Use of Space Technology for  Disaster Risk Reduction in Thailand Ms. Surassawadee  Phoompanich [email_address] ASEAN Coope...
Contents <ul><li>GISTDA’s activities on disaster risk reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Data Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Data ...
Ground Segment Space Segment Users Segment Satellite Design Sensors Development Data Reception Data Processing Data Produc...
GISTDA’s Ground Receiving Station Si Racha, Chonburi  >>> <<< Lard Krabang
EO products & Services <ul><li>Satellite data </li></ul><ul><li>THEOS,   SPOT- 1-2 5,   RADARSAT,  QuickBird </li></ul><ul...
Geo-Informatics Office’ s role  <ul><li>To develop space technology and geo-informatics applications  </li></ul><ul><li>To...
Thailand’s  National  Disaster <ul><li>Dry season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest fire, Haze, Smoke  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
 
Space Technology for Disaster Risk Reduction Vulnerability Analysis Response Planning Preparedness Prediction Vigilance Sy...
Thailand Monitoring System Spatial Models & Thematic Processing Vegetation Index Water Vapor Chlorophyll Carbon Monoxide P...
<ul><li>Integration of   : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellite data facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  Reception, processing,...
Drought
True color composite (Red Green Blue) of THEOS images over Doi Tao Lake THEOS (15m.); 29 Jan. 2010 THEOS (15m.); 23 Feb. 2...
Enlarge THEOS image showing land surface of Doi Tao lake after water shortage THEOS (15m.); 23 Feb. 2010
Water Surface Monitoring of Doi Tao Lake on LANDSAT
Water Surface Monitoring of Bhumipol dam  Water Volume 3 Dec. 2009:  9,311   m 5 Feb. 2010:  7,477 m 25 Mar. 2010: 5,645 m...
Water Surface Monitoring of Bhumipol dam on LANDSAT
Water Surface Monitoring of Pasak Jolasid dam, central Thailand
Water Surface Monitoring of Lam Takhlong dam, northeasthern Thailand
Deforestation & Forest Fire
Forest de-gradation: forest fire Kanchana Buri, Thailand MS 15 m. Burnt area Active fire & smoke plume Smoke Smoke Smoke
Forest de-gradation: forest fire THEOS  (15 m.) acquired on 14 Feb 2009  Kanchanaburi province Burnt area Burnt area
Burnt areas 29  มกราคม  2552  THEOS MS 15  เมตร 6  March 2009;   THEOS MS (15m.)  NIR   Green   Blue
Forest de-gradation: forest fire Chiang Mai, Thailand 18/01/2009 06/03/2009 MS 15 m. Burnt area Burnt area Burnt area Burn...
Deforestation/Degradation: shifting cultivation & forest fire Chiang Mai, Thailand 18/01/2009 03/06/2009 New encroachment ...
Enlarge THEOS image showing active fire and burnt areas (as a yellow boundary)  >>>>
Forest fire on THEOS multispectral image  True color composite   False color composite
Daily and Series Hot spot situation monitoring from MODIS  Hot spot and Smoke plumes and haze observed by MODIS
Smoke Plume  Haze Terra MODIS acquired on 4 March 2007  Application of MODIS   data for forest fire monitoring
Forest fire in Kanchanaburi province, Thailand 11 a.m.   2 p.m.
Fire origin observed by Smoke Plume
Flood
Flood Monitoring in Yom river basin, northern Thailand 11 Sep. 13 Sep. 20 Sep. 27 Sep.
Flooded Areas (sq.km.) in 2009 11 Sep. 13 Sep. 20 Sep. 27 Sep. ~4,860  ~5,715  ~3,148  ~3,434
RADARSAT-1 LANDSAT-5 Flooding in 2006
GIS Database Flooded area Other data Land Use Boundary Slope Urban 1 – 15 days  16  - 30 days  > 30 days  Spatial Analysis...
Inundated areas Inundated areas in 2005 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม  ปี  2548  วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ  Optical  และ  Radar
 
Inundated areas in 2006 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม  ปี  2549  วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ  Optical  และ  Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี  ...
 
Inundated areas in 2007 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม  ปี  2550  วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ  Optical  และ  Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี  ...
 
Inundated areas in 2008 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม  ปี  2551  วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ  Optical  และ  Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี  ...
 
Inundated areas in 2009 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม  ปี  2552  วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ  Optical  และ  Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี  ...
 
Summary of inundated area during in 2005 - 2009 All of data have been collected and manipulated in our data warehouse  Yea...
พื้นที่น้ำท่วม  ปี  2548 – 2552 วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ  Optical  และ  Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี  2548 พื้นที่น้ำท่ว...
MODIS <ul><li>Flood </li></ul><ul><li>Hot spot (MOD14) </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke plume </li></ul><ul><li>Drought </li></ul><...
Flood in 2007 from MODIS October November
Hot spot from MODIS March 2009 April 2009
Example of hot spot from MODIS
Example of flood mapping October November
<ul><li>To set up system for supporting & providing EO data and information in Web Map Service (WMS) for  public use on pl...
Disaster Web Page Type of disaster EO data Hot News
To query data using the criteria of disaster event
http://modis.gistda.or.th/forestfire.html GISTDA Web Map Service: Forest fire monitoring in 2009
Forest fire monitoring using LANDSAT-5  images
Future improvements & Requirements (1) <ul><li>Methodology (Integration approaches of models, RS & GIS) </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Increasing trends in the severity of natural hazards </li></ul><ul><li>A need for an integrated system for disaste...
Conclusions <ul><li>GISTDA currently performs as national focal point and implementing agency for EO development programs ...
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (Public Organization) Ministry of Science and Technology 120 The G...
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Spce technologies for disaster in thailand

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Presented in the ASEAN Cooperation on Utilization of Space Technology for Disaster Management Seminar, 11th Aug 2010 at Miracle Grand Convention Hotel, Thailand. Hosted by GISTDA

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Spce technologies for disaster in thailand

  1. 1. Use of Space Technology for Disaster Risk Reduction in Thailand Ms. Surassawadee Phoompanich [email_address] ASEAN Cooperation Project on Utilization of Space Technology for Disaster Management 11 th August 2010, Miracle Grand Convention Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>GISTDA’s activities on disaster risk reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Data Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Data Provider & Services </li></ul><ul><li>Data Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Data Disseminations </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ground Segment Space Segment Users Segment Satellite Design Sensors Development Data Reception Data Processing Data Production Data Service • Natural Resources and • Environmental Management GISTDA’s Operationalisation GISTDA Head Quarter Si Racha, Chonburi
  4. 4. GISTDA’s Ground Receiving Station Si Racha, Chonburi >>> <<< Lard Krabang
  5. 5. EO products & Services <ul><li>Satellite data </li></ul><ul><li>THEOS, SPOT- 1-2 5, RADARSAT, QuickBird </li></ul><ul><li>Terra & Aqua -MODIS ERS 1-2 MOS-1 JERS-1 ADEOS-1 </li></ul><ul><li>NOAA 9-15 16-17 , LANDSAT - 2-5,7 IRS -1C/1D </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite image maps : 1:250,000 1:50,000 scale map </li></ul><ul><li>: Provincial, Basin scale map </li></ul><ul><li>ALOS data sub-node for ASEAN </li></ul>
  6. 6. Geo-Informatics Office’ s role <ul><li>To develop space technology and geo-informatics applications  </li></ul><ul><li>To provide data services relating to space technology and geo-informatics </li></ul><ul><li>To provide technical services and develop human resources in </li></ul><ul><li>satellite remote sensing and geo-informatics </li></ul><ul><li>To establish common standards for remote sensing and </li></ul><ul><li>geo-informatics systems in Thailand </li></ul>
  7. 7. Thailand’s National Disaster <ul><li>Dry season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest fire, Haze, Smoke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drought (Water Shortage) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rainy Season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typhoon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive Landslide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rarely Situation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tsunami </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Space Technology for Disaster Risk Reduction Vulnerability Analysis Response Planning Preparedness Prediction Vigilance System Pre-disaster Relief Rehabilitation Post-disaster Forecast Models Disaster Identification Recovery Impact Study
  9. 10. Thailand Monitoring System Spatial Models & Thematic Processing Vegetation Index Water Vapor Chlorophyll Carbon Monoxide Phytoplankton Sea Surface Temp. Cloud Thickness Multi-temporal Imagery End Users Portals & Interfaces Web Server Database Server Geo-spatial Database Thematic Products Image Preparation Image Correction Image Enhancement Land cover Map Cloud Map Flood Area Map Fire Spot Map Erosion Map Etc. Map Server Flood Monitoring Fire Monitoring Land cover Change etc… Digital Thailand Satellite Images Land cover Map Cloud Map Flood Area Map Fire Spot Map Erosion Map Etc. Policy makers Crisis managers Governors Asian +3 GISTDA WMS Sentinel Asia ThaiSDI <ul><li>Applications & Services: </li></ul><ul><li>Algorithms / application models </li></ul><ul><li>Service tools </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Integration of : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellite data facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Reception, processing, archives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information retrieval facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Interpretation, analysis, database, network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information dissemination facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Local authorities & mass media </li></ul>I ntegrated System for Disaster Risk Reduction & Management
  11. 12. Drought
  12. 13. True color composite (Red Green Blue) of THEOS images over Doi Tao Lake THEOS (15m.); 29 Jan. 2010 THEOS (15m.); 23 Feb. 2010
  13. 14. Enlarge THEOS image showing land surface of Doi Tao lake after water shortage THEOS (15m.); 23 Feb. 2010
  14. 15. Water Surface Monitoring of Doi Tao Lake on LANDSAT
  15. 16. Water Surface Monitoring of Bhumipol dam Water Volume 3 Dec. 2009: 9,311 m 5 Feb. 2010: 7,477 m 25 Mar. 2010: 5,645 m Available source: Royal Irrigation Dept. , 2010 3 3 3 THEOS (15m.); 3 Dec. 2009 THEOS (15m.); 5 Feb. 2010 THEOS (15m.); 25 Mar. 2010
  16. 17. Water Surface Monitoring of Bhumipol dam on LANDSAT
  17. 18. Water Surface Monitoring of Pasak Jolasid dam, central Thailand
  18. 19. Water Surface Monitoring of Lam Takhlong dam, northeasthern Thailand
  19. 20. Deforestation & Forest Fire
  20. 21. Forest de-gradation: forest fire Kanchana Buri, Thailand MS 15 m. Burnt area Active fire & smoke plume Smoke Smoke Smoke
  21. 22. Forest de-gradation: forest fire THEOS (15 m.) acquired on 14 Feb 2009 Kanchanaburi province Burnt area Burnt area
  22. 23. Burnt areas 29 มกราคม 2552 THEOS MS 15 เมตร 6 March 2009; THEOS MS (15m.) NIR Green Blue
  23. 24. Forest de-gradation: forest fire Chiang Mai, Thailand 18/01/2009 06/03/2009 MS 15 m. Burnt area Burnt area Burnt area Burnt area
  24. 25. Deforestation/Degradation: shifting cultivation & forest fire Chiang Mai, Thailand 18/01/2009 03/06/2009 New encroachment Burnt area New encroachment New encroachment MS 15 m.
  25. 26. Enlarge THEOS image showing active fire and burnt areas (as a yellow boundary) >>>>
  26. 27. Forest fire on THEOS multispectral image True color composite False color composite
  27. 28. Daily and Series Hot spot situation monitoring from MODIS Hot spot and Smoke plumes and haze observed by MODIS
  28. 29. Smoke Plume Haze Terra MODIS acquired on 4 March 2007 Application of MODIS data for forest fire monitoring
  29. 30. Forest fire in Kanchanaburi province, Thailand 11 a.m. 2 p.m.
  30. 31. Fire origin observed by Smoke Plume
  31. 32. Flood
  32. 33. Flood Monitoring in Yom river basin, northern Thailand 11 Sep. 13 Sep. 20 Sep. 27 Sep.
  33. 34. Flooded Areas (sq.km.) in 2009 11 Sep. 13 Sep. 20 Sep. 27 Sep. ~4,860 ~5,715 ~3,148 ~3,434
  34. 35. RADARSAT-1 LANDSAT-5 Flooding in 2006
  35. 36. GIS Database Flooded area Other data Land Use Boundary Slope Urban 1 – 15 days 16 - 30 days > 30 days Spatial Analysis for Frequenty of Flood Threshold Analysis Providing & Distribution converting Geo-Informatics Technology for Flood Damage Assessment in 2006 After Before EO Data DEM Field investigation with GPS Helicopter on 18 Oct 06 Ground survey on 14 Jan 07 After The relevant agencies and end-users Flooded Area Mapping E-Flood Map
  36. 37. Inundated areas Inundated areas in 2005 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2548 วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ Optical และ Radar
  37. 39. Inundated areas in 2006 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2549 วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ Optical และ Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2549
  38. 41. Inundated areas in 2007 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2550 วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ Optical และ Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2550
  39. 43. Inundated areas in 2008 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2551 วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ Optical และ Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2551
  40. 45. Inundated areas in 2009 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2552 วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ Optical และ Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2552
  41. 47. Summary of inundated area during in 2005 - 2009 All of data have been collected and manipulated in our data warehouse Year Inundated area extracted from EO data Acreage of Inundated Area (ha) North Central Northeast East West South 2009 9 15 16 0 1 10 797,498.11 2008 3 19 17 3 0 8 1,443,658.32 2007 5 18 17 1 2 6 1,152,795.87 2006 7 19 17 4 2 2 2,882,494.30 2005 2 12 17 3 2 0 1,013,118.29
  42. 48. พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2548 – 2552 วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ Optical และ Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2548 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2549 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2550 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2551 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2552 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2548 – 2552 วิเคราะห์จากข้อมูลดาวเทียม ระบบ Optical และ Radar พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2548 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2549 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2550 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2551 พื้นที่น้ำท่วม ปี 2552
  43. 49. MODIS <ul><li>Flood </li></ul><ul><li>Hot spot (MOD14) </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke plume </li></ul><ul><li>Drought </li></ul><ul><li>Internet web service </li></ul>Application of MODIS in Thailand (http://modis.gistda.or.th)
  44. 50. Flood in 2007 from MODIS October November
  45. 51. Hot spot from MODIS March 2009 April 2009
  46. 52. Example of hot spot from MODIS
  47. 53. Example of flood mapping October November
  48. 54. <ul><li>To set up system for supporting & providing EO data and information in Web Map Service (WMS) for public use on planning & management </li></ul><ul><li>High, medium and low resolution EO images </li></ul><ul><li>Affected areas overlaid with administrative boundary </li></ul><ul><li>Summary of total damaged areas </li></ul><ul><li>Thematic Mapping </li></ul>Data Disseminations
  49. 55. Disaster Web Page Type of disaster EO data Hot News
  50. 56. To query data using the criteria of disaster event
  51. 57. http://modis.gistda.or.th/forestfire.html GISTDA Web Map Service: Forest fire monitoring in 2009
  52. 58. Forest fire monitoring using LANDSAT-5 images
  53. 59. Future improvements & Requirements (1) <ul><li>Methodology (Integration approaches of models, RS & GIS) </li></ul><ul><li>Data management (need for increase in education and outreach on the increasing no. of data types and products that are available & the potential uses) </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced applications for disaster risk reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Specific techniques development for innovative methodologies, techniques, and operational use of the data on a regional/global basis </li></ul>
  54. 60. <ul><li>Increasing trends in the severity of natural hazards </li></ul><ul><li>A need for an integrated system for disaster risk reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Constellation of EO Satellites for the Region </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of data/information network </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of linkages between data providers </li></ul><ul><li>and users for near real-time data transfer </li></ul>Future Improvement & Requirements (2)
  55. 61. Conclusions <ul><li>GISTDA currently performs as national focal point and implementing agency for EO development programs of Thailand. </li></ul><ul><li>GISTDA is ready to provide data available for disaster management with large archives of EO data. </li></ul><ul><li>GISTDA shall implement THEOS image to enhance EO capacity of Thailand and cooperation with international organizations as GISTDA’s partner for data access and applications. </li></ul>
  56. 62. Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (Public Organization) Ministry of Science and Technology 120 The Government Complex Commemorating His Majesty The King's 80 th Birthday Anniversary, 5th December, B.E.2550(2007) Building B 6 th and 7 th Floor, Chaeng Wattana Road, Lak Si, Bangkok 10210, Thailand Tel. 0 2141 4470 Fax 0 2143 9587 URL: http://www.gistda.or.th E-mail: info@gistda.or.th

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