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isa.jahnke@umu.se
Digital Didactical Designs
in Higher Education
Professor Dr. Isa Jahnke
Presentation at the University o...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
I only told that I have
taught him, not that he
has learned“
I did teach my dog
Tiger something new:
„to...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Datum Sidfot 3
Bolzano
Umeå European
Capital of Culture 2014
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Umeå – European Capital of Culture 2014
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Umeå University
built in 1965
isa.jahnke@umu.se
http://iml.edusci.umu.se/ictml/
Eva Mårell
Post-doc
Peter Bergström
Post-doc
Anders Norberg
PhD student ...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
My Background
Hochschuldidaktik / Instructional design
Informatik & Society
#Skype on wheels
(Telepresen...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
What is your background in terms of
“discipline”, “field” or “department”?
ANSWER HERE
http://PollEv.com...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Outline
• An alternative view
on our digital world today --- CrossActionSpaces
• What does this mean for...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Question to all of you
Who is using right now a device with Internet access?
lofoten picture
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Classroo
m /
Course
Classroo
m /
Course
Digital Age classrooms:
Spaces Merging
Access to
Processes
Twitt...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
An alternative perspective –
ICT in education is more than just a
tool
Physical classroom and web-enable...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
What are the characteristics of human
actions in CrossActionSpaces?
Human interaction is evolving toward...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
The Web2.0-Trap: the crowd matters – not?!
A thought experiment
Web 2.0 in the society works because rel...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
What is a) learning in
your course, and how
do you define b)
teaching?
Go to
TodaysMeet.com
• https://to...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Theoretical lens
Design is the act of giving a form to something
Teaching is the ’design act’ of creatin...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Learning Goal:
Painting a house
Please use pen and paper or laptop/ipad
And paint a house
Then, ask your...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
• Set learning goals
• Set criteria
• Create learning processes
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Learning goals
(intended learning outcomes,
teaching aims)
Learning
expedition
(learning process)
Proces...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Social Relations
Multiply Roles
From 1 to many
Learning
activities
(From surface to
deep learning)
Teach...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Digital
Didactical
Design
3 layers
affect each
other
ICT ICT
ICT
ICT
Student
Teacher
Content
Teaching
ob...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Designing for Learning
=> teaching is ”process design”!
Jonassen et al, 2003 “Solving Problems…”
“Meanin...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Learning is supported in forms of
trad. Course Design vs. Process Design
Element for organizing learning...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
• collaborative producing experiments
• Video-recording
• Peer-reflections
• Mind mapping for finding th...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Planning
the physics
Exp.
Conducting
1st
Peer-
reflecting
Im-
proving
Conduc-
ting
2nd
Teacher
as Expert...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Planning
the physics
Exp.
Conducting
1st
Peer-
reflecting
Im-
proving
Conduc-
ting
2nd
Teacher
as Expert...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Considering five elements when
designing learning processes
Meaningful learning
5 facets
• A complex sit...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Communication
(express)
Information
Networking
(Connect)
Cooperation/
Collaboration
Sharing
Social Taggi...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Jonassen, Howland, Moore and Marra (2003);
Technology Integration Matrix (UF, Florida)
“Technologies nee...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
The Padagogy Wheel
http://www.unity.net.au/allansportfolio/edublog/
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Examples
Blended Learning
Learning expedition
with a Wiki
Lectures with
Forum / Blogs /
TodaysMeet etc.
...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
1: WIKI – collaborative research-based learning
including peer-reviews (2001-2011)
http://ews.tu-dortmun...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Seminar Summer 2009
Module: „Social Change“ (Teacher Education)
Presence
meeting
Introduction
(April 200...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Didaktik approach: Research-based learning
= Designing learning around research processes with
process-b...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
11.5.Literature (Basics)
17.5Feed
22.06.Scientific wiki Entry
incl. Emircal data
Reviews 3.07.
Ü./Folien...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
2) InTUT PräTUT – Learning process in the focus!
(Backhaus/ Steiner)
isa.jahnke@umu.se
3) Student Generated Webtours
www.professorenweb.de
Thomas Laukamm
isa.jahnke@umu.se
4) Traditional lectures/seminars
with ICT support
• TodaysMeet.com
• Polleverywhere.com
• …
Give every s...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
What have the examples in common?
”Maker Movement in Education” , Maker Pedagogy
Learning through Reflec...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
CrossActionSpaces
"require teachers to undertake more complex reasoning than before
in their planning an...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
The university of the
future - design thinking
In the university of the future, teaching is organized in...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
What the cleaning person is seeing...
http://www.sycmu.com/2012/11/26/classroom-blackboard-teacher-sees-...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
Thanks!
Professor Dr. Isa Jahnke
ICT, media and learning
Umeå University
Dep of Applied Educational Scie...
isa.jahnke@umu.se
http://iwastesomuchtime.com/on/?i=37716
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2015 03-27-bozen-v3ij

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Designs for Learning in a Digital Media World

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2015 03-27-bozen-v3ij

  1. 1. isa.jahnke@umu.se Digital Didactical Designs in Higher Education Professor Dr. Isa Jahnke Presentation at the University of Bolzano 27 March 2015
  2. 2. isa.jahnke@umu.se I only told that I have taught him, not that he has learned“ I did teach my dog Tiger something new: „to sing a song“! I don’t hear that he sings! There is a difference between teaching and learning Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c .Johannes Wildt
  3. 3. isa.jahnke@umu.se Datum Sidfot 3 Bolzano Umeå European Capital of Culture 2014
  4. 4. isa.jahnke@umu.se Umeå – European Capital of Culture 2014
  5. 5. isa.jahnke@umu.se Umeå University built in 1965
  6. 6. isa.jahnke@umu.se http://iml.edusci.umu.se/ictml/ Eva Mårell Post-doc Peter Bergström Post-doc Anders Norberg PhD student and Educational Technologist Lars Häll Post-Doc
  7. 7. isa.jahnke@umu.se My Background Hochschuldidaktik / Instructional design Informatik & Society #Skype on wheels (Telepresence Robots) #GoogleGlass Mobile & Creative Learning #Odder (DK) #DDD (funded by VR) #Finland schools - cooperation #ipadsPTE (Umeå Univ.) PeTEX (EU, 2008-2011) Jahnke, Terkowsky, Pleul, Wildt, Tekkaya Informal-In-Formal #InPUD in CS (2001-2005/9) Creativity in HE #DaVINCI (2009-2011) isa.jahnke@umu.se My new book /Routledge
  8. 8. isa.jahnke@umu.se What is your background in terms of “discipline”, “field” or “department”? ANSWER HERE http://PollEv.com/isaja Poll Every Where . com
  9. 9. isa.jahnke@umu.se Outline • An alternative view on our digital world today --- CrossActionSpaces • What does this mean for teaching and learning in higher education? (understanding learning in such a digital world) = Characteristics of Learning in the Digital Age • What designs for teaching and learning are needed under such new conditions? • Examples
  10. 10. isa.jahnke@umu.se Question to all of you Who is using right now a device with Internet access? lofoten picture
  11. 11. isa.jahnke@umu.se Classroo m / Course Classroo m / Course Digital Age classrooms: Spaces Merging Access to Processes Twitter, GroupApps Chats/Blogs/Websites Social Networking Sites/ Live Broadcasting Interactive … Traditional classroom Separation Access to information/books/knowledge Jahnke, 2015 Routledge, in press
  12. 12. isa.jahnke@umu.se An alternative perspective – ICT in education is more than just a tool Physical classroom and web-enabled mobile devices are merging into new spaces – co-expanded communication spaces =CrossActionSpaces Jahnke, 2015 my new book, Routledge/in press “When people have the whole world in front of them”
  13. 13. isa.jahnke@umu.se What are the characteristics of human actions in CrossActionSpaces? Human interaction is evolving towards crossaction • Humans connect to each other’s resources • There is no clear difference between offline and online (e.g., YouNow) • They are “in” different places at same times (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, …) • When they have a question they ask their online networks or “google / bing” it • Learners are makers - they create and share • They discuss (The example of huge conferences) Photo: Ralf Jahnke-Wachholz Reflections = people interact, make choices and decisions and can explain why they are doing it what they are doing, and why this is useful for their learning progress What is “Learning” then? • reflective doing of multiply crossactions • reflective performance of crossactions • reflective communication Jahnke, 2015 Routledge, in press
  14. 14. isa.jahnke@umu.se The Web2.0-Trap: the crowd matters – not?! A thought experiment Web 2.0 in the society works because relativily many people are active e.g., Wikipedia.de: 1% of 80 millions German speaking people is still many: 800.000 0,1% of 80 millions 80.000 Web 2.0 In courses 1% of 100 students in a lecture = 1 1% of 40 students in a seminar = 0,4 Technology itself is not enough! A didactical design is required where learners become active participants
  15. 15. isa.jahnke@umu.se What is a) learning in your course, and how do you define b) teaching? Go to TodaysMeet.com • https://todaysmeet.com/Bolzano and write your answer there Use keywords or short phrases (ca. 10 mins)
  16. 16. isa.jahnke@umu.se Theoretical lens Design is the act of giving a form to something Teaching is the ’design act’ of creating conditions for learning; more specific, it is the act of modelling sociotechnical-pedagogical processes to enable student learning Designs for Learning --Bonderup-Dohn & Hansen, 2014 --Jahnke, Norqvist, & Olsson, 2014
  17. 17. isa.jahnke@umu.se Learning Goal: Painting a house Please use pen and paper or laptop/ipad And paint a house Then, ask your colleague (sitting next to you) to assess your product Photo: Ralf Jahnke-Wachholz
  18. 18. isa.jahnke@umu.se • Set learning goals • Set criteria • Create learning processes
  19. 19. isa.jahnke@umu.se Learning goals (intended learning outcomes, teaching aims) Learning expedition (learning process) Process-based Assessment Criteria/Feedback/guided reflections (by peers, teachers, self-reflections) social relations/roles Web-enabled digital media Digital Didactical Design --Hudson, 2008 --Jahnke & Kumar, 2014
  20. 20. isa.jahnke@umu.se Social Relations Multiply Roles From 1 to many Learning activities (From surface to deep learning) Teaching aims /ILO From non-clear to clear and visible Outer circle=5 Inner circle=1 From teacher-led classrooms (inner circle) to learning-centric situations (outer circle) Mobile Technology integration From substitution to multimodal Process-based Assessment (guided reflections)
  21. 21. isa.jahnke@umu.se
  22. 22. isa.jahnke@umu.se Digital Didactical Design 3 layers affect each other ICT ICT ICT ICT Student Teacher Content Teaching objectives Pro.- Assessment/Feedbac k Learning activities Academic staff development Curriculum (+exams) development Institutional strategies 1 Didactical Interactions 2 Digital Didactical Design 3 Didactical Conditions 22
  23. 23. isa.jahnke@umu.se Designing for Learning => teaching is ”process design”! Jonassen et al, 2003 “Solving Problems…” “Meaningful learning with technology” (2012) Instead of creating a course design, where and when students meet, design the process! **Do not** (re-)organize learning around textbooks or meetings points but: design the process.
  24. 24. isa.jahnke@umu.se Learning is supported in forms of trad. Course Design vs. Process Design Element for organizing learning is a) meeting place b) regular meetings Element for organizing learning is the process that supports learning to achieve learning goals (development of competencies) THINK IN PROCESSES What activities? What resources? What roles? When, where?
  25. 25. isa.jahnke@umu.se • collaborative producing experiments • Video-recording • Peer-reflections • Mind mapping for finding the knowledge gap • Students searched online about existing experiments to create new ones EXAMPLE Learning goals: Students develop Physics/Chemistry skills
  26. 26. isa.jahnke@umu.se Planning the physics Exp. Conducting 1st Peer- reflecting Im- proving Conduc- ting 2nd Teacher as Expert Students as collaborative producers Teacher as Process- Mentor Teacher as Learning- Companion Students as documentors Internet access, Information; Apps (…) Media tablet Video- recording Media tablet YouTube Channel Media tablet: Produced Video Mindmap App Students as collab. reflectors process-based assessment (feedback) Developed skills in physics; applying knowledge feedforward (support of learning progress) Adopting SeeMe rules by Herrmann (2009); Roles in red oval; Activities in yellow; Entities such as resources and technology in blue rectangle; Teaching aims/ILO in green; Process-based assessment in
  27. 27. isa.jahnke@umu.se Planning the physics Exp. Conducting 1st Peer- reflecting Im- proving Conduc- ting 2nd Teacher as Expert Students as collaborative producers Teacher as Process- Mentor Teacher as Learning- Companion Students as documentors Students as collab. reflectors Internet access, Information; Apps (…) Media tablet Video- recording Media tablet YouTube Channel Media tablet: Produced Video Mindmap App process-based assessment (feedback) Developed skills in physics; applying knowledge feedforward (support of learning progress) Adopting SeeMe rules by Herrmann (2009); Roles in red oval; Activities in yellow; Entities such as resources and technology in blue rectangle; Teaching aims/ILO in green; Process-based assessment in
  28. 28. isa.jahnke@umu.se Considering five elements when designing learning processes Meaningful learning 5 facets • A complex situation – Active • Constructive (students solve a problem) • Cooperation (to solve the complex problem) • Authentic (real-world problem) • Goal-directed / Reflective) Jonassen et al, 2003 “Solving Problems…” “Meaningful learning with technology” (2012)
  29. 29. isa.jahnke@umu.se Communication (express) Information Networking (Connect) Cooperation/ Collaboration Sharing Social Tagging Services (del.icio.us, bibsonomy) Forums Blogs (Wordpress,…) Wikis (Wikipedia, Openstreet map, …) Microblogging (z.B. Twitter) Where to put traditional learning management systems (LMS) ? Social Networking (Ning, Facebook,…), YouTube Podcasts (Lecture recordings, …) Crowdsourcing (NASA Clickworker,,...) Chats, IM Mindmap apps Document-mana- gement-systems Jahnke, 2015 Routledge, in press Technology View
  30. 30. isa.jahnke@umu.se Jonassen, Howland, Moore and Marra (2003); Technology Integration Matrix (UF, Florida) “Technologies need to engage learners in articulating/communication and representing their understanding, not that of teachers.” (p. 4).
  31. 31. isa.jahnke@umu.se The Padagogy Wheel http://www.unity.net.au/allansportfolio/edublog/
  32. 32. isa.jahnke@umu.se Examples Blended Learning Learning expedition with a Wiki Lectures with Forum / Blogs / TodaysMeet etc. Intut/Prätut Online - Student Generated Webtours (online)
  33. 33. isa.jahnke@umu.se 1: WIKI – collaborative research-based learning including peer-reviews (2001-2011) http://ews.tu-dortmund.de
  34. 34. isa.jahnke@umu.se Seminar Summer 2009 Module: „Social Change“ (Teacher Education) Presence meeting Introduction (April 2009) Online Scientific article WIKI- based (Dortmund Intranet) Guided Reflections with three feedback loops (teacher/peers) Presence Students prepare a course Juli/Aug 2009
  35. 35. isa.jahnke@umu.se Didaktik approach: Research-based learning = Designing learning around research processes with process-based feedback!  3-5 students per group: Developing of a scientific article (Social Change topic) • 1. Formulating RQ • 2. Researching literature • 3. Narrow down the RQ • 4. Exploring theoretical approaches • 5. Plannung and conducting data collection and analysis • 6. Documentation  Empirical study: e.g., 1-3 interviews or survey or etc.  Peer-Reviews (NOTE: “how to write a review” guide; formal/content issues!)  Plannung and Conducting of a 60mins. interactive session (NOTE: students need a guide how to facilitate small groups ) When turns research into research- based learning?
  36. 36. isa.jahnke@umu.se 11.5.Literature (Basics) 17.5Feed 22.06.Scientific wiki Entry incl. Emircal data Reviews 3.07. Ü./Folien13.07 Feed20.07 Introdduction (3hours) 20.4. Apr. Mai Juni Juli Aug. 31.07- 01.08.200 9 Schedule Presence - Fr 26.6., G1-5 (ca. 1 hr) - Fr 03.7., G6-10
  37. 37. isa.jahnke@umu.se 2) InTUT PräTUT – Learning process in the focus! (Backhaus/ Steiner)
  38. 38. isa.jahnke@umu.se 3) Student Generated Webtours www.professorenweb.de Thomas Laukamm
  39. 39. isa.jahnke@umu.se 4) Traditional lectures/seminars with ICT support • TodaysMeet.com • Polleverywhere.com • … Give every student a voice and activate her participation through your design for learning - but don’t say “it is optional” (BIG MISTAKE 
  40. 40. isa.jahnke@umu.se What have the examples in common? ”Maker Movement in Education” , Maker Pedagogy Learning through Reflective Making – Learners express themselves in different ways 1. Activating student engagement (motivation) through producing and (reflective) making 2. More than one correct answer or strategy is possible 3. Documenting learning steps, = "students express themselves in different ways" 4. choices of learning activities; = "different ways are possible to build a product” 5. Connecting the learning process to a real audience, bringing the real world into the university = real world problems 6. combining traditional resources (books, pen, whiteboard...) and different apps/technology; => technology will not substitute all other great resources; it is just another way of designing for learning while using different resources Maker Movement Hatch, 2013 Jahnke, 2015, Routledge/in press
  41. 41. isa.jahnke@umu.se CrossActionSpaces "require teachers to undertake more complex reasoning than before in their planning and practice" (Webb & Coxx, 2007) Traditional teaching was a routine activity, it is moving. Teaching using innovative pedagogy (Didaktik) turns into a design project in teacher teams Teachers are learners at the workplace (Goggins, Jahnke, Wulf, 2014) Learners become not only pro-sumers/ producers but **reflective** makers in groups Making or producing is not enough! Criteria and guided reflections are required for supporting the learning process for a progress
  42. 42. isa.jahnke@umu.se The university of the future - design thinking In the university of the future, teaching is organized in project teacher teams across existing disciplines (e.g., Eva Mårell’s GoogleGlas project: involving 3 different study programs) Teacher teams from different departments work together per semester and design a "learning expedition" - learning by topic / not by subject „knowledge is not the destination but an ongoing activity” (Jonsson et al., 2013)
  43. 43. isa.jahnke@umu.se What the cleaning person is seeing... http://www.sycmu.com/2012/11/26/classroom-blackboard-teacher-sees-students/ Traditional teaching face a challenge that new innovative designs for learning overcome?!
  44. 44. isa.jahnke@umu.se Thanks! Professor Dr. Isa Jahnke ICT, media and learning Umeå University Dep of Applied Educational Sciences Email isa.jahnke@gmail.com Website http://www.isa-jahnke.com Facebook and Twitter @isaja
  45. 45. isa.jahnke@umu.se http://iwastesomuchtime.com/on/?i=37716

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