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OER search - how to search and locate relevant material


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This presentation looks at how to methodically search for OER using the concept of Desirability. The slides highlights how the Relevance, Openness and Accessibility aspects of OER are used to locate material which are useful in course development.

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OER search - how to search and locate relevant material

  1. 1. OER Search How to Search and Locate Relevant Material Pre-Symposium Workshop on OER Integration and Use in Course Development 2nd Regional Symposium on OER Penang, Malaysia 23rd June 2014
  2. 2. Ishan Abeywardena MSc, MSc (Brunel), BSc (Bangalore), MIEEE, MBCS, MIET, MTA Deputy Dean and Senior Lecturer School of Science and Technology Wawasan Open University Penang, Malaysia
  3. 3. Outline • What are OER? • What are useful OER? • OER Search • Useful OER Sources
  4. 4. What are OER?
  5. 5. “web-based materials, offered freely and openly for use and re-use in teaching, learning and research” (Joyce, 2007). Joyce, A. (2007). OECD Study of OER: Forum Report, OECD. Retrieved December 12, 2011 from
  6. 6. “teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions” (UNESCO Paris OER Declaration, 2012) UNESCO. (2012, June 22). 2012 PARIS OER DECLARATION. Retrieved June 13, 2013, from
  7. 7. OER: Just another means of getting there…
  8. 8. basis for training the global masses increased access reduced costs increased equity Impact
  9. 9. What are useful OER?
  10. 10. How useful is a resource really?
  11. 11. Measures of usefulness Openness Accessibility Relevance
  12. 12. Less useful resources are less desirable for teaching and learning needs…. What is Desirability? Openness Accessibility Relevance
  13. 13. Openness
  14. 14. four ‘R’s model:  Reuse  Redistribute  Revise  Remix  Retain Hilton, J., Wiley, D., Stein, J., & Johnson, A. (2010). The four R‘s of openness and ALMS Analysis: Frameworks for open educational resources. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 25(1), 37-44. O
  15. 15. Lets watch a video on CC
  16. 16. Unported Ported
  17. 17. Accessibility
  18. 18. Access (ALMS) Hilton, J., Wiley, D., Stein, J., & Johnson, A. (2010). The four R‘s of openness and ALMS Analysis: Frameworks for open educational resources. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 25(1), 37-44. • Access to editing tools • Level of expertise required to revise or remix • Meaningfully editable • Source file access
  19. 19. Relevance
  20. 20. Content repositories Portal repositories Content and portal repositories McGreal, R. (2010). Open Educational Resource Repositories: An Analysis. Proceedings: The 3rd Annual Forum on e-Learning Excellence, 1-3 February 2010, Dubai, UAE. Curation
  21. 21. So…how do I find the material I need for my teaching?
  22. 22. Google“AdvancedSearch”resultsforOERonChemistry(24thMay2012)
  23. 23. Native search mechanisms perhaps?
  24. 24. i. Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER. Encourage the development of user- friendly tools to locate and retrieve OER that are specific and relevant to particular needs. (UNESCO Paris OER Declaration, 2012) The Declaration UNESCO. (2012). Paris OER Declaration, Retrieved September18, 2012 from
  25. 25. OER Search
  26. 26. Concept of Metadata
  27. 27. Metadata IEEE-LOM DCMI
  28. 28. Casali, A., Deco, C., Romano, A. and Tomé, G. (2013) 'An Assistant for Loading Learning Object Metadata: An Ontology Based Approach', Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects (IJELLO), vol. 9, p. 11. LOM
  29. 29. DCMI the DCMI resource model Source: (29/08/2013)
  30. 30. LRMI
  31. 31. However…the issue is
  32. 32. Existing Search Methods
  33. 33. Some Existing Solutions • Federated Search: BRENHET2; OpeScout; Global Learning Object Brokered Exchange (GLOBE); and Pearson’s Project Blue Sky. • Semantic Search: OER-CC ontology; the “Assistant” prototype; the “Folksemantic” project; and “Agrotags”.
  34. 34. Federated Search Institution Repos Institution Institution Repos Repos Repos Repos Repos Organisation Consortium Federation User Metadata
  35. 35. Apples Processed Products Nutrition Varieties Juice Sauce Cider McIntosh Pink Lady Honeycrisp Disease Prevention Fiber Vitamins Semantic Search
  36. 36. Linked Open Data (accessed 23/06/2014)
  37. 37. Lets watch a video on LOD
  38. 38. Yeah…but which one do I choose?
  39. 39. Useful OER Sources
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
  42. 42. Questions? I will also be happy to answer your queries if you e-mail me via Thanks!
  43. 43. About… Ishan Abeywardena Deputy Dean and Senior Lecturer, School of Science and Technology, Wawasan Open University, Penang, Malaysia • MSc in Wireless Enterprise Business Systems, Brunel University, UK. • MSc in Engineering Management, Brunel University, UK. • BSc in Computer Science, Bangalore University, India. • PhD Candidate in Computer Science, University Malaya, Malaysia. Areas of specialisation: text mining, metadata, faceted search Professional Member of – Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (MIEEE) – British Computer Society (MBCS) – Institution of Engineering and Technology (MIET) – Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP) – Microsoft Technology Associate (MTA) Official Profile: Professional Profile: Research Profile: Tech Blog: E-mail:
  44. 44. Media Sources • • • Open_Clip_Art_Library_Piggy_Bank.svg.png • • •,_Cairo_02.JPG • • • •