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  1. 1. Geography of China By Megan Chew, Peggy Kern, Betty Lee, and Rachel McKinley
  2. 2. Overview of China <ul><li>China is the largest country in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>China has high mountains such as the Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>China has long rivers, some known as the longest in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Large Deserts such as the Taklamakan Desert </li></ul>
  3. 3. Outer China <ul><li>Has major climate changes </li></ul><ul><li>A large geographical area is called Tibet-Qinghai Plateau. </li></ul><ul><li>North of Outer China is a desert area, which is called the Turfan Depression. </li></ul><ul><li>Known for being so hot, raindrops would evaporate before reaching the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Last is the North Eastern Plain </li></ul><ul><li>Low hills and plains. </li></ul><ul><li>Short hot summer </li></ul><ul><li>5 months of frozen temperature. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Inner China <ul><li>Closer to the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of rivers and valleys, and plains </li></ul><ul><li>More useful for farming </li></ul><ul><li>Has two main regions, North is called the North China Plains, and south is Chang Jiang Basins </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tibet-Qinghai Plateau <ul><li>Southwestern part of Southwest Outer China is surrounded by Tibet-Qinghai Plateau </li></ul><ul><li>Average elevation above sea level is about 13,500 </li></ul><ul><li>Known as Roof of the world </li></ul><ul><li>Stretches out to almost ¼ of the region </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosed by the rocky Himalayas, which is on the south of the plateau. </li></ul><ul><li>Mt. Everest is part of the plateau, reaching up to more than 29,000 Ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Tibet-Qinghai plateau is high up, so the air climate is thin and dry. </li></ul><ul><li>2 of China’s major rivers start in the plateau, Huang He (Yellow river) and Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Northwest Desert <ul><li>Northwest of China has large, dry deserts </li></ul><ul><li>One of the desert is Taklamakan Desert </li></ul><ul><li>It’s about 105,000 square miles </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most dangerous deserts in the world </li></ul><ul><li>A few legends say that over 300 cities are buried under over 600 ft of sand </li></ul><ul><li>Sandstorms happen often with a horrifying speed </li></ul><ul><li>Almost impossible to map since the sand dunes and sand is shifting and changing. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Northwest Desert (cont.) <ul><li>Another one is the Gobi Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Larger than the Taklamakan, and is 500,000 square ft </li></ul><ul><li>Despite it’s largeness, it has very few sand duns </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly seems to be made of small rocks and pebbles </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation is rare and seems to be widely spaced </li></ul>
  8. 8. North China Plains <ul><li>Very flat </li></ul><ul><li>Wide verity of climate, summers go from being very warm, whilst winters are bitter cold </li></ul><ul><li>2 rivers run through these plains, one is called the Liao River and the other is called the Sungari </li></ul><ul><li>North China Plains have more jumps in climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Liao is a small, shallow, and narrow river, on the other hand, the Sungari is deep and wide. Both of them freeze during the winter and people use them for roads. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Middle and Lower Chang Jiang Basins <ul><li>Low wet coastal plains </li></ul><ul><li>Next to a river called Chang Jiang </li></ul><ul><li>The Change Jiang is longer than the Huang He, it’s name means “Long River” </li></ul><ul><li>In ancient times, this land may have been rainforest, but chopped down for farming </li></ul><ul><li>People use the Chang Jiang for transportation goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Basins are good for farming rice since it is warm and moist in the Basins. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sources <ul><li>History Alive! Chapter 19 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING The end