Unless = if … not / except ifIt is followed by a present tense, a pasttense or a past perfect (never by would).It is used instead of if + not in conditionalsentences of all types.I’ll be at your place at 9.00 unless (=except if) the bus is late.
She would be here by nowunless she was stuck in thetraffic.
Rewrite the sentences using “unless”1. I will be back tomorrow if there isn’t a train strike.2. I am going to work in the garden this afternoon, if it doesn’t rain.3. Pedro gets angry with people who don’t take him seriously.
1. I will be back tomorrow unlessthere is a train strike.2. I am going to work in the garden thisafternoon unless it rains.3. Unless you take Pedro seriously, hewill get angry with you.
as = used to state the reason for something1. As you were out, I left amessage.2. She may need some help asshes a new student.
in order to (formal) + verb = to + verb (informal)I went to bed extra early (in order)to get plenty of sleep.
although / though (less formal) although/ though + subject + verb1. Although I don’t like to wake up early, I usually arrive on time.2. I don’t like to wake up early. I usually arrive on time, though
WHENWhen is used with a clause with an activity that …1) is a short interruption,2) occurs at nearly the same time or shortly after another activity. A non progressive verb form is commonly used (short duration).When you called, he was watching his baby. (short interruption; "at the moment") He was watching his baby when you called.
When you called, he picked up his cellphone. (series of events; "immediately after")
WHILEWhile is used with a clause with an activity that … occurs during or at the same time as another activity. Aprogressive verb form is commonly used (longer duration). While he was talking on the phone, he was describing his baby. (ongoing; "during the time")
The while-clause can also indicate that abackground activity is going on while the otheractivity occurs.While he was talking on the phone,his baby slept. His baby slept while he was talking on the phone.
Correct the following mistakes.While he called me, he was driving to work. When he called me, he was driving to work.He was watching his baby, when you called. He was watching his baby when you called.
when1. _________ it rains, I wear my raincoat.2. Open your umbrella ______ you feel a drop of whenrain. when3. __________ the weather gets better, Ill run out.4. _________I was waiting for him, I was reading a whilemagazine.5. _________ are you coming ? when when6. Here shoes are repaired __________ you want.7. I dont know ____________ shell be coming. when8. __________ I was sleeping, my husband was whilereading a book. when9. That was the day ________ you were here. while10. _______ you are here, could you help me withthe car ?
NOW, OPEN YOUR BOOK ON PAGE 15 ANDDO THE EXERCISE ABOUT CONJUNCTIONS.
HOMEWORK - COMPOSITION -Choose one of the following topics and write about 200words: Topic one-“Summer is Over” song – Suppose you are one of the characters in thesong (the boy/ the girl). Back in your hometown now that Summer isover, you find out that you can’t forget the girl / boy you were involved withlast Summer. Write him / her a letter (or email) telling him / her about yourfeelings, your life now and hopes for the future. Topic two- Write about a memorable holiday trip from your childhood or afrightening experience you had.Note: Use different conjunctions to link your sentences. Pay attention toverb tenses !