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How the smart city solution could help in urban systems resilience?

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This conference discusses the urban hazards including natural hazards and how we can combine the resilience approach as well as the smart city solution to cope with the urban hazards challenges

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How the smart city solution could help in urban systems resilience?

  1. 1. How the smart city solution could help in urban systems resilience? Professor Isam SHAHROUR Lille University & Tongi University 2nd International Conference « Smart Underground Space & Infrastructures” Shanghai, 7-9 December 2018
  2. 2. Urban Hazards Resilience Smart Why do we have to focus on: • Urban Hazard ? • Resilience ? • Smart city solution ?
  3. 3. Why do we have to focus on: • Urban Hazard ? • Resilience? • Smart city solution?
  4. 4. Crisis is becoming the new normal (J. Rodin) Climate related Numberof.disasters 1950 2012
  5. 5. Disasters losses in US https://www.vox.com/energy-and- environment/2017/12/28/16795490/natural-disasters-2017-hurricanes- wildfires-heat-climate-change-cost-deaths 1990 2017 Around $360 billion in 2017
  6. 6. ASIA : Economic Loos realted to natural disasters Between 1900 – 2013 : Around $ 1 120 Billion Around $ 48.5 billion / year
  7. 7. 2014 Urban risk
  8. 8. Macro Meso Micro
  9. 9. Papers related to resiliency https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-017-3040-y 20141985 Why do we have to focus on: • Urban Hazard ? • Resilience? • Smart city solution?
  10. 10. t0 t1 t2 t3 Disruptive event Impact AppearingSystem Performances Time Recovery phaseDisruptive phase Hazard management Original Level Early phase
  11. 11. t0 t1 t2 t3 Disruptive event Impact AppearingSystem Performances Time Recovery phaseDisruptive phase Hazard management Original Level Early phase
  12. 12. 1) Preparation 2) Early warning & actions 3) Community & physical systems adaptation 4) Learn Event Impact Appearing Recovery phase Disruptive phase Adaptive capabilityAbsorbing capability Resilience strategy implementation
  13. 13. 1992 2012 Cumulative papers number Smart Cities Why do we have to focus on: • Urban Hazard ? • Resilience? • Smart city solution?
  14. 14. Smart City Concern
  15. 15. Chinajects India 100 projects https://qz.com/998970/kigalis-vision-city-and-lagos-eko-atlantic-are-among- several-smart-city-initiatives-taking-off-in-africa/ Europe
  16. 16. Inspired from human intelligence Experience (learning Capacity) Sensing Cognitive Actions
  17. 17. Urban intelligent system Sensing Layer Community Built- environment Management Analysis capacity (Engineering, IT) Control layer Virtuous actions Information system Digital Model The city : Socio-technical system
  18. 18. Digital Technology: connect people and things
  19. 19. Smartphone: high sensing capacity
  20. 20. High capacity in data analysis and learning 2017 2018
  21. 21. • See • Analyze • Understand • Operate actions: • Optimization • Security Digital technology in the city
  22. 22. Health, Education Art, Culture BIG DATA digital, images, movies, audios More data
  23. 23. Application of the smart city solution to urban resilience 1)Preparation 2)Earlywarning &actions 3)Community&physical systemsadaptation 4)Learning Event Impact Appearing Recovery phase Disruptive phase Adaptive capabilityAbsorbing capability Built- Environment CommunityManagement The City
  24. 24. Smart resilience strategy 1) Preparation Improve the preparation to urban Hazard
  25. 25. Data from Early Waning Systems Data from Smart Urban Systems Data for Smart Resilient Urban system (Real-time & historical data Analysis tools Engineering, safety & Smart City tools (Big Data, AI) Holistic early actions (absorbing) Holistic recovery & adaptation actions Learning form data to improve the resiliency strategy 2) Early warning & actions Smart resilience strategy
  26. 26. Earthquake early warning Japan Italy March 29, 2018 Flood early warning
  27. 27. 2) Early warning & actions Smart resilience strategy Data from Early Waning Systems Data from Smart Urban Systems Data for Smart Resilient Urban system (Real-time & historical data Analysis tools Engineering, safety & Smart City tools (Big Data, AI) Holistic early actions (absorbing) Holistic recovery & adaptation actions Learning form data to improve the resiliency strategy
  28. 28. 3) Community & physical systems adaptation Smart resilience strategy
  29. 29. Smart resilience strategy
  30. 30. Illustration through SunRise Smart City demonstrator
  31. 31. Lille University campus: Smart City demonstrator Small town • 25 000 users • 140 Buildings 100 km of urban networks • Drinking Water • Sewage • District Heating • Gas • Electrical ( HV, LV) • Public light
  32. 32. Supported by + Construction Companies + Urban services providers + Start-ups
  33. 33. Platform Information System • Asset Data (GIS, BIM) Analytics Web Server • Technical staff • Users Data transmission: • Wired • Wireless • Buildings • Urban network Sensors & Actuators • Recorded data (sensors) Other data • Environment • Transport • Administration • Other data SunRise smart city solution
  34. 34. 15 km 60 years old Water system 2 issues : • Water leak • Water contamination
  35. 35. Monitoring Data transmission Platform Storage, Analysis Display Visualization S::CAN Integrated solution
  36. 36. Monitoring Data transmission Platform Storage, Analysis Display Visualization DATA ANALYSIS Water quality control: • Deviation from the baseline • Risk assessment Integrated solution
  37. 37. Water quality control: recorded data
  38. 38. !"#$ = W Likelihood x W (Severity of Consequences) Risk assessment
  39. 39. Qualitative Risk Assessment 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 01/07/2017 07/07/2017 13/07/2017 Date Risk Score Turbidity (NTU) Chlorine (mg/l) Very High Urgent priority High High priority Moderate Intermediate priority Low Low priority Turbidity (NTU) Likelihood [1-1.5][1.5-3][3-10]>10 Likely(>80%)Moderate(10-80%)Unlikely(4-10%)Rare(<4%) Chlorine (mg/l) Severity [0-0.005][0.005-0.05][0.05-0.2][0.2-0.5] MajorModerateMinorInsignificant
  40. 40. Conclusion • Smart City solution provides high capacity to cope with urban resilience challenges. • Pilot projects are needed to learn and develop scalable solutions
  41. 41. Thank you for your attention https://www.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour/

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