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Woh Hup Distinguished Lecture (NUS) – Smart Technology for Resilient Cities

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Isam Shahrour "Woh Hup Distinguished Lecture – Smart and Resilient City" at the Civil Engineering Department of the National University of Singapore (NUS):
Could the Smart City improve the resilience and sustainability of urban systems (the city)?

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Woh Hup Distinguished Lecture (NUS) – Smart Technology for Resilient Cities

  1. 1. Could the Smart City improve the resilience and sustainability of urban systems (the city)? Professor Isam SHAHROUR, www.ishahrour.com May, 30, 2018 Woh Hup Distinguished Lecture Civil Engineering Department National University of Singapore (NUS)
  2. 2. City Sustainability Resiliency Papers – Resilience https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-017-3040-y 20141985
  3. 3. City Sustainability Resiliency Smart City 1992 2012 Cumulative papers number Mora et al. (2017)
  4. 4. City Sustainability Resiliency Smart City SunRise Smart City Demonstrator
  5. 5. The city: System of complex socio-technical systems
  6. 6. The City : living systems (CHOA’s, 2013)
  7. 7. Infrastructures ageing United States – ASCE (2013) GPA: D+, Required inv. $3.6 Trillion United Kingdom August 21, 2017
  8. 8. Congestion, pollution, lack of services 7 million deaths/year (WHO)
  9. 9. The City: interdependent systems
  10. 10. The City Social and Economic • Population growth • Aging • Poverty • Unemployment • Governance City under increasing pressure … Built-Environment • Aging • Lack • Adaptation to new challenges Environment • Congestion • Climate change • Pollution Hazards • Natural • Industrial • Social
  11. 11. We need inclusive innovation to transform our cities Smart City ? Built- Environment CommunityManagement
  12. 12. Smart City Concern
  13. 13. Chinajects India 100 projects https://qz.com/998970/kigalis-vision-city-and-lagos-eko-atlantic-are-among- several-smart-city-initiatives-taking-off-in-africa/ Europe
  14. 14. Inspired from human intelligence
  15. 15. Human Intelligence Experience (learning Capacity) Sensing Cognitive Actions
  16. 16. Intelligent system Physical System Sensing Layer Information system Analysis capacity (Engineering, IT) Control layer Virtous actions Digital Model
  17. 17. Urban intelligent system Sensing Layer Information system Analysis capacity (Engineering, IT) Control layer Community Built- environment Management Virtous actions Digital Model
  18. 18. Role of the digital technology
  19. 19. Digital Technology: connect people and things Geo-Localized Connected (IoT Network) Storage and Analysis capacity Operate actions
  20. 20. Digital Technology: connect people and things
  21. 21. Smartphone: high sensing capacity
  22. 22. Smartphones used as urban sensors 20172017 2017
  23. 23. https://web-assets.domo.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/DataNeverSleeps_2.0_v2.jpg Social Media: Semantic analysis Geo-localized content Useful anonymous information for the City management (emotional data included) Semantic analysis
  24. 24. 2016 2017 2015 2014 Recent papers: Social media & semantic analysis in urban studies
  25. 25. Video surveillance used as urban sensors World : 350 millions (2016) London : 500, 000 CCTV Cameras China : 170 million CCTV cameras • Real-time • High sensing capacity (AI)
  26. 26. High capacity in data analysis and learning
  27. 27. 2014 2017 2017 2015 Recent papers: Artificial Intelligence in urban studies
  28. 28. 2017 2018 2016 2015 Recent papers: Big Data in urban studies
  29. 29. Digital technology in the City 1) City Digital Model (2D, 3D, Semantic) GIS, BIM, Civil 3D Photogrammetry, CityGML Digital model of the city - Geo-reference - Attributes - Semantic
  30. 30. Digital Technology in the City • See • Analyze • Understand • Operate actions: • Optimization • Security 2) Monitoring & control Real-time
  31. 31. • See • Analyze • Understand • Operate actions: • Optimization • Security 3) Interaction with the community Digital Technology in the City
  32. 32. Health, Education Art, Culture BIG DATA digital, images, movies, audios 4) More data
  33. 33. City Sustainability Resiliency Smart City
  34. 34. Sustainable city Good Environment Social services Economic Activity Sustainable city Good Environment Social services Economic Activity Time Good Environment Social services Economic Activity Good Environment Social services Economic Activity Good Environment Social services Economic Activity Space
  35. 35. Sustainability implementation Understand Design (Infrastructures, Management system) Implement (Infrastructures, Management system Operate, monitor Evaluate (Impact)
  36. 36. Understand Design (Infrastructures, Management system) Implement (Infrastructures, Management system Operate, monitor Evaluate (Impact) Sustainability implementation
  37. 37. City Sustainability Resiliency Smart City
  38. 38. https://www.vox.com/energy-and- environment/2017/12/28/16795490/natural-disasters-2017-hurricanes- wildfires-heat-climate-change-cost-deathsDisasters losses in US Around $400 billion in 2017 1990 2017
  39. 39. 2014 Urban risk Lack of coping capacity Lack of adaptive capacity
  40. 40. t0 t1 t2 t3 Disruptive event Impact Appearing System Performances Time Recovery phase Disruptive phase New steady phase Adaptive capability Absorbing capability Hazard management Original Level
  41. 41. Resilience strategies
  42. 42. Resiliency Strategy 1) Preparation Built- Environment CommunityManagement 2) Early warning & actions 3) Community & physical systems adaptation Event Impact Appearing Recovery phase Disruptive phase Adaptive capabilityAbsorbing capability
  43. 43. Resiliency Strategy 1) Preparation Built- Environment CommunityManagement 2) Early warning & actions 3) Community & physical systems adaptation 4) Learning Event Impact Appearing Recovery phase Disruptive phase Adaptive capabilityAbsorbing capability
  44. 44. Smart Resiliency Strategy 1) Preparation Built- Environment CommunityManagement
  45. 45. Data from Early Waning Systems Data from Smart Urban Systems Data for Smart Resilient Urban system (Real-time & historical data Analysis tools Engineering, safety & Smart City tools (Big Data, AI) Holistic early actions (absorbing) Holistic recovery & adaptation actions Learning form data to improve the resiliency strategy 2) Early warning & actions Smart Resiliency Strategy
  46. 46. Earthquake Early Warning Japan United States Italy March 29, 2018
  47. 47. Flood Early Warning
  48. 48. 2) Early warning & actions Smart Resiliency Strategy Data from Early Waning Systems Data from Smart Urban Systems Data for Smart Resilient Urban system (Real-time & historical data Analysis tools Engineering, safety & Smart City tools (Big Data, AI) Holistic early actions (absorbing) Holistic recovery & adaptation actions Learning form data to improve the resiliency strategy
  49. 49. 3) Community & physical systems adaptation Smart Resiliency Strategy
  50. 50. Smart Resiliency Strategy
  51. 51. City Sustainability Resiliency Smart City SunRise Smart City Demonstrator
  52. 52. Combine 3 issues: • City • Sustainability • Digital technology Large academic project « The City of the Future) 2010 - 2011
  53. 53. 1 year of discussion and concertation
  54. 54. We need a large-scale demonstrator
  55. 55. University campus: Smart City demonstrator Small town • 25 000 users • 140 Buildings 100 km of urban networks • Drinking Water • Sewage • District Heating • Gas • Electrical ( HV, LV) • Public light
  56. 56. TWUL Demo London Burgos VIP Leeuwarden Sunrise Demo Lille European Smart Water Demonstrator SmartWater4Europe
  57. 57. SunRise Community (Master & PhD)
  58. 58. Main achievements • Digital model for urban infrastructures (GIS) • Urban networks monitoring • Data analysis • Substantial improvements
  59. 59. Platform Information System • Asset Data (GIS, BIM) Analytics Web Server • Technical staff • Users Data transmission: • Wired • Wireless • Buildings • Urban network Sensors & Actuators • Recorded data (sensors) Other data • Environment • Transport • Administration • Other data SunRise Smart city system
  60. 60. • 15 km • Complex • 60 years old Drinking water
  61. 61. Monitoring Data transmission Platform Storage, Analysis Display Visualization LEAKAGE: • 100 AMR • 5 Pressure Cells WATER QUALITY: 2 S::CAN 2 Event Lab Integrated solution
  62. 62. Detection of water leakage DMA method Daily water losses (m3)
  63. 63. On-line water quality control Abnormal events
  64. 64. 70 Sewage system
  65. 65. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 Flowm3/h Time 3 Sep. to 10 Sep. 2015 10 Sep. to 17 Sep.… Detection of abnormal events & system faults Rainfall
  66. 66. District heating System Présentation Chaufferi e Télé relève
  67. 67. Saving potential Optimal Consumption? Recorded Consumption
  68. 68. SunRise: High fame
  69. 69. Small town Research Education European Demonstrator Socio-economic partnership Key Success factors
  70. 70. Conclusion • Digital technology together with collective intelligence (Smart City) provide high capacity to meet sustainability and resiliency challenges • Pilot projects are needed to learn and develop scalable solutions
  71. 71. Thank you for your attention https://www.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour/ https://twitter.com/ishahrour https://www.facebook.com/sunrisesmartcity

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