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  2. 2. GHAZIABAD The place was founded in 1740 by the vizir, Ghazi-ud-din, who called it Ghaziuddinnagar He built a spacious sarai consisting of 120 rooms of masonry with pointed arches. The Jat raja, Surajmal, killed near the city by the Rohillas in 1763. An encounter between the freedom fighters and a small British force took place here in May, 1857, in which the former were defeated while trying to hold the Hindon. After the opening the railway line the name of the place was shortened to Ghaziabad. Dam over hindon river - GHAZIABAD On 14th November 1976 chief minister Mr. N.D.Tiwari decalered Ghaziabad as a district Before that it was the Tehsil of District Meerut. Ghaziabad, the headquarter of the district of the same name, lies on the Grand Trunk road about a mile east of the Hindon river
  3. 3. LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY 19 Kms. east of Delhi and 46 Kms. south- west of Meerut with which it is connected by a metalled road. Other roads lead north-wesr to Loni and Baghpat and east to Hapur and Garhmukteshwar. The district of Ghaziabad is suitated in the middle of Ganga- Yamuna doab. In shape it is roughly rectangular, lenght is 72 Kms. and its breadth is 37 Kms. Bouned by the district of Meerut on north, Bulandshahar & Gautambudh Nagar on south and on the south- west by the national capital Delhi and east by the district Jyotibaphule nagar. Ganga, Yamuna and Hindon are the main rivers flowing through the districtDistrict map 28.67°N 77.42°E GHAZIABAD
  4. 4. HISTORY From the historical cultural, mythological and archeological point of view Ghaziabad is a prosperous city. This has been proved from the resarch work and excavations done in the district. the excavation carried out at the mound of Kaseri suitated on the bank of river Hindon, 2 km north from Mohan Nagar shows that civilization was developed here in 2500 B.C. Garhmukteshwar which provides salavation to the people and the Pooth village situated on the banks of river Ganaga are associated with the Mahabharat period. Nearby is the Ahar region which was supposed to be the capital of Pandava's and Janamejay's Nag yagya site. The Loni fort is associated with Lavanasura of the Ramayana period. As per the Gazetteer the fort was named after Lavanasura (from Lavana it changed to Loni). GHAZIABAD Jawahar gate Ghaziabad (UP)
  5. 5. HISTORY On the eastern border of the district is situated the village "KOT" which is associated with the famous emperor SamundraGupta, who performed the Aswamedha yagya here after destroying the fort and "Kot Kuljam" (princes of the Kot dynasty), which was an incident of great historical importance at that time. Durng the region of Sultan Muhammad-bin -Tuglak in 1313 ,this entire region had become a huge battle field. Sultan Nasiruddin who was famous for his simplicity and honesty spent his childhood in the Loni fort here.The attack of Taimur came on this fort and the human massacre by him are well known references of history. The importance of Loni increased during the Mughal period as the Mughal King used to come here for hunting and pleasure trips. A Baage Ranap is a memorial of that period. GHAZIABAD Old railway bridge on Hindon river Laxmibai statue at swarn jyanti park
  6. 6. AREA and POPULATION Total Area – 1148 sqkm No. of tehsil – 4 No. of Block – 8 No. of Municipal Corp – 6 Railway Station – 23 No. of Villages – 567 ( 529 Habitated) Total Population - 33,14,070 Male Population - 17,81,674 Female Population - 15,32,396 Rural Population - 14,97,655 Urban Population - r18,16,415 Density of Population Sq. Km.2887 The total area of the district (according to CENSUS 1991) was 2590.0 sq. kms. but after the formation of the new district Gautam budh Nagar it reduced GHAZIABAD Traffic at GT Road
  7. 7. CLIMATE temprature and rainfall are similar to Delhi. Rajasthan's dust storms and snowfall in the Himalayas, Kumaon and Garhwal hills impact in the weather regularly. The monsoon arrives in the district during the end of the June or the first week of July and normally it rains till october. CLIMATE CONDITION AVERAGE MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE 450 C MINIMUM TEMPERATURE 30 C AVERAGE RAINFALL 732 MM ACTUAL RAINFALL 702 MM GHAZIABAD Dust strom Monsoon
  8. 8. GHAZIABAD CULTURE Ghaziabad is growing an Industrial and Commercial centre, Ghaziabad today, has a booming cosmopolitan culture, comparable to that of any other metro. Cultural life in the city is intertwined with the Capital's vibrant cultural life, being its closest neighbor. Art, Theatre, Dance and Music, all form a part of the city's everyday cultural life. There are some Art Galleries within the city of Ghaziabad itself, while the compounds of the numerous malls in the city host the other cultural dos. As for the Festivals, all the festivals of India are celebrated with equal zest and fervor, owing to the large populations of each community staying in the city. Feasting and Fasting are the special features of Hindu festivals which are celebrated here almost in the same manner as else where in the State. Ghaziabad haat in swarn jyanti park
  9. 9. GHAZIABAD ECONOMY Ghaziabad is primarily an industrial city with manufacturers in railway coaches, diesel engines, electroplating, bicycles, picture tubes, tapestries, glassware, pottery, vegetable oil, paint and varnish, heavy chains, automobile pistons and rings, steel pharmaceuticals, liquor, etc. It is one of the most industrialized cities in Uttar Pradesh. The new industry sector upcoming in Ghaziabad is of high tech plant growth boosters. Many companies like Shriram Pistons, Unichem, Dabur, International Tobacco, Bhushan Steels, Rathi Alloys, Crophealth Products Pvt. Ltd., Allied Nippon Ltd and Samtel Color are giving it a new dimension.Dabur Kaushambi Corporate Office
  10. 10. GHAZIABAD Transport Ghaziabad can be reached by air, road and rail. The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International airport which is about 45 km away. By road, Ghaziabad is well-connected on all sides. A large number of people commute to Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida and Gurgaon every day for work. There are bus terminals at Mohan Nagar, Lohia Nagar, Vasundhara and close to Meerut Road from where Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) buses serve cities all over the state. The Anand Vihar bus terminal of DTC is located on city's border. Ghaziabad is a railway junction. The main railway station is situated in the middle of the city. The city is well connected to Delhi and other neighbouring cities through Fast Moving Local Trains called EMU. The Metro extends to Dilshad Garden station on the outskirts of the city. At present it serves the areas of Shalimar Garden and other neighbouring colonies. This Line will be further extended to New Bus Stand Ghaziabad by 2012. Dwarka Sector-9 line was extended to Anand Vihar and will be extended upto Vaishali very soon. EMU train
  11. 11. GHAZIABAD AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION Net Shown Area ( in thousand Hectare) 146 Net Irrigated Area ( in thousand Hectare) 135 Gross Irrigated Area (in thousand Hectare) 231 Food Grains Thousand Metric ton 311 Sugar Cane Thousand Metric ton 4079 Tilhan Thousand Metric ton 3 Potato Thousand Metric ton 141 Agriculture production DESCRIPTION UNIT VALUE Lenght of Canal Kilometer 596 Govt. Tubewell Number 217 Private Tubewell Number 36,797 Ganga canal
  12. 12. GHAZIABAD Education There are a number of private and government Engineering, PG Degree, Law colleges and Management institutes in Ghaziabad. There are about 80-100 Medical, Dental, Pharmacy colleges, and Physiotherapy institutes which makes Ghaziabad one of the most education friendly cities in India. JR. BASIC SCHOOL 2463 SR. BASIC SCHOOL 736 HIGHER SEC. SCHOOL 193 DEGREE COLLEGE 11 UNIVERSITY -- I..T.I 4 POLYTECHNIC 1 KENDRIYA VIDHYALAY 4 NAVODAYA SCHOOL 1 ENGINEERING COLLEGE -
  13. 13. GHAZIABAD CITY Ghaziabad is the city credited giving highest revenue in the state of Uttar Pradesh and second maximum in India. The city has 32 malls, second in India only to Bangalore. Ghaziabad is a part of the satellite area of Delhi therefore most of the newspapers, TV channels and radio channels are the same as for Delhi. Kaushambi Housing Society Shipra Mall Indrapuram
  14. 14. Ghaziabad in World's Ten Most Dynamic Cities The Top 10 Most Dynamic Cities: (MSNBC & NewsWeek Survey 2008) 1. Las Vegas 2. Fukuoaka, Japan 3. Munich, Germany 4. London 5. Toulouse, France 6. Nanchang, China 7. Moscow 9. Goyang, South Korea 10. Florianópolis, Brazil GHAZIABAD Air force day show at Hindon Airbase