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智能地下空间 - 会议Isam SHAHROUR,ITASC 2017,上海

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智能地下空间 - 会议Isam SHAHROUR,ITASC 2017,上海
这个主题演讲在智能交通智能城市国际研讨会(ITASC 2017;上海)上介绍。 它首先展示了城市交通的挑战,以及地下空间如何有助于应对这些挑战。 然后介绍了智能技术的应用,以建立地下空间的包容性方法; 这是基于在地下空间的整个生命周期中收集和分析数据。 这表明这种方法增强了地下空间的安全性和效率。

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智能地下空间 - 会议Isam SHAHROUR,ITASC 2017,上海

  1. 1. How the Smart Underground Space could help meet urban transport challenges? Isam SHAHROUR Professor in Civil Engineering and Smart Cities https://fr.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour WeChat ID: Ishahrour 如何运用智慧地下空间应对城市交通挑战?
  2. 2. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANTRANSPORT/Resources/chapter2.pdf GNP : Gross National Product 国民生产总值 Passengers Cars/1000 population 每一千人口汽车保有量 Economic development is driver of increase in car passengers 经济发展导致汽车保有量快速上升
  3. 3. Traffic jams is one of the major problems in large and medium cities 交通拥堵是大中城市的主要问题之一
  4. 4. Traffic jams induces 交通拥堵的主要影响 • Huge time and economic lost 巨大的时间和经济浪费 • Stress, anxiety and health deterioration 压力、焦虑和健康恶化 • Energy consumption 能源消耗 • Air pollution 空气污染 • Greenhouse gas emission 温室气体排放
  5. 5. 2016年交通拥堵浪费英国车主300亿英镑 2013年交通拥堵浪费美国人1240亿美元
  6. 6. Transport challenges: Energy consumption US : 28% Europe : 33% 交通面对的挑战:能源消耗 美国交通能耗源占整个能耗的28% 欧洲交通能耗源占整个能耗的33%
  7. 7. Europe: 24% Greenhouse gas emission US : 27% 交通面对的挑战:温室气体排放 美国温室气体排放占整个排放的27% 欧洲温室气体排放占整个排放的24%
  8. 8. Air pollution WHO : 7 millions deaths /year 交通面对的挑战:大气污染 世界卫生组织:每年7百万人死于大气污染
  9. 9. The situation in low-income countries is more critical • Security 安全 • Social stability 社会稳定 • Economic development 经济发展 发展中国家的情况更为严峻
  10. 10. Why? • High urban population growth 城镇人口高速增长 • Urban planning 城市规划问题 • Lack in transport infrastructures 交通基础设施缺乏 • Lack in infrastructure maintenance 基础设施维护缺乏 • Infrastructures management 基础设施管理落后
  11. 11. What’s about the future? Could we be optimistic ? 未来会怎么样? 是否可以更为乐观?
  12. 12. Urban Developing countries Urban – Developed countries Rural Developing countries Urban population growth will continue 城镇人口将继续增长
  13. 13. Infrastructure ageing is becoming critical US (ASCE, 2013 report): GPA of infrastructure D+ 基础设施老化将会至关重要 2013年美国土木工程师协会报告:基础设施平均指数为D+
  14. 14. The economic crisis leads to a large cuts in infrastructures investment European Union’s investment in infrastructures: 2012 : €49 billion. 2007: €127 billion. https://www.siemens.com/innovation/en/home/pictures-of-the-future/infrastructure-and-finance/project-finance-for-infrastructures-facts-and-forecasts.html 经济危机导致基础设施投资大规模减少 2012年欧盟在基础设施的总投入仅为 490亿欧元,而在2007年为1270亿欧元。
  15. 15. The transport situation will be more critical, We need new perspectives 运输情况将更为关键, 我们需要新的观点
  16. 16. We have to innovate Underground space Smart Technology 我们必须通过创新应对挑战 开发地下空间 发展智慧技术
  17. 17. Use of the Underground Space 1) No space in surface to meet the transport needs 2) The underground space offers large possibilities Multidimensional city Focus Area of Underground Construction of the European Construction Technology Platform. 地下空间应用 没有充足的地面满足现代交通要求 地下空间大有可为 目前欧洲建筑技术平台的焦点为地下 工程建设
  18. 18. Work construction (1861) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/w iki/History_of_rapid_transit London Underground (1863) Opening (1863) https://www.theguardian.com/cities/gallery/2 014/sep/10/-sp-history-metro-pictures- london-underground-new-york-beijing-seoul 1863年伦敦地下空间开发 施工阶段(1861年) 运用(1863年)
  19. 19. New York: attempt to develop mass transit (1870) Beach Pneumatic Transit system https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_rapid_transit 1870年纽约试图发展地下运输系统
  20. 20. Construction, Rue de Rivoli, May, 1899 http://www.unjourdeplusaparis.com/en/paris-reportage/histoire-metro-paris Paris Underground (1900) 1900年巴黎地下空间开发
  21. 21. Use of the Underground Space Tokyo underground: taking property development to new depths 地下空间应用 东京地下空间开发达到新的深度
  22. 22. Use of the Underground Space HangzhouSingapore 地下空间应用 新加坡 杭州
  23. 23. Use of the underground space Volume/person Volume/person Helsinki Beijing 2020 2006 地下空间应用 赫尔辛基 北京
  24. 24. We have an increasing use of the Underground Space, but this use is still under the need, because: • Underground projects are complex (long term, high cost) 地下工程的复杂性,周期长,费用高 • Construction in existing cities is yet more complex (technical, economical, environmental, legal,..) 现有城市地下空间开发更为复杂,包括技术上、经济上、环境 上、法律上的困难… • Funding – economic model 资金、经济模式 • Security and safety issues 安全问题 Conclusion 结论 地下空间开发已经有了长足的发展,然而这些开发应用远 低于需求和期望,因为:
  25. 25. We need innovation 1) Underground master plan Helsinki adopted an Underground Master plan as part of its urban development policy. 我们需要创新 地下开发规划
  26. 26. We need innovation 2) Economic model – funding Funding opportunities : - Local - National - Regional - International - Private sector PPP: Public-private partnership Colocation: service share and exploitation Creation of new services 我们需要创新 经济模式、资金
  27. 27. 3) Lifecycle management Optimization, efficiency and reduction of the global cost Planning Design Construction Exploitation We need innovation 我们需要创新 全生命周期管理 规划 设计 建设 运维 Avoid data and information loss?
  28. 28. Confirmed by the report «Underground Engineering for Sustainable Urban Development » : • Committee on Underground Engineering for Sustainable Development, • Committee on Geological and Geotechnical Engineering, • Board on Earth Sciences and Resources Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council 4) Sustainability Integration of the environmental, social and economic issues We need innovation 我们需要创新 可持续发展
  29. 29. 5) Resiliency Reduce the impact of natural, industrial and “human-made” disasters We need innovation 我们需要创新 抗灾恢复力
  30. 30. 6) Interaction with users – collective intelligence 与用户互动 - 集体智慧 We need innovation 我们需要创新
  31. 31. 7) Smart Technology Comprehensive and knowledge-based management We need innovation 我们需要创新 智慧技术
  32. 32. • Smart City • Smart Grid • Smart Nation • Smart People • Smart Health • Smart Education Smart Technology • Smart Water • Smart Energy • Smart manufacturing • Intelligent Transportation • Smart Health • Smart Education 智慧技术
  33. 33. Smart Technology What is this technology ? How it could be used in the Underground space? 智慧技术 什么是智慧技术? 如何在地下空间中应用?
  34. 34. Internet People are connected at large scale and from every where Digital Technology 数字化技术 Social Media Mobile
  35. 35. Internet of things 物联网 Things become Smart and connected at large scale
  36. 36. BigData, data analyses, artificial intelligence, Learning machine.. 大数据、数据分析、专家系统…
  37. 37. Augmented and virtual reality 虚拟现实及可视化
  38. 38. Drone for inspection 无人机在结构和环境监测中的应用
  39. 39. “Smart City” 数字技术在城市管理中的应用 智慧城市
  40. 40. Real-time • Store • Analyze • Learn • Real-time control • Optimal management 实时 存储 分析 学习 实时控制 优化控制 Smart City Concept
  41. 41. Technology Collective Intelligence 技术 集体智慧
  42. 42. Health, Education Art, Culture Data
  43. 43. Data Health, Education Art, Culture BIG DATA Digits, images, movies, audios
  44. 44. Smart technology in transport 智慧技术在交通中的应用 Community Sensors Field Survey Authorities
  45. 45. Future use of the smart technology in transport 未来智慧技术在交通中的应用
  46. 46. System performances System Security Users involvement Resiliency The Smart Technology improves 智慧技术可以提高系统的功能、安全性、用户参与度及系统 的抗灾恢复能力
  47. 47. 数字技术在地下空间管理中 的应用:智慧地下空间 Smart Underground Space
  48. 48. Smart Underground System 1) Data Collection Information System 2) Data Analysis • Engineering • Social • Economic, • Environmental • Security • Management • Machine Learning 4) Graphic display • Technical staff • Administrative staff • Emergency • Users • Policy-makers 3) Command - control • System regulation • Alerts • Change in technical process • Change in Management method 智慧地下空间 数据收集、数据分析、指令系统、可视化
  49. 49. information system Planning Design Construction Exploitation Commissioning End of life
  50. 50. Information System Geo-localized, time and cost data 地下空间信息系统 岩土环境信息、资产信息、运维信息
  51. 51. Information System Geo-localized, time and cost data 地下空间信息系统 环境、用户、安全及紧急预案、费用
  52. 52. Information System Geo-localized, time and cost data 地下空间信息系统 交通、可持续性
  53. 53. Lifecycle Management Planning Design Construction Exploitation • Urban environment • Subsoil (preliminary studies and investigations) • Data from soil excavation • Specific soil exploration • Soil treatment • Soil and Structure movement • Hydraulic parameters • Exploitation data • Energy, water, air quality • Safety • Maintenance • Surveillance • Advanced soil exploration (geophysics, field exploration, laboratory tests, hydraulic) • Output (AutoCad, BIM, plans, charts,..) 智慧技术使得全生命周期管理成为可能
  54. 54. Planning Design Construction Exploitation • Identification of the safety challenges (Indicators) • Integration of safety and resilience • Identification of the safety and resilience challenges (Indicators) • Monitoring of the soil-structure movement and hydraulic parameters • Interpretation of the excavation parameters • Use of historical and real – time data for safe and optimal management of the excavation process. • Identification of the safety and resilience challenges (Indicators) • Real-time Monitoring of the space and equipment • Real-time control of the equipment • Decision based on real-time and historical data • Identification of the safety and resilience challenges (Indicators) • Integration of the Smart Technology in the safety issue … Real-time supervision and équipement control Resiliency and risk management 智慧技术使得抗灾恢复力及风险管控成为可能
  55. 55. Smart System Team Smart System Team Digital technology Data mining and analysis Civil - engineering Mechanical and electrical engineering, Security Management 智慧系统的实现需要跨学科的智慧系统团队
  56. 56. Conclusion • Urban transport is a major concern for cities 交通问题是城市发展的关键问题 • It is expected to become more critical, if we do not change our perspective 交通基础设施建设至关重要 We need major innovations in: - Urban planning - Technology - Management - Economic model 我们需要在城市规划、施工技术、城市管理和经济模式 方面进行创新 结论
  57. 57. Conclusion The underground space offers large opportunities for transport 地下空间开发是应对城市交通挑战的主要措施 “Smart Underground Space” helps developing an inclusive system, that enhances: • The integration of the underground system in urban transport • The efficiency of the Underground System • The “safety” and resiliency • The interaction with users and their involvement in the system management 智慧地下空间技术将帮助我们:整合地下空间和城市交通、提高地下空 间效率、提高安全性能及抗灾恢复能力、提高用户参与度。 结论
  58. 58. Conclusion We need to start with pilot projects 以新的或已有地下空间项目进行示范 结论

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