx. mj;sk nj;ahby; mj;sk fojk j¾.fha ;rx. hkq wmg olakg ,efnk u;=msg ;rx.^r<&hs by; jdlHfha mjik wdldrhg fojk j¾.fha ;rx. j,g by<skaolakg ,efnkafka j<dl=¿h tfiakï tys i|yka m<uq ;rx. j¾.h l=ulao@tajdkï —úúOdldrfha >k;ajhkaf.ka hq;a ia:r ;=< >k;aj wka;¾ uqyqK;aj,we;sjk˜1 wNHka;r ;rx.hs fïjd mj;sk nj uE;l§ úµd{hka úiskafidhdf.k we; ^16 jk rEmh n,kak&16 rEmhtlsfklg fjkia >k;ajhlska hq;= c, ia:r folla w;r mj;sk wka;¾ uqyqKf;ysolakg ,efnk wNHka;r ;rx. by; rEmfhys tla ia:rhla ^my; ia:rh& >k;ajfhkajeäh wfkla ia:rh ^by< ia:rh& >k;ajfhka wvqh(Oceanography, Gross, msgqj. 204.)^1& Oceanography, Gross, msgqj 205 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  26. 26. 22 G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka.eUqre c,fhys >k;ajh" thg by<ska we;s c,fhys >k;ajhg jvd jeä neúkauqyqÿ yd id.rj, we;s .eUqre c,h" wNHka;r ;rx. j,ska wdjrKh ù mj;shswNHka;r ;rx.o u;=msg ;rx. f,iu l%shd lrhs u;=msg ;rx. ^r<& ìf|kwdldrhgu wNHka;r ;rx. j,go ì|Sfï yelshdj we; mshú ñksia weilska;rx. oel.ekSfï yelshdjla fkdue; tajd y÷kd.; yelafla fok ,o lsishïia:dkhl mj;sk WIaK;aj j, fyda ,jK;djhkaf.a fjkialï wOHhkh lsÍuuÕsks1G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkaúµd{hska úiska j,dl=¿ j¾. wOHhkh lsÍu ;=<ska jeis j<dl=¿ we;sjkafk;atajdfha yevh ;SrKh jkafk;a" lsishï iq<x j¾. yd j<dl=¿ j¾. iu.iïnkao jQ úfYaIs; mshjr j,ska yd úfYaIs;jQ ms<sfj,lg nj fidhdf.k we;Cumulonimbus fkdfyd;a leá j,dl=¿ hkq tla;rd jeis j,dl=¿ j¾.hlsld,.=K úµd{hska úiska fuu j,dl=¿ we;sjkafka flfiao@ tajd uÕska jeis"iq<x yd úÿ,s flàï we;sjkafka flfiao@ hkdÈh ms<sn|j wOHhk isÿfldgwe; tu wOHhk uÕska Tjqka j¾Idj we;s ùu i|yd leá jeys j,dl=¿ my;mshjrj,a miql< hq;= nj fidhd.kakd ,§1& iq<Õ uÕska j,dl=¿ ;,a¨ùug ,laùuiq<Õ uÕska lsishï j¾.hl l=vd j,dl=¿ fldgia Cumulus Clouds fkdfyd;aflá j,dl=¿& talrdYSjk m%foaYhla lrd ;,a,q lsÍu fya;=fldg f.k" leá jeysj,dl=¿ we;s ùug mgka .kshs ^17 yd 18 rEm igyka n,kak&17 rEmhj,dl=¿ talrdYSjk B Cyd D m%foaY lrd ;,a,qjkj,dl=¿ oelafjk pkaøsldPdhdrEmhls fï fuyswe;s B;< igyka uÕskaiq<f.ys ÈYdj fmkajhs(The Use of SatellitePictures in WeatherAnalysis and Forecasting,Anderson and others,msgqj 188.)^1& Oceanography, Gross, msgqj 205 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  27. 27. G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 2318 rEmhËs;sch wdikak-fha msysá j,dl=¿talrdYSjkm%foaYhla lrdmdùhk l=vdj,dl=¿ fldgia^leá j,dl=¿&úYd, ixLHdjlafuys oelafõ(Clouds andStorms, Ludlam,plate 7.4.)2& tlsfkl tl;= ùubkamiq tu l=vd j,dl=¿ tlg tl;= ù úYd, j,dl=<la iEfohs1 ^18 yd 19 rEmigyka n,kak&19 rEmhA) tlsfkl fjkaj mj;sk l=vd j,dl=¿ fldgia ^leá j,dl=¿&B) l=vd j,dl=¿ fldgia tlg tlajk úg iEfok úYd, j,dl=< ;=< by,g f;rmSfïn,h jeä neúka tu j,dl=< l%ufhka by,g f;rmSfï n,h o jeäfõ tuksid tuj,dl=< l%ufhka by<g tlu; tlla f,i f.dv.efihs fuu rEmfhys ;s;a i<l=KquÕska c, ìxÿ fmkakqï flf¾ (The Atmosphere, Anthes and others, msgqj. 269.)^1& n,kak The Atmosphere, Anthes and others, msgqj. 268-269, iy Elements of Meteorology,Miller and Thompson, msgqj 141. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  28. 28. 24 G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka3&tlu; tl f.dv.eiSul=vd j,dl=¿ tlsfkl tl;=ù iEfok tu úYd, j,dl=< ;=< by<g we;s flfrkf;rmSu j¾Okh fjhs j,dl=f<ys msg; m%foaYj,g jvd uOHg wdikakm%foaYfhys fuf,i by<g ;,a,q Ωùfï n,h wêlh1 fuu by<g ;,a,q Ωùfïn,h ksid j,dl=¿ tlu; tl f.dv .eiSfuka tu j,dl=¿ isria w;g j¾Okhùug mgka.kS ^19 ^B&" 20 yd 21 rEm igyk n,kak& fuf,i j,dl=f<ys isÿjkisria j¾Okh fya;= fldg f.k tu j,dl=¿j,g jdhqf.da,fha jvd;a isis,a m%foaYlrd Èlaùfï wjia:dj ,efnhs jeis ìxÿ yd ysu leg we;s ùu;a" tajdfhysm%udKh l%u l%ufhka úYd, ùu;a isÿjkafka fuu m%foaYfha§h tu c, ìxÿ ydysu leg tajd ord isák Wvql=re f;rmqug jvd nßka jeãjk úg tajd j,dl=¿j,isg j¾Idj fyda ysuleg jeis f,i jeàug mgka .kS 220 rEmhleá j,dl=<ls fï fuu j,dl=< by<gtlu; tl f.dv .eiSfuka miqj tuj,dl=f<ka j¾Idj weo yef,hs (Weatherand Climate, Bodin, msgqj.123.)foúhkajykafia w,a l=¾wdkfhys fufia mjihs ksh;jYfhkau foúhkajykafia j,dl=¿ fiñka mdù hdug i,ijk njo miqj tajdfha leì,s tlg wuqKd wk;=rej th >k j,dl=¿ f.dvla njg m;alrk nj kqU fkdolskafkyso@ túg th w;ßka jeis jefgkafka hehs kqU olskafkah ^w,a l=¾wdkh 24(43&j,dl=¿j, iïNjh tys jHqyh iy ld¾HNdrh ms<sn|j f;dr;=re oek .ekSugld,.=K úoHd{hkag yelsjQfha uE;l§h ta i|yd .=jkahdkd" pkaøsld"mß.Kl" ne,Qk iy wfkl=;a ÈhqKq WmlrK Ndú;d lsÍug isÿúh^1& j,dl=f<ys uOHg wdikak m%foaYfha by<g we;s f;rmqu wêlh thg fya;=j tu m%foaYj,dl=f<ys msg; fldgia uÕska isis,a ùfï ls%hdj,shkaf.ka wdrËd lsÍuhs^2& n,kak The Atmosphere, Anthes and others , msgqj. 269, and Elements of Meteorology, Millerand Thompson, msgqj.. 141-142. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  29. 29. G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhka 2521 rEmhleá jeys j,dl=<ls fï (A Colour Guide to Clouds, Scorer and Wexler, msgqj 23.)tys§" iq<Õ ms<sn|j yd tys ÈYdjka ms<sn|j wOHhkh lsÍu i|yd;a jdhqf.da,ShmSvk yd tajdfha fjkia ùï kS¾Kh lsÍu i|yd;a fuu WmlrK fhdod .kakd,§1 j,dl=¿ yd j¾Idj ms<sn|j i|yka lsÍfuka miqj my; jdlH uÕska ysuleg iy úÿ,s flàï ms<sn|jo i|yka lrhs ;jo wyiays l÷j,ska ^ j,dl=¿ & mdk ysu leg my< lrkafkah ;udg wNsu; whg thska myr fokafkah Tyq ;udg wNsu; whf.ka th j<lajkafkah ;jo tu úÿ,s t<sh weia ks,xldr lrkq we; ^w,a l=¾wdkh 24(43&ysu leg we;s lrk fuu leá jeys j,dl=¿ l÷ wdldrhg wä 25"000 isg 30"000olajd ^ie;mqï 47 isg 57 la olajd&2 jQ Wilg kef.k nj ld,.=K úoHd{hkafidhdf.k we; ta ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhys ;jo wyiays l÷j,ska ^ j,dl=¿ &mdk .,a jeis my< lrkafkah f,i i|yka flfrhs ^21 rEm igyk n,kak&^1& n,kak Ee’jaz al-Qur’an al-Kareem fee Wasf Anwa’ al-Riyah, al-Sohob, al-Matar, Makky andothers , msgqj 55(2) Elements of Meteorology, Miller and Thompson, msgqj.. 141. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  30. 30. 26 G. j,dl=¿ ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhkaby; mßÉfþoh uÕska wm ;=< m%YaKhla u;= lrhs ysu leg jeis i,ld n,kúg tys —úÿ<s flàu˜ f,i fuu mßÉfþofha i|yka jkafka wehs @ fuhskameyeÈ<s jkafka úÿ<s flàu we;sùu i|yd n,mdk m%Odk idOlh ysu legnjo@ Meteorology Today kï .%ka:fhys fï ms<sn|j l=ula i|yka ù we;a oehsn,uq j,dl=¿ j, we;s wê YS;,g ,la jQ c, ì¢;s yd whsia iaMál iys;tla;rd m%foaYhla yryd ysu leg m;kh jk úg j,dl=¿ úoHq;a wdfrdamkhg,lafjhs c, ì¢;s ysu leg iu. .efgk úg tu c, ì¢;s .=ma; ;dmh msglrñka ñ§ug ,lafjhs fuu ;dmh uÕska tu ysu legfhys u;= msg mDIaGfhysWKqiqu th jgd mj;sk whsia iaMálhla yd iam¾Y jk úg b;du;a jeo.;afohla isÿfjhs isis,a jia;=jl isg WKqiqï jia;=jla lrd bf,lafg%dak .uka lsÍuisÿfjhs tu ksid ysu legh Rk f,i wdfrdamkh fjhs wêl f,i isis,a jQ c,ì¢;s ysu leghla iu. iam¾Y jk úgo by; isÿùu isÿjk w;r fuys§ Okf,i wdfrdamkh jQ b;d l=vd whsia m;=re leã úisfrhs nßka b;du;a ieye,a,qjk Ok wdfrdams; fuu l=vd whsia m;=re j,dl=f<ys by<g we;s lrk f;rmqufya;= fldg f.k j,dl=f<ys by< fldgi lrd .uka lrhs Rk f,i wdfrdamkhù mj;sk ysu leg j,dl=f<ys my< fldgi lrd .uka lrk w;r tuÕskaj,dl=f<ys my< fldgi Rk f,i wdfrdamkh fjhs fuu Rk wdfrdamkhka úÿ,sflàu f,i bj;aj hhs tneúka ysu leg hkq úÿ,s flàu we;s ùu i|ydwjYHjk m%Odk idOlh nj fï uÕska wmyg ks.ukh l< yel 1úÿ,s flàu ms<sn|j fuu f;dr;=re fidhd.kakd ,oafoa uE; ld,fha§h l%sj 1600 jk;=re ld,.=K úoHdj ms<sn|j m%OdkjYfhka ms<s.eKqfka weßiafgdag,af.awoyiah jdhqf.da,h iukaú; jkafka f;;aiy úh<s hk j¾. foll jd;hkaf.ka jkw;r tf,i mj;sk úh<s jd;h wi, msysáj,dl=<l .efgk YíOh wyi f.rùfïy~ jk w;r úÿ,sh flàu hkq tu úh<sjd;h b;du;a ;=kS oe,a,la iys;j .sksf.koefjk njhs tl< ms<s.ekqfka2 fuuwoyia oekg ishjia oy y;rlg fmr w,al=¾wdkh my< jk ld,fha ld,.=K úoHd-fjys uQ,sl f,i ms<s.eKqk woyia j,skaiuyrls(1) Meteorology Today, Ahrens, msgqj. 437.(2) The Works of Aristotle Translated into English: Meteorologica, vol. 3, Ross and others, msgqj369a-369b. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  31. 31. H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia 27H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|júoHd{hkaf.a woyia iuyrla my; i|yka fjhs fuu ish¿u woyia Wmqgdf.k we;af;a This is the Truth ^i;Hh fuhhs& kue;s ùäfhda mgfhks fuuùäfhda mgfhys tu úoHd{hka my; i|yka lr we;s Tjqkaf.a woyia m%ldYlrk wdldrh" ±lSug;a" th weiSug;a Tng mq¿jk ^fuu ùäfhda mgfhysmsgm;la ,nd .eksu i|yd lreKdlr www.islam-guide.com/truth fjí wvúhgmsúfikak&1& wdpd¾h á ú tka m¾fidaâ (T. V. N. Persaud) hkq lekvdfõ úksfm.ays ueksf-gdand úYaj úoHd,fhys ldhjHjÉfþoh ms<sn|j uydpd¾hjrfhl=o <ud frda.yd <ud fi!LHh ms<sn|j uydpd¾Hjrfhl=o m%ij yd kdßfõoh m%ckk fi!LHms<sn|j uydpd¾hjrfhl=o fjhs Tyq tu úYaj úoHd,fhys ldhjHjÉfþohwxYfhys jir 16la uydpd¾Hjrfhl= f,i lghq;= fldg we; tu lafIa;%fhysTyq b;du;a m%isoaO wfhls Tyq .%ka: 22l l;Djrfhl= jk w;ru TyqúoHd;aul m;%sld (Scientific papers) 181 lg jvd jeä m%udKhla m%ldYhgm;afldg we; 1991 jifrys Tyq lefkaähdkq ldhjHjÉfþofõ§kaf.a ix.uhuÕska msßkukq ,nk lekvdfjys ldhjHÉfþo wxYfha b;du;au iïNdjkShiïudkh jk J. C. B. Grant Award kï iïudkfhkao msÿï ,eîh Tyq úiskam¾fhaIK mj;ajk ,o oE ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|yka úoHd;aulm%d;syd¾hhka w<,d Tyqf.ka m%Yak l< úg Tyq ;u woyia m%ldY lf<a fufiah — ug ±fkk wdldrhg kï uqyïuoa lshkafka idudkHñksfila Tyq ,súugj;a lshùug;a fkdokakd flfkla tkï wËr {dkhfkdue;s flfkla tfiau wm l;d lrk tu ld, jljdkqj;a ±kg Y;j¾Ifod<ylg ^ieneúkau .;fyd;a Y;j¾I oyy;rlg& by; ld, jdljdkqjhsfuysÈ wËr {dkh mjd fkdue;s hful= úiska úoHd;aul w;sska b;du;a ksjerÈyd b;du;a .eUqre w¾:hka iys; woyia yd m%ldYhka bÈßm;a fldg ;sfnkjdfuh kslïu wyUq isÿúula nj ug kï flfiaj;a ys;kak neye tajdfhysfndfyda ksjerÈ;djhka ;sfnkjd Tyqg fuu m%ldYhka isÿlsßug fmd<Ujk,oafoa lsishï ÈjHuh {dkhla fyda tjeks ÈjHuh fy<slsÍugla uÕska njis;Sug wdpd¾h uqj¾g fiau ugo lsisÿ wmyiqjla keye˜ bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  32. 32. 28 H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyiauydpd¾h m¾fidaâ Tyqf.a .%ka: iuyrl w,a l=¾wdka mßÉfþohka fiau jla;Duqyïuoa ;=udf.a m%ldYhkao we;=<;a fldg ;sfí tfiau Tyq iïfï,kiuyrl§ o fuu l=¾wdka mßÉfþohka iy jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a m%ldYhkabÈßm;a fldg we;2& wdpd¾h fcda ,S isïmaika (Dr. Joe Leigh Simpson) hkq weußld tlai;ackmofha fglaidia" yqiagkays fí,¾ ffjoH úoHd,fhys m%ij yd kdßfõofomd¾;fïka;=fõ iNdm;sjrhdh tfiau Tyq m%ij yd kdßfõoh ms<sn|juydpd¾hjrfhl=o" wKql iy udkj cdk úoHdj ms<sn|j uydpd¾hjrfhl=ofjhs �fuhg by;È Tyq weußldfõ fuï*siays fgfkiS úYaj úoHd,fha m%ij ydkdßfõo fomd¾;fïka;=fõ iNdm;s f,i;a m%ij yd kdßfõoh ms<sn| uydpd¾hjrfhl= f,i;a lghq;= lr we; tfiau Tyq weußldkq iM,;djh ms<sn|jix.ufha (Fertility Society) iNdm;s f,io lghq;= fldg we; tfiau Tyq 1992j¾Ih i|ydjq Association of professors of Obstetrics and Gynecology PublicRecognition Award kï iïudkh we;=¿ iïudk .Kkdjlska msÿï ,nqfjlsuydpd¾h isïmaika jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a my; i|yka jk m%ldYhka folwOHhkhg ,la lr we; ™Tn ish¿ fokdf.au ish¿u wjhjhka ks¾udKh lsÍu" Èky;,sh jk úg§ Tnf.a ujf.a .¾NdIh ;+<§ tlg tl;+ lrkq ,efíš1 ™l<,hg rd;%Ska y;,sia folla bl=;a jk úg§ foúhka úiska thlrd iqr¥;fhl= tjkq ,nk w;r Tyq úiska thg kshñ; yevhka ,nd foñka tysweiSu" fmkSu" iu" udxY yd wiaÓka ks¾udKh lrkq ,efíš 2 Tyq by; i|yka jk jla;D uqyñuoa ;=udf.a m%ldYhka folb;du;a .eUqßka wOHhkh l< w;r l<, ckkfhys m<uq Èk y;<sh tysb;du;a meyeÈ,s yd jeo.;a ld,m¾Éfþoh njo wjOdkhg ,la lrk ,Èfuys§ Tyq jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a by; i|yka jk m%ldYhkays ;snqkid;sYh ksrjoH;djh ms<sn|j b;du;a mqÿuhg m;aúh bkamiqj tlaiïfï,khlÈ Tyq my; woyia m<lrk ,È01& iySya uqia,sï # 2643 yd iySya w,a nqydß # 3208 ys i|ykaj we; fuu .%ka:fhys ™š fuuúfYaIs; jryka ;=< igyka fldg we;af;a jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka m%ldY l< oE j, mßj¾:khlstfiau wfOda ,smsj, # ixfÄ;h fhdod we;af;a y§ifhys wxlh i|yka lsÍughs y§ia hkq jla;Duqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a wkq.dñlhka úiska t;=udKkaf.a l%shdjka" m%ldYhka yd wkqu; l< oEms<snoj úYajdikSh f,i oekqï ÿka f;dr;=re jd¾;dh02& iySya uqia,sïys # 2645 ys i|ykaj we; bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  33. 33. H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia 29—fuu yÈia ^ jla;D uqyïuoa ;=ud úiska mjik ,o foaj,a& fol uÕska Èky;,sylg fmr isÿjk m%Odk l<, úlik ms<snoj úfYaIs; ld, igykla wmyg ,ndfokjd tfiau" ud is;k wdldrhg ud mjik fuu lreK wfkl=;alÓlhka úiskao wo WoEik kej; kej; m%ldYhg m;a l<d tkï fuuy§ihka tajd ,shk ld,fhys ;snqK úµd;aul ±kqu fidhdf.k ,shk ,o tajdúh fkdyels njhs tfiau" ud is;kafka cdk úoHdj yd O¾uhg w;r .eàulafkdue; we;af;kau mrïmßl úoHd;aul m%fõYhka iu. O¾uhg foúhkaúiska fy<sorjq l< oE tlalsÍu uÕska tu O¾uhg úoHdj flfrys u.fmkaùulal< yelshs fufia" w,a l=¾wdkfhys mj;sk m%ldYhka j, i;H;djh th my< ùY;j¾I .Kkdjlg miqj wog;a tajd j,x.= fõ t;=<ska w,a l=¾wdkfhyswka;¾.; ±Kqï iïNdrfhys uQ, m%Njh foúhka nj wm yg t;a;= .kajkjd˜3& wdpd¾h B udI,a fcdkaika (Dr. E. Mashall Johnson) hkq weußldfõfmkais,afõkshdys *s,fv,a*shd j, msysá f;dauia fc*¾ika úYaj úoHd,fhaldhjHjÉfþoh yd úlik ðj úoHdj ms<sn|j uydpd¾h tußgia jrfhls jir22la mqrd Tyq tys uydpd¾h OQrfhys lghq;= l< w;ru ldhjHjÉfþofomd¾;fïka;=fjys iNdm;s Oqrho" veksh,a fnda.a wdh;kfhys wOHlaI OQrhofynúh tfiau Tyq úrEm úoHd (Teratology) ix.ufhyso iNdm;s f,i lghq;=lrk ,§ Tyq m%ldYk 200lg jeä .Kkl l;Djrfhl=o fjhs 1981 È fi!Èwdrìfhys oudïj, mej;s y;ajk ffjoH iïfï,kfhaÈ Tyqf.a m¾fhaIKjd¾;dj bÈßm;a lrñka Tyq fufia mejish(—idrxYh ( w,a l=¾wdkh uÕska ndysr rEmldrj, úlikh ms<sn|j muKlafkdj" wNHka;r wjëka ms<sn|jo wjOdrKh lrhs tkï" j¾;udk úoHdjuÕska y÷kd.;a l<,h ;=, we;s úúO wjêka ms<sn|jo" tys ks¾udKh ydúlikh ms<sn|jo wjOdrKh lrhstfiau" Tyq ;jÿrg;a mejiqfõ — úoHd{fhl= f,i" ud yg l%shdl, yelafla udksYaÑ; jYfhkau olsk foaj,a iu. muKhs ud yg l<, úoHdj yd úlik ðjúoHdj ms<sn|j f;areï .eksug mq¿jks ud yg mßj¾:kh fldg fmkajk ,ow,al=¾wdka jdlHhkao ud yg f;areï .ekSug mq¿jks ud fuhg fmrWodyrKhla bÈßm;a l<dfiau" ud fuu j¾;udkfha isÿjk foaj,a tu hq.hgf.dia tajd úia;r lsÍug yelshdjla ;snqK;a ud yg tu úia;r fldg ;sfnkfoaj,a úia;r lsÍfï yelshdjla kï fkdue;s fõú tneúka" uqyïuoa keue;sfuu mqoa.,hdyg fuu f;dr;=re hï ia:dkhlska fy<soõ jQ njg mj;skixl,amh jerÈ nj mejisu i|yd idol lsisjla udyg olskakg keye tneúka"Tyq yg ,sùug yelsjq foaj,a i|yd lsishï ÈjHuh ueÈy;a ùula fya;=jQ njgmj;sk ixl,amhg tfrys ùug ;rï lsisjla udyg olskakg keye˜101& jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka wËr ×Kfhka f;drht;=udg ,sùug fyda lshùug fkdyel kuq;at;=ud ;u wkq.dñlhkag w,a l=¾wdkh lgmdvñka lshd fmkajñka Tyqf.ka iuyrl=g th igykalr .kakd f,i wK lrk ,§ bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  34. 34. 30 H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia4& wdpd¾h ú,shï jhs fya (Dr. William W. Hay)hkq iqm%isoaO iuqøúoHd{fhls Tyq weußldfõ fld<rdfvda" fnda,av¾ys fld<rdfvda úYaj úoHd,fhaN+ úoHdjka ms<sn|j uydpd¾h jrfhls Tyq fuhg fmr weußldfõ *af,daÍvd"ñhdñys msysá ñhdñ úYaj úoHd,fha iuqø iy jdhqf.da, úoHdj ms<sn|j jQfrdfikaiaghs,a úoHd,fha msGdêm;s OQrfhao lghq;= fldg we; id.r ms<sn|juE;lÈ fidhd .kakd ,o f;dr;=re ms<sn|j w,a l=¾wdkfha i|yka oE ms<sn|juydpd¾h fya iu. isÿlrk ,o idlÑPdfjka miQ Tyq mejiqfõ" —Y=oaO jq l=¾wdkh jeks bmerKs O¾u .%ka:hl fujeks jq wdldrfhaf;dr;=re i|ykaùu ud yg kï b;du;a is;a.kakd iq¿hs tfiau tu f;dr;=refldfya isg ,enqK tajd úhyelsoehs ug kï is;d .kakg neye fuys iuyrmßÉfÊoj, w¾:hg wod< jQ f;dr;=re fidhd.eksfï jevlghq;= ls%hd;aulfjñka mj;sk úgÈ;a tajd w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|yka ù ;sîu b;du;au is;a.kakdiq¿ fohla njhs uu is;kafka˜tfiau" Tyqf.ka w,a l=¾dwdkfhys m%Njh ms<sn|j úuiSsula l<úg Tyq mejiqfõ"—we;af;kau" uu kï is;kafka th foúhkaf.au úh hq;= njhs˜5& wdpd¾h fcrd,aâ is f.daßx.¾ (Dr. Gerald C. Goeringer) weußldfõfjdIsxgkays fcda¾þ gjqka úYaj úoHd,fha ffjoH úoHd,fhys ffi, Ôj úoHdfomd¾;fïka;=fõ l<, ffjoH úoHdj ms<sn|j uydpd¾hjrfhl= fiau mdGud,dwOHlaIljrhd f,io lghq;= lrhs fi!È wdrdìfha ßhdoays mej;s wgjk fi!ÈffjoH iïfï,kh fha§ Tyqf.a m¾fhaIK jd¾;dj bÈßm;a lrk w;r;=r§uydpd¾h f.daßx.¾ my; ± m%ldY lrk ,È —ckaudkq ixfhdackh ùfï isg wx.ckkh olajdjQ udkj úlikhms<n|j b;du;a mD:Q, úia;rhla idfmalaIj b;du;a wvq jdlHhka ^w,al=¾wdkajdlHhka& .Kkl wvx.=j mj;shs j¾.SlrKhka" ta i|yd jQ mdßNdIsl Yíoud,dj yd úia;r lsÍï jeksjQ udkj úlikh ms<sn|j jk iïmQ¾K iy meyeÈ,sigykla fuhg fmr ;sî fkdue; tu ish¿u" tfia;a fkdue;s kï idïm%odhslúoHd;aul ,sms f,aLk j, udkj l<, yd N%EK úlikfhys úúO wjia:djkams<sn|j i|yka úug Y;j¾I .Kkdjlg l,skau fuys úia;r lsÍï isÿù;sfnkjd6& wdpd¾h fhdIsysfoa fldfihs (Dr. Yoshihide Kozai) cmdkfha" fgdalsfhda"fydxfldxys fgdalsfhda úYaj úoHd,fha uydpd¾h tußgia jrfhls tfiau Tyqcmdkfha fgdalsfhda" ñgldys cd;sl .%yf,dal ksÍlaIKd.drfhys wOHlaIljrhdf,io lghq;= lr ;sfnhs Tyq mjik wdldrhg( —;drld úoHdj ms<sn|j f;dr;=re l=rdkfhys ±lSu ug b;du;a mqÿuiy.;hs tfiau" j¾;udk ;drld úoHd{hka wOHhkh lrñka isákafka úYajfhab;du;a iq¿ fldgia ms<sn|jhs wm wmf.a Y%uh mQ¾K f,i fhdojd we;af;aúYajfha b;du;au l=vd fldgila ms<sn|j f;areï .ekSu i|ydhs bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  35. 35. H. w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykajk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j úoHd{hkaf.a woyia 31tkï" ÿf¾Ëhka fhdodf.k wm yg ksÍËKh l, yelafla úYajfha b;du;auiq¿ fldgila muKhs uq¿ úYajhu .ek is;kakg neye tu ksid" w,a l=¾wdkhlshùu u.skq;a" m%Yak j,g ms<s;=re iemhsu ;=<skq;a" ud is;kafka" ud ygwkd.;fha úYajh ms<sn|j wOHkh lsßu i|yd ud¾.h fidhd .eksug yelsjknjhs˜7& uydpd¾h ácdgeÜ fgcdika (Prof. Tejatat Tejasen) hkq ;dhs,ka;fha Ñhxfuyshs msysá Ñhx fuhs úYaj úoHd,fha ldhjHjÉfþo fomd¾;fïka;=fõiNdm;sjrhdh fuhg fmr Tyq tu úYaj úoHd,fhau ffjoH mSGfhys mSGdêm;sf,i lghq;= lrk ,È fi!È wrdìfha ßhdoays mej;s wgjk ffjoHiïfï,kfha§ uydpd¾h fgcdika ke.s isg fuf,i mejish—miq.sh jir ;=k ;=<È ud w,a l=¾wdkh ms<sn|j úuis,su;a úñ udf.a wOHh-khka ;=,skq;a" fuu iïfï,kfhaÈ ud ±k.;a foaj,a ;=,skq;a" ±kg jirtlaoyia ydrishhlg fmr l=rdkfha igyka lr ;snQ ish¿ ± i;Hhla úh hq;=nj;a" tajd úoHd;aulj Tmamq lsÍug yels nj;a ud úYajdi lrñ jla;D uqyïuoa;=udg ,sùfï fyda lshùfï yelshdj fkdue;s neúka" uqyïuoa hkq n,iïmkakks¾ud;D úiska Tyqg fy<s orõ lrk ,o i;H wm yg m%ldY l, ¥;fhl= úhhq;=h fuu ks¾ud;Djrhd foúhkajykafia úh hq;=h tneúka" fuh" ,d b,dyb,a,,a,dya" w,a,dya ^foúhkajykafia& yer keu§ug iqÿiq wkalsisfjl= fkdue;"uqyïuÿ¾ riq¨,a,dya" uqyïuoa hkq w,a,dya ^foúhkajykafia&f.a ÿ;hd^jla;Djrhdh& hehs mejiSug iqÿiqu wjia:dj fuhhs wjidk jYfhka ud fuuiuq¿j b;du;a úYsIaG f,i yd b;du;a id¾:l f,i ixúOdkh lsßu ms<sn|judf.a i;=g m< lrñ ud fuysÈ ,nd.;af;a úoHd;aul ±kqu yd wd.ñl±kqu muKla fkdfjhs b;du;a iqm%isoaO úoHd{hka fndfyda fofkl= yuq ùfïúYsIaG Nd.Hho Tjqka w;ßka kj ñ;=rka fndfyda fofkl= we;s lr .ekSfïwjia:djo ug fuys§ Wodúh fuu ia:dkhg meñŒsu ;=,ska ud ,nd .;a jákdufoh jkafka ,d b,dy b,a,,a,dya" uqyïuÿ¾ riq¨,a,dya hkak iy ud uqia,sïjrfhl= njg m;a ùuhs˜w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|yka jk úoHd;aul m%d;syd¾hhka ms<sn|j fuuWodyrKhka ish,a, .ek ±k .ekSfuka miqj;a ta ms<sn|j by; úoHd{hkaf.awoyia ±k .ekSfuka miqj;a wms wmf.kau my; i|yka m%Yakhka wid n,uq∗ úúO lafIa;%hka ;=<ska b;du;a uE;lÈ fidhd .kakd ,o úoHd;aul f;dr;=re" ±kg jir tlaoyia ydrishhlg fmr my< lrk ,o w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykaj ;sìu wynq isÿùula úh yelso@∗ fuu l=¾wdkfhys l¾;D uqyïuoa ;=ud fyda fjk;a hï ñksfil= úh yelso@fuu mekhkag we;s tlu iqÿiq ms<s;=r jkafka" w,a l=¾wdkh hkqfoúhkajykafiaf.au joka nj;a" th Tyq úiska wkdjrKh lrk ,oaolahkak;ah bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  36. 36. 32 ^2& Y=oaOjQ w,a l=¾wdkfhys wvx.= mßÉfþohkag iudk jk tla mßÉfþohla ks¾udKh lsÍu i|yd mj;sk úYd, wNsfhda.h ^2& Y=oaOjQ w,a l=¾wdkfhys wvx.= mßÉfþohkag iudk jk tla mßÉfþohla ks¾udKh lsÍu i|yd mj;sk úYd, wNsfhda.hw,a l=¾wdkfhys foúhkajykafia fufia mjid we;( wmf.a .e;a;d ^ uqyïuoa kï O¾uÿ;hdKka& g wm my< l< oE ^w,a l=¾wdkh& iïnkaOfhka ^th foúhkajykafia úiska my< l< njg& kqU,d ielfha isà kï tjeks mßÉfþohla bÈßm;a lrkqæ ;jo kqU,d i;Hjd§yq kï" th ^idlaId;a lrkq jia& foúhkajykafia yer kqU,df.a wdOdrlrejka le|jd.kq tfy;a kqU,d tfia fkdlrkafka kï kqU,dg lsis lf,l;a tfia lsÍug fkdmq¿jk tneúka foaj úYajdih fkdue;s wh i|yd ms<sfh< lrk ,o bkaok f,i ñksiqkajo" .,ao ojd,k .skakg ìhjkq ^uqyïuoaæ fuu w,a l=¾wdkh& úYajdi lrkakd jQ;a ^ta wkqj& hym;a f,i l%shdlrk whg .,d nisk .x.djkaf.ka hq;= iaj¾.h we;ehs Y=NdrxÑ okajkq^w,a l=¾wdkh 2(23-25&w,a l=¾wdkfhys i|ykaj we;s tla mrsÉfPaohla fuka tkï ta yd iudkjw,xldrh" jHla;Ndjh" fYa%IaGNdjh" nqoaêu;a kS;s mekúï" i;H f;dr;=re"i;H wkdjels iy wvq ¨yqvqlï j,ska f;drjQ wfkl=;a .=Kdx.hkaf.ka iukaú;tlu tl mrsÉfPaohlaj;a ks¾udKh lsÍug" Y; j¾I oy y;rlg fmrl=¾wdkh my< l<od isg fï olajdu lsisfjl=g;a fkdyels ù ;sfí ;jol=¾wdkfhys i|ykaj we;s b;du;a l=vd" jpk oyhlska muKla iukaú; ^108jk& mßÉfþohlaj;a ;ju;a ks¾udKh lsÍug yd tu wNsfhda.h ch .ekSugtodisg wo olajdu1 lsisu lsisfjl=g;a fkdyels ù ;sfíw,a l=¾wdkfhys mj;sk l=vdu mßÉfþoh ^108 jk mßÉfþoh& iukaú; jkafka jpkoyhlska muKs kuq;a" fï olajdu lsis÷ flfkl= w,a l=¾wdkfhys wvx.= mßÉfþohkagiudk jq ;j;a tla mßÉfþohla ksmoùfï wNsfhda.h ch .ekSug iu;aù ke;01& n,kak Al-Borhan fee Oloom Al-Qur’an, Al-Zarkashy, 2 jk fj¿u msgqj 224 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  37. 37. ^3& bia,dufhys jla;DjrhdKka jk uqyïuoa ;=udf.a my< úu ms<sn|j nhsn,fha i|yka wkdjels( 33jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a i;=rka jQ foaj úYajdih fkdlrkakdjQ wrdìjrekaiuyfrla fuu wNsfhda.h ch .ekSug W;aidy lrñka jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKkai;Hjq jla;Djrfhl= fkdjk nj Tmamq lsÍug W;aidy l<o" Tjqkaf.a W;aidyhwid¾:l úh1 fuu W;aidyh wid¾:l jqfha l=¾wdkh Tjqkaf.au NdIdj jkfoaYsh NdIdfjka fy<s orjq ù ;sìh§;a yd jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a ld,fhysisá wdrìjreka wo olajd j¾Kkd l< yels wdldrfha b;du;a ukyr yd úYsIaGjQ ldjHhka rpkd lsÍfï oËhkaj isáhÈ;a h ^3& bia,dufhys jla;DjrhdKka jk uqyïuoa ;=udf.a my< úu ms<sn|j nhsn,fha i|yka wkdjels(jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a my<ùu ms<sn|jnhsn,fha i|yka wkdjelSka" nhsn,h úYajdilrk mqoa.,hkag bia,dufhys i;H;djh i|ydwe;s idlaIska fjhs oaú;Sh kS;s ix.%yfhys 18ys foúhkajyka-fia fudaiiag fufia mejiq nj i|yka lrhs( — kqfò ifydaor ck;dj w;ßka kqqU yd iudk Èjeisjrfhl= f;dard m;afldg" Tyq lsh hq;= foa Tyqg lshd fokafkñ Tyqg ud wK lrk ish,a, Tjqkg Tyq okajkq we; hfula udf.a kdufhka Tyq lshk- foag ijka fkdfokafka kï" uu tjekafkl=g o~qjï lrñ˜ ^oaú;Sh kS;s ix.%yh 18 ( 18 - 19& 2by; jels j,ska wm ks.ukh l< yels jkafka foúhkajykafia úiska tùugkshñ; jla;DjrhdKka" 1& fudaiia jeks jla;Djrfhla úh hq;= nj;a 2& Tyq hqfoõjkaaf.a ifydaorhka w;=ßka meñ‚h hq;=j we;s nj;a yd" 3& foúhkajykafiaf.a joka jla;Djrhdf.a uqjg oeuQúg Tyq foúhkajykafiaf.a wK mK;a lshdmE hq;= nj;ahfuu lreKq .eUqßka wOHkh lr n,uq01& n,kak Al-Borhan fee Oloom Al-Qur’an, Al-Zarkashy, 2 jk fj¿u msgqj 22602& fuu nhsn,a jdlHhka wxl 293" .d,q mdf¾ fld<U 03 msysá Y%S ,xld nhsn,a ix.ufhka ,nd.;a isxy, NdIdfjka mßj¾:kh lrk ,o —f;aud mgqk iys; Y=oaO nhsn,h kj wkqjdoh" f;jkixialrkfhka Wmqgd .;a;ls ^The Holy Bible with subject index, New Revised Sinhala Version)(New Translation – Third Edtion) bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  38. 38. 34 ^3& bia,dufhys jla;DjrhdKka jk uqyïuoa ;=udf.a my< úu ms<sn|j nhsn,fha i|yka wkdjels(1 fudaiia jeks jla;Djrfhla úh hq;=hfudaiia yd jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka ;rï iudk;djhkaf.ka hq;a jla;Djrekafofofkla ;j;a fkdue;s ;rïh Tjqka fofokdgu Ôú;h ms<sn|j b;du;amD:q, kS;s ix.%yhla ,nd § we; Tjqka fofokdu Tjqkaf.a i;=rka iu. igkafldg b;du;a úYauh ckl wdldr j,ska ch ,nd we;s w;r Tjqka fofokdujla;Djreka f,i yd Wiia foaYmd,lhka f,i ms<s.eksug ,laj we; Tjqkafofokdju >d;kh lsÍfï l=uka;%K j,ska miqj Tjqka fjk;a m%foaYhkagixl%uKh fldg we; fudaiia yd jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka w;r iudk;djhkaw;rg iajNdúl Wm;" mjq,a Ôú;h yd t;=udkAf.a urKh wvx.= jk w;r"fudaiia yd fhaiqia ls%ia;=iajykafia w;r we;s iudk;djhka by; i|yka lreKquÕska fkdfmkS hhs tmuKla fkdj fhaiqia ls%ia;=iajykafiaf.a wkq.dñlhka úiskat;=udj uqia,sïjreka is;k wdldrhg" uqyïuoa yd fudaiia kï jQjla;Djrfhl= f,ika muKla fkdi,ld t;=udj foúhkaf.a mq;%hd f,io i<lk,È tneúka" by; wkdjelsh uÕska i|yka lrkqfha fhaiqia ls%ia;=iajykafiams<sn|j fkdj jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka ms<sn|jhs ulaksido h;a" fhaiqials%ia;=iajykafiag jvd fudaiiag iudk;d olajkqfha jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKkajk neúks tfiau" hqfoõjka úiska meyeÈ<s wkdjelska ;=kla i;H jk;=re u. n,disá nj cqjdï ;=udf.a Y=NwdrxÑh (Gospel) uÕska i|ykafõ bka m<uqjekakfhaiqia ls%ia;=iajykafiaf.a meñŒuhs fojekak jqfha t,shdf.a meñŒsuhsf;jekak jqfha jla;DjrhdKkaf.a meñŒsuhs Y=oaO jQ cqjdï ;=udg fhduqlrk ,om%Yak ;=fkka fuh b;du;a meyeÈ,s fjhs —kqU ljfrla oehs wik ms‚i hqfoõjrekaúiska fcrEi,fï isg mQclhkao f,ùhhkao hejQ l<" fcdyka idËs foñka" uul%sia;iajykafia fkfjñ hs fkdiÕjdu m%ldY lf<ah tfia kï lsfulao@ kqU t,shdoehs Tõyqweiqy ke;ehss Tyq lSh kqU ta Èjeisjrhdo@ hk m%YaKhg;a Tyq ke;ehs lSh ^Y=oaO jQ cqjdï^fcdyka& ( 19 - 21& meyeÈ<s lsÍfï igyka iys; nhsn,hlska wm fï ms<sn|jwjOdkh l<fyd;a tys me;s udhsïj, we;s úia;r igyka j, zÈjeisjrhdZ^jla;DjrhdKka& hk jpkh Y=oaO jQ cqjdï ^fcdyka& 1 ( 21 ys we;s ia:dkh;a"oaú;Sh kS;s ix.%yfha 18 ( 15 ys yd 18 (181 ys i|yka wkdjels j,g iudk jknj;a wmyg ±l.; yel fï ish¿ f;dr;=re uÕska wmg ks.ukh lrkqfhaoaú;Sh kS;s ix.%yfha 18 ( 18 ys wkdjels uÕska woyia lrkqfha l%sia;=iajykafiams<sn|j fkdj jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka ms<sn|j njhs2 hqfoõjkaaf.a ifydaorfhlaawdíryï yg" bIauhs,a yd Bidla hkqfjka msßñ orejka fofofkl= jQy ^W;am;a;sl;dj 21& bIauhs,a wrdì cd;slhkaf.a mrmqfrys mshd úh Bidla hqfoõcd;slhkaf.a mrmqfrys mshd úh i|yka lr we;s jla;Djrhd mej; wd hq;af;ahqfoõ cd;sl mrïmrdfjka fkdj Tjqkaf.a ifydaor mrïmrdfjks ^bIauhs,amrïmrdj& uqyïuoa hkq bIauhs,a mrïmrdfjka mejf;kafkls bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  39. 39. ^4& w,a l=¾wdkfhys wkd.; isÿùï ms<sn|j i|yka lr we;s jdlHka miq ld,Skj ieneúkau isÿúu 35;jo nhsn,fha fhdidhd 42(1-13 ys mjikafka foúhkajykafiaf.a fiajlhd hkqTyq úiska —f;dard.kakd ,o mqoa.,hd˜ yd jHjia:dj f.fkk —jla;Djrhd˜f,ihs —ieneúkau hqla;sh bgq lrkafkah t;=ud l,lsfrkafkj;a" wffO¾H jkafkj;a ke;(ñysmsg hqla;sh msysgjk;=re t;=udf.a oyï uÕ Wodjk;=re osjhska n,d isáq we; ^fhdidhd42(4&1 ;jo 11 jk jdlHfha" n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka isá jla;Djrhdflao¾jrekaf.ka mejf;kafkla f,i i|yka fõ flao¾jreka hkq ljfrlao@W;am;a;s l;dfõ 25(13 ys mjik mßÈ flao¾ hkq bIauhs,f.a fojk mq;%hd fõtkï jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a uq;=kañ;a;dh3 foúhkajykafiaf.a joka jla;Djrhdf.a uqjg oeuQúg Tyq foúhkajykafiaf.awK mK;a lshdmE hq;=hsfoúhkajykafiaf.a joka ^Y=oaO jQ w,a l=¾wdkh& we;a;gu uqyïuoa ;=udf.auqj.g ouk ,§ ðnrdhS,a foaj ¥;hdf.a ud¾.fhka foúhkajykafiaf.a i;H jQjoka ^Y=oaO jQ w,a l=¾wdkh& uqyïuoa ;=udg tjQ w;r tajd weiqk f,iu ,shd.ekSu ms‚i ñksiqkag lshk f,ig Tyqg wKlrk ,§ tneúka tu joka Tyqf.afkdjk w;r tajd Tyqf.a woyia ;=<ska wd foaj,ao fkdfõ tajd ðnrdhS,a foaj¥;hd uÕska Tyqf.a uqjÕg oeuQjls uqyïuoa ;=udf.a Âú; ld,h mqrdjgTyqf.a wkqoekqu u; fuu joka Tyqf.a wkqdñlhka úiska ,shd ;enQ w;r Tjqkath jkfmd;a l<y oaú;Sh kS;s ix.%yfhys fuu jla;D;ajh ms<sn|j foúh-kajykafia fufia mjihs hfula udf.a kdufhka Tyq lshkfoag ijka fkdfokafka kï" uutjekafkl=g o~qjï lrñ˜ ^oaú;Sh kS;s ix.%yh 18 ( 18 - 19& tkï nhsn,h úYajdi lrklõreka fyda fõjd fuu jla;Djrhd mjik foh ms<smeÈh hq;=hs fuujla;Djrhd jkafka uqyïuoa ;=udh^nhsn,fha i|yka uqyïuoa ;=ud ms<sn|j jeäúia;r ioyd www.islam-guide.com/mibhk fjí wvúhg msúfikak& ^4& w,a l=¾wdkfhys wkd.; isÿùï ms<sn|j i|yka lr we;s jdlHka miq ld,Skj ieneúkau isÿúuw,a l=¾wdkfhys wkdjels m<lr ;snQ tjeks tla isÿùuls" m¾ishkajreka úiskafrdaukajreka mrojkq ,en jir ;=kl isg kjhla olajdjQ ld, isudjla ;=< Èfrdaujreka úiska m¾ishdkqjka ch .eksu w,a l=¾wdkfhys foúhkajykafiafufia mjid we; frdaujre mrdch lrkq ,enQy ^wrdì w¾Ooaëmhg& wi,ajeis foaYhl Tjqyq Tjqkaf.a mrdcfhka miq jir ^;=klska fyda kjhlska& lsysmhlska Tjqyq ch.%dys jkafkdah ^w,a l=¾wdkh 30(2-4&01 fuu nhsn,a jdlHhka wxl 293" .d,q mdf¾ fld<U 03 msysá Y%S ,xld nhsn,a ix.ufhka ,nd.;a isxy, NdIdfjka mßj¾:kh lrk,o —f;aud mgqk iys; Y=oaO nhsn,h kj wkqjdoh" f;jkixialrkfhka Wmqgd .;a;ls (The Holy Bible with subject index, New Revised SinhalaVersion)(New Translation – Third Edtion) bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  40. 40. 36 ^5& uqyïuoa ;=ud úiska fmkajk ,o m%d;syd¾hhka±ka wm b;sydifhys fuu hqoaOhka ms<sn|j mejfikafka fudkjd±hs n,uqHistory of the Byzantine ^nhsiekaàka m%dka;fha ch.%yKh& kï jk .%ka:fhys613 j¾Ifha§ frdau yuqodj úYd, mrdchla ,enq nj i|yka jk w;r fuysm%;sM,hla f,i m¾ishdkqjka blaukskau ish¿ fmruqKq j, isg fmrg meñKwe;1 tu ld,fha§ frdaudkqjkag m¾ishdkqjka mrdch lsßug yels fj;ehsis;Sugo fkdyels ;rï úh kuq;a" jir ;=kl isg kjhla olajd jQ ld, iSudjla;=< frdaudkqjka ch.%yKh lrk nj l=¾wdkfhys wkdjels mjid ;snqKsfrdaudkqjkaf.a mrdcfhka jir kuhlg miqj tkï 622 j¾Ifha§ yuqodjkafomsßi ^frdaudkqjka yd m¾ishdkqjka& wdfïkshdfjys§ kej; uqK .eiqk w;rtys m%;sM, jqfha" 6132 j¾IfhaÈ frdaudkqjka mrdchg m;aùfuka miqj m<uq jrgfrdaudkqjka m¾ishdkqjka mrojd úYsIaG chla ,eîuhs foúhkajykafial=¾wdkfhys m<lr ;nQ wdldrhgu tu wkdjelsh ienE úh fuf,i wdk.; isÿùï ms<sn|j mjikq ,en miqj ienejQ ;j;a fndfydajdlHhka Y=oaO jq l=¾wdkfha olakg we;s w;ru jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udo tjeksoE m%ldY lr we; ^5& uqyïuoa ;=ud úiska fmkajk ,o m%d;syd¾hhka foúhkajykafiaf.a wkque;sh iys;j jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka fndfydam%d;syd¾hhka isÿfldg we; fuu m%d;syd¾hhka fndfyda msßia úiska olskq ,enowe; WodyrKhla f,i(∗ ulaldfjys jdih l< foaj úYajdih fkdlrkakka jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.ka Tjqkg m%d;syd¾hhka fmkajk fuka b,a,d isá wjia:dfõ§ jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udfKda Tjqkg if|ys fonEùu fmkajqy3∗ ;j;a tla m%d;syd¾hhla kï" jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a wkq.dñlhka i;=j Tjqkaf.a n÷kaj, b;du;a iq¿ c, m%udKhla muKla ;snqk wjia:dfõ Tjqka b;du;a mssmdifhka fmf<ñka isák úg jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a weÕs,s j,ska c,h .,kakg úh jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a wkq.dñlhka meñK Tjqkg YÍrh fodajkh lsÍug fyda mdkh lsßug ;rï c,h Tjqkaf.a n÷fkys fkdue;s nj mejiqy túg jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka t;=udf.a yia;h tu n÷k ;=,g ±uQ úg t;=udf.a weÕs,s w;ßka c,h .,d tu werUqks túg Tjqka tu c,h uÕska ;u mdkSh yd fodajk wjYH;d bgqlr .;ay tys wkq.dñlhka tlaoyia mkaishhla muK isák ,È4fuf,i uqyïuoa ;=udKka úiska isÿlrk ,o fiau t;=udg isÿjqk ;j;afndfyda m%d;syd¾hhka we;(1) History of the Byzantine State, Ostrogorsky, msgqj. 95.(2) History of the Byzantine State, Ostrogorsky, msgqj 100-101, iy History of Persia, Sykes, fj¿u.1, msgqj 483-484 n,kak The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Micropaedia fj¿u 4 msgqj 1036(3) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya w,a nqydß # 3637" iy iySya uqia,sï #2802(4) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya w,a nqydß # 3576" iy iySya uqia,sï #1856 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  41. 41. ^6& uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ir< Èú fmfj; 37 ^6& uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ir< Èú fmfj; uqyïuoa ;=udKka jla;Djrfhl= f,i O¾u ¥; fufyjr wdrïlsÍugfmr yd jla;Djrfhl= f,i O¾u ¥; fufyjr werôfuka miqj t;=udKkaf.aðú;h ixikaokhg ,la l<fyd;a" wmg ks.ukh l< yelsjkafka jla;Duqyïuoa ;=udKka hkq fN!;sl m%fhdack" Wiia nj" lS¾;sh fyda n,h ,nd .ekSuWfoid jla;D Ndjh ,nd .;a jHdc jla;Djrfhl= nj is;su fya;= iy.; fkdjknjhs jla;D uqyïuoa ;=ud" jla;Djrfhl= f,i ;u O¾u ¥; fufyjrweröug fmr t;=udKkag wd¾Ól .eg¿ lsisjla fkd;snqKs id¾:l yd iqm%isoaOfjf<kafol= f,i i;=gqodhl yd iem myiqlï iys; wdodhulao t;=ud i;= úhjla;Djrfhl= f,i ;u O¾u ¥; fufyjr weröfuka miqj yd th fya;= fldgf.k fN!;sl iïm;a w;ska t;=udKka b;du;a È<s÷ njg m;a jQy fuh ;jÿrg;ameyeÈ<s lr .ekSu i|yd t;=udf.a Èúh ms<sn|j jk my; m%ldYhka i<ldn,uq(∗ jrla jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a ìßhla jk wdhsId ;=ñh" t;=ñhf.a nEKkqjka wu;d( —nEKkqjks" jla;DjrhdKkaf.a ksjfiys ^wdydr ms<sfh, lsÍu i|yd& .sks fkdo,ajd udi folla kj i|j,a ;=kla wm .;lr we;af;uq˜ hs mejiqjdh túg Tyq —kekafoa" Tnj fkdkeis mj;ajd .;af;a l=ulao@˜ hhs úuik ,È — l¿ meye;s jia;=ka fol" tkï rgb¢ iy c,hhs kuq;a" jla;DjrhdKkag wi,ajeisj lsßfok Tgqfokqka isák wkaidßjreka lsysmfofkl= isá ksid tu lsß j,ska iaj,amhla jla;DjrhdKkag;a tùug Tjqka mqreÿ ù isáy˜1∗ jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a wkq.dñlfhl= jk iya,a bíkq idoa mjik wdldrhg foúhka úiska t;=udj jla;Djrfhl= f,i hejq ld,fha isg t;=ud wNdjhgm;a jk ;=reu foúhkaf.a jla;DjrhdKka ishqï msá j,ska iE¥ mdka fkdÿgQy2∗ jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udf.a ìßh wdhsId ;=ñh mejiQ wdldrhg —jla;DjrhdKka ie;mSu i|yd mdúÉÑ l< t;=udf.a fuÜgh idod ;snqfKa rgb¢ .fiys fl¢ j,ska mqrjk ,o i;aj iulsks3∗ jla;D uqyïuoA ;=udf.a wkq.dñlfhl= jQ wñ¾ bíkq w,a ydßia mjik wdl- drhg jla;DjrhdKka wNdjhgm;a jk wjia:dfõ t;=udKka ish .uka ìuka i|yd fhdod.;a fldg¿jd" t;=udf.a m<sy iy mqkH lghq;= i|yd fjka lrk ,o bvï lene,a,la yer lsis÷ uqo,la fyda wka lsis÷ jia;=jla b;sßfldg f.dia fkd;snqKs4uqia,sï NdKavd.drh jla;D uqyïuoA ;=udKkaf.a Ndrfhys mej;=k;a t;=udb;du;a ÿlanr Ôú;hla .; l<y t;=udf.a wNdjhg fmr wrdìhdkqw¾Ooaùmfhys jeä fldgila uqia,sï njg m;a jQ‚(1) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya uqia,sï #2972 iy iySya w,a nqydß #2567(2) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya w,a nqydß #5413" iy w,a ;srñ§ #2364(3) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya uqia,sï #2082 iy iySya w,a nqydß #6456(4) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya w,a nqydß # 2739" iy uqiakoa wyuoa #17990 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  42. 42. 38 ^6& uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ir< Èú fmfj;t;=udf.a ¥; fufyjr wrUd jir oy wglg miqj uqia,sïjreka ch.%dylhkanjg m;a jQ kuq;a jla;D uqyïuoA ;=udKkaf.a wNdjh olajdu t;=udKka fuuÿIalr Èú fmfj;u .; l<y jla;D uqyïuoA ;=udKka jla;DNdjh ,nd .;af;a ;;ajh"Wiia nj fyda n,h ,nd .ekSfï woyiska úh yelso@ n,h iy ;;ajh N+la;sú£fï wdYdj idudkHfhka fyd| wdydr mdk" w,xldr we÷ï me<÷ï" úYd,ud<s.d" uqrldj,a" ksiel wdêm;H hkdÈh iu. nef|hs fuu lsis÷ fohla jla;DuqyïuoA ;=udg wod< fjhso@ fuu meKhg ms<s;=re iemhsug t;=udf.a Ôú;hms<sn|j b;du;a flá ksßlaIKhka lsysmhla my; mßÈ WmldÍ lr .; yel jla;Djrfhl= f,i;a" .=rejrfhl= f,i;a" Wiia foaYmd,lfhl=f,i;a" úksYaphlrefjl= f,i;a ;u j.lSï bgq lsÍug wu;rj jla;D uqyïuoA;=udKka t;=udf.a t¿ fokf.ka lsß foùug;a"1 t;=udf.a we÷ï ms<silrlsÍug;a" t;=udf.a mdjyka w¿;ajeähd lr .eksug;a"2 f.a fodr jev lghq;=i|yd iydh ùug;a"3 ÿ.S mqoa.,hka wikSmjQ wjia:djkaysÈ Tjqkaf.a iqj ÿlane,Sug hEug;a4 mqreÿ ù isáhy tfiau t;=udf.a wkq.dñlhska wÕ,la lKskwjia:dfõ§ Tjqka iu. tlaj tys je,s bj;a lrñka t;=udKka ta i|yd iydh ùwe;5 t;=udf.a Èú fmfj; ir< nfõ iy ksy;udkslfï úYauh cklm%;suQq¾;shls jla;D uqyïuoA ;=udf.a wkq.dñlhka t;=udKkag mqÿu iy.; wdl-drhg wdorh l<y f.!rj l<y" tfiau" t;=udj úYajdi l<y tfia jqj;at;=ud ksr;=reju wjOdrKh lr isáfha foaj;ajfhka ie<lSu foúhka Wfoidl<hq;= jkjd yefrkakg t;=udKkag fm!oa.,slj tfia fkdl, hq;= njhs jla;DuqyïuoA ;=udf.a wkq.dñlfhl= jk wkia m%ldY lrk wdldrhg" jla;DuqyïuoA ;=udKka yer Tjqka ±äj wdorh l< fjk;a wfhl= fkdue;s jqj;a"t;=udKka Tjqka wi<g meñfKk úg wfkl=;a mqoa.,hka b;du;a Wiiamqoa.,hkag <.g meñfKk úg ke.sg" .re lrk wdldrhg t;=udg .re lsßui|yd ke.sg isàu t;=udKka ms<sl=,a l< ksid6 Tjqka t;=udKka fjkqfjka ke.sgfkdisáhy bia,dufhys iuDêh ms<sn|j wfmalaIdjla we;ssùgu fndfyda l,lg fmrjla;D uqyïuoA ;=udKkag yd t;=uf.a wkq.dñlhkag fndfyda jO ysxid" ÿlafõokd lïlfgd¿ j,g uqyqK §ug isÿjQ hq.hl wdrïNfha§ t;=udKkagb;du;a is;a.kakd iq¿ fhdackdjla bÈßm;a úh ñ;HoDIaál kdhlhkaf.aksfhdað;fhl= jk T;and keue;a;d jla;D uqyïuoA ;=udKka lrd meñK"—Tng uqo,a wjYHkï wms Tn fjkqfjka we;s ;rï uqo,a /ialr fokafkuq túgTng wm w;ßka b;du;a Okj;a wfhl= ùug yelshs Tng kdhl;ajh wjYH kïwms Tnj wmf.a rcq f,i Tgqkq m<|jkafkauq hehs mejisSh(1) i|yka ù we;af;a iy uqiakoa wyuoa # 25517(2) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya w,a nqydß # 676 iy uqiakoa wyuoa #25517(3) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya w,a nqydß # 676 iy uqiakoa wyuoa #23706(4) i|yka ù we;af;a uqj;a;d ud,sla # 531(5) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya w,a nqydß # 3034 iy iySya uqia,sï #1803 iy uqiakoa wyuoa #18017(6) i|yka ù we;af;a uqiakoa wyuoa #12117 iy w,a ;srñ§ #2754 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  43. 43. ^6& uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ir< Èú fmfj; 39fï ish,a, fjkqfjka Tjqka t;=udKkaf.ka tla fldkafoaishla muKlan,dfmdfrd;a;= jqy tkï" t;=ud ckhdj bia,duh je<|.ekSsug werhqï lsÍuw;ay< hq;= hkak;a" foúhkajykafiaj keuÈfï§ t;=ud lsisÿ i.fhl= fkdue;sjth ;ksju bgql< hq;= nj;ah fuf,dj jdis m;k mqoa.,fhl=g fuu fhdackduÕska tla;rd fm<Uúula we;s fkdlrkq we;ao@ fuu fhdackdj bÈßm;a jq úgjla;D uqyïuoA ;=udKka l=uk me;a;la .; hq;=±hs fo.sähdjlg m;aùo @tfia;a fkdue;s kï flaj,a lsßfï tla;rd l%uhla f,i fuhg;a jvd fyd|§ukdjla wfmalaId lrñka t;=udKka tu fhdackdj m%;slafIam l<do @ t;=udKkatys§ ms<s;=re ÿka wdldrh my; ±lafjhs —uyd ldreKsl" mru ohdnrfoúhkajykafiaf.a kdufhks˜ t;=udKka T;andg w,a l=¾wdkfhys 41 ( 1-381olajdjq jels mdrdhkdfldg fmkajQy my; ±lafjkafka tu jels j,ska lsysmhls fuh mru odhnr" wiuiu lreKdjka;hd ^foúhkajykfia& f.ka my<ùuls tys mßÉfþohka úia;rj lreKq iys;j olajd we; wrdì ni okakd ck;djg l=¾wdkhls Y=N wdrxÑhka yd wk;=re yeÕùï iys; jQjls tfy;a jeäfofkla fuhg weyqïlka fkd§ m%;sfËam lrhs ^w,a l=¾wdka 41 ( 2 - 4&;j;a wjia:djl§ ñksiqka bia,duh fj; le|ùu kj;ajk fuka jla;D uqyïuoA;=udKkaf.a ndmamd úiska t;=udKkag lrk ,o b,a,sug t;=udf.a ms<s;=r b;du;aiaÒr yd wjxl úh —ud foúhkajykafiaf.a kdufhka Èjqrd fmdfrdkaÿ fjñndmafma" fuu ld¾hh ^ñksiqka bia,duh fj; le|ùu& w;ayer ±óu fjkqfjkaTjqka udf.a ol=Kf;ys iQ¾hdh;a udf.a jï wf;ys pkahd;a f.kú;a ÿkak;a"foúhka tys ch.%yKh ,nd fok ;=re ud thska je<flñ tfia;a ke;fyd;a thwdrlaId lrñka ud ñh hñ˜2 uqyïuoA ;=udKka yd t;=udf.a wkq.dñlhka jir oy;=kla uq¿,af,ab;du;a oreKq jOysxid j,ska mSvkhg m;ajQqjd muKla fkdj" t;=udKkaj>d;kh lsßu i|ydo foaj úYajdih fkdlrkakka fndfyda jdrhla W;aidy fldgwe; tla wjia:djl§ tiùug mjd b;du;au wiSrejq úYd, .,la t;=udKkaf.aysi u;g fmr,Su uÕska t;=udj >d;kh lsÍug Tjqka ;e;a l<y3 ;j;awjia:djlÈ t;=udf.a wdydr j,g úI ñY% lr t;=udj >d;kh lsÍug TjqkaW;aidy l<y4 t;=udf.a i;=rkag tfrysj t;=udKka iïmQ¾Kfhka ch.%yKhlr ;ssìh§;a t;rï ÿla lïlfgd¿ yd mß;Hd. j,ska hq;a Ôú;hla iqÿiq hehsks¾foaY lrkafka l=ula uÕskao@ b;du;a lS¾;su;a wjia:djkays§ mjdt;=udKkaf.a tu id¾:l;ajhg fya;=j t;=udKkaf.a nqoaêh fyda olaI;djhkafkdu foúhkajykafiaf.a Wmldrhu muKla nj ;rfhau m%ldY lrñka"t;=udKka fmkajk ,o ksy;udks nj iy Wodr nj l=ulska úia;r l< yelso@fuu .;s.=Khka n, ;Kaydfjka fmf<k tfia;a ke;skï ;udf.a hym; .ekuis;k mqoa.,fhl=f.a ,laIKhka úh yelso@(1) w,a iSrdya w,a knùhd" bnka fyIdï" fj¿u 1" msgqj 293-294(2) w,a iSrdya w,a knùhd" bnka fyIdï" fj¿u 1" msgqj 265-266(3) w,a iSrdya w,a knùhd" bnka fyIdï" fj¿u 1" msgqj 298-299(4) i|yka ù we;af;a w,a odßï # 68 iy wnQ odjqoa # 4510 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  44. 44. 40 ^7& bia,dufha wdYap¾hu;a j¾Okh ^7& bia,dufha wdYap¾hu;a j¾Okhfuu mßÉfþoh wjidkfha§ bia,dufhys i;H;djh ms<sn|j tla jeo.;ao¾Ykhla yqjd ±laúu iqÿiqh weußld tlai;a ckmofha b;du;au fõ.fhkame;sr hk O¾uh bia,duh nj iefjdu oks;s fï ms<sn|j lrk ,o ksÍlaIKhkalsysmhla my; olajd we;∗ —bia,duh hkq weußldfjys fõ.fhkau me;sr hk O¾uh jk w;ru" th wmf.a ñksiqka fndfyda fofkl=g u. fmkajk ia:djr;ajfha l=¿Kls˜ ^ys,ß frdoï la,skagka" f,dia wekac,sia ghsïia&1∗ —uqia,sïjreka hkq f,dj fõ.fhkau j¾Okh jk lKavdhuhs˜ ^ck.yK ix.Kk uKav,h" hQ tia ta gqfâ&2∗ —bia,duh hkq rfgys b;du;au is>%fhka j¾Okh jk oyuhs˜ ^fcr,aäka fndaï ksjqia fâ ys O¾uh ms<sn|j f,aLl" ksjqia fâ&3∗ —bia,dï" tlai;a ck mofhys fõ.fhkau j¾Okh jk O¾uhhs˜ ^tß t,a f.da,aâuka ksõfhda¾la ghsïia&4fuu ixisoaëka uÕska bia,duh hkq i;H jYfhkau foúhkajykafiaf.ka ,oO¾uhla nj fmkakqï lrhs b;du;a fyd¢ka ie<ls,su;a fkdù b;du;a .eUqßkal,amkd lr fkdn,d bia,duh i;Hhla nj ks.ukh fkdfldg fu;rï weußld-kqjka msßila bia,duh je<|.kq we;ehs is;Ssu widOdrKh fuu weußldkqjkaúúO jQ cd;ska j,g yd úúO iudc uÜgï j,g wh;a jQjka fiau úúO /lshdj,kshqla;jkakkao fjhs thg úoHd{hka" uydpd¾hjreka" od¾Ykslhka fiauudOHfõ§kao we;=<;ah l=¾wdkh hkq foúhkajykafiaf.au joka nj;a uqyïuoa ;=udKka i;HjYfhkau foõhkajykafia úiska tjk ,o foúhkaf.a jla;Djrfhl= nj;abia,duh hkq i;H jYfhkau foúhkajykafiaf.ka ,o O¾uhlau nj;a úYajdilsÍu i|yd fuu mßÉfþofhys wvx.= jQ lreKq idlaIs iuyrla imhk njie,lsh yel(1) Larry B. Stammer, Times O¾uh ms<sn|j f,aLl, “First Lady Breaks Ground With Muslims,”Los Angeles Times, Home Edition, Metro Section, Part B, uehs 31, 1996, msgqj. 3.(2) Timothy Kenny, “Elsewhere in the World,” USA Today, Final Edition, News Section, fmnrjdß17, 1989, msgqj. 4A.(3) Geraldine Baum, “For Love of Allah,” Newsday, Nassau and Suffolk Edition, Part II, ud¾;= 7,1989, msgqj. 4.(4) Ari L. Goldman, “Mainstream Islam Rapidly Embraced By Black Americans,” New York Times,Late City Final Edition, fmnrjdß 21,1989, msgqj 1. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  45. 45. ^1& iodld,sl jQ iaj¾.h lrd we;s fodrgqjhs 41 2 mßÉfþoh bia,dufhka ,efnk m%;s,dN iuyrla bia,duh ;ks mqoa.,hkag fiau iudchg;a m%;s,dN /ila i,ihs fuumßÉfþofhys ;ks mqoa.,fhl= i|yd bia,duh uÕska ,nd.; yels m%;s,dNiuyrla i|yka fjhs ^1& iodld,sl jQ iaj¾.h lrd we;s fodrgqjhsfoúhkajykafiaa mjid we;s wdldrhg ^ uqyïuoaæ fuu w,a l=¾wdkh & úYajdi lrkakd jQ;a ^ta wkqj& hym;a f,i l%shdlrk whg .,d nisk .x.djkaf.ka hq;= iaj¾.h we;ehs Y=NdrxÑ okajkq ^w,a l=¾wdkh 2(25&foúhkajykafiaa ;j ÿrg;a fufia mjihs" Tnf.a mrudêm;sf.a ohd¿ndjh fj;o" wyfiys yd fmd<fjys m<, n÷ iaj¾.h fj;o fmr.eñ jkak æ th foúhkajykafia .eko Tyqf.a jla;Djrhd .eko úYajdi l< whg ms<sfh< lrwe; ^w,a l=¾wdkh 57(21&jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka wmg mjid we;s wdldrhg iaj¾.jdiSka w;=ßkab;du;a my<u uÜgfñ isákakkag fuf,djg jvd oi .=Khl m%udKhla ,efnkqwe;s"1 w;ru Tyqg fyda wehg Tjqka leu;s ´kEu fohla tfuka oi .=Khlska,efnhs2 tfiau jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka mejiQ wdldrhg( ™iaj¾.fhys,efnk tla mdohla ;eîug iEfyk bv m%udKh mjd fuu uq¿ f,dalhu iy tyswe;s ish¿u fohg jvd fyd|hš3 t;=ud ;j ÿrg;a mejiQ wdldrhg( ™iaj¾.fhyslsis÷ weilska ±l fkdue;s foaj,a" lsis÷ lKlska wid fkdue;s foaj,a fiau lsis÷ñksia is;lska is;dj;a fkdue;s foaj,a ;sfnhs š 4 tfiau t;=udKka" ™ iaj¾.hgkshu jQjka w;=ßka f,dj jik b;du;au ld,lKaKs mqoa.,hdj tla jrlaiaj¾.fhys .s,ajkq ,efì bka miqj Tyqf.ka"(1) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya uqia,sï #186 iy iySya w,a nqydß #6571(2) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya uqia,sï # 188 iy uqiakoa wyuoa #10832(3) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya w,a nqydß #6568 iy uqiakoa wyuoa #13368(4) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya uqia,sï # 2825 iy uqiakoa wyuoa #8609 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  46. 46. 42 ^2& ksrfhys .skafkka ñ§fï ud¾.hhs™—wdoïf.a mq;Kqjks" Tn flÈkl fyda lsishï mSvdjla w;aú| ;sfío@ TnflÈkl fyda lsishï ÿ#Å; Ndjhlg uqyqK md ;sfìo@ ˜ hehs wikq ,efí túgTyq zkeyeZ foúhkaf.a kdufhka" —wfyda foúhksæ uu flÈklj;a lsisu ÿ#Å;Ndjhlg uqyqK md fkdue;s w;ru ud yg flÈklj;a mSvdjla w;a ú£ug ,eîfkdue;˜ hehs Tyq mjikq we;š 1 hkqfjkao mejiQy Tn iaj¾.hg we;=¿ jk úg Tn f,v frda." fõokd" ÿla fyda urKfhkaf;dr b;du;a m%S;sodhl Ôú;hla .; lrkq we;¦ foúhka Tn flfrys i;=gq jkqwe; tfiau" Tn tys iodld,slj Ôj;a jkq we; l=¾wdkfhys foúhkajykafiAmjid we;s wdldrhg" foaj úYajdih lr hym;a ls%hdfjys fhÿKq whj" wms tys háka Èh we<s .,d nisk iaj¾.hg we;=<;a lruq Tjqka tys iodl,aysu fjfikq we; ^w,a l=¾wdkh 4(57& ^2& ksrfhys .skafkka ñ§fï ud¾.hhsfoúhkajykafiA w,a l=¾wdkfhys fufia mjid we; foaj úYajdih fkdlr ;jo foaj úYajdih fkdlrkakka f,i ñh.sh who il, uyfmdf<dju rkska jid .e,ùula i|yd jkaÈhla jYfhka th bÈßm;a fldg isáho ksh;jYfhkau Tjqkg mrf,dj§ kskaÈ; ovqjï we; ;jo Tjqkg msysg ùug lsisjl=o ke; ^w,a l=¾wdkh 3(91&tneúka" iaj¾.h ,nd .ekSu i|yd ksrfhys .skafkka wdrlaId ùu i|yd;a we;stlu wjia:dj fuf,dj Ôú;hhs l=ula ksido lsjfyd;a" hful= foaj úYajdif-hka f;drj ñh .shfyd;a Tyqg foaj úYajdilrkafkl= ùu i|yd kej;fuf,djg meñKSug ;j;a lsis÷ wjia:djla fkd,efnk neúks úksYaph Èkfha§foajúYajdi fkdlrkakkag l=ula isÿ jkq weoa±hs w,a l=rdkfhys foúhkajykfiaúiska mjid we;af;a fufiah( Tjqkaj ksrh bÈßmsg k;r lrk l,ays kqU Tjqkaj ÿgq úg" wmj kej; jrla ^fmd<jg& hjkafka kï wms wmf.a mßudêm;sf.a wKmk;a ^yd ix×jka& fndre hehs fkdlshkafkuq ;jo wm foaj úYajdih we;a;ka jkafkuqhs lsh;s ^w,a l=¾wdkh 6(27&kuq;a" lsisfjl=g;a fuu fojk wjia:dj fkd,efnkq we;(1) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya uqia,sï # 2807, iy uqiakoa wyuoa #12699 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  47. 47. ^3& ksrfhys .skafkka ñ§fï ud¾.hhs 43 jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka mejiQ wdldrhg¦ ™ úksYaph Èkfha§ .skakg^ksrhg& kshu lrk ,o mqoa.,hska w;=ßka fuf,dj Ôú;fhys§ b;du;aum%S;sfhka úiQ mqoa.,hdj ksrfhys tla jrla .s,ajkq ,efì bka miq Tyqf.ka—wdoïf.a mq;Kqjks" Tn ljodlj;a fyd| fohla ±l ;sfìo@ Tn ljod fydÈfkl wdYs¾jdohla w;a ú| ;sfìo@˜ hehs wikq ,efì túg Tyq — keyefoúhkajykafiaf.a kdufhkau wfyda foúhksæ hehs mjikq we;š1 ^3& ienE ika;=Iaáh yd wdOHd;añl iduh ienE ika;=Iaáh yd iduh ,nd.; yelafla fuf,dj ujd md,kh lrkfoúhkajykafiaf.a wKg lSlre ùu ;=<sks w,a l=¾wdkh uÕska foúhkajykafiamjik wdldrhg ( we;a;gu foúhkajykafia .ek isys lsÍfuka ys;g iekiSula ,efí ^w,a l=¾wdkh 13(28& wksla w;g" l=¾wdkfhka bj;g fhduqjk mqoa.,hkag fuf,dj§ b;d ÿlalror j,ska msß Ôú;hla Wreu fjhs foúhkajykafia mjid we;s wdldrhg hful= udf.a l=¾wdkhg2 msgq mdkafkao ksh; jYfhkau Tyqf.a Ôú;h ÿIalr tlla fõ wjidk Èkfha wms Tyqj wka|fhl= f,i ke.sÜgjkafkuq ^w,a l=¾wdkh 20(124& ñ< uqo,a § ,nd .; yels fN!;sl iem iïm;a N=la;s ú¢ñka isáh§;aiuyreka ishÈú kid .kafka wehs ±hs fï uÕska meyeÈ,s fjhs WodyrKhlaf,i" tla /hl§ fvd,¾ 150"000 lg;a jvd uqo,la bmhSug yqrej isá" l,lgby;§ iqm%isoaO fmdma .dhlfhl= jQ leÜ iaàjkaia ^±ka Tyq hqiq*a bia,dï kïfõ& foi n,uq Tyqg lsis÷ fN!;sl id¾:l;ajhla ;=<ska ,nd .; fkdyels jQienE i;=g yd iduh bia,duh je<|.ekSfuka miqj Tyqg ,enqKs3(1) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya uqia,sï # 2807 iy uqiakoa wyuoa #12699(2) l=¾wdkh úYajdih fkdlrkakka fiau tys wKmk;a wkqj l%shd fkdlrkakka(3) leÜ iaàjkaia biaa,duh je<|.;a miqj Tyqf.a yeÕSï ms<sn|j Tng oek .ekSug wjYH kïTyqf.a j¾;udk ,smskh fuhhs2 Digswell Street, London N7 8JX, United Kingdom. bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  48. 48. 44 ^4& fmr isÿ lrk ,o ish¿ mõ j,g iudjbia,duh je<|.;a mqoa.,hkaf.a ;;= ú;a;s ms<sn|j wOHkh lsÍu i|ydwww.islam-guide.com/stories fjí wvúhg msúfikak ke;skï why Islam isOur Choice1 keue;s .%ka:h n,kak fuu fmd;a msxfpys iy fjí wvúfha§ Tngbia,duh je<|.;a mqoa.,hkaf.a is;=ï me;=ï ms<sn|jo lshùug yelshdjlawe; Tjqka úúO rgj,g wh;a jQ úúO wOHdmk uÜgï j,ska hqla; jqjka jkw;ru" úúO mßir j, Ôj;a jkakkao fjhs ^4& fmr isÿ lrk ,o ish¿ mõ j,g iudj hful= bia,duh je<|.;a úg Tyq thg fmr isÿ lrk ,o ish¿u mõyd whym;a l%shd j,g foúhkajykafia úiska iudj fokq ,efì wï¾keue;af;l= jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka lrd meñK — ud yg Tnf.a ol=K;fokak túg uu Tng udf.a mlaImd;S Ndjh ms<sn|j fmdfrdkaÿ fjkakï˜ hehsmejiSh túg jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKka t;=udf.a ol=K; È.= l<y wï¾Tyqf.a w; bj;a lr .;af;ah túg jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udfKda ™ wfyda" Tngl=ula isÿùo wï¾ @ š hehs úuiQy ud lsishï fldkafoaishla bÈßm;a lsÍugis;=fjñ hehs ˜ wï¾ ms<s;=re ÿ‚ ™ Tn bÈßm;a lsÍug n,dfmdfrd;a;= jk fld-kafoaish l=ulao@ š hhs jla;DjrhdKka weiQy —foúhkajykafia udf.a jerÈ j,giudj Èh hq;=h˜ hehs wó¾ mejiSh túg jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udfKda ™bia,duhje<|.ekSu uÕska thg fmr lrk ,o ish¨u mõ uld ouk nj Tn ±k isáfhake;ao@š 2 hkqfjka mejiQy jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a my; ±lafjk m%ldYhg wkqj hful=bia,duh je<| .ekSfuka miqj tu mqoa.,hd lrkq ,nk hym;a fyda whym;al%shd i|yd Tyqg wod< jQ m%;sM, ,efì ™w;sfYa%IaG jQ yd wdYS¾jdo ,enQ Tnf.afoúhkajykafia b;du;a ldreKslh hful= hym;a fohla lsÍug is;d isáh;a"Tyq th bgq fkdl<fyd;a Tyqg tla hym;la isÿ lsÍfñ m%;a:, ^mskla& igykafjhs Tyq tu hym;a l%shdj bgq l<fyd;a tu l%shdj fuka oi .=Khl isgy;aish .=Khla fyda thg;a jvd jeä jdr .Kkdjla hym;a m%;sM, Tyqfjkqfjka igyka fjhs hful= tla whym;a l%shdjla isÿlsßug is;d isá kuq;ath bgq fkdl<fyd;a" Tyq fjkqfjka tla hym;la isÿlsßfï m%;sM, igyka fjhsTyq tu whym;a l%shdj isÿ l<fyd;a" Tyqg tfrysj tla mjla lsÍfuys m%;sM,igyka fjhs tfia;a ke;fyd;a" foúhkajykafia úiska th bj;a fldg oukq,efíš 3(1) fuu .%ka:fha l;Djrhd jkafka uqyïuoa tÉ Iysoa h fuys msgm;la ,nd .ekSu ioydwww.islam-guide.com/stories fjí wvúhg msúfikak ke;skï fuu m;%sldfjys msgq wxl69-70 ys i|yka ixúOdkhkaf.ka tlla yd iïnkaO jkak(2) i|yka ù we;af;a iySya uqia,sï # 121 iy uqiakoa wyuoa #17357(3) i|yka ù we;af;a uqiakoa wyuoa #2515 iy iySya uqia,sï # 131 bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula
  49. 49. bia,dï hkq l=ulao@ bia,dufhys uQ,sl úYajdihka lsysmhla 45 3 mßÉfþoh bia,duh ms<n|j idudkH f;dr;=re bia,dï hkq l=ulao@ bia,dï O¾uh hkq" foúhkajykafiaf.a u.fmkaùu iïmQ¾Kfhkaums<s.ekSu iy thg lSlre ùuhs fuu u.fmkaùï foúhkajykafia úiska Tyqf.awjidk jla;D uqyïuoa ;=udKkag fy<sorõ lrk ,§ bia,dufhys uQ,sl úYajdihka lsysmhla^1& foúhkajykafia ms<sn|j úYajdi lsÍu uqia,sïjreka úiska talSh" lsisfjl=g;a iul< fkdyels" lsis÷ orefjl=fyda iylrefjl= fkdue;s tlu foúfhl= ms<sn|j úYajdi lrk w;ru" Tyqyer wka lsis÷ flfkl=g keuÿï ,eîfñ whs;sh fkdue;s njo úYajdi lr;sienE foúhka jkafka Tyqu muKlau jk w;r wka ish¨u foújreka jHdcfoújrekafú Tyqg b;du;a W;=ï jQ kduhka we;s w;r Tyqg b;d Wiia" lsis÷wvq ¨yqvq lulska f;dr jQ i¾j iïmQ¾K .=Kdx.hka we; lsisfjl=;a Tyqf.afoaj;ajfha fyda .=Kdx.j, yjq,a lrefjl= fkdfõ w,a l=¾wdkfhys foúh-kajykfia ;ud ms<sn|j fufia úia;r lrhs mjikak æ foúhkajykafia tlaflfkls foúhkajykafia wjYH;djhkaf.ka f;dr jq flfkls Tyqg odj lsisflfkl= bmÿfka ke; Tyq lsisfjl=g odj bmÿfkao ke; ;jo Tyqg iudk lsisfjl= ke; ^w,a l=¾wdkh 112(1-4&foúhkajykafiaj yer wka lsis÷wfhl=j he§u fyda wka lsis÷ wfhl=gwdhdpkd lsÍu fyda hdÉ× lsÍu fydajkaokdudk lsÍfï lsis÷ l%shdj,shlgn÷kaùug lsis÷ ysñlula fkdue;sw;r tu ysñlu we;af;a foúh-kajykafiag muKs i¾jn,OdÍjkafka;a" uejqïlrejdKka jkafka;a"mrudêm;s jkafka;a foúhkajykafiaumuKlau jk w;r il< úYajfhysufmdaIlhdKka jkafkao Tyquh Tyq úÑ;% wËr l,dfjka ,shk ,oish¨u oE md,kh lrhs w,al=rdkfhys 112 mßÉfþoh bia,dï ms<sn|j flá wjfndaOhlg rEms; uÕfmkaùula

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