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How the Smart Underground Space could help meet urban transport challenges?, ITASC 2017

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This keynote was presented at the International Symposium for Intelligent Transportation and Smart City (ITASC 2017; Shanghai). It presents first the urban transport challenges and how the underground space helps meet these challenges. Then it presents the application of the smart technology to establish an inclusive approach of the underground space; that is based on the collection and analysis of data throughout the lifecycle of the underground space. It shows that this approach enhances both the security and efficiency of the underground space.

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How the Smart Underground Space could help meet urban transport challenges?, ITASC 2017

  1. 1. How the Smart Underground Space could help meet urban transport challenges? Isam SHAHROUR Professor in Civil Engineering and Smart Cities https://fr.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour WeChat ID: Ishahrour
  2. 2. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANTRANSPORT/Resources/chapter2.pdf GNP : Gross National Product Passengers Cars/1000 population Economic development induces high increase in car passengers
  3. 3. Traffic jams is one of the major problems in large and medium cities
  4. 4. Traffic jams induces • Huge time and economic lost • Stress, anxiety and health deterioration • Energy consumption • Air pollution • Greenhouse gas emission • Insecurity,…
  5. 5. Transport challenges: Energy consumption US : 28% Europe : 33%
  6. 6. Europe: 24% Greenhouse gas emission US : 27%
  7. 7. Air pollution WHO : 7 millions deaths /year
  8. 8. The situation in low-income countries is more critical • Security • Social stability • Economic development
  9. 9. Why? • High urban population growth • Urban planning • Lack in transport infrastructures • Lack in infrastructure maintenance • Infrastructures management
  10. 10. What’s about the future? Could we be optimistic ?
  11. 11. ASIA AFRICA 3 Billions 6 Billions World population growth will continue
  12. 12. Urban Developing countries Urban – Developed countries Rural Developing countries Urban population growth will continue
  13. 13. City expansion will continue
  14. 14. Infrastructure ageing is becoming critical US (ASCE, 2013 report): GPA of infrastructure D+
  15. 15. The sever economic crisis leads to a large cuts in infrastructures investment In 2012, the European Union’s total investment in infrastructures amounted to only €49 billion. In 2007, the EU spent €127 billion. https://www.siemens.com/innovation/en/home/pictures-of-the-future/infrastructure-and-finance/project-finance-for-infrastructures-facts-and-forecasts.html
  16. 16. We have to innovate to meet the increasing challenges Underground space Smart Technology
  17. 17. Use of the Underground Space No space in surface to meet the transport needs The underground space offers large possibilities Multidimensional city Focus Area of Underground Construction of the European Construction Technology Platform.
  18. 18. Use of the Underground Space Tokyo underground: taking property development to new depths
  19. 19. Use of the Underground Space Hangzhou Singapore
  20. 20. Work construction (1861) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/w iki/History_of_rapid_transit London Underground (1863) Opening (1863) https://www.theguardian.com/cities/gallery/2 014/sep/10/-sp-history-metro-pictures- london-underground-new-york-beijing-seoul
  21. 21. New York: attempt to develop mass transit (1870) Beach Pneumatic Transit system https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_rapid_transit
  22. 22. Construction, Rue de Rivoli, May, 1899 http://www.unjourdeplusaparis.com/en/paris-reportage/histoire-metro-paris Paris Underground (1900)
  23. 23. Underground Space hosts transport infrastructures
  24. 24. Underground Space hosts parking
  25. 25. Underground Space hosts logistic facilities
  26. 26. Host urban utilities
  27. 27. Use of the underground space - Helsinki N. Bobylev / Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology 55 (2016) 1998 2013 1998 2013
  28. 28. Use of the underground space - Beijing N. Bobylev / Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology 55 (2016) 2006 2020 2006 2020
  29. 29. N. Bobylev / Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology 55 (2016) Use of the underground space – Berlin
  30. 30. We have an increasing use of the Underground Space, But this use is still under the need and expectations, because: • Underground projects are complex (long term, high cost) • Construction in existing cities is yet more complex (technical, economical, environmental, legal,..) • Funding – economic model • Security and safety issues Conclusion
  31. 31. We need innovation 1) Underground master plan Helsinki adopted an Underground Master plan as part of its urban development policy.
  32. 32. We need innovation 2) Economic model – funding Funding opportunities : - Local - National - Regional - International - Private sector PPP: Public-private partnership Colocation: service share and exploitation Creation of new services
  33. 33. 3) Lifecycle management Optimization of the efficiency and reduction of the global cost Planning Design Construction Exploitation We need innovation
  34. 34. Confirmed by the report «Underground Engineering for Sustainable Urban Development » : • Committee on Underground Engineering for Sustainable Development, • Committee on Geological and Geotechnical Engineering, • Board on Earth Sciences and Resources Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council 4) Sustainability Integration of the environmental, social and economic returns We need innovation
  35. 35. 5) Resiliency Embracing the resiliency strategy allows to reduce the impact of natural, industrial and “human-made” disasters We need innovation
  36. 36. 6) Interaction with users – collective intelligence We need innovation
  37. 37. 7) Smart Technology Allows a comprehensive and knowledge-based management of the underground space .. We need innovation
  38. 38. • Smart City • Smart Grid • Smart Nation • Smart People • Smart Health • Smart Education Smart Technology • Smart Water • Smart Energy • Smart manufacturing • Intelligent Transportation • Smart Health • Smart Education
  39. 39. Smart Technology What is this technology ? How it could be used in the Underground space?
  40. 40. Internet Réseaux Sociaux Digital Technology
  41. 41. Mart sensors • Measure • Analyze • Communicate • act Digital Technology
  42. 42. BigData & data analysis, expert system,..
  43. 43. Augmented and virtual realities
  44. 44. Use of drone in structure and environment inspection
  45. 45. 3D Printer revolution
  46. 46. Application of the digital technology to the City management “Smart City”
  47. 47. Real-time Store Analyze Learn Real time control Optimal control
  48. 48. Technology Collective Intelligence
  49. 49. Health, Education Art, Culture Data
  50. 50. Health, Education Art, Culture BIG DATA digital, images, movies, audios Data
  51. 51. Use of the smart technology in transport
  52. 52. Future use of the smart technology in transport
  53. 53. System performances System Security Users involvement Resiliency The Smart Technology improves
  54. 54. Application of the digital technology to the Underground space management “Smart Underground Space” Transformation into a Smart Space ?
  55. 55. • Improves the space management • Increases the safety • Reduces energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission • Improves life quality • Allows development of new services Experience with Smart City project shows that “Smart Underground Space”:
  56. 56. Smart Underground System 1) Data Collection Information System 2) Data Analysis • Engineering • Social • Economic, • Environmental • Security • Management • Machine Learning 4) Graphic display • Technical staff • Administrative staff • Emergency • Users • Policy-makers 3) Command • System regulation • Alerts • Change in technical process • Change in Management method
  57. 57. information system Planning Design Construction Exploitation Commissioning End of life
  58. 58. Underground Space Information System Geo-localized, time and cost data
  59. 59. Underground Space Information System Geo-localized, time and cost data
  60. 60. Underground Space Information System Geo-localized, time and cost data
  61. 61. 1) Smart technology enables Lifecycle approach Planning Design Construction Exploitation • Urban environment • Subsoil (preliminary studies and investigations) • Data from soil excavation • Specific soil exploration • Soil treatment • Soil and Structure movement • Hydraulic parameters • Exploitation data • Energy, water, air quality • Safety • Maintenance • Surveillance • Advanced soil exploration (geophysics, field exploration, laboratory tests, hydraulic) • Output (AutoCad, BIM, plans, charts,..)
  62. 62. Planing Design Construction Exploitation • Urban planning • Geo- environmental • Use of green technology • Reduction of water and energy consumption • Prevention of soil, water and air pollution • Treatment of excavated soil • Reduction of Energy and Water Consumption • Air Quality • Local Energy production • Construction process • Excavated soil re-use • Impact on the subsoil and water • Energy and water consumption 2) Smart technology sustainability implementation
  63. 63. Planing Design Construction Exploitation • Identification of the safety challenges (Indicators) • Integration of safety and resilience • Identification of the safety and resilience challenges (Indicators) • Monitoring of the soil-structure movement and hydraulic parameters • Interpretation of the excavation parameters • Use of historical and real – time data for safe and optimal management of the excavation process. • Identification of the safety and resilience challenges (Indicators) • Real-time Monitoring of the space and equipment • Real-time control of the equipment • Decision based on real-time and historical data • Identification of the safety and resilience challenges (Indicators) • Integration of the Smart Technology in the safety issue … Real-time supervision and équipement control 3) Smart Technology enables resiliency and risk management
  64. 64. Implementation of the Smart System Designation of a Smart System Team with multidisciplinary skills Smart System Team Digital technology Data mining and analysis Civil - geotechnical engineering Mechanical and electrical engineering, Security Management
  65. 65. Planning Design Construction Exploitation • Data collection and transfer to the Information system • Use of Data for the control of the excavation process and environment • Performance analysis • Share of information • Data collection and transfer to the IS • Use of Data for the control of the equipment, devices, environment • Performance analysis • Share of Data • Users information • Identification of parameters to be followed and controlled • Design of the monitoring system • Design of the Information System • Design of the control system • Construction of the Smart Platform (GIS, BIM, CIM,…) Smart System for underground space Work to conduct at each step
  66. 66. Conclusion • Urban transport is a major concern for cities all around the world • It is expected to become more critical, if we do not undertake major infrastructures projects We need also major innovations in: - Urban planning - Technology - Management - Economic model
  67. 67. Conclusion The underground space is a major part of the solution for the Urban Transport Challenges. The “Smart Underground Space” concept helps in developing an inclusive system, that enhances: • The integration of the underground system in urban transport • The efficiency of the Underground System • The “safety” and resiliency • The interaction with users and their involvement in the system management
  68. 68. Conclusion We need to start with pilot projects: New projects or/and exiting underground space

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