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Smart Underground Space

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Annual Meeting of Shanghai Society for
Innovation in Civil Engineering, Environment and Transport
January, 8, 2017.

Published in: Technology
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Smart Underground Space

  1. 1. Smart Underground Space Professor Isam Shahrour Annual Meeting of Shanghai Society for Innovation in Civil Engineering, Environment and Transport January, 8, 2017
  2. 2. Presentation outline Smart City: • Why and What ? • Which feed-back (lessons) from real projects ? Smart Underground Space: • Why And What ? • How to implement?
  3. 3. Presentation outline Smart City: • Why ? and What ? • Which feed-back (lessons) from real projects ? Smart underground Space: • Why ? and What ? • How to implement?
  4. 4. We started a Smart City project within a consortium composed of: • Private and public partners • Local, national, European and international partners The beginning in 2010
  5. 5. Innovation centers • Pole Ubiquitaire • CITC –EURARFID • PRN Local authorities • AMGVF (Large Cities association) • Lille Metropolis • Region • ArtoisComm International: • W-Smart (Int. Ass. for water Security) • US • Netherland, UK, Spain • Middle East Urban services providers • Dalkia • Eaux du Nord (Suez) • Eau de Paris • ERDF • Lille Métropole Habitat Research Laboratories: • Engineering • Information technology • Social Science Education program: • Master programs • PhD programs Start-ups : Stereograph, Noolittic, Inodesign, Calmwater, Planete oui, Ixsane, Projex, Smart City consortium
  6. 6. TWUL - London UK Burgos SPAIN Leeuwarden Netherlands Lille FRANCE Smart Water 4 Europe Budget : 12 millions €
  7. 7. Conclusion of 1– year work The City meets great challenges in tough financial conditions. It should innovate in the management of the infrastructures and services by using the digital technology and social innovation (Smart technology).
  8. 8. The city challenges Rapid population increase: Cities are more and crowded Urban Developing countries Urban – Developed countries Rural Developing countries World population
  9. 9. Aging Infrastructures Diagnostic of US Infrastructures (D+) The city challenges
  10. 10. http://www.forbes.com/sites/williampentland/2013/08/30/blackout-risk-tool-puts-price-tag-on-power-reliability/ “Our grids are old and our equipment is aging,” Robin Luo, vice president and blackout model project manager at Hartford Steam Boiler. US: the yearly cost of electrical outages = $ 150 billions
  11. 11. Lack of infrastructures in developing countries The city challenges
  12. 12. Silos organization The city challenges Service of Electricity Service of Drinking water Service of Sanitation Service of District Heating Service of Municipal Wastes
  13. 13. The City : • 70% of the energy consumption • 80% of the greenhouse emission The city challenges Global Warming – Climate change Heat wavesFlood
  14. 14. The city challenges Financial crisis
  15. 15. Production transformation storage Transport distribution Consumption (demand) Energy:Traditionnel system • Des infrastructures géantes • Améliorer les performances de chaque phase The city challenges Transformation of the organization of our systems
  16. 16. (Cm) (Cl) (C1) (Ck) (Pj) Consumption (P1) (Pi) (Pn) Production (S)(S) (S) Storage Transformation of the management the energy system The city challenges Modern System
  17. 17. (Cm) (Cl) (C1) (Ck) (Pj) (P1) (Pi) (Pn) (S)(S) (S) Transformation of the management the energy system The city challenges Modern System
  18. 18. (Cm) (Cl) (C1) (Ck) (Pj) (P1) (Pi) (Pn) (S)(S) (S) S Global system for data transfer and management Transformation of the management the energy system The city challenges
  19. 19. Transformation of the City Design and construction of infrastructures, facilities and buildings (Green Technology) Management of the urban infrastructures and facilities Digital Technology Collective intelligence Collaborative work
  20. 20. Internet Réseaux Sociaux Digital Technology
  21. 21. Mart sensors • Measure • Analyze • Communicate • act Digital Technology
  22. 22. Smart sensors
  23. 23. BigData & data analysis, expert system,..
  24. 24. Augmented and virtual realities
  25. 25. Real-time Application of the digital technology to the City Store Analyze Learn Real time control Optimal control
  26. 26. Technology Collective Intelligence
  27. 27. Health, Education Art, Culture BIG DATA digital, images, movies, audios More data
  28. 28. Presentation outline Smart City: • Why ? What ? • Which feed-back (lessons) from real projects ? Smart underground Space: • Why ? What ? • How to implement?
  29. 29. Smart City implementation ? Large Experimentation (Demonstrator)
  30. 30. Large-scale demonstrator of the Smart City Scientific City Small town: • 25 000 users • 140 Buildings (320 000 m2 )
  31. 31. 100 km of Urban Networks • Drinking Water • Sewage • District Heating • Gas • Electrical ( HV, LV) • Public light • Roads
  32. 32. Smart City PlatformInformation Sytem Asset Data (GIS) Analytics Wb servor communication • Users • Management staff • Technical staff • Academic Staff • Public Data transfert: • Wired • Wireless Monitoring • Buildings • Water Network • Energy network • Others Sensors data Users Alert Information Users data Open data • Weather • Traffic • Emergency Open data Architecture of the Smart System
  33. 33. • 15 km • 100 AMR • 5 pressure cells • Acoustic system • Water quality control Example : Drinking water network
  34. 34. Water leakage detection Water losses (m3) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Non-RevenueWaterNRW(m3 ) 01/10/15 11/10/15 21/10/15 31/10/15 10/11/15 20/11/15 30/11/15 10/12/15 20/12/15 30/12/15 09/01/16 19/01/16 29/01/16 08/02/16 18/02/16 28/02/16 09/03/16 19/03/16 29/03/16 08/04/16 18/04/16 28/04/16 08/05/16 18/05/16 28/05/16 Before After After
  35. 35. Water quality control
  36. 36. Example : Sanitation network
  37. 37. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 Flow m3/h Time 3 Sep. to 10 Sep. 2015 10 Sep. to 17 Sep. 2015 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1000 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 Flow m3/h Time Flow of 13 Sep. 2015 Rain of 13 Sep. 2015 Detection of connection between sanitation and storm water systems Water flow in the sanitation network Rainall
  38. 38. SunRise Site pilote de la ville intelligente et durable District heating system Heating Center
  39. 39. Heating Sub-Station • Temperature • Flow • Pressure • Consumption Regulation System (Valve Controllers)
  40. 40. Energy savings in buildings Consumption with smart regulation Recorded consumption
  41. 41. Resume – Conclusion The Smart City implementation allowed: - Enhancement of our understanding of the infrastructures - Improvement in the security and performances - Saving in the expenses - Reinforcement of the partnership with the private sector - Private investment re-covered by savings
  42. 42. Presentation outline Smart City: • Why ? What ? • Which feed-back (lessons) from real projects ? Smart Underground Space: • Why ? What ? • How to implement?
  43. 43. Why ? The underground space challenges ?
  44. 44. 1) Lifecycle approach how to ensure data and information transmission between stakeholders all over the lifecycle ? Planning Design Construction Exploitation
  45. 45. 1) Lifecycle approach Each stage is based on data and generates new data Planning Design Construction Exploitation • Urban environment • Subsoil (preliminary studies and investigations) • Data from soil excavation • Specific soil exploration • Soil treatment • Soil and Structure movement • Hydraulic parameters • Exploitation data • Energy, water, air quality • Safety • Maintenance • Surveillance • Advanced soil exploration (geophysics, field exploration, laboratory tests, hydraulic) • Output (AutoCad, BIM, plans, charts,..)
  46. 46. 1) Lifecycle approach Questions : • How can we conserve, manage and use the data all over the lifecycle of the underground facility ? • Which tools should we develop for data analysis and visualization ? • How the GIS and BIM technologies could help ? • How we can combine these technologies ? The first part of the Smart Underground Space Development of integrated information system for underground space and structures
  47. 47. This role was confirmed by the report «Underground Engineering for Sustainable Urban Development » of: • Committee on Underground Engineering for Sustainable Development, • Committee on Geological and Geotechnical Engineering, • Board on Earth Sciences and Resources Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council 2) Sustainability – Environment Integrated eco- friendly strategy for underground facilities ?
  48. 48. Used to store energy and water and energy source Reduces traffic jams. reduces energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission. Reduces pressure on land use; increases green areas Environmental role of the underground space 2) Sustainability – Environment Integrated eco- friendly strategy for underground facilities ?
  49. 49. Preliminary studies Design Construction Exploitation • Urban planning • Geo- environmental • Use of green technology • Reduction of water and energy consumption • Prevention of soil, water and air pollution • Treatment of excavated soil • Reduction of Energy and Water Consumption • Air Quality • Local Energy production • Construction process • Excavated soil re-use • Impact on the subsoil and water • Energy and water consumption 2) Sustainability – Environment Integrated eco- friendly strategy for underground facilities ?
  50. 50. Questions : • How we can develop an integrated sustainability approach ? • How we can promote the use of this approach ? • What are the sustainability indicators for each phase ? • How we can determine and use these indicators ? 2) Sustainability – Environment
  51. 51. Safety in the underground space is more critical than in the surface space, because of the access restriction. Accidents could occur during the construction or exploitation stages. It concerns: • Structural instability, • water infiltration, • Fire, • Electrical outage • Air contamination. 3) Resiliency, safety and risk management
  52. 52. Preliminary studies Design Construction Exploitation • Identification of the safety challenges (Indicators) • Integration of safety and resilience • Identification of the safety and resilience challenges (Indicators) • Monitoring of the soil-structure movement and hydraulic parameters • Interpretation of the excavation parameters • Use of historical and real – time data for safe and optimal management of the excavation process. • Identification of the safety and resilience challenges (Indicators) • Real-time Monitoring of the space and equipment • Real-time control of the equipment • Decision based on real-time and historical data • Identification of the safety and resilience challenges (Indicators) • Integration of the Smart Technology in the safety issue … Real-time supervision and équipement control 3) Resiliency, Safety and risk management Integrated strategy for underground resiliency, safety and risk management?
  53. 53. Questions : • How to develop an integrated safety and resilience approach? • How the smart Technology could help in the implementation of this strategy ? • How to implement the Smart Technology in real case ? 3) Resiliency, Safety and risk management
  54. 54. How the smart underground space concept will help to meet these challenges?
  55. 55. Need for innovative system to meet the underground space challenges An inclusive system with advanced tools for data collection, storage, analysis, share and visualization Analysis of real-time and historical data enhances the optimal and safe management of the underground space.
  56. 56. Smart system for the underground space: • Improves the management • Increases the safety • Reduces energy consumption and greenhouse emission • Improves life quality • Allows development of new services Experience with the Smart City shows that the application of the smart technology to the underground:
  57. 57. Presentation outline Smart City: • Why ? What ? • Which feed-back (lessons) from real projects ? Smart underground Space: • Why ? What ? • How to implement?
  58. 58. Implementation of the Smart system Designation of a Smart System Team with multidisciplinary skills Smart System Team Digital technology Data mining and analysis Civil - geotechnical engineering Mechanical and electrical engineering, Security and emergency Management
  59. 59. Planning Design Construction Exploitation • Data collection and transfer to the Information system • Use of Data for the control of the excavation process and environement • Performance analysis • Share of information • Data collection and transfer to the IS • Use of Data for the control of the equipment, devices, environment • Performance analysis • Share of Data • Users information • Identification of parameters to be followed and controlled • Design of the monitoring system • Design of the Information System • Design of the control system • Construction of the Smart Platform (GIS, BIM, CIM,…) Smart System for underground space Work to conduct at each step
  60. 60. 1) Information system Asset data : • Soils, structural elements; • adjacent buildings; • Electrical, mechanical equipment; • maintenance information Dynamic data • Soil and structure movement • water flow and pressure Other information: • Traffic, • weather, • Urban activities • Users Operating Data • Electrical grid, • ventilation, • access control, • air quality • fire equipment • Water Data management Data management could use professional tools such as: • Geographic Information System (GIS) • Building Information Modelling (BIM). • Civil Information Modelling (CIM)
  61. 61. Conclusion Smart Technology allows the development of an inclusive system based on digital technology for the optimal and safe management of the underground space through its lifecycle It could beneficiate from innovations in the field of Smart Cities, Smart Grid, Smart Buildings, Smart Monitoring and Health structure monitoring
  62. 62. Conclusion We need to start with pilot projects: New projects or/and exiting underground space
  63. 63. THANK YOU

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