2011-2012 Spring SemesterFaculty of Architecture ID 501 Advanced ProjectDepartment Of Industrial Development In Industrial DesignDesign Erasmus IP Project Partnership with TU/Eindhoven & Hogeschool Sint- Lukas Brussel: Cultural Differences in Practice Inst. Figen IġIK, Part-Time Inst. Burcu DERER OMAY, Res. Asst. Yekta BAKIRLIOĞLU Hande IġIK Selma KADĠROĞLU Ceren KÖKTÜRK Hande ÖZTAġ Zeliha UYURCA Nur YILDIRIM
„„Modern people who has lost in consumer societyand mechanized, now have free (leisure) time,however he does not know what to do with andtherefore tries to kill time. Because, consumersociety, first of all, erases creativity and awarenessfor his environment from people, thus turns him intoabsolute homo consumens. There is no way tohave an active life in such condition, so peoplehave only to kill time in their remaining time.‟‟ Erich Fromm
Spaces formed with practicesSpaces as being a social practice
Gender – Space Formation Women practices are mostly in Men practices are mostly in public home, in front of house, at spaces: mosques, squares, windows etc. coffeehouses..
transportation Shops closed bazaar, social complexLoitering activity occurs in the space where consumption isencouraged
Transformation of EDL – There used to be mosques in the centre of the settlement – But now, there are shops and malls in the centreModernity deprived – The way people spend their time for leisure • Consumption oriented
Work and Leisure Spaces Overlap ( before division of labor)
Home and Work areas are the most appropriated spaces
Home and Work areas are the most appropriated spaces
Houses and backyards as a space for women torest and socialize with neighbors
‘muhtemelen kotta ya da bodrum katta oturan, güneş ışığına hasret, temiz havaya muhtaç,evin sıcağından muzdarip, briç klübünde takılamayacak kadar az eğitimli, alışverişte saatlerharcayamayacak kadar gariban, evde bir başına dört duvar arasında kafayı yiyecek kadaryalnız, kocalarını erkenden gömmüş, beynini en azından ucubik sabah ya da evlenmeprogramlarıyla yıkamayan, çoluğu çocuğu okula işe yollamış, belki de bekleyecek birileri olan,sevimli, kimseye zararı olmayan teyzelerdir.’ (eksisozluk)
Kahvehane (Coffeehouses) as a public spaceKahvehane (Coffeehouses) are identified with actual sociologicconcepts such as public space, community, social control, rumorand gossip, heterotopia, public opinion, governmentality,monitoring.*
Kahvehane (Coffeehouses) as a public spaceAs a place that coffee is sold/consumed,Coffehouses has become places that everyday lifeis experienced rather than a consumption area.*There has been major reactions from rulers to Coffeehouses for being a center forlaziness‟.**Ahmet Yaşar, Osmanlı Şehir Mekanları: Kahvehane Literatürü. Türkiye Araştırmaları Literatür Dergisi, Cilt 3, Sayı 6, 2005, 237-256
Loitering• “Loitering” in Turkey should be evaluated based on the context – Streets – Malls – Coffeehouses, Cafes – Doorsteps, Storefronts – Social Media• The practice of different age groups and different sexes differ
Social Media• Part of everyday life – Leisure and socialization• Easy to reach internet using people in Turkey
Why do people use Social Media in Turkey?• Leisure• Socialization Similar to “Loitering”• Surveillance• Being up to date• Lollygaging, loafing around
Aim• Our aim is to understand the reasons behind wandering around idly on these websites• We belive there is a similarity between spending time in the internet and loitering in the streets
Facebook Total Facebook Users: 30750820 Position in the list: 7. Penetration of 39.52% population: Penetration of online 87.86% population User age distribution on Facebook in Turkey The largest age group is currently 18 - 24 with total of 10 455 279 users, followed by the users in the age of 25 - 34. Male/Female User Ratio on Facebook in Turkey There are 63% male users and 37% female users in Turkey, compared to 48% and 52% in United Kingdom and 48% and 52% in Philippines . On the graph below you can see that the biggest gain in the last 3 months was recorded by the age group of 35 - 44.
Twitter7.2 M Twitter users* • Mostly tweeting – Between PM 21.00-22.00 – On Friday – People from Ankara (13% of Turkey) – 18-29 years interval* http://www.haberevet.com/haber/20120320/530389/turkiye-de-kac-kisi-twitter-kullaniyor.html
Facebook and Twitter Responses… • Birini bekliyorumdur 10 kiĢi • Aylaklık ediyorum çünkü tembelliğim üzerindedir ve yayılmayı seviyorum 5 kiĢi • Biraz rahatlamaya ihtiyacım vardır 6 kiĢi • Canım sıkkındır 7 kiĢi • Yalnızım hemde çok 2 kiĢi
Historical Analysis of CoffeehousesCoffeehouses reflect the dynamics of socialrelations formation and socialtransformations – Public space, sociality, social control, rumor, heterotopia, public opinion, the mentality of the management, supervision – Drinking coffee, having chat (yarenlik), socializing, talking about politics – Closed down for being a place for lazy people, incitement
Historical Analysis of Coffeehouses• Coffeehouses shapes EDL practices of ordinary people and shapes the roles in their social relations and functions – tradesmen, merchants, provincial, kavass, clerk (esnaf, tüccar, taĢralı, kavas, katip)• Drinking coffee in the coffeehouse is a group activity – Medium in forming social relations and helping socialization
Aim• Our method is using this medium to understand how meanings are produced …?
• Shadow puppetry (Karagöz-Hacivat) – Expressed desires of ordinary people and everyday experiences by challenging official norms • Which functioned like media that was producing destructive political rhetoric• Tactic