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Understanding, reflecting, designing mobile learning spaces, the classroom of tomorrow -- Challenges in Research and Teach...
About me [email_address] Social Science, Diploma (1997) 3 years at Consultancy companies  PhD  2001-2004 Computer Science ...
IML = Interactive Media and learning <ul><li>IML is one of 3 groups </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Applied Educational Sc...
Designing the interdependencies Inter-dependencies Use of Technology (Social Media) Teaching and Learning Cultures  (diffe...
Emerging Problems [email_address] Online Bullying/Mobbing Copyright issues and plagiarism Information with different quali...
<ul><li>Yes, we need to educate the “Homo Interneticus” !  </li></ul><ul><li>But how?  </li></ul><ul><li>How to teach refl...
IML (=Interactive Media and Learning group  at TUV department, Umeå university) A research and teaching center  for mobile...
Research questions <ul><li>a) How can a teacher use new technologies in her/his learning settings? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I...
Theoretical background <ul><li>Mediatization  (e.g., Hjarvard 2008; Krotz 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Media-constructed social...
Socio-technical paradigm  –  what we already know <ul><li>Coakes (2002), knowledge management; Emery & Trist (1964), Mumfo...
Socio-technical paradigm  what we already know  <ul><li>Socio-technical approach / CSCW (e.g.,  Data/information/Knowledge...
Methodology: Design-Based Research  Reeves, Herrington & Oliver 2005 Wang & Hannafin, 2005  Analysis  (Evaluation,…)  Desi...
<ul><li>Challenge 1.  </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting flexible learning for learners with diffe...
<ul><li>Challenge 2.  </li></ul><ul><li>Rethinking concepts of learning </li></ul><ul><li>How to teach/support learning  “...
<ul><li>Challenge 3.  </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming a leader for </li></ul><ul><li>IT-pedagogues, IT-teachers, schools, </li>...
Challenge 4.  Bridging expertise among  teachers and researchers  => Bringing innovations into practice IML “new Mobile Le...
Challenge 5. [email_address] Creating a collaborative  work-based learning environment  at the university for  all (teache...
<ul><li>Challenge 6.  </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a new ICT-teaching program  </li></ul><ul><li>called “Interactive Media a...
Main research area ICT, media and learning   => sociotechnical-didactical focus <ul><ul><li>Dynamic of roles in Online Com...
Design question How  to design  (develop & evaluate)  sociotechnical-didactical learning successfully ? Wasson (2007):  De...
Research projects <ul><li>DaVINCI, BMBF, 2008-2011  creativity </li></ul><ul><li>PeTEX, EU, 2009-2010 online learning </li...
[email_address] 1. Learning Modules  (interactive tasks) 2. Preparing and doing an EXP 3. Reflective learning  (learners w...
Creativity =  Knowledge and experience from different areas will be merged ---  into new ideas ---  while  overcoming  sol...
6-method-model: fostering creativity in higher education  e.g., Jahnke & Haertel, 2010 Journal  “Das Hochschulwesen” 50% 6...
InPuD: What community members do… Preparing for examinations Knowledge exchange with students  Subject-specific questions ...
CBT 1980… CSCL  1990… Social Media  (Web 2.0) 2004…  … Educational mash-ups Creative lifelong learning cultures 2011... Ja...
People Processes embedded into institutional  cultures Fostering  creativity  in Technology-Embraced learning cultures  Re...
Thanks for your attention! <ul><li>Publications? </li></ul><ul><li>Please ask, I send it to you </li></ul><ul><li>Online <...
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Isajahnke mobile-learning-spaces2011-10-17

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Understanding, reflecting, designing mobile learning spaces, the classroom of tomorrow - challenges in research and teaching -- a) Emerging problems in the Social Media World b) Yes, we need to educate the Homo Interneticus

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Isajahnke mobile-learning-spaces2011-10-17

  1. 1. Understanding, reflecting, designing mobile learning spaces, the classroom of tomorrow -- Challenges in Research and Teaching Isa Jahnke [email_address] October 17, 2011 Umeå University IML
  2. 2. About me [email_address] Social Science, Diploma (1997) 3 years at Consultancy companies PhD 2001-2004 Computer Science & Society Post Doc 2005-2007 Information & Technology Management 2007 Boulder (CO/USA), L3D, Gerhard Fischer Ass. Prof 2008-2010 Research Center for Higher Education Prof 2011- Umeå U/TUV; Prof in ICT, media and learning
  3. 3. IML = Interactive Media and learning <ul><li>IML is one of 3 groups </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Applied Educational Science (TUV) </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty of Social Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Umeå university (Sweden) </li></ul><ul><li>IML group ≈ 25 people </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>http://wwwold.iml.umu.se/forskning/ index_eng.html (old website) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.edusci.umu.se/english/research/interactive-media-and- learning (new website) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Designing the interdependencies Inter-dependencies Use of Technology (Social Media) Teaching and Learning Cultures (different faculties, disciplines, subjects) Didactical approaches (e.g., How to teach creativity?) Design-Based Research Inter-actions Trans-formations [email_address]
  5. 5. Emerging Problems [email_address] Online Bullying/Mobbing Copyright issues and plagiarism Information with different quality is available (how to know what is good/bad?) Teachers don’t know how to handle ICT in their classrooms => reaction: usage is not allowed at schools, BUT: “ sopa problemet under mattan ” Teachers assume that Social Media is not useful in their domain => Wrong assumption! (Today, we would never say that eMails/DMS are not useful) Many people understand virtual worlds as not real => Wrong! Facebook, SecondLife etc. are examples for a social-constructed Technology-mediated reality. Social media matters for people who communicate via the Internet.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Yes, we need to educate the “Homo Interneticus” ! </li></ul><ul><li>But how? </li></ul><ul><li>How to teach reflections on Social Media? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we teach to learn learning in the Social Media world? </li></ul>We live in a “ sociotechnically-constructed society ” [email_address] The term Homo Interneticus is originally from Aleks Krotoski, BBC production
  7. 7. IML (=Interactive Media and Learning group at TUV department, Umeå university) A research and teaching center for mobile learning Understanding, reflecting, designing learning spaces, the “classroom” of tomorrow [email_address]
  8. 8. Research questions <ul><li>a) How can a teacher use new technologies in her/his learning settings? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is there a benefit? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What problems will occur? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>b) When to use what kind of learning environment? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For what educational purposes is a specific technology (e.g., mobile devices) a good choice but when do we need other technology (could we combine them, creating new didactical approaches, new technology?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>c) What is the classroom of tomorrow (equipment, didactics, virtual…)? </li></ul><ul><li>=> To find answers to these questions: IML creates a research and teaching center for mobile learning </li></ul>[email_address]
  9. 9. Theoretical background <ul><li>Mediatization (e.g., Hjarvard 2008; Krotz 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Media-constructed social awareness (Medialitätsbewusstsein) </li></ul><ul><li>Objective facticity (Berger & Luckmann 1966) </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-technical approach (e.g., Coakes 2002; Fischer 2005; Herrmann et al., 2004). </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity theory (e.g., Dugdale 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>New media affects society (“media is integrated into the operations of social institutions”,) but on the other hand society designs new forms of communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Media is formed by society but also became an active agent which influences human interactions. </li></ul><ul><li>People live in a media-constructed world where we have a difference between “reality” and “reality given by different media”. To know this and to handle this in the classroom is one aspect of media competency. </li></ul><ul><li>Complex problem: technical, social and didactical developments are required simultaneously </li></ul>[email_address]
  10. 10. Socio-technical paradigm – what we already know <ul><li>Coakes (2002), knowledge management; Emery & Trist (1964), Mumford (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>The study of the relationships and interrelationships between the social and technical parts of any systems / equal weight to social and technical issues </li></ul><ul><li>Suchman (1987), workplace studies STS research = how people use ICT in social interactions/actions </li></ul><ul><li>“ Situated action ” = focusing on concrete situations where people use technology (technology development without regarding social context tend to fail) </li></ul><ul><li>Orlikowski (1996) Metamorphoses of technology usage over time (duality of technology) </li></ul><ul><li>Herrmann, Loser, Jahnke (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Communication (in “situated action”) generates new structures and regulations... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which form (coin) the technical system/structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>which are partially determined by the technical system </li></ul></ul>duality of structures Giddens 1984 from IS [email_address]
  11. 11. Socio-technical paradigm what we already know <ul><li>Socio-technical approach / CSCW (e.g., Data/information/Knowledge, Willke 2001; knowledge management systems, Coakes 2002; G. Fischer 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>CSCL: co-construction of knowledge (e.g., Koschmann, Stahl, Suthers, Dillenbourg 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>+ Socio-technical Communities/STC (e.g., Communities of practice, Wenger & et al. 2002; Online communities, Preece, 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing “roles” as patterns of group interactions! Roles = interaction patterns include.. </li></ul><ul><li>-position, -actor ’s activities/tasks, -implicit/explicit expectations, -concrete role-playing </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop organization, France, COOP 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Guest editor IJWBC 2009 with Piet Kommers/NL </li></ul><ul><li>Jahnke & Koch 2009, E-CSCW, Web 2.0 goes academia </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop with G. Fischer, Boulder (Co), GROUP 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>CSCL 2009, Greece; Jahnke 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation in York/UK 2006; </li></ul><ul><li>Jahnke 2010, GMW; </li></ul><ul><li>Guest Editor IJSKD (Coakes, UK) with Ulbrich/Canada & Mårtensson/Sweden ( “Knowledge Development and the Net Generation in HE”), IJSKD 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation in Washington DC, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Jahnke 2006, Dissertation </li></ul><ul><li>EARLI Budapest 2007, with Jan-W. Strijbos/NL; </li></ul><ul><li>Jahnke 2010, Journal “Computers in Human Behavior” </li></ul>[email_address]
  12. 12. Methodology: Design-Based Research Reeves, Herrington & Oliver 2005 Wang & Hannafin, 2005 Analysis (Evaluation,…) Design (Development,…) <ul><li>Data collection / - analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Methods: </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>participant observation </li></ul><ul><li>questionnaires </li></ul><ul><li>login files </li></ul><ul><li>evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>Changing practice [email_address]
  13. 13. <ul><li>Challenge 1. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting flexible learning for learners with different needs </li></ul><ul><li>Learners online 24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>People live, work and study at different places </li></ul><ul><li>How to teach distance courses? (Teachers need to develop new skills, new didactical approaches etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers are not able to work 24/7 </li></ul>[email_address]
  14. 14. <ul><li>Challenge 2. </li></ul><ul><li>Rethinking concepts of learning </li></ul><ul><li>How to teach/support learning “when the answer to a problem is not known” ? (Fischer, 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>New balance between informal learning and formal schooling (Collins and Halverson 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>New understanding of learning (Learning what , how , to be , to be creative ) </li></ul><ul><li>It is not one or the other – it is not technology or didactical approaches. To develop and to improve teaching practices and learning spaces, we look for tools but sometimes they don’t exist yet, are too expensive, or beyond our current skillset and so forth . </li></ul>[email_address]
  15. 15. <ul><li>Challenge 3. </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming a leader for </li></ul><ul><li>IT-pedagogues, IT-teachers, schools, </li></ul><ul><li>university teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Schools are behind the technical possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Research is responsible to support different target groups </li></ul>[email_address]
  16. 16. Challenge 4. Bridging expertise among teachers and researchers => Bringing innovations into practice IML “new Mobile Learning Center” is one possibility [email_address]
  17. 17. Challenge 5. [email_address] Creating a collaborative work-based learning environment at the university for all (teachers, researchers, study administration, study advisors, management, etc.) [email_address] Mørch 2010 (eLearning at work) Mumford 2011 (work-based learning Goggins, Jahnke, Wulf (2012) CSCL@Work
  18. 18. <ul><li>Challenge 6. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a new ICT-teaching program </li></ul><ul><li>called “Interactive Media and Learning” (IML) </li></ul><ul><li>There is a need to teach </li></ul><ul><li>media- & i-literacies </li></ul><ul><li>pedagogical skills, social skills, technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>What is Social Media? Concepts? </li></ul><ul><li>Different concepts of technologies, </li></ul><ul><li>how to use what kind of technology for what educational purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages and potential problems </li></ul><ul><li>Social problems in Social Media </li></ul><ul><li>Usage of Social Media </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>[email_address]
  19. 19. Main research area ICT, media and learning => sociotechnical-didactical focus <ul><ul><li>Dynamic of roles in Online Communities & Informal learning 10-years-study done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can we teach creativity in higher education? (in different disciplines, subjects) , 3-years-project done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Didactical approach for remote labs in mechanical engineering 2-years-EU-project done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Learning in continuing education & universities (project in Germany, started) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSCL@work (collaborative learning at the workplace) cultivating a network, new project proposal, >80 requests from Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PhD studies </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile learning at schools ( new ) </li></ul><ul><li>How to foster creativity in Technology-Enhanced Learning (learning at the workplace) ( new ) </li></ul>more than 60 publications http://isajahnke.webnode.com/publications/ [email_address]
  20. 20. Design question How to design (develop & evaluate) sociotechnical-didactical learning successfully ? Wasson (2007): Design and Use of Technology Enhanced Learning Environments What does “ successful ” mean? What elements can be designed? What are appropriate methods? Jahnke et al. 2010, GMW Zurich; REV Stockholm [email_address]
  21. 21. Research projects <ul><li>DaVINCI, BMBF, 2008-2011 creativity </li></ul><ul><li>PeTEX, EU, 2009-2010 online learning </li></ul><ul><li>InPUD, TUD 2001-2009 online community </li></ul><ul><li>MARIS, BMBF, 2005-2008 --- case studies, knowledge management, production processes </li></ul><ul><li>eGOV, 2006-2007 Informationsbüro d-NRW --- study about electronic government trends, actors, topics </li></ul><ul><li>WINK, BMWI, 2005-2007 --- formative evaluation of 7 knowledge media projects </li></ul><ul><li>EVAL, BMBF, 2005-2006 --- “knowledge loops” of BMBF research programs and –projects, summative and formative evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>LearnDO, BMBF,2002-2004 --- learning region Dortmund, knowledge sharing with BSCW </li></ul><ul><li>Werk-Stadt Dortmund, SFS-KOWA, 2002 --- socio-technical web design of regional networks; Dortmund, study of participatory design via Internet </li></ul>[email_address]
  22. 22. [email_address] 1. Learning Modules (interactive tasks) 2. Preparing and doing an EXP 3. Reflective learning (learners write a report, get reviews)
  23. 23. Creativity = Knowledge and experience from different areas will be merged --- into new ideas --- while overcoming solidified structures and established “ old ” thought patterns. [email_address] Innovation = research field of “acceptance of new ideas” (social factors, power, roles, experts,…)
  24. 24. 6-method-model: fostering creativity in higher education e.g., Jahnke & Haertel, 2010 Journal “Das Hochschulwesen” 50% 62% 42% 47% 55% 56% Answers n =587 What is a creative effort of your students? [email_address]
  25. 25. InPuD: What community members do… Preparing for examinations Knowledge exchange with students Subject-specific questions about courses Asking sth. about exercises Learning to handle different opinions Solving exercises collaboratively Sharing information about lectures, tutorials Members’ activities (very often & often, Likert scale / n=182) Helping other students Asking organizational issues (courses) Communication with teachers Getting in contact with other people Getting in contact to companies [email_address]
  26. 26. CBT 1980… CSCL 1990… Social Media (Web 2.0) 2004… … Educational mash-ups Creative lifelong learning cultures 2011... Jahnke 2009, STC in: Whitworth ‘ s Handbook Jahnke 2006, presentation in York, UK [email_address]
  27. 27. People Processes embedded into institutional cultures Fostering creativity in Technology-Embraced learning cultures Research framework [email_address] Skills, competencies (e.g., i-literacies, creative thinking/actions) Students (the reflective student/learning groups; „Being 3.0 “ ) a Teachers (professional development ICTML!) b <ul><li>Designing new courses & scenarios => mobile lab! </li></ul><ul><li>„ Master of ICTML in higher education “ (new program?) </li></ul>c e (Student ‘ s) Evaluation of teaching f Informal & formal learning [email_address] d How to bring innovations into practice? g
  28. 28. Thanks for your attention! <ul><li>Publications? </li></ul><ul><li>Please ask, I send it to you </li></ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>http://isajahnke.webnode.com </li></ul>[email_address]

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