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Sustainable 
and 
Smart 
City 
: 
AUST 
Summer 
Course 
Chapter 
4 
: 
Smart 
drinking 
water 
Professor 
Isam 
SHAHROUR 
...
• Drinking 
water 
system 
• Smart 
water 
system 
• Smart 
water 
pilot
Key 
Figures
In 
the 
world 
Cost 
of 
the 
water 
supply: 
184 
billion 
€ 
Cost 
of 
leakage 
= 
9.6 
billion 
€
France 
Drinking 
Water 
network 
• 906 
000 
km 
(value: 
~ 
80 
billion 
€) 
• Annual 
investment 
= 
1.5 
billion 
€ 
S...
• Average 
life 
span 
of 
a 
pipeline: 
~ 
70 
years 
• Average 
age 
of 
pipes: 
~ 
40 
years 
(more 
than 
100 
years 
...
Lebanon
Dam 
capacity 
regarding 
the 
renewable 
water
Lebanon 
: 
Water 
demand
Lebanon 
: 
Water 
losses 
The 
cost 
of 
the 
reducMon 
of 
the 
water 
from 
40%, 
to 
20% 
ranges 
between 
50 
and 
11...
Lebanon 
: 
waste 
Water 
collecMon
Water 
Service 
in 
Lebanon 
Lebanon 
has 
potenMally 
sufficient 
water 
resources 
to 
meet 
domesMc 
demand. 
Nonethele...
Factors 
contribuMng 
to 
the 
poor 
water 
quality: 
1) Water 
resources 
are 
overexploited 
due 
to 
excessive 
pumping...
MulMple 
factors 
contribute 
to 
poor 
water 
quality: 
2) 
inadequate 
provision 
of 
sanitaMon 
services 
has 
led 
to ...
4) 
Absence 
of 
water 
metering 
Without 
a 
metering 
system, 
supply 
and 
demand 
is 
de-­‐linked 
at 
the 
household ...
The 
effecMve 
cost 
of 
the 
public 
water 
is 
o_en 
much 
higher 
than 
the 
quoted 
tariff: 
The 
unreliability 
of 
s...
Water 
system 
organisaMon 
and 
operaMon
Water 
System 
organisaMon 
(1) 
(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(7) 
(5) 
(6) 
(1) : 
Water 
Source 
(2) 
Drinking 
water 
treatment ...
20 
Fire Hydrants
21
22 
Kinds of Pipe 
• Ductile iron 
• Plastic (HDPE/PVC) 
• Concrete 
• Steel 
• Residential (copper or plastic)
24 
Valves
water 
counter
Movies 
about 
the 
water 
distribuMon 
A1 
to 
A5
Challenges 
: 
1) Water 
quality 
: 
contaminaMon 
(biological, 
chemical) 
could 
occur 
at 
: 
• The 
Source 
(strict 
c...
Challenges 
: 
2) 
DetecMon 
of 
water 
leakage 
: 
• In 
the 
pipes 
(provider 
responsibility) 
(in 
ciMes 
it 
could 
t...
Challenges 
: 
3) 
Energy 
consumpMon: 
• Water 
treatment 
• Water 
transport 
(pumps) 
• Pressure 
…(affects 
also 
the ...
Challenges 
: 
4) 
Balance 
between 
the 
demand 
and 
the 
producMon. 
It 
requires 
a 
good 
knowledge 
of 
the 
consume...
Challenges 
: 
5) 
Investment 
: 
establish 
priority 
for 
the 
network 
maintenance, 
rehabilitaMon, 
modernizaMon 
and ...
• Drinking 
water 
system 
• Smart 
water 
system 
• Smart 
water 
pilot
Smart 
Technology 
Smart 
governance
ObjecMve 
of 
the 
smart 
water 
system 
Improve 
the 
management 
of 
the 
water 
system 
• Assets 
management 
• Leakage...
InformaMon 
CommunicaMon 
: 
• OpMcal 
(wired) 
• 
Contactless 
SunRise 
-­‐ 
Plateform 
System 
• Asset 
data 
(SIG) 
• M...
InformaMon 
system 
Geographic 
informaMon 
system 
(GIS) 
Asset 
informaMon 
: 
Pipes 
: 
geo-­‐localizaMon, 
diameter, 
...
InformaMon 
system 
Geographic 
informaMon 
system 
(GIS) 
Asset 
informaMon 
: 
Valves 
: 
type, 
geo-­‐localizaMon, 
sat...
InformaMon 
system 
Geographic 
informaMon 
system 
(GIS) 
OperaMonal 
data 
: 
ConsumpMon 
: 
Water 
counter, 
Velocity 
...
Smart 
meters
OperaMonal 
data 
: 
Water 
quality 
Chlorine 
Intellesonde 
12 
Parameters 
Monitored 
Physical 
• Temperature 
• Flow 
•...
Quality 
instrumentaMon 
Optiqua EventLab: 
measures 
refracMve 
index 
changes 
in 
the 
water 
It 
allows 
monitoring 
o...
• Drinking 
water 
system 
• Smart 
water 
system 
• Smart 
water 
pilot 
(SunRise)
SunRise 
project
Projet 
SunRise 
: 
SIG 
Eau 
potable 
Urban Information System 
Site Buildings 
Residential Careting Admin & Service
Projet 
SunRise 
: 
SIG 
Eau 
potable 
Water Network 
Tubes Points
Data verification
!Cité!Scien*fique! 
(5)!!! 
Bachelard! Chemist 
4!Cantons! 
M5! 
ECL!! 
ry 
Sector 
Biology 
Sector 
75 
AMR 
Smart 
meter...
Water balance verification
Secteur 
Chimie
Analysis of builidings water consumption
Leakage detection
ProbabilisMc 
modeling 
(I) 
Working 
Days
Numerical 
modelling 
using 
EPANET
Water velocity March, 12, 2014 at 8:00 am 
Vitesse 
(m/s)
Water flow March, 12, 2014 at 4:00 pm 
Vitesse 
(m/s)
Water pressure March, 12, 2014 at 8:00 am 
Pression 
(bars)
Movies 
about 
water 
distribuMon 
B1 
to 
B5
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 4 “Smart Drinking  Water” American Universit...
Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City »  Chapter 4 “Smart Drinking  Water” American Universit...
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Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City » Chapter 4 “Smart Drinking Water” American University of Science and Technology August 2014.

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This lecture presents the Smart Drinking Water Concept. It includes a presentation of the drinking water system, the smart water system and the implementation of this concept in the SunRise demonstrator “Smart and Sustainable City - Lille1 Campus – France”

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Professor Isam Shahrour Summer Course « Smart and Sustainable City » Chapter 4 “Smart Drinking Water” American University of Science and Technology August 2014.

  1. 1. Sustainable and Smart City : AUST Summer Course Chapter 4 : Smart drinking water Professor Isam SHAHROUR Isam.shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr
  2. 2. • Drinking water system • Smart water system • Smart water pilot
  3. 3. Key Figures
  4. 4. In the world Cost of the water supply: 184 billion € Cost of leakage = 9.6 billion €
  5. 5. France Drinking Water network • 906 000 km (value: ~ 80 billion €) • Annual investment = 1.5 billion € Sewage network : • 394 000 km (~ 70 billion €) • Annual investment =: 0.8 to 1.3 billion € Ÿ
  6. 6. • Average life span of a pipeline: ~ 70 years • Average age of pipes: ~ 40 years (more than 100 years for some pipes) • Average renewal rate = 0.6% France
  7. 7. Lebanon
  8. 8. Dam capacity regarding the renewable water
  9. 9. Lebanon : Water demand
  10. 10. Lebanon : Water losses The cost of the reducMon of the water from 40%, to 20% ranges between 50 and 117 million $
  11. 11. Lebanon : waste Water collecMon
  12. 12. Water Service in Lebanon Lebanon has potenMally sufficient water resources to meet domesMc demand. Nonetheless, transforming resources into quality drinking water suffered from lack of investments in the infrastructures. As a result, the water supply service is poor in most parts of the country.
  13. 13. Factors contribuMng to the poor water quality: 1) Water resources are overexploited due to excessive pumping. There are an esMmated 40,000 private wells, compared with 3,000 in 1970 which is factor in contaminaMon of the groundwater by seawater. Most of these wells are Illegal
  14. 14. MulMple factors contribute to poor water quality: 2) inadequate provision of sanitaMon services has led to polluted streams, rivers and aquifers. Up to 70% of natural sources are affected by bacterial contaminaMon. 3) Lebanon’s potable water was ranked below the World Health OrganizaMon (WHO) standards.
  15. 15. 4) Absence of water metering Without a metering system, supply and demand is de-­‐linked at the household level: the amount of water provided to each household is unrelated to the amount of water a household would consume and pay for.
  16. 16. The effecMve cost of the public water is o_en much higher than the quoted tariff: The unreliability of supply imposes its own costs, because of storage, and purchase of alternaMve water supply.
  17. 17. Water system organisaMon and operaMon
  18. 18. Water System organisaMon (1) (1) (2) (3) (4) (7) (5) (6) (1) : Water Source (2) Drinking water treatment (3) DistribuMon Tank (4) Drinking water network (5) SaMaMon network (6) SanitaMon treatment (7) Rain network (8) Rain treatment
  19. 19. 20 Fire Hydrants
  20. 20. 21
  21. 21. 22 Kinds of Pipe • Ductile iron • Plastic (HDPE/PVC) • Concrete • Steel • Residential (copper or plastic)
  22. 22. 24 Valves
  23. 23. water counter
  24. 24. Movies about the water distribuMon A1 to A5
  25. 25. Challenges : 1) Water quality : contaminaMon (biological, chemical) could occur at : • The Source (strict control) • TransportaMon from the treatment staMon to the tank (strict control) • TransportaMon from the tank to consumers (Control at large Mme interval)
  26. 26. Challenges : 2) DetecMon of water leakage : • In the pipes (provider responsibility) (in ciMes it could take long Mme,…) • In buildings (the owner responsibility)
  27. 27. Challenges : 3) Energy consumpMon: • Water treatment • Water transport (pumps) • Pressure …(affects also the network deterioraMon and the leakage).
  28. 28. Challenges : 4) Balance between the demand and the producMon. It requires a good knowledge of the consumers behavior.
  29. 29. Challenges : 5) Investment : establish priority for the network maintenance, rehabilitaMon, modernizaMon and extension (huge investment)
  30. 30. • Drinking water system • Smart water system • Smart water pilot
  31. 31. Smart Technology Smart governance
  32. 32. ObjecMve of the smart water system Improve the management of the water system • Assets management • Leakage detecMon • Early contaminaMon detecMon • User awareness • Energy saving • OpMmizaMon of the investment (priority according to the operaMon sate of the network…)
  33. 33. InformaMon CommunicaMon : • OpMcal (wired) • Contactless SunRise -­‐ Plateform System • Asset data (SIG) • Monitoring data AnalyMcal tools 3D graphic tools CommunicaMo n web Servor • Users • Technical team Governance team • Public data Monitoring: • Leakage • Quality Leakage Quality Sensors • Flow • Pressure Sensors • Chlorine, • ConducMvity, • pH, • Turbidity • temperature, • + OrganizaMon
  34. 34. InformaMon system Geographic informaMon system (GIS) Asset informaMon : Pipes : geo-­‐localizaMon, diameter, material, roughness, surrounding soils, accident, maintenance,…
  35. 35. InformaMon system Geographic informaMon system (GIS) Asset informaMon : Valves : type, geo-­‐localizaMon, sate, accident, maintenance,… Counters : type, geo-­‐localizaMon, accident, maintenance,… Hydrants : type, geo-­‐localizaMon, maintenance,
  36. 36. InformaMon system Geographic informaMon system (GIS) OperaMonal data : ConsumpMon : Water counter, Velocity : water flow meter Pressure :
  37. 37. Smart meters
  38. 38. OperaMonal data : Water quality Chlorine Intellesonde 12 Parameters Monitored Physical • Temperature • Flow • Pressure OpMcal • Turbidity • Colour Chemical • Free Chlorine • Mono-­‐chloramine • Dissolved Oxygen • ConducMvity • pH • ORP • ISE (e.g. Ammonium, Fluoride, Nitrate)
  39. 39. Quality instrumentaMon Optiqua EventLab: measures refracMve index changes in the water It allows monitoring of the water quality for any change in (chemical) S::Scan AOC, BOD, BTX, COD, color, DOC, FTU/NTU, H2S, NO2-­‐N, NO3-­‐N, O3, TOC, TSS, UV254,
  40. 40. • Drinking water system • Smart water system • Smart water pilot (SunRise)
  41. 41. SunRise project
  42. 42. Projet SunRise : SIG Eau potable Urban Information System Site Buildings Residential Careting Admin & Service
  43. 43. Projet SunRise : SIG Eau potable Water Network Tubes Points
  44. 44. Data verification
  45. 45. !Cité!Scien*fique! (5)!!! Bachelard! Chemist 4!Cantons! M5! ECL!! ry Sector Biology Sector 75 AMR Smart metering
  46. 46. Water balance verification
  47. 47. Secteur Chimie
  48. 48. Analysis of builidings water consumption
  49. 49. Leakage detection
  50. 50. ProbabilisMc modeling (I) Working Days
  51. 51. Numerical modelling using EPANET
  52. 52. Water velocity March, 12, 2014 at 8:00 am Vitesse (m/s)
  53. 53. Water flow March, 12, 2014 at 4:00 pm Vitesse (m/s)
  54. 54. Water pressure March, 12, 2014 at 8:00 am Pression (bars)
  55. 55. Movies about water distribuMon B1 to B5

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