Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Smart City : innovative strategy for sustainable development

2,921 views

Published on

Presentation by Isam Shahrour of the role of Smart Cities in the sustainable development. Conference IPEEC « Energy and Environmental Protection », Hebron, October 2013

Published in: Environment, Technology, Business
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Smart City : innovative strategy for sustainable development

  1. 1.  An  innova(ve  strategy  for  sustainable  development:   Smart  and  Sustainable  City     Professor  Isam  SHAHROUR   Laboratoire  Génie  Civil  et  géo-­‐Environnement  (LGCgE)   Université  Lille1/Polytech’Lille   Conference  «  Energy  and  Environmental  ProtecBon  »   Hebron,  October  2013  
  2. 2. Sustainability  :  major  Interna(onal  concerns  
  3. 3. Reduc(on  of  the  greenhouse  gas  emission  requires:   -­‐  Improve  the  quality  of  construcBon  and  infrastructure   -­‐  Use  proper  technology   -­‐  Use  more  and  more  renewable  energy   The  city  contributes  to  80%  of  the  greenhouse  gas  emission     Huge  investment    ??  
  4. 4. Could  the  Smart  City  contribute  to  raise  the  challenges  of   sustainability  in  the  City  (in  the  world)  ?   City   Challenges   ICT   Informa(on  and  communica(on  technology  (ITC)  Revolu(on:  
  5. 5. Q1  :  Why  the  city?     Q3  :  How  “Smart  City”  can  contribute  to  build  the   sustainable  City  ?           Q2  :  The  main  city  challenges?   3  Ques(ons    
  6. 6. Why  the  City  ?     W.E.  Webb,  former  mayer  of  Denver,  Colorado:   •  The  19th  century  was  a  century  of  empires   •  The  20th  was  a  century  of  naBon  states   •  The  21st  century  will  be  a  century  of  ciBes  
  7. 7. Concentra(on  in  large  ci(es   Mexico,  23  millions   Le  Caire,  16  Millions   PARIS,  12  millions   15  Ci(es   >  15  Millions   30  Ci(es   >  10  Millions   75  Ci(es   >  5  Millions   240  Ci(es   >  2  Millions  
  8. 8. 1950   2015   World population increase Rural   Urban  
  9. 9. The  City,  a  high  concentra(on  of  the:       •  PopulaBon,   •  AcBvity  (industry,  services,…)   •  ConsumpBon  (75  %  of  the  electrical  Energy)   •  ProducBon  of  polluBon  (80%  of  CO2)    
  10. 10. The  City:  transformaBon  system   Input   Ø  Energy   Ø  water   Ø  food   Ø  Raw  materials   Ø  Manufactured   goods   Ø  InformaBon   Output   Ø  Wastes   Ø  Air  polluBon   Ø  Water  polluBon   Ø  Greenhouse  gases   Ø  noise   Ø  brownfields   Reduc(on  ??   Reduc(on  ??     Recycling   Proper  technology   Op(mal  management  
  11. 11. •  Water  (distribu(on  and  sewage)   •  Energy  (gas,  electricity,  district  hea(ng)   •  Telecommunica(ons,   Urban  Networks:  the  vein  of  the  city   •  Buried  (invisible,  ...)   •  Mixed  (old  and  new,  some  more  than  150   years  old)   •  Huge  investment  and  opera(ng  costs   •   high  interdependence  
  12. 12. Networks  in  Jakarta  were  designed    for  one  million    In  2011,  the  city  has  more  than  18  million   Network  may  be  undersized:     In  some  ciBes,  water  leakage    could  reach  40%  
  13. 13. Water  network,  France   About  900  000  km  of  pipes   Yearly  investment  (billion  $)  
  14. 14. Q1  :  Why  the  city?     Q3  :  How  “Smart  City”  could  contribute  to  build  the   sustainable  City  ?           Q2  :  The  main  city  challenges?   3  Ques(ons    
  15. 15. Water   Housing   Energy   Pollu(on   City   Challenges   Transporta(on   Governance    Urban  challenges    
  16. 16. Energy  challenges   High  consumpBon  (transport,  industry,  domesBc,  )       But  with  limited  resources  
  17. 17. Energy  consump(on  (2005)   (%)  
  18. 18. Transport   Industrie   Buildings   Tokyo   (2005)   Mexico   (2006)   London   (1999)   Shanghai   (2007)  
  19. 19. Energy  :  Security  (Black  out)     Blackout:   •  Italy  2003,  55  Million   •  Indonesia  2005,  100  Million   United  States,  2003    50  Million  people     24  hours  for  full  recovery   Economic  Cost  :     $6  to  $10  billion  
  20. 20. ConsommaBon  journalière     Electrical  Network  :  reduce  the  peak  consumpBon    
  21. 21. Air  pollu(on  in  Europe  :  Cost  up  to  €  170  billion  in  2009   Impact  on  the  environment  :     Co2,  Climate  change,  global  Warming  
  22. 22. Access  to  drinking  water  :   Water  Quality  ?   Water  Chalenges  
  23. 23. Water  leakage  :   20%  of  the  water  supply     in  some  ci(es  about  40%    
  24. 24. Water  Sewage      
  25. 25. Par(cipatory  governance  challenges  
  26. 26. Q1  :  Why  the  city?     Q3  :  How  “Smart  City”  could  contribute  to  build  the   sustainable  City  ?           Q2  :  The  main  city  challenges?   3  Ques(ons    
  27. 27. Smart  City  Concept   •  Smart monotoring •  Communication •  Data storage and processing Smart  sensors  
  28. 28. Smart  city  allows   •  Real-time monitoring (see the invisible network) •  Rapid action in the case of an abnormal event (leakage, contamination, overload,..) •  Optimal management of resources •  Develop predictive models
  29. 29. Smart  Energy  system,  op(mal    management   Produc(on   Storage   Smart  Grid     Energy  Consump(on  
  30. 30. Smart  water  system:   •  Leakage  detec(on   •  Contamina(on  detec(on  (health,  ...)   •  Pipes  localiza(on     •  Evolu(on  of  physical  and  mechanical   proper(es  (deforma(on,  corrosion,   biofilm,  .....)   •  Op(miza(on  of  the  energy  consump(on  
  31. 31. Rio  :  Smart  system  to  prevent  landslides  disaster  
  32. 32. Stockholm  :  Traffic  Conges(on   City  traffic  decrease  by  18%   CO2  emission  decrease  14-­‐18  %  
  33. 33. Smart  City  Implementa(on    Objec(ves    Diagnos(c   •  Actors  –  Governing   •  DiagnosBc  of  infrastructures   •  Data  collecBon    (system  operaBng  data,…)   •  Funding,  economic  model     Needs   •  Governing   •  Monitoring   •  Sonware  (data  processing,  supervision,  learning   machine,  opBmizaBon,..)   ImplementaBon   calendar  :   Stage  N  (N  =1,  M)   •  Monitoring   •  Sonware  (data  processing,  supervision,  learning   machine,  opBmizaBon,   •  ValidaBon,  preliminary    ExploitaBon   Smart  System  Exploita(on  
  34. 34. Presenta(on  of  SunRise  Project    :   Smart  Urban  Network  Demonstrator  for  Sustainable  city    
  35. 35. I)  Methodology  –  History       CreaBon  of  an  academic,  professional  and  local  government   partnership  :  researches  and  innovaBon  on  «  Sustainable  City  »   1)  Interna(onal  Chair  posi(on  supported  by  the  Region   (2008  –  2011),  followed  by  an  industrial  chair  posiBon     (Eaux  du  Nord  /Suez)   2)  Three  interna(onal  workshops  (2010,  2011,  2012)  with   academic,  professional  and  local  authori(es  «InnovaBon  –   sustainable  urban  infrastructures  »  
  36. 36.  1)  The  opBmal  management  of  urban  networks  consBtutes  a   major  challenge  for  sustainable  ciBes:   •  Natural  Resources  saving  (energy,  water,  ..)   •  Safety,  public  health,  ..   •  AsracBveness  and  economic  development   •  RaBonalizaBon  of  investments  in  urban  infrastructures   Conclusions  and  recommenda(ons:   2)  The  "smart  city"    concept  is  per(nent   Technology  reached  a  level  of  maturity  to  deal    with  the  city  challenges  
  37. 37. Need  of    «Smart  City  »  demonstrators  at  per(nent  scale  to  check  :   •  The  governance  (operators,  authori(es,  users,  ..)   •  The  integra(on  of  'heterogeneous'  technology  and  services   •  The  per(nence  of    technological  and  non-­‐technological  innova(ons   •  The  networks  interdependence  (water,  electrical,  district  hea(ng,  gas,  ...)   •  The  economic  model  
  38. 38. Small  town:   •  110  Hectares   •  23  000  users   •  70  km  of  Urban  Network     •  140  Buildings    (300  000  m2  )     II:  Presenta(on   Scien(fic  Campus  (Lille1  University)    
  39. 39. C1  –  Chimie  Enseignement     (1966)   Polytech’Lille  Ens.  &  Rech.    (2000)  
  40. 40. Data  collec(on  :  3D  graphic  model    (network  and  buildings)   70  km  of  networks   •  Water   •  District  Hea(ng   •  Gas     •  Electrical  (  HV,  LV)   •  Public  light  
  41. 41. InnovaBon  centers     •  Pole  Ubiquitaire   §  CITC  –EURARFID   §  PRN   §  Image,…   Local  authority:   •  AMGVF     •  LMCU,     •  Region,     InternaBonal:   •  W-­‐Smart     •  Unites  states  (NYU)     •  Netherland  (KWR,   Vitens)   •  Great  Britain     •  Spain   SunRise   Operators  :     •  Eaux  du  Nord  (Suez  Environnement)   •  Eau  de  Paris   •  Dalkia   •  IBM   •  Lille  Métropole  Habitat  (LMH)   Starts-­‐up:    stereograph,  Nooliqc,  Madetech,   Effigenie,  E(neo,  Calm-­‐water   Research  laboratories   (IT,  Civil  Eng.  Economy,   InstrumentaBon,…)   EducaBon  programs:       Master  degree  in  urban  Engineering,   Smart  Gird,  Creacity,..  
  42. 42. Water   -­‐  Leakage   -­‐  Quality   -­‐  Water/Energy   •  Commun  Laboratory  (CEA,   W-­‐Smart,  KWR)   •  Industrial  Chair     •  European  Project:   SmartWater4Europe  (GB,   Netherland,  Spain)   •  2  major  projects  :  Paris   Water,  North  Water,  W-­‐ Smart,  CEA,  KWR,…   Energy   -­‐  Op(mal  management   -­‐  Security     -­‐  Renewable  Energy   •  Dalkia  :  District  hea(ng   •   LMH  :  Social  housing   •  Eiffage  :  Electrical  Grid   Informa(on  system   and  sovware  tools   Start-­‐Ups  :   Stereograph,   Nooliqc,   Madetech,   Effigenie,   E(neo,    Calm-­‐water   Smart  Urban  networks  Demonstrator     (SunRise)  
  43. 43. SunRise  –  Energy   •  Analysis  of  the  energy  system  of  the  campus  :  consumpBon,   resources  and  distribuBon.   •  Building  consumpBon  profile   •  AdaptaBon  of  energy  producBon  to  energy  demand     •  IntegraBon  of  mulB-­‐energy  sources    
  44. 44. Smart Grid – District heating (20 km)
  45. 45. Distric  Hea(ng  network    
  46. 46. Building  P1   Real  Time  monotoring  :    Energy  heat  consump(on  
  47. 47. 43  %   61  %   EUDIL  G   C1,  C3  ,C4   IUT   M1   SN1,2,3   P5   P1  +  cul   EUDIL   G   IUT   M1   P 1   P5   C 1   SN  
  48. 48. External  Temperature  (°)     Energy  Consump(on  
  49. 49. Building    C1   Sector  control  according  to  the  use  and  internal  parameters     Control  at  the  Hea(ng  Exchange  sta(on  
  50. 50. SunRise  -­‐  Water   -­‐  Leakage   -­‐  Water  quality  –  Health  impact   Partnership •   Eaux  du  Nord,  Eaux  de  Paris,  CEA-­‐List     •  W-­‐Smart,     •  KWR,  Vitens,  Acciona,  Thames,  Calwater  (Calm-­‐  Energie)
  51. 51. 2013  :  European  Project  (FP7)  SmartWater4Europe     4  demonstrators    En  Europe  (10  M  €  )   4  European  demonstrators  (Smart  Water  network)     •  Leakage   •  Quality   •  Water  –  Energy   •  End-­‐users    
  52. 52. Drinking  water  network  –  16  m   About  50  years  old   Meshed  network     16  km   77  ARM   145  Buildings   Linear  loss  index  (m3/J/Km)   •  2011:    12.7     •  2012  :  8.12  
  53. 53. I)  Water  Consump(on  Analysis   The  Water  network  :  geometry  and  supply   !Cité!Scien*fique! (5)!!! 4!Cantons! ECL!! M5! Bachelard! Meshed  network     16  km   77  ARM   145  Buildings  
  54. 54. Analysis  of  the  water  Consump(on  by  sector   !
  55. 55. (I)  Working  Days   Daily    C7  Building  Consump(on:      
  56. 56. Hourly  C7  consump(on:       Registerd  data   Simplified  modeling  
  57. 57. Work  under  progress  :     1)  Monitoring     •    Water  :  flow,  pressure,  quality,  flow  and  pressure  controllers   •    HeaBng  :  Internal  parameters  (Temperature,  humidity,  air   quality,..),  controllers     2)  Sovware  development:     •  data  processing,  supervision,   •   learning  machine,  opBmizaBon,…     3)  ValidaBon,  exploitaBon          
  58. 58. The  concept  of  “smart  city”  offers  great  opportuniBes:   •  Recent,  with  low  experience  feedback   •  MulBdisciplinary,  mulB  actors   •  Need  of  pilot  projects  to  develop  “collec(ve”  experience   Conclusion  
  59. 59. Thank  you  

×