Cantabrian Sea Asturias Spain Grado Asturias CantabriaLugo León Grado, Grau in Asturian, is a market town in the center of Asturias. It is the capital of the county of the same name, which is 20 km from Oviedo. It has a total population of 10,901 inhabitants, with 7,519 living in the town of Grado itself. Flag and shield of Grado
In addition to ‘Gradenses’, the inhabitants of Grado are known as ‘Moscones’(flies). The origins of this term are not clear. Among the theories, one suggests that the nickname is of medieval origin and refers to the surname Mosca, which means fly. Another theory traces the origin to the battle of Peñaflor, which was fought against the French in 1809. The militia of Grado, situated in the narrow pass of Peñaflor , shot at the French from both sides. The bullets sounded like flies. It is not a pejorative term, and is in fact the most common term that residents of Grado use to refer to one another. The main football team is called «Moscones de oro» (The Golden Fly) Club Deportivo Mosconia and is the name of a prestigious award has a bluebottle fly, ‘moscón’, that is given every year by the on its shield. Friends of Grado Association.
Mountainous area, Grado The County of Grado is found in the Cantabrian Range, and its landscape is very varied with the lowest areas being less than 100meters above sea level (the town is 60 meters), and the highest beingalmost 1500 meters. As a result there are numerous mountain trails. Among these the most famous is the Camin de la Mesa, which is of great historical importance.
The town of Grado is located at the juncture of two rivers, the Nalón, which is the most important river inThe Cubia River as it passes through Grado. Asturias, and the Cubia, which passes through the city center. The county has an oceanic climate, with a mild climate and frequent rainfall throughout the year.The Peña Flor bridge over the Nalón River, near Grado.
Grado is very well connected by highway and railway with Oviedo.It has historically been a very important transportation hub and is currently an important commercial and administrative center.
Ramón Areces Secondary School Municipal Sports Center Hall Grado is modern and dynamic. It has a trial court, music school, library, modern sport facilities, primary schools, and two secondary schools. Bernardo Gurdiel Primary School
“Hórreos” in Baselgas (Grado) Grado Downtown The County of Grado has villages with unique architecture, the best examples being hórreos and paneras, which are raised granaries. Paneras are bigger. Agricultural activities are still very important, with cattle ranchingCattle grazing in Baselgas (Grado) being the most important.
Although of Roman origin, no such remains or those of the following Medieval Period are found in the town of Grado There are, however, medieval buildings in the surrounding area, such as churches and fortresses. An interesting example is the Villanueva Tower.Villanueva (4 km. from Grado): medieval tower
The County of Grado is home to palaces of great importancewhich date from the Modern Age. The 18th century Palace of the Miranda-Valdecarzana family, with its private Chapel of the Sorrows, is an important example. The town library is currently housed in the palace, and the chapel is now a cultural center.
At the end of the 19th century ‘indianos’, who had made their fortunes inthe Americas, constructed palatial mansions in Grado. Villa Granda was constructed by Juan Granda on his return from Cuba.
One of the most important examples of ‘indiano’ architecture is the VelázquezPalace. It was constructed at the end of the 19th century by Manuel Velázquez upon his return from Santo Domingo.
The town hall is another important building. Although built in the 19th century, its current design dates from the middle of the 20th century.The town government has 17 aldermen. Antonio Rey, Popular Party, is the current mayor.
Reenactment of the Battle of Peñaflor Bridge, which took place in 1809. The British and the Spanish were defeated by the French. Among the historical events connected with Grado, the two most important are the battles of Lutos and Peñaflor Bridge. The Battle of Lutos, 794, saw the Asturians defeating the Moors. The Battle of Peñaflor Bridge took place during the Napoleonic Wars. This bridge also saw bloody combat during the Spanish Civil War, due to its strategic value as an access point to Oviedo.
Church of St. John of Peñaflor Shrine of Our Lady of the Ash Tree The Northern Route of the Way of St. James passes through Grado on its way to Santiago de Compostela. Pilgrims, after having visited Holy Saviour Cathedral in Oviedo, arrive in Grado via the historic Peñaflor Bridge. After having visited the Church of Saint John, which is located near the bridge, they continue towards the Shrine of Our Lady of the Ash Tree. This site marksStone cross, Grado. It serves as a the end of the ‘Moscona’ portion ofmarker for the Way of St. James. the route.
A sculpture titled ‘Homage to the Hawkers’ Typical weekly market scene in Grado.was in erected in 1999 in the square which is the site of the traditional market. Grado is famous for its weekly market, which has been held every Wednesday and Sunday since the Middle Ages. There is also a cattle market the first Sunday of every month. Important festivals are celebrated throughout the year, the most well-known being La Flor, the flower. La Flor, also known as Primera Flor or first flower, is celebrated on the Sunday after Easter.
Afuega´l pitu Cheese Fabada (Fava bean stew) Grado’s gastronomy is well-renowned. In addition to typical Asturian dishes, such as fabada, Grado is famous for its Afuega´l pitu Cheese, whose name comes from thelocal dialect. It is also famous for its desserts. Tocinillo del cielo, or ‘heavenly bacon’, is among the most well-known.