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The Smart City in 3 questions: Why, What  and How to succeed its implementation?

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Key note lecture of professor Isam Shahrour "The Smart City in 3 questions: Why, What  and How to succeed its implementation?" at the Smart City Conference, organiszed at the University AN Najah, Nablus, Palestine, April, 26, 2016.

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The Smart City in 3 questions: Why, What  and How to succeed its implementation?

  1. 1. Conference “Smart City “ An-Najah University, Nablus, Palestine, April 26, 2016 The Smart City in 3 questions: Why, What and How to succeed its implementation? Professor Isam Shahrour SunRise Smart City coordinator Isam.Shahrour@univ-lille1.fr
  2. 2. The “City” : Major role in the world 80 % of the Economic Activity 80% of the green house emission
  3. 3. CitySmart Center of the world civilization What is the city but the people? Be fully attentive
  4. 4. City Smart Challenges • Population growth • Urban infrastructures and services • Impact on the environment Innovative solution Public concern, focusing on • Citizens • Quality of life
  5. 5. Urban Developing countries Urban – Developed countries Rural Developing countries Population growth
  6. 6. By 2030 : • Nearly 2 billion of new urban residents • 400,000 km2 will be constructed for urban use (doubling the world’s built urban area)
  7. 7. World map of mega-cities in 2030 Concentration in large metropolis
  8. 8. Be attentive: 1. Provide basic services: • Water, electricity, transport, municipal wastes • Housing • Health, education, administration, security 2. Involve people in the decision
  9. 9. Urban infrastructures: The great challenge
  10. 10. Infrastructures: major role in quality of life
  11. 11. Urban infrastructure in France Electrical Grid: High and Low tension lines : 1,270,000 km Water network: 1,0500,000 km (26 times the earth perimeter)
  12. 12. Urban Infrastructures: • Huge investment • Huge maintenance cost • Innovation (technology & governance)
  13. 13. Infrastructure degradation United States (ASCE, 2013 report): GPA of infrastructure : D+ $3.6 trillions for infrastructure update
  14. 14. http://www.forbes.com/sites/williampentland/2013/08/30/blackout-risk-tool-puts-price-tag-on-power-reliability/ “Our grids are old and our equipment is aging,” said Robin Luo, vice president and blackout model project manager at Hartford Steam Boiler. US: yearly cost of electrical outages = $ 150B
  15. 15. 10 mars 2015 France: A bridge is closed every day
  16. 16. Urban traffic: jams in almost all cities
  17. 17. Air pollution 7 million premature deaths annually linked to air pollution (WHO)
  18. 18. Lack of transport infrastructure
  19. 19. 1 billion do not have access to drinking water service Leakage : 50% water lost in some cities Water quality (water pollution, sea water intrusion) Lack of basic infrastructures
  20. 20. • 2.4 billion do not have access to sewage water service • Flood, pollution Lack of basic infrastructures
  21. 21. By 2035 (International Energy Agency - IEA): • One billion without access to the electricity Lack of basic infrastructures
  22. 22. Developing countries: Investment in infrastructure = $ 1.8 to 2.3 Trillion /year Transport Electricity Water Telecom
  23. 23. Population aging challenge Dependency ratio 2010 2030 2050 US Japan Age pyramid in Canada
  24. 24. Infrastructure Housing Gouvernance Eco- responsible Socio -responsible Huge economic crisis We have to transform the city Opportunity: Digital technology ?
  25. 25. Digital technology and Smart City
  26. 26. Digital technology Internet Social Network
  27. 27. Could operate: • Measurement • Data storage & analysis •Communication with other “Things” Each “Thing” • Unique identifier • Geo-localized
  28. 28. Smart Sensors and actuators
  29. 29. See Analyze Understand Improve Real time Digital technology
  30. 30. Technology Collective intelligence
  31. 31. Health, Education Art, Culture BIG DATA More data
  32. 32. Smart city technology allows: • Real-time monitoring • Rapid action in the case of abnormal event (security, leakage, contamination,....) • Optimal management • Stakeholders implication • New services
  33. 33. Smart City in developing countries
  34. 34. Opportunities for developing countries Have to build new infrastructures (urban networks, transport, buildings,..) The cost of smart monitoring is low regarding the infrastructure cost. The smart “design” reduces the cost of construction
  35. 35. • Improves the asset management • Reduces the running and maintenance costs The smart technology Savings in the construction and running costs largely fund the smart system implementation
  36. 36. Other opportunities for developing countries • High mobile penetration • High use of social media • Excellent skills in information technology
  37. 37. Barriers to the smart city implementation • Cultural (policy makers, administration, private sector, individual…) • Organization (in silos) • Regulations • Economic model
  38. 38. Smart City Implementation: Lessons from a 5-years of large scale experimentation
  39. 39. Smart City implementation ? Large Experimentation (Demonstrator)
  40. 40. Innovation operators Pole Ubiquitaire CITC –EURARFID PRN Local government AMGVF (Large Cities association) Lille Metropolis Region ArtoisComm International: • W-Smart (Int. Ass. for water Security) • US • Netherland, UK, Spain • Lebanon, Morocco Urban services providers Dalkia Eaux du Nord (Suez) Eau de Paris Lille Métropole Habitat Research Laboratories: Engineering Information technology Social Science Education : Master programs PhD programs Starts-ups : Stereograph, Noolittic, Inodesign, Calmwater, Planeteoui, Ixsane, Projex, Public-private-International partnership
  41. 41. Scientific Campus Small town: • 25 000 users • 140 Buildings (320 000 m2 )
  42. 42. C1 – Chimie (1966) Polytech’Lille (2000) IUT (2006) Learning Center (2016) Bâtiment D (Rénovation /Extension, 2019)
  43. 43. 100 km of Urban Networks • Drinking Water • Sewage • District Heating • Gas • Electrical ( HV, LV) • Public light • Roads
  44. 44. SunRise PlatformInformation Sytem Asset Data (GIS) Analytics Wb servor communication • Users • Management staff • Technical staff • Academic Staff • Public Communication : • Réseaux filaires • Réseaux sans fils Monitoring • Buildings • Water Network • Energy network • Others Sensors data Users - Alert - Information Users data Open data • Weather • Traffic • Emergency Open data
  45. 45. Main achievements 1. GIS for all urban infrastructures 3. Data analysis and recommendations • Drinking Water (Elias Farah) • Sewage • District Heating • Electrical ( HV) (Daniel Sakr) 2. Smart Monitoring:
  46. 46. Under Progress: • Public lighting • Cyber security • Security and emergency • SunRise social network
  47. 47. SunRise today (5 years) • Major Smart City project • Large private-public partnership • Several implementations (social housing, eco- district, park of technology, town,..) Priority in the 6-years regional development plan (state – region agreement) with significant public funding
  48. 48. TWUL Demo site London Burgos VIP Leeuwarden Sunrise Demo site Lille European Smart Water Demonstrator SmartWater4Europe
  49. 49. Attractiveness : PhD and master degree students April 2014
  50. 50. World Bank, Washington (May, 21, 2014) (MEDEF International, PRN)
  51. 51. Smart Water: lessons learned from 4-years of large scale experimentation Professor Isam Shahrour, Isam.shahrour@univ-lille1.fr Translated in Chinese by Hanbinh Bian Shandong Hydrogeology office, China December 24, 2015 智慧水: 4年大型现场试验的经验 山东省水文局 济南 2015年12月24日
  52. 52. SunRise : Large-scale demonstrator of the Smart and Sustainable city: which lessons?” 4th Arab Future Cities Summit, Doha, Qatar 13th & 14th April 2015 Professor Isam Shahrour Professor, University Lille1 –Science and Technology Isam.Shahrour@univ-lille1.fr
  53. 53. Partenariat à l’étranger : Projet de Centre Smart City à Beyrouth
  54. 54. BFM Business 28 avril 2013 WEO, March 28, 2015,
  55. 55. Diffusion de la culture scientifique : TEDx Lille « La nouvelle renaissance », 8 mars 2014
  56. 56. Let’s build Smart Cities for a Smart World. Talk of Isam Shahrour at Sciences Po Paris. November 13, 2015.
  57. 57. Conclusion and Summary
  58. 58. Smart City implementation requires: • Political decision and determination • Cultural changes in the public and private sectors as well as end-users • Change in the governance model
  59. 59. Smart City implementation 1. Diagnostic of urban services and infrastructure 2. Strategic plan with priorities and milestones 3. Economic model (Private – public partnership) 4. Education and training program for the development of capacity building in the field of Smart Cities 5. Start by demonstrators at various scales

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