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Sustainable 
and 
Smart 
City 
: 
AUST 
Summer 
Course 
Chapter 
6 
: 
Smart 
Building 
Professor 
Isam 
SHAHROUR 
Isam.sh...
Ø Challenges 
of 
buildings 
Ø Smart 
Building 
Ø Pilot 
Building 
(social 
housing)
Global 
challenges 
• Energy 
Consump<on 
• Greenhouse 
emission
Energy 
consumpHon 
• Buildings 
consume 
32% 
of 
the 
total 
final 
energy. 
• In 
terms 
of 
primary 
energy, 
building...
Building 
energy 
consumpHon
Transport 
Industry 
Buildings 
Tokyo 
(2005) 
Mexico 
(2006) 
London 
(1999) 
Shanghai 
(2007) 
Building 
energy 
consump...
United 
States 
Commercial 
and 
industrial 
buildings 
use 
roughly 
50% 
of 
the 
energy 
in 
the 
U.S 
(cost 
over 
$40...
US 
Energy 
use
Energy 
consumpHon 
-­‐ 
Ile 
de 
France 
(Paris) 
Buildings 
: 
around 
59%
Energy 
consumpHon 
in 
buildings 
(Ile 
de 
France 
(Paris) 
HeaHng 
& 
hot 
water: 
around 
82%
Greenhouse 
emission 
(Ile 
de 
France 
(Paris) 
Buildings 
: 
around 
50%
Electrical 
ConsumpHon 
– 
France 
Buildings 
65%
London 
: 
Carbon 
dioxide 
emissions 
(2006) 
Source 
Great 
London 
Authority 
(2007 
Buildings 
: 
71 
%
Berkeley 
Greenhouse 
emission 
(2011) 
Buildings 
45 
%
Quality 
of 
construcHon 
-­‐ 
France 
Poor 
quality 
buildings 
80% 
(France)
Lebanon
Lebanon 
: 
EvoluHon 
of 
the 
energy 
consumpHon
Lebanon 
: 
EvoluHon 
of 
the 
electricity 
consumpHon
Wholesale 
and 
retail 
Residen<al 
Hotel
Lebanon 
: 
Energy 
consumpHon 
by 
building 
sector 
Hot 
water 
LighHng
Building 
users 
challenges 
80 
to 
90% 
of 
users 
Hme 
indoor 
• Health 
• Customized 
services 
• 
Comfort 
• Savings ...
Comfort 
: 
-­‐ Temperature 
-­‐ Humidity 
-­‐ Air 
quality 
-­‐ Ligh<ng 
-­‐ Noise
How 
to 
do 
: 
1. 
Building 
quality 
Improve 
the 
quality 
of 
construc<on( 
low 
energy 
consump<on, 
posi<ve 
energy)...
How 
to 
do 
: 
1. 
Building 
quality 
New 
construc<on 
: 
regula<on, 
incen<ve, 
life 
cycle 
cost,…(about 
20% 
addi<on...
How 
to 
do 
: 
2 
: 
Use 
of 
ICT 
for 
the 
building 
performances 
1. Reduce 
the 
consump<on 
(energy, 
water, 
…) 
2....
Reduce 
the 
energy 
consumpHon 
: 
• Heat/cooling 
regula<on 
(based 
on 
monitoring 
and 
usage) 
at 
different 
scales ...
Space 
management 
: 
• Op<miza<on 
of 
the 
space 
use 
• Geo-­‐localiza<on 
in 
the 
building 
(presence, 
density, 
hea...
Customized 
service 
: 
• Specific 
medical 
or 
assistance 
service 
(aged 
people,….) 
• Surveillance 
• Access 
to 
ext...
Ø Challenges 
of 
buildings 
Ø Smart 
Building 
Ø Pilot 
Building 
(social 
housing)
An 
intelligent 
building 
was 
first 
used 
in 
the 
US 
in 
the 
early 
80’s.
DefiniHon 
by 
the 
Intelligent 
Building 
InsHtuHon 
in 
Washington: 
An 
intelligent 
building 
is 
one 
which 
integrat...
More 
recently 
CIB 
Working 
Group 
W98 
on 
Intelligent 
and 
Responsive 
Buildings 
stated: 
An 
intelligent 
building ...
What 
can 
we 
expect 
of 
such 
a 
building? 
• 
Improved 
interac<on 
between 
building 
systems 
and 
building 
users 
...
What 
can 
we 
expect 
of 
such 
a 
building? 
• 
Reduces 
energy 
and 
resource 
usage 
• 
Leverages 
renewable 
energy 
...
Smart 
Sensors 
– 
monitroring
From 
point-­‐to-­‐point 
to 
complex 
network 
topologies, 
h`p://www.digikey.com/es/ar<cles/techzone/2012/jan/wireless-­...
Electrical 
ConsumpHon 
Counter
Electrical 
ConsumpHon 
h`p://powerelectronics.com/alterna<ve-­‐energy/smart-­‐grid-­‐ushers-­‐new-­‐era-­‐energy-­‐ 
cons...
ConstrucHon 
of 
the 
smart 
building 
Various 
commercial 
offers 
(architectures) 
depending 
on 
the 
services 
and 
pr...
h`p://www.electronicproducts.com/Analog_Mixed_Signal_ICs/Sensors/ 
Renesas_Solu<ons_for_Wireless_Networks_-­‐_Part_3_Energ...
h`p://commercialrealestateadvisor.com/cre-­‐innova<on-­‐blog/
Building 
AutomaHon 
System 
(BAS) 
·∙ 
Control 
and 
manage 
all 
electronic 
environment 
·∙ 
Reduce 
op<mizing 
electri...
Smart 
Building 
for 
“aged” 
people 
h`p://ubiquitouscompu<ngdtc375.blogspot.com/2012/03/ubiquitous-­‐compu<ng-­‐and-­‐el...
An 
example 
: 
6:55am 
-­‐ 
Grandma 
lej 
bed 
6:57am 
-­‐ 
Bathroom 
door 
closed, 
pressure 
sensor 
ac<vated 
on 
toil...
Ø Challenges 
of 
buildings 
Ø Smart 
Building 
Ø Pilot 
Building 
(social 
housing)
Smart 
system 
for 
social 
housing 
Valen=n 
Collot, 
Ammar 
Aljer, 
Romain 
Tribout 
Isam 
Shahrour, 
Afif 
Benyahya
Smart 
system 
for 
social 
housing 
Partnership: 
Lille 
Métropole 
Habitat
1) 
SpecificaHons 
ConsumpHon: 
Ø electricity 
Ø hea<ng 
Ø cold 
water 
Ø hot 
water 
Comfort 
parameters: 
Ø tempera...
1) 
SpecificaHons 
Other 
parameters: 
• Occupancy 
• The 
doors 
and 
windows 
state 
(open/close) 
• Ven<la<on 
• 
fire ...
1) 
SpecificaHons 
2) 
Command 
• Electrical 
appliances 
• Stores 
• Radiators 
• Ven<la<on 
• Water 
flows
1) 
SpecificaHons 
Provide 
using 
a 
local 
CPU: 
• Communica<on 
with 
sensors 
and 
actuators 
• Data 
storage 
• Local...
1) 
SpecificaHons 
Possibility 
for 
remote 
connecHon: 
Ø Access 
to 
personal 
data. 
Ø Remote 
control 
Ø Store 
dat...
1) 
SpecificaHons 
Possibility 
of 
data 
share 
• Comparison 
• Good 
prac<ce
1) 
Cahier 
des 
Charges 
5) 
Open 
source 
and 
friendly 
plaiorm 
• Open 
source 
sojware 
• Integra<on 
of 
commercial ...
2)Smart 
system 
configuraHon 
Temperature 
Sensor 
1 
Sensor2 
Sensor 
3 
Command 
radiator 
Outlet
2) 
Users 
interface 
Freindly 
Interface 
T 
= 
19° 
H 
= 
45% 
T 
= 
19° 
H 
= 
45% 
Quality 
= 
A 
T 
= 
19° 
H 
= 
45%...
Analyse 
Chauffage 
Analyse 
Modifier 
Début 
Année 
2014 
Mois 
Fev 
Jour 
11 
Heure 
10:30 
Modifier 
Fin 
Année 
2014 
...
4) 
InstallaHon 
dans 
l’appartement 
pédagogique:
Temperature 
/ 
Humidity 
Appartement 
pédagogique: 
Indoor 
Air 
Quality 
brightness 
presence 
Electric 
consump<on
Temperature 
17 
17,5 
18 
18,5 
19 
19,5 
20 
20,5 
21 
21,5 
22 
0:03 
2:37 
5:12 
7:47 
10:21 
12:56 
15:31 
18:05 
20:...
Humidity 
25 
27 
29 
31 
33 
35 
37 
39 
0:03 
2:37 
5:12 
7:47 
10:21 
12:56 
15:31 
18:05 
20:40 
23:15 
2:20 
4:55 
7:...
l’ensemble 
des 
gaz 
toxiques 
détectés 
pour 
échelonner 
la 
qualité 
de 
l’air. 
Le 
capteur 
Un 
signal 
analogique 
...
1065000 
0 
500 
1066500 
1000 
1067000 
1500 
1068000 
2000 
1068500 
2500 
3000 
1070000 
3500 
1065500 
1066000 
106750...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Sc...
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Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City » Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Science and Technology August 2014.

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This lecture presents the Smart Building Concept. It includes a presentation of
The buildings challenges, the Smart Building concept and a demonstration pilot for smart social housing conducted within a partnership University Lille1and Lille Metrople Habitat – France.

Published in: Engineering
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Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City » Chapter 6 “Smart Building” American University of Science and Technology August 2014.

  1. 1. Sustainable and Smart City : AUST Summer Course Chapter 6 : Smart Building Professor Isam SHAHROUR Isam.shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr
  2. 2. Ø Challenges of buildings Ø Smart Building Ø Pilot Building (social housing)
  3. 3. Global challenges • Energy Consump<on • Greenhouse emission
  4. 4. Energy consumpHon • Buildings consume 32% of the total final energy. • In terms of primary energy, buildings consume around 40% in most IEA countries.
  5. 5. Building energy consumpHon
  6. 6. Transport Industry Buildings Tokyo (2005) Mexico (2006) London (1999) Shanghai (2007) Building energy consumpHon
  7. 7. United States Commercial and industrial buildings use roughly 50% of the energy in the U.S (cost over $400 billion) US Buildings Ini<a<ve : make commercial and industrial buildings 20% more energy efficient over the next 10 years and accelerate the private sector investment in energy efficiency.
  8. 8. US Energy use
  9. 9. Energy consumpHon -­‐ Ile de France (Paris) Buildings : around 59%
  10. 10. Energy consumpHon in buildings (Ile de France (Paris) HeaHng & hot water: around 82%
  11. 11. Greenhouse emission (Ile de France (Paris) Buildings : around 50%
  12. 12. Electrical ConsumpHon – France Buildings 65%
  13. 13. London : Carbon dioxide emissions (2006) Source Great London Authority (2007 Buildings : 71 %
  14. 14. Berkeley Greenhouse emission (2011) Buildings 45 %
  15. 15. Quality of construcHon -­‐ France Poor quality buildings 80% (France)
  16. 16. Lebanon
  17. 17. Lebanon : EvoluHon of the energy consumpHon
  18. 18. Lebanon : EvoluHon of the electricity consumpHon
  19. 19. Wholesale and retail Residen<al Hotel
  20. 20. Lebanon : Energy consumpHon by building sector Hot water LighHng
  21. 21. Building users challenges 80 to 90% of users Hme indoor • Health • Customized services • Comfort • Savings (energy, water,…) • Security • Maintenance • Space management • Flexibility
  22. 22. Comfort : -­‐ Temperature -­‐ Humidity -­‐ Air quality -­‐ Ligh<ng -­‐ Noise
  23. 23. How to do : 1. Building quality Improve the quality of construc<on( low energy consump<on, posi<ve energy) : • Architecture design • Insula<on, stores • Renewable energy • Building equipment (Hea<ng, cooling, ven<la<on, ligh<ng, energy storage) • Use of ICT (smart,…) for the building management
  24. 24. How to do : 1. Building quality New construc<on : regula<on, incen<ve, life cycle cost,…(about 20% addi<onal cost) Exis<ng construc<on :heavy renova<on to achieve high energy efficiency , incen<ve , life cycle cost,…(about 20% addi<onal cost)
  25. 25. How to do : 2 : Use of ICT for the building performances 1. Reduce the consump<on (energy, water, …) 2. Increase the security 3. Control the health quality 4. Provide customized services
  26. 26. Reduce the energy consumpHon : • Heat/cooling regula<on (based on monitoring and usage) at different scales • Light regula<on (based on presence and natural light) • Store management (heat transfer, ligh<ng) • Storage of energy (hot water, ba`ery, building thermal iner<a)
  27. 27. Space management : • Op<miza<on of the space use • Geo-­‐localiza<on in the building (presence, density, hea<ng control, emergency,…) • Virtual office
  28. 28. Customized service : • Specific medical or assistance service (aged people,….) • Surveillance • Access to external services
  29. 29. Ø Challenges of buildings Ø Smart Building Ø Pilot Building (social housing)
  30. 30. An intelligent building was first used in the US in the early 80’s.
  31. 31. DefiniHon by the Intelligent Building InsHtuHon in Washington: An intelligent building is one which integrates various systems to effecHvely manage resources in a coordinated mode to maximize: • Technical performance; • Flexibility • Investment and opera<ng cost savings
  32. 32. More recently CIB Working Group W98 on Intelligent and Responsive Buildings stated: An intelligent building is a dynamic and responsive architecture that provides every occupant with produc<ve, cost effec<ve and environmentally approved condi<ons through a con<nuous interac<on among its four basic elements: • Places (fabric; structure; facili<es): • Processes (automa<on, control; systems): • People (services; users) • Management (maintenance; performance) and the interrela<on between them.
  33. 33. What can we expect of such a building? • Improved interac<on between building systems and building users • A building that can detect its state make self-­‐adjustments • Providing a healthier and more comfortable environment • Enhancement of the long-­‐term economic performance
  34. 34. What can we expect of such a building? • Reduces energy and resource usage • Leverages renewable energy technologies • Improves indoor air quality • Allows for easier maintenance and longer lifespan
  35. 35. Smart Sensors – monitroring
  36. 36. From point-­‐to-­‐point to complex network topologies, h`p://www.digikey.com/es/ar<cles/techzone/2012/jan/wireless-­‐technology-­‐for-­‐home-­‐ automa<on-­‐can-­‐save-­‐energy
  37. 37. Electrical ConsumpHon Counter
  38. 38. Electrical ConsumpHon h`p://powerelectronics.com/alterna<ve-­‐energy/smart-­‐grid-­‐ushers-­‐new-­‐era-­‐energy-­‐ conserva<on
  39. 39. ConstrucHon of the smart building Various commercial offers (architectures) depending on the services and priori<es: savings, comfort, health, security, customized services,..
  40. 40. h`p://www.electronicproducts.com/Analog_Mixed_Signal_ICs/Sensors/ Renesas_Solu<ons_for_Wireless_Networks_-­‐_Part_3_Energy_Harves<ng.aspx
  41. 41. h`p://commercialrealestateadvisor.com/cre-­‐innova<on-­‐blog/
  42. 42. Building AutomaHon System (BAS) ·∙ Control and manage all electronic environment ·∙ Reduce op<mizing electricity consump<on ·∙ Integrated gadget and mobile phone ·∙ Anywhere, any<me to access electrical at home h`p://www.centrin.net.id/new/solu<on/smart-­‐building.html
  43. 43. Smart Building for “aged” people h`p://ubiquitouscompu<ngdtc375.blogspot.com/2012/03/ubiquitous-­‐compu<ng-­‐and-­‐elderly-­‐sara.html
  44. 44. An example : 6:55am -­‐ Grandma lej bed 6:57am -­‐ Bathroom door closed, pressure sensor ac<vated on toilet 6:58am -­‐ Bathroom sink water sensor on 6:58am -­‐ Bathroom sink water sensor off etc. h`p://ubiquitouscompu<ngdtc375.blogspot.com/2012/03/ubiquitous-­‐ compu<ng-­‐and-­‐elderly-­‐sara.html
  45. 45. Ø Challenges of buildings Ø Smart Building Ø Pilot Building (social housing)
  46. 46. Smart system for social housing Valen=n Collot, Ammar Aljer, Romain Tribout Isam Shahrour, Afif Benyahya
  47. 47. Smart system for social housing Partnership: Lille Métropole Habitat
  48. 48. 1) SpecificaHons ConsumpHon: Ø electricity Ø hea<ng Ø cold water Ø hot water Comfort parameters: Ø temperature Ø humidity Ø Air quality Ø Lightening Ø Noise
  49. 49. 1) SpecificaHons Other parameters: • Occupancy • The doors and windows state (open/close) • Ven<la<on • fire alarm
  50. 50. 1) SpecificaHons 2) Command • Electrical appliances • Stores • Radiators • Ven<la<on • Water flows
  51. 51. 1) SpecificaHons Provide using a local CPU: • Communica<on with sensors and actuators • Data storage • Local data analysis • Control according to programmed scenarios • Communica<on of data to users via various support (mobile, table`e,…) • Alarms
  52. 52. 1) SpecificaHons Possibility for remote connecHon: Ø Access to personal data. Ø Remote control Ø Store data
  53. 53. 1) SpecificaHons Possibility of data share • Comparison • Good prac<ce
  54. 54. 1) Cahier des Charges 5) Open source and friendly plaiorm • Open source sojware • Integra<on of commercial sensors, actuators,… • Low energy consump<on • Friendly users’ interface • Ease installa<on
  55. 55. 2)Smart system configuraHon Temperature Sensor 1 Sensor2 Sensor 3 Command radiator Outlet
  56. 56. 2) Users interface Freindly Interface T = 19° H = 45% T = 19° H = 45% Quality = A T = 19° H = 45% T = 19° H = 45% 19:35 T = 19° H = 45% ConsumpHon • Electricity • Cold water • Hot Water • Gaz Real Hme Historical Command Alarm Analyses
  57. 57. Analyse Chauffage Analyse Modifier Début Année 2014 Mois Fev Jour 11 Heure 10:30 Modifier Fin Année 2014 Mois Fev Jour 12 Heure 10:30
  58. 58. 4) InstallaHon dans l’appartement pédagogique:
  59. 59. Temperature / Humidity Appartement pédagogique: Indoor Air Quality brightness presence Electric consump<on
  60. 60. Temperature 17 17,5 18 18,5 19 19,5 20 20,5 21 21,5 22 0:03 2:37 5:12 7:47 10:21 12:56 15:31 18:05 20:40 23:15 2:20 4:55 7:30 10:04 12:39 15:14 17:49 20:23 22:58 2:18 4:53 7:27 10:02 12:37 15:11 17:46 20:21 22:55 2:01 4:36 7:10 9:45 12:20 14:55 17:29 20:04 22:39 1:44 4:19 6:54 9:29 12:03 14:38 17:13 19:47 22:22 [°C] Température Séjour Température Ch2 / Bureau 29/01/2014 30/01/2014 31/01/2014 01/02/2014 02/02/2014
  61. 61. Humidity 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 0:03 2:37 5:12 7:47 10:21 12:56 15:31 18:05 20:40 23:15 2:20 4:55 7:30 10:04 12:39 15:14 17:49 20:23 22:58 2:18 4:53 7:27 10:02 12:37 15:11 17:46 20:21 22:55 2:01 4:36 7:10 9:45 12:20 14:55 17:29 20:04 22:39 1:44 4:19 6:54 9:29 12:03 14:38 17:13 19:47 22:22 [%] Humidité Séjour [%] Humidité Ch2 / Bureau [%] 29/01/2014 30/01/2014 31/01/2014 01/02/2014 02/02/2014
  62. 62. l’ensemble des gaz toxiques détectés pour échelonner la qualité de l’air. Le capteur Un signal analogique calcul la concentra<on de détecte plusieurs sortes de gaz. Air quality 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 0:24 2:04 3:44 5:24 7:04 8:44 10:24 12:05 13:45 15:25 17:05 18:45 20:25 22:05 23:45 1:44 3:24 5:04 6:44 8:24 10:04 11:44 13:25 15:05 16:45 18:25 20:05 21:45 23:25 1:24 3:04 4:44 6:24 8:04 9:44 11:24 13:05 14:45 16:25 Qualité d'air du séjour 0 -­‐200 : Air frais 200 – 400 : Air peu pollué 400 – 600 : Air Pollué 600 – 800 : Air très pollué
  63. 63. 1065000 0 500 1066500 1000 1067000 1500 1068000 2000 1068500 2500 3000 1070000 3500 1065500 1066000 1067500 1069000 1069500 0:04 1:24 2:44 4:04 5:24 6:44 8:04 9:24 10:44 12:04 13:24 14:44 16:04 17:24 18:44 20:04 21:24 22:44 0:04 1:24 2:44 4:04 5:24 6:44 8:04 9:24 10:44 12:04 13:24 14:44 16:04 17:24 18:44 20:04 21:24 22:44 0:04 1:24 2:44 4:04 5:24 6:44 8:04 9:24 10:44 12:03 13:23 [Wh] Index [Wh] Puissance Apparente [VA] [VA] ConsommaHon électrique 12/02/2014 13/02/2014 14/02/2014

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