Plastic Recycling (4c Escalera Michelena Guanca)

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Plastic Recycling (4c Escalera Michelena Guanca)

  1. 1. Recycling Material : Plastic bottel Marcela Escalera, Daiana Guanca, Micaela Michelena
  2. 2. Statistic • 5.1 billion: Amount, in pounds, of polyethylene terephthalate bottles and jars available in the U.S. for recycling in 2009. • 2,456 million: Amount, in pounds, of plastic bottles –recycled in 2009, making it a record high. • 46: Number of plastics collection programs that were added to U.S. communities in 2009. • 28: Percentage of PET plastic bottles that got recycled in 2009. • 44: Percentage increase in 2009 of RPET (Recycled PET) used in food and beverage bottles. • 2/3: The amount of energy that is saved when producing new plastic products from recycled materials instead of raw (virgin) materials. • Six: The number of hours that the energy conserved from recycling a single plastic bottle can light a 60-watt light bulb. • 19: The number of 20 oz. PET bottles it takes to yield enough fiber for an extra large T-shirt or one square foot of carpet.
  3. 3. How long it take to degrade? 100 to 1,000 years: The "plastic bottles" are the most rebellious when it comes to change. Outdoor lose their tonicity are fragmented and dispersed. Underground last longer. Most are made of PET, a material hard to crack: The microorganisms not have mechanisms to attack them.
  4. 4. How is it recycled ? 1. Baling Collected bottles are condensed for shipping. 2. Sorting The bales are ripped ripped apart by the reclaimers and then bottles are sorted and shredded. 3. Melting The flakes are washed to remove any impurities, like pieces of labels or leftover contents. They are then dried and melted. 4. Flaking The melted plastic is processed into flakes, which are sold to end markets, and can be made into a wide variety of plastic products. 5. Next applications Flakes are spun into fine, thread-like material to make textiles. This can be used to make carpets, clothing or filling for jackets and quilts because the thin plastic has good insulation properties.
  5. 5. How it is recycled ? 1.-Baling 2.-Sorting 3.-Melting 4.-Flaking3.-Melting 4.-Flaking 5.- Next applications 1.-Baling STEPS to become new plastic products
  6. 6. How it is recycled 1. Baling After bottles are collected, they are taken to a materials recovery facility (MRF) where they are condensed into large bales for shipping. 2. Sorting Bales are shipped to a plastics reclaimed where a machine called a bale breaker rips apart the bales. The bottles and containers are then optically sorted by resin and sometimes color. 3. Melting The flakes are then washed, dried and melted. 4. Flaking The melted plastic is formed into flakes. 5. Next applications Flakes are spun into fine, thread-like material to make textiles. This can be used to make carpets, clothing or filling for jackets and quilts because the thin plastic has good insulation properties.
  7. 7. End
  8. 8. Bibliography • http://earth911.com/recycling/plastic/plastic-bottles/facts-about-plastic- bottles/ • http://www.centrohermes.com.ar/lecturaamena/Interesante/degradacio n_productos.htm • http://www.frogx3.com/2009/02/17/ejemplos-para-reciclar-botellas-de- plastico/ • http://earth911.com/recycling/plastic/plastic-bottles/how-plastic- bottles-are-recycled/ • http://reciclajeplastico100.blogspot.com/ • loverdevende.blogspot.com • http://amigosporelmedioambiente.blogspot.com/

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